Famous Chilean Poets

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 1 
Pablo Neruda
(Chilean poet)
Pablo Neruda
6
Birthdate: July 12, 1904
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Parral, Chile
Died: September 23, 1973

Chilean poet-diplomat and politician, Pablo Neruda, won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. He was a versatile writer and his works include surrealist poems, historical epics, political manifestos, and love poems. He is considered the national poet of Chile. As a politician, he served a term as a senator for the Chilean Communist Party and held several diplomatic positions.

 2 
Víctor Jara
(Chilean Teacher and Theater Director Who Was Tortured and Killed by Dictator Augusto Pinochet’s Men)
Víctor Jara
4
Birthdate: September 28, 1932
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: San Ignacio, Chile
Died: September 16, 1973

Legendary Chilean folk singer Víctor Jara was eventually gearing up for a career as a priest and later studied theater, eventually switching to music. He pioneered the nueva canción genre of music in the middle of extreme political turmoil. He was tortured and shot dead during dictator Augusto Pinochet’s reign.

 3 
Gabriela Mistral
(Chilean poet)
Gabriela Mistral
4
Birthdate: April 7, 1889
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vicuña, Chile
Died: January 10, 1957

Nobel Prize-winning Chilean poet and educator Lucila Godoy Alcayaga was better known by her pseudonym, Gabriela Mistral. The suicide of her first love inspired her poem Dolor. Her diplomatic assignments later took her to places such as Madrid and Lisbon. She is remembered for her emotional verses and her feminism.

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 4 
Roberto Bolaño
(Chilean Writer Best Known for His Award-Winning Novel 'The Savage Detectives')
Roberto Bolaño
4
Birthdate: April 28, 1953
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Santiago, Chile
Died: July 15, 2003

A vagabond who roamed around countries such as Chile, Mexico, and France, author Roberto Bolaño eventually settled in Spain, where he spent his days working odd jobs, such as garbage collection and dishwashing, and wrote at night. He is remembered for his Rómulo Gallegos Prize-winning novel The Savage Detectives.

 5 
Andrés Bello
(An Exemplary Figure in the History of Spanish American Culture Noted for His Work as a Naturalist)
Andrés Bello
3
Birthdate: November 29, 1781
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Caracas
Died: October 15, 1865

Regarded as the intellectual father of South America, Venezuelan-Chilean poet Andrés Bello one taught revolutionary leader Simón Bolívar and also inspired the struggle for Venezuelan independence. He established the University of Chile and also penned masterpieces such as Las Silvas Americanas. As a legislator, he inspired the Chilean Civil Code.

 6 
Nicanor Parra
(One of the Most Influential Chilean Poets of the Spanish Language in 20th Century)
Nicanor Parra
3
Birthdate: September 5, 1914
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: San Fabian, Chile
Died: January 23, 2018

One of the greatest Latin American poets in history, Nicanor Parra was often likened to Pablo Neruda. Apart from writing, he spent most of his life teaching theoretical physics at the University of Chile. He was a pioneer of the antipoetry style, which went against traditional styles of poetry.

 7 
Vicente Huidobro
(Chilean Avant-garde Poet Who Pioneered the 'Creacionismo' Literary Movement and Author of 'Altazor')
Vicente Huidobro
3
Birthdate: January 10, 1893
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Santiago, Chile
Died: January 2, 1948

Chilean poet Vicente Huidobro pioneered the avant-garde literary movement known as Creacionismo. His ideas on poetry were formed by his collaborations with poets from France and Spain. He also contributed to the movement Ultraísmo in Spain. He is best known for his masterpieces such as Altazor.

 8 
Gonzalo Rojas
(Chilean Avant-garde Poet Who Was Forced into Exile by General Augusto Pinochet)
Gonzalo Rojas
1
Birthdate: December 20, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lebu, Chile
Died: April 25, 2011

Cervantes Prize- and Chilean National Prize-winning Chilean poet Gonzalo Rojas was initially part of the Surrealist group Mandrágora. A professor, he was forced to go into exile after the 1973 Chilean coup. He later taught in Germany, Mexico, the US, and Spain. He is remembered for works such as La miseria del hombre.

 9 
Eduardo Barrios
(Chilean Writer and Poet)
Eduardo Barrios
1
Birthdate: October 25, 1884
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Valparaíso, Chile
Died: September 13, 1963

Chilean author Eduardo Barrios initially took up several odd jobs, touring across Latin America, and then worked for various publishing houses. In Santiago, he became the public education minister and the director of the National Library. The Chilean National Prize winner is known for works such as Brother Asno.

 10 
Mariela Griffor
(Chilean Poet, Editor and Publisher)
Mariela Griffor
0
Birthdate: September 29, 1961
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Concepción

Chilean poet Mariela Griffor mostly writes about her country and experience of being in exile in Sweden and the US. She has penned works such as House and The Psychiatrist, and has also the Wayne State University’s Institute for Creative Writers. She also serves as an honorary consul of Chile in Michigan.

 11 
Frederick Niven
(Canadian Novelist and First Significant Literary Figure of the Kootenays)
Frederick Niven
0
Birthdate: March 31, 1878
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Valparaíso, Chile
Died: January 30, 1944

Scottish-origin Canadian novelist Frederick Niven was born in Chile and later moved to Scotland with his mother. Starting his career as a journalist in Scotland, he later moved to British Columbia in Canada and penned his historical novel trilogy, The Flying Years, Mine Inheritance, and The Transplanted.

 12 
Sergio Badilla Castillo
(Chilean Poet and Founder of Poetic Transrealism in Contemporary Poetry)
Sergio Badilla Castillo
0
Birthdate: November 30, 1947
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Valparaíso

Chilean poet Sergio Badilla Castillo is largely remembered as the pioneer of transrealism in poetry. Highly influenced by Nordic literature, he also translated quite a few literary works of Swedish, Finnish, and French authors. He led a nomadic life and also served as a journalist and a teacher.

 13 
Pedro de Oña
(First Known Poet Born in Chile Best Known for His Epic Poem ‘Primera parte de Arauco domado’)
Pedro de Oña
0
Birthdate: 1570 AD
Birthplace: Los Confines, Chile
Died: 1643 AD