British Male Anthropologists

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 1 
Herbert Spencer
(Philosopher and Sociologist Known for His Hypothesis of ‘Social Darwinism’ and the Expression 'Survival of the Fittest')
Herbert Spencer
4
Birthdate: April 27, 1820
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Derby, Derbyshire, England
Died: December 8, 1903

Herbert Spencer was the man behind the expression “survival of the fittest,” after reading Charles Darwin's iconic work On the Origin of Species. The British anthropologist, sociologist, and philosopher introduced the concept of Social Darwinism, which applied the theory of evolution to societies and social classes.

 2 
Louis Leakey
(Paleoanthropologist and Archaeologist)
Louis Leakey
4
Birthdate: August 7, 1903
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kabete
Died: October 1, 1972

Son of British missionaries in Kenya, Louis Leakey spent his early days amid the Kikuyu people near Nairobi. With an elite education at Cambridge, he later revolutionized the fields of paleoanthropology and archaeology. His study of fossils in East Africa proved humans were older than previously thought.

 3 
Alfred Russel Wallace
(Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist and Biologist)
Alfred Russel Wallace
6
Birthdate: January 8, 1823
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Llanbadoc
Died: November 7, 1913

British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace is largely remembered for his theory of evolution through natural selection, which inspired Charles Darwin’s studies. He began his career as a surveyor’s apprentice and later introduced concepts such as reinforcement in animals, also known as the Wallace effect. He was awarded the Order of Merit.

 4 
Thomas Henry Huxley
(English Biologist and Anthropologist Specialising in Comparative Anatomy.)
Thomas Henry Huxley
4
Birthdate: May 4, 1825
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ealing, London, England
Died: June 29, 1895

Thomas Henry Huxley was an English biologist and anthropologist. He specialized in comparative anatomy and was a proponent of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. Despite having little formal schooling, he went on to become one of the finest comparative anatomists of the 19th century. He was the chair of natural history at the Royal School of Mines for 31 years. 

 5 
Edward Burnett Tylor
(British Anthropologist and the Founder of 'Cultural Anthropology')
Edward Burnett Tylor
4
Birthdate: October 2, 1832
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Camberwell, London, England
Died: January 2, 1917

Known for his pioneering work in cultural anthropology, Edward Burnett Tylor penned iconic works such as Primitive Culture, which was partially influenced by Darwin’s theory of evolution. Born to affluent Quaker parents, he quit school to focus on his business but was later drawn to anthropology. He popularized the term animism.

 6 
David Harvey
(Professor of Anthropology & Geography)
David Harvey
4
Birthdate: October 31, 1935
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Gillingham, Kent, England

David Harvey is a  Marxist economic geographer, podcaster, and a fellow of the British Academy. He is currently a distinguished professor of anthropology and geography at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY). He has authored many books and essays and is one of the most cited authors of books in the humanities and social sciences.   

 7 
E. E. Evans-Pritchard
(British Social Anthropologist Known for His Theories of Religion and Investigations of African Cultures)
E. E. Evans-Pritchard
3
Birthdate: September 21, 1902
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Crowborough, East Sussex, England
Died: September 11, 1973

Social anthropologist E. E. Evans-Pritchard is best remembered for his research on witchcraft, magic, and African cultures. Apart from teaching anthropology at Oxford, his alma, he had also worked in South Sudan and penned books such as Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande. He was also knighted for his achievements.

 8 
Alfred Radcliffe-Brown
(British Social Anthropologist Who Developed the Theory of Structural Functionalism)
Alfred Radcliffe-Brown
3
Birthdate: January 17, 1881
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Birmingham, England
Died: October 24, 1955

Best known for his work on the pre-industrialized societies, Alfred Radcliffe-Brown visited Andaman Island and Western Australia to study the social structure of the people there, later writing two important books on them. A renowned scholar, he taught at various preeminent universities across the globe before returning to England to establish the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology at Oxford.

 9 
Gregory Bateson
(Anthropologist, Philosopher, Sociologist, Psychologist)
Gregory Bateson
4
Birthdate: May 9, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Grantchester
Died: June 11, 1980

Gregory Bateson was an English anthropologist, social scientist, linguist, and visual anthropologist. Along with his colleagues, he developed the double-bind theory of schizophrenia. Also a cyberneticist, he was part of the core group of the Macy Conferences in Cybernetics. He was a member of philosopher William Irwin Thompson's esoteric nonprofit foundation Lindisfarne Association.  

 10 
James George Frazer
(Anthropologist, Writer, Historian, Mythographer)
James George Frazer
3
Birthdate: January 1, 1854
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Glasgow
Died: May 7, 1941
British anthropologist James George Frazer is best known for his book The Golden Bough, which details his study of ancient cults and myths. He also taught social anthropology at Cambridge. He was also knighted for his achievements and was also made a Fellow of The Royal Society.
 11 
Victor Turner
(Anthropologist, Sociologist)
Victor Turner
3
Birthdate: May 28, 1920
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Glasgow
Died: December 18, 1983

Best known for his work on symbols and rituals, British cultural anthropologist Victor Turner embarked on his lifelong study of the Ndembu people when as a young man he went to Zambia to work as a research officer. Spending his entire career studying rituals and rites of passage, he later applied them to world religion, publishing important works on them.  

 12 
Ernest Gellner
(British-Czech Philosopher and Social Anthropologist)
Ernest Gellner
3
Birthdate: December 9, 1925
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 5, 1995

Ernest Gellner was a British-Czech philosopher and social anthropologist who was considered one of the leading theoreticians on nationalism. A prolific author, he was able to attract critical attention with his very first book, Words and Things, in which he fiercely attacked what he called linguistic philosophy. He eventually developed an interest in social anthropologybefore turning his attention to nationalism. 

 13 
Ashley Montagu
(Anthropologist, University teacher)
Ashley Montagu
3
Birthdate: June 28, 1905
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London
Died: November 26, 1999

British-American anthropologist Ashley Montagu not only taught at Rutgers and The State University of New Jersey but also wrote UNESCO’s 1950 Statement on Race. He also dabbled in topics such as evolution and child care, and one of his best-known works is The Natural Superiority of Women.

 14 
W. H. R. Rivers
(British Anthropologist, Neurologist, Ethnologist and Psychiatrist, Best Known for His Work Treating First World War Officers)
W. H. R. Rivers
3
Birthdate: March 12, 1864
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chatham, Kent, England
Died: June 4, 1922

English anthropologist and psychologist W. H. R. Rivers is best remembered for his work on the Todas of the Nilgiri Hills. A qualified physician, he also taught at Cambridge and worked extensively on medical psychology. One of his best-known works is Kinship and Social Organisation.

 15 
John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury
(Anthropologist, Politician, Archaeologist, Prehistorian, Banker, Statistician, Naturalist, Zoologist, Entomologist)
John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury
3
Birthdate: April 30, 1834
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London
Died: May 28, 1913

British banker John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury, better known as Sir John Lubbock, had also been an MP. However, he is best known for his contribution to ethnography and archaeology. He is also credited with coining the terms Paleolithic and Neolithic, and is known for his books on animal behavior.

 16 
Tim Ingold
(Anthropologist)
Tim Ingold
0
Birthdate: November 1, 1948
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kent, England

Timothy Ingold, a British anthropologist, is a Chair of Social Anthropology at the University of Aberdeen. He discussed his entire career in the book From science to art and back again: The pendulum of an anthropologist. Ingold taught at the University of Helsinki (1973–74) and thereafter at the University of Manchester; he became professor in 1990 and Max Gluckman Professor in 1995.


 
 17 
Jack Goody
(Anthropologist, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Sociologist)
Jack Goody
5
Birthdate: July 27, 1919
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Hammersmith
Died: July 16, 2015

Apart from teaching at Cambridge, British social anthropologist Jack Goody also penned books such as Death, Property and the Ancestors. He had also fought in World War II. His work in sociology earned him the knighthood. He was also made a Fellow of The British Academy.

 18 
Daniel Miller
(Anthropologist)
Daniel Miller
0
Birthdate: 1954 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Anthropologist Daniel Miller is closely associated with studies of human relationships to things, the consequences of consumption and digital anthropology. His recent book, Stuff, summarises his theoretical work first developed in Material Culture and Mass Consumption. Miller founded digital anthropology programme at University College London. Since the early 2000s, Daniel Miller has been researching effects of new social media on society. 
 19 
Colin Turnbull
(Anthropologist)
Colin Turnbull
2
Birthdate: November 23, 1924
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
Died: July 28, 1994

British-American anthropologist Colin Turnbull is best remembered for his books The Forest People and The Mountain People. After serving the naval reserves during World War II, he worked as a researcher at the Banaras Hindu University before returning to Oxford. He also taught at the George Washington University.

 20 
Max Gluckman
(British Social Anthropologist and the Founder of the Manchester School of Anthropology)
Max Gluckman
2
Birthdate: January 26, 1911
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Johannesburg, South Africa
Died: April 13, 1975

Best known as the pioneer of the Manchester School of anthropology, Max Gluckman is remembered for his extensive research on the law and politics of Africa. Apart from conducting fieldwork among the Ila, Tonga, and Lamba people, he had also taught at Oxford and Manchester.

 21 
Walter William Skeat
(Anthropologist)
Walter William Skeat
2
Birthdate: November 21, 1835
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cambridge, England
Died: October 7, 1912
British philologist, Walter William Skeat, was instrumental in developing the English language as a higher education subject in the UK. His research led to the publication of two major works: Malay Magic and Pagan Races of the Malay Peninsula. Born in London, Skeat was the founder and only president of the English Dialect Society from 1873 to 1896.
 22 
Charles Gabriel Seligman
(British Physician and Ethnologist Known for His Detailed Ethnographical Work Races of Africa)
Charles Gabriel Seligman
2
Birthdate: December 24, 1873
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: September 19, 1940
Charles Gabriel Seligman was a British physician and ethnologist whose main ethnographic work described the culture of the Vedda people of Sri Lanka and the Shilluk people of the Sudan. He was a proponent of the Hamitic hypothesis and promoted scientific racism through his work. Considered to be a highly influential teacher, Seligman was also a Professor at the London School of Economics.
 23 
Arthur Keith
(Scottish Anatomist and Anthropologist Who Specialized in the Study of Human Evolution)
Arthur Keith
2
Birthdate: February 5, 1866
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Aberdeen, Scotland
Died: January 7, 1955

Arthur Keith was a Scottish anthropologist and anatomist. In 1893, he was honored with the first Struthers Prize for successfully demonstrating the functionality of ligaments in apes and humans. He is also credited with publishing several important works, such as An Introduction to the Study of Anthropoid Apes and A New Theory of Human Evolution.

 24 
J. Eric S. Thompson
(Anthropologist)
J. Eric S. Thompson
2
Birthdate: December 31, 1898
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: September 9, 1975
British anthropologist and ethnographer J. Eric S. Thompson is remembered for his lifelong research on the Mayan people. He had a long stint as an archaeologist at the Carnegie Institution and was also knighted for his achievements. His research culminated in books such as The Rise and Fall of Maya Civilization.
 25 
Robert Ranulph Marett
(British Ethnologist Best Known for His Studies of the Evolution of Moral Philosophy and Religious Beliefs and Practices)
Robert Ranulph Marett
2
Birthdate: June 13, 1866
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Jersey, Channel Islands
Died: February 18, 1943
British ethnologist Robert Ranulph Marett was a proponent of the British Evolutionary School of cultural anthropology. He is noted for his studies of the evolution of moral philosophy and religious beliefs and practices. Marett helped found the Oxford University Anthropological Society in 1999. His major works include The Threshold of Religion, Anthropology as well as Psychology and Folklore.
 26 
Alfred Cort Haddon
(British Anthropologist and Ethnologist)
Alfred Cort Haddon
2
Birthdate: May 24, 1855
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 20, 1940

A pioneer of British anthropology, Alfred Cort Haddon is remembered for his contribution of over three decades to Cambridge. While he initially went to the Torres Strait to study marine biology, he later devoted himself to the study of the indigenous people. His History of Anthropology remains his best-known work.

 27 
Walter Baldwin Spencer
(Anthropologist)
Walter Baldwin Spencer
1
Birthdate: June 23, 1860
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Stretford, England
Died: July 14, 1929

English biologist and anthropologist Walter Baldwin Spencer is remembered for his pioneering study of the indigenous population of Australia. He initially taught biology but later drifted to anthropology. He was also knighted but died while on an expedition to study the Ushuaia of the Tierra del Fuego.

 28 
Lawrence Blair
(Documentary filmmaker known for Ring of Fire: An Indonesian Odyssey)
Lawrence Blair
1
Birthdate: 1942
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Surrey, England, United Kingdom

The writer and co-producer of the Emmy-nominated series Ring of Fire, Lawrence Blair is an English anthropologist who has lived in Bali for over three decades now. Born in England, he later moved to Mexico. He has been a diver, a fisherman, an actor, a model, and a photographer.

 29 
Isaac Schapera
(British Social Anthropologist Known for His Detailed Ethnographic and Typological Work on the Indigenous Peoples of South Africa)
Isaac Schapera
1
Birthdate: June 23, 1905
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Garies, South Africa
Died: June 26, 2003
South African social anthropologist Isaac Schapera is known for his detailed ethnographic and typological work on the indigenous peoples of South Africa and Botswana. Schapera wrote numerous publications during his career and served as the president of Royal Anthropology Institute. His works include Praise Poems of Tswana Chiefs, Rainmaking Rites of Tswana Tribes, and Kinship Terminology in Jane Austen’s Novels.
 30 
Stewart Perowne
(Diplomat, Archaeologist)
Stewart Perowne
0
Birthdate: June 17, 1901
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hallowell, Maine, United States
Died: May 10, 1989
 31 
Chris Hann
(Anthropologist)
Chris Hann
0
Birthdate: August 4, 1953
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cardiff, Wales

Particularly known for his work on economic anthropology, Chris Hann became interested in the subject while undertaking his first fieldwork in socialist Hungary and Poland, later supplementing his research by undertaking a comparative investigation in the post-socialist period. Later, he extended his work to include Turkey and Xinjian, concurrently diversifying his topics to include religion, civil society, ethnicity and nationalism.

Robert Henry Codrington
1
Birthdate: September 15, 1830
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wroughton, England
Died: September 11, 1922
An Anglican priest and anthropologist, Robert Henry Codrington, is noted for making the first study of Melanesian society and culture. Codrington's writings attempted to give a representative picture of island life before contact with European culture. His most famous works include the Melanesians: Studies in Their Anthropology and Folklore which deals with the concepts of mana, magic, and related phenomena.
 33 
Fred Nadel
(Anthropologist)
Fred Nadel
1
Birthdate: April 24, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: January 14, 1956
Austrian-born British anthropologist Fred Nadel specialising in African ethnology. Before turning to anthropology, Nadel toured with his own opera company and wrote a biography of the Italian composer Ferruccio Benvenuto Busoni. He served as a lecturer at the London School of Economics and then in 1948 became the head of the anthropology department at the University of Durham.
 34 
Kenneth Oakley
(British Anthropologist, Palaeontologist and Geologist Known for His Work in the Relative Dating of Fossils by Fluorine Content)
Kenneth Oakley
1
Birthdate: April 7, 1911
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Amersham, Buckinghamshire, England
Died: November 2, 1981
Kenneth Oakley was an English physical anthropologist, palaeontologist and geologist known for his work in the relative dating of fossils by fluorine content. He was instrumental in the exposure of the Piltdown Man hoax in 1950s. Oakley's famous books include Man the Toolmaker (1949), Frameworks for Dating Fossil Man (1964), and Relative Dating of the Fossil Hominids of Europe (1980).
 35 
William James Perry
(Anthropologist)
William James Perry
1
Birthdate: 1887 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1949 AD
William James Perry, a leader in cultural anthropology at University College, was noted for his diffusionist theory of cultural development. He believed that Megalith culture was transmitted to the rest of the world from Egypt. A convinced hyperdiffusionist, Perry collaborated with Grafton Elliot Smith. He published 28 works in 206 publications in three different languages during his career.
 36 
Godfrey Wilson
(Anthropologist)
Godfrey Wilson
1
Birthdate: 1908 AD
Birthplace: England
Died: May 19, 1944
British anthropologist Godfrey Wilson was appointed the first director of the Rhodes-Livingstone Institute in Northern Rhodesia in  1938. Wilson, along with his wife, worked to analyse the economic and social changes occurring in the British colonies of Tanganyika Territory, Northern Rhodesia, and Nyasaland. In 1942, Wilson joined the South African Medical Corps, where he served in North Africa. 
 37 
Henry Evans Maude
(Resident Commissioner of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands)
Henry Evans Maude
0
Birthdate: October 1, 1906
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bankipore, India
Died: November 4, 2006
 38 
Maurice Freedman
(Anthropologist)
Maurice Freedman
0
Birthdate: December 11, 1920
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 14, 1975

Especially known for his works on Chinese society and culture, British anthropologist Maurice Freedman became interested in the subject while doing field work in Singapore. Initially a professor at London School of Economics & Political Science and later at University of Oxford, he undertook a comprehensive study of Chinese society, publishing numerous works on its marriage, kinship, rules and religion.