Famous Brazilian Politicians

Right IconThis ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Find out more about the greatest Brazilian Political Leaders, including Pedro II of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, João Havelange and Getúlio Vargas.
Vote for Your Favourite Brazilian Politicians
 1 
Romário
(One of the Greatest Football Players of All Time)
Romário
4
Birthdate: January 29, 1966
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
One of the most prolific goal scorers in the history of football, Romario has had an engaging and electric presence both on and off field. He starred in Brazil's 1994 FIFA World Cup triumph and was named the Player of The Tournament, earning a Golden Ball. He later turned to politics after he bid adieu to the field.
 2 
Dilma Rousseff
(36th President of Brazil)
Dilma Rousseff
4
Birthdate: December 14, 1947
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Brazilian economist and politician Dilma Rousseff served as the president of Brazil from 2011 to 2016, becoming the first Brazilian woman president. She has also served as former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva’s Chief of Staff earlier and has been part of various energy-conservation groups.

 3 
Jair Bolsonaro
(President of Brazil )
Jair Bolsonaro
16
Birthdate: March 21, 1955
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Glicério, State of São Paulo, Brazil

The 38th president of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro started his career in the military, serving in the army's field artillery and parachutist units. He then overcame false accusations and first-degree conviction to become the president of Brazil. Over the years, Jair Bolsonaro has also received criticisms for voicing against homosexuality, secularism, abortion, and same-sex marriage.

Recommended Lists:
 4 
Michel Temer
(37th President of Brazil)
Michel Temer
4
Birthdate: September 23, 1940
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tietê, São Paulo, Brazil

Michel Temer is a Brazilian politician who served as the 37th president of Brazil from 2016 to 2019. He assumed office following the impeachment of his predecessor Dilma Rousseff. Prior to that, he had been the vice president. A qualified lawyer, he has been active in politics since his college days. He was unpopular as the president. 

 5 
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
(35th President of Brazil)
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
4
Birthdate: October 27, 1945
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Caetés, State of Pernambuco, Brazil

Former Brazilian president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, popularly known as Lula, was born into a working-class family and had to abandon his studies to work as a show-shiner and metalworker as a young boy. His fortune changed after he stepped into trade unionism. He later led the Worker’s Party of Brazil.

 6 
Eduardo Bolsonaro
(Brazilian Lawyer, Politician, and Federal Police Officer)
Eduardo Bolsonaro
3
Birthdate: July 10, 1984
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Resende, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Eduardo Bolsonaro is a Brazilian lawyer, politician, and federal police officer. The son of Jair Bolsonaro, former president of Brazil, Eduardo followed in the footsteps of his father to establish himself as a prominent politician. Eduardo Bolsonaro is currently serving as the Federal Deputy for São Paulo.         

 7 
Bebeto
(Brazilian Former Professional Football Player Who Played as a Forward)
Bebeto
3
Birthdate: February 16, 1964
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil

Retired Brazilian footballer José Roberto Gama de Oliveira, better known as Bebeto, had an illustrious career and was part of the 1994 FIFA World Cup-winning Brazilian squad. He also had successful stints with clubs such as Flamengo. He later stepped into politics and has served as the State Deputy of Rio de Janeiro.

 8 
Flávio Bolsonaro
(Senator for Rio de Janeiro since 2019)
Flávio Bolsonaro
3
Birthdate: April 30, 1981
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Resende, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Flávio Bolsonaro is a Brazilian politician, entrepreneur, and lawyer. He is currently serving as the Senator for Rio de Janeiro. Flávio Bolsonaro is also known as the eldest son of popular politician Jair Bolsonaro, who is currently serving as the President of Brazil.

 9 
Getúlio Vargas
(Former President of Brazil)
Getúlio Vargas
3
Birthdate: April 19, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: São Borja
Died: August 24, 1954

Getúlio Vargas was a Brazilian politician and lawyer. He is best remembered for his service as the President of Brazil on two occasions; from 1930 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1954. He also served as the Minister of Finance from 1926 to 1927. Getúlio Vargas is widely regarded as the 20th century's most influential Brazilian politician.

 10 
Gilberto Gil
(singer, guitarist, songwriter, composer)
Gilberto Gil
3
Birthdate: June 26, 1942
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Salvador

Gilberto Gil is a Brazilian politician, singer, and songwriter. Renowned for his political activism and musical innovation, Gil began his career by writing songs that aimed at creating political awareness. Not surprisngly, he played an important role in the tropicália musical movement during the 1960s. Over the course of his career, Gilberto Gil has won a couple of Grammy Awards.

 11 
João Goulart
(President of Brazil from 1961 to 1964)
João Goulart
3
Birthdate: March 1, 1918
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: São Borja
Died: December 6, 1976

João Goulart was a Brazilian politician best remembered for his service as the President of Brazil from 1961 to 1964. Goulart also served as the Vice President of Brazil from 31 January 1956 to 25 August 1961. An important member of the Brazilian Labour Party, Goulart also served as the Minister of Labour, Industry and Trade from 1953 to 1954.

 12 
Juscelino Kubitschek
(President of Brazil from 1956 to 1961)
Juscelino Kubitschek
5
Birthdate: September 12, 1902
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Diamantina, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: August 22, 1976

Former president of Brazil, Juscelino Kubitschek, popularly known as JK, is remembered as the primary force behind the construction of Brazil’s new capital, Brasilia. A physician, he worked in military hospitals, before he stepped into politics with the Social Democratic Party. He died in a car crash in Rio de Janeiro.

 13 
Fernando Haddad
(Brazilian Politician and Academic)
Fernando Haddad
3
Birthdate: January 25, 1963
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Brazilian politician Fernando Haddad, who has served as the country’s minister of education, has also been the mayor of São Paulo. Initially an academic and investment analyst, he has spent much of his early career as an economics research consultant, too. He has also taught political science at the University of São Paulo.

 14 
Tancredo Neves
(President-Elect of Brazil Who Died Before Assuming Office)
Tancredo Neves
3
Birthdate: March 4, 1910
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: São João del-Rei, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: April 21, 1985

Tancredo Neves was a Brazilian politician, entrepreneur, and lawyer. In 1985, he was elected as the President of Brazil; however, Neves died on 21 April 1985 before taking office. An important politician, Tancredo Neves served as the Prime Minister of Brazil from 1961 to 1962. He also served as the Minister of Justice and Internal Affairs from 1953 to 1954.

 15 
Fernando Henrique Cardoso
(34th President of Brazil (1995 - 2002))
Fernando Henrique Cardoso
3
Birthdate: June 18, 1931
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Fernando Henrique Cardoso is a Brazilian politician who served as the 34th president of Brazil from 1995 to 2002. Qualified as a sociologist, he pursued a successful academic career before joining politics. His tenure as the president brought about major advancements in institutional human rights. He also implemented multiple reforms to address poverty and inequality in the country. 

 16 
Fernando Collor de Mello
(32nd President of Brazil)
Fernando Collor de Mello
3
Birthdate: August 12, 1949
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Federal District, Brazil

Fernando Collor de Mello is a Brazilian politician best known for his service as the President of Brazil from 1990 to 1992. Collor was not only the first Brazilian president to be elected democratically after the end of the military dictatorship in Brazil, he was also the youngest president in the history of Brazil.

 17 
Aécio Neves
(Economist, Politician)
Aécio Neves
3
Birthdate: March 10, 1960
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Belo Horizonte

Aécio Neves is a Brazilian economist turned politician. He is the former president of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB) and was the 17th governor of Minas Gerais. He is currently a member of the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies. He was born into a family of politicians and has been the subject of many controversies, including corruption charges. 

 18 
João Figueiredo
(President of Brazil from 1979 to 1985)
João Figueiredo
2
Birthdate: January 15, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: December 24, 1999

João Figueiredo was a Brazilian politician and military leader. He is best remembered for his service as the President of Brazil from 15 March 1979 to 14 March 1985. Brazil faced severe economic crisis during his term as president, which gave rise to the Diretas Já protests, a civil unrest movement demanding direct presidential elections in Brazil. 

 19 
Itamar Franco
(President of Brazil from 1992 to 1994)
Itamar Franco
2
Birthdate: June 28, 1930
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Brazilian territorial waters, Atlantic Ocean
Died: July 2, 2011

A leading figure of the Brazilian Democratic Movement, Itamar Franco served as Brazil’s 33rd president. He had also been Brazil’s ambassador to Italy, Portugal, and the Organization of American States, the mayor of Juiz de Fora, and the governor of Minas Gerais. A talented author, he also penned several short stories.

 20 
Ciro Gomes
(Brazilian Lawyer, Politician, and Academic)
Ciro Gomes
3
Birthdate: November 6, 1957
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Pindamonhangaba, São Paulo, Brazil

Ciro Gomes is a Brazilian lawyer, politician, and academic. He served as the Minister of Finance from 1994 to 1995 before serving as the Minister of National Integration from 2003 to 2006. Ciro Gomes also served as the Mayor of Fortaleza from 1989 to 1990 and then served as the Governor of Ceará from 1991 to 1994. 

 21 
Ernesto Geisel
(President of Brazil from 1974 to 1979)
Ernesto Geisel
2
Birthdate: August 3, 1907
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bento Gonçalves, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Died: September 12, 1996

Ernesto Geisel was a Brazilian politician and military leader. He was active during the Brazilian military regime and is best remembered for his service as the President of Brazil from 15 March 1974 to 14 March 1979. Ernesto Geisel also served as the Chief Minister of the Military Cabinet on two occasions; in 1961 and again from 1964 to 1967.

Emílio Garrastazu Médici
2
Birthplace: Bagé
 23 
Carlos Marighella
(Politician, Writer and Guerrilla fighter of Marxist–Leninist orientation)
Carlos Marighella
2
Birthdate: December 5, 1911
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
Died: November 4, 1969

Carlos Marighella was a Brazilian politician and guerrilla fighter of Marxist–Leninist orientation. As a young man, he enrolled at the Polytechnic School of Bahia to study engineering but quit to join the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB). Also a writer, he authored the Minimanual of the Urban Guerrilla, a book on revolutionary struggle. He was killed by the police in 1969. 

 24 
Deodoro da Fonseca
(Brazilian Military Leader Who Became the Country's 1st President)
Deodoro da Fonseca
2
Birthdate: August 5, 1827
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Marechal Deodoro, State of Alagoas, Brazil
Died: August 23, 1892

The 1st president of Brazil, Deodoro da Fonseca led a coup that ousted Emperor Pedro II. Born to an army officer, he grew up to be an army officer and fought valiantly in campaigns such as the Paraguayan War. However, as a president, he proved to be ineffective and was later forced to resign.

Geraldo Alckmin
2
 26 
José Sarney
(31st president of Brazil from 21 April 1985 to 14 March 1990)
José Sarney
3
Birthdate: April 24, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pinheiro, State of Maranhão, Brazil

José Sarney is a Brazilian politician and lawyer. He served as the 31st president of Brazil from 1985 to 1990. His tenure was fraught with problems like rampant inflation and corruption. He also faced multiple allegations of nepotism in his career. Two of his children are also politicians. One of Brazil’s foremost oligarchs, he owns multiple media organizations. 

 27 
Roberto Mangabeira Unger
(Brazilian Philosopher and Politician)
Roberto Mangabeira Unger
3
Birthdate: March 24, 1947
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Roberto Mangabeira Unger is a Brazilian philosopher and politician best known for his book Politics: A Work in Constructive Social Theory. His research in classical social theory and pragmatism has been developed across the fields of legal theory, philosophy, and economics. As a politician, he is credited with having helped Brazil transition to democracy after the military regime. 
 28 
Marina Silva
(Politician, Trade unionist)
Marina Silva
2
Birthdate: February 8, 1958
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rio Branco
 29 
Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco
(Military Leader, and Politician)
Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco
2
Birthdate: September 20, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Fortaleza, State of Ceará, Brazil
Died: July 18, 1967
Artur da Costa e Silva
2
 31 
Jânio Quadros
(President of Brazil)
Jânio Quadros
2
Birthdate: January 25, 1917
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Campo Grande, Brazil
Died: February 16, 1992
 32 
Acelino Freitas
(Boxer, Politician)
Acelino Freitas
0
Birthdate: September 21, 1975
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
 33 
Davi Alcolumbre
(Member of Brazil Union (UNIÃO))
Davi Alcolumbre
2
Birthdate: June 19, 1977
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Macapá, Amapá, Brazil
 34 
Tifanny Abreu
(Volleyball player)
Tifanny Abreu
0
Birthdate: October 29, 1984
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paraíso do Tocantins, State of Tocantins, Brazil
 35 
Washington Luís
(Brazil's 13th President Who Lost Support Amid the Great Depression)
Washington Luís
2
Birthdate: October 26, 1869
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Macaé, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: August 4, 1957

The 13th president of Brazil, Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa had held numerous public offices in his hometown of São Paulo, such as those of the mayor, president, and senator of São Paulo. He lost all support after failing to improve Brazil’s economy amid the Great Depression in the US.

 36 
Sergio Moro
(Former Minister of Justice and Public Security of Brazil)
Sergio Moro
2
Birthdate: August 1, 1972
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Maringá, Paraná, Brazil
 37 
Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves
(President of Brazil from 1902 to 1906)
Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves
2
Birthdate: July 7, 1848
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Guaratinguetá
Died: January 16, 1919

Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves was a Brazilian politician best remembered for his service as the President of Brazil from 1902 to 1906. During his term, Rodrigues Alves remodeled Rio de Janeiro, the then capital of Brazil. He was also elected as the president for a second term in 1918; however, he died on 16 January 1919 before taking office.

 38 
Floriano Peixoto
(Soldier, Politician)
Floriano Peixoto
2
Birthdate: April 30, 1839
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Maceió
Died: July 29, 1895
José Serra
2
 40 
Marcos Pontes
(Brazilian Air Force Pilot and Astronaut Who Became the First South American to Go Into Space)
Marcos Pontes
2
Birthdate: March 11, 1963
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bauru, State of São Paulo, Brazil

Marcos Pontes is a Brazilian engineer, astronaut, and air force pilot. He became the first South American to go to space on March 30, 2006, when he docked onto the International Space Station aboard Soyuz TMA-8. He holds the distinction of being the only Brazilian to have completed the NASA astronaut training program. 

Eduardo Paes
2
 42 
Eurico Gaspar Dutra
(Military leader)
Eurico Gaspar Dutra
2
Birthdate: May 18, 1883
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Cuiabá
Died: June 11, 1974
 43 
Luís Carlos Prestes
1
Birthdate: January 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Died: March 7, 1990
 44 
Enéas Carneiro
(Brazilian Politician Who Represented the State of São Paulo in the National Chamber of Deputies)
Enéas Carneiro
2
Birthdate: November 5, 1938
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rio Branco, State of Acre, Brazil
Died: May 6, 2007

Enéas Carneiro was a Brazilian polymath. A qualified cardiologist, he also had degrees in mathematics and physics. Active in politics as well, he represented the state of São Paulo in the National Chamber of Deputies and ran for presidency three times. He founded the nationalist and conservative Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order (PRONA). 

José de Alencar
1
 46 
Leonel Brizola
(Politician)
Leonel Brizola
2
Birthdate: January 22, 1922
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Carazinho, Brazil
Died: June 21, 2004
 47 
José Bonifácio de Andrada
(Brazilian Statesman Known for His Role in Brazil’s Attainment of Independence From Portugal)
José Bonifácio de Andrada
2
Birthdate: June 13, 1763
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Santos, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Died: April 6, 1838

José Bonifácio de Andrada was a Brazilian statesman. He was also a naturalist, mineralist, and professor. He was a significant proponent of Brazilian independence and also spearheaded the abolition project in Brazil. He was of the opinion that a new national capital should be created in Brazil's underdeveloped interior. As a naturalist, he discovered four new minerals. 

 48 
Renan Calheiros
(President of the Federal Senate (2013 - 2017))
Renan Calheiros
1
Birthdate: September 16, 1955
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Murici, Alagoas, Brazil
 49 
Gilberto Kassab
(Former Mayor of São Paulo)
Gilberto Kassab
2
Birthdate: August 12, 1960
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: São Paulo, State of São Paulo, Brazil
 50 
José Paranhos, Baron of Rio Branco
(Former Minister of External Relations of Brazil)
José Paranhos, Baron of Rio Branco
1
Birthdate: April 20, 1845
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: February 10, 1912