Famous Austrian Artists

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 1 
Gustav Klimt
(Austrian Symbolist Painter and One of the Most Prominent Members of the ‘Vienna Secession’ Movement)
Gustav Klimt
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Birthdate: July 14, 1862
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Baumgarten, Vienna, Austria
Died: February 6, 1918

Austrian symbolist painter, Gustav Klimt, was one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement. His primary subject was the female body, and he produced numerous paintings, murals, sketches, and other art objects. He was known for his deliberate painting style. He successfully avoided personal scandal despite having an active sex life.

 2 
Egon Schiele
(Austrian Expressionist Painter, Draftsman, and Printmaker)
Egon Schiele
4
Birthdate: June 12, 1890
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tulln, Austria
Died: October 31, 1918

Egon Schiele was an Austrian painter whose work is well-known for its raw sexuality and intensity. An early exponent of Expressionism, Schiele was one of the early-20th century's most prominent figurative painters. His life and career inspired the 1980 biographical film Excess and Punishment, in which Schiele was played by German actor Mathieu Carrière. 

 3 
Friedensreich Hundertwasser
(Austrian Visual Artist and Architect)
Friedensreich Hundertwasser
6
Birthdate: December 15, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: February 19, 2000

Austrian visual artist Friedensreich Hundertwasser is remembered for his imagination, his love for bold colors and uneven forms, and his dislike for “straight lines.” He and his Jewish mother escaped the Nazis by posing as Christians. His architectural projects are focused on environment-friendly buildings, such as the Hundertwasserhaus apartment block.

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 4 
Joy Adamson
(Naturalist and Author of the Book 'Born Free', Which Documents Her Experience In Raising a Lion Club)
Joy Adamson
4
Birthdate: January 20, 1910
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Opava, Czechia
Died: January 3, 1980

Best known for her iconic book Born Free, which describes her experiences of raising a lion cub named Elsa, Joy Adamson was a noted Austro-Hungarian wildlife conservationist. She excelled in music and medicine in her younger days and later settled in Kenya with her third husband, conservationist George Adamson.

 5 
Oskar Kokoschka
(Artist, Poet and Playwright)
Oskar Kokoschka
3
Birthdate: March 1, 1886
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Pöchlarn, Austria
Died: February 22, 1980

Austrian artist, playwright, poet and teacher Oskar Kokoschka CBE is counted among the prominent exponents of Expressionism whose works influenced the Viennese Expressionist movement. Notable works of Kokoschka include paintings like The Bride of the Wind and Portrait of Lotte Franzos and writings like the short play Murderer, the Hope of Women and the play Orpheus und Eurydike.   

 6 
Stefan Sagmeister
(designer, typographer, graphic designer)
Stefan Sagmeister
3
Birthdate: August 6, 1962
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bregenz

Renowned Austrian graphic designer and typographer Stefan Sagmeister had initially aspired to be an engineer but later changed his mind. He now owns the company Sagmeister Inc., which has designed album covers for some of the best talents in the music industry, such as The Rolling Stones and Aerosmith.

 7 
Raoul Hausmann
(photographer, writer, sculptor, artist, painter)
Raoul Hausmann
3
Birthdate: January 12, 1886
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: February 1, 1971

Austrian artist Raoul Hausmann is remembered as much for his satirical photomontages as he is for his contribution to Dadaism. Born to painter and conservator Victor Hausmann, he initially trained in anatomy and nude drawing, and then studied lithography. He had also written for journals such as Der Sturm.

 8 
Soap&Skin
(Musical Artist)
Soap&Skin
5
Birthdate: April 5, 1990
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Gnas, Austria

Austrian alternative singer Anja Plaschg, better known as Soap&Skin, played the violin and the piano as a teen. She later dropped out of her graphic designing and art courses, to focus on music. Apart from releasing a chartbusting debut album at 18, she has also worked as an actor.

 9 
Franz von Bayros
(Former Artist, Illustrator best known for his controversial Tales at the Dressing Table portfolio.)
Franz von Bayros
2
Birthdate: May 28, 1866
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Zagreb, Croatia
Died: April 3, 1924

Born in Zagreb, then in Austria-Hungary, artist and illustrator Franz von Bayros was part of the Decadent movement. His art featured erotic themes and showcased women having sex with animals and mythological figures. His work Tales from the Dressing Table, which depicted lesbianism, got him exiled from Germany.

 10 
Alfred Kubin
(Austrian Graphic Artist Known for His Drawings and Paintings of Dreamlike, Often Morbid, Subjects)
Alfred Kubin
2
Birthdate: April 10, 1877
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Litomerice, Czechia
Died: August 20, 1959

Austrian printmaker, illustrator, and occasional writer Alfred Kubin is counted among the important representatives of Symbolism and Expressionism. He is noted for his inventive black-and-white drawings that included dreamlike, often morbid, subjects and portrayed supernatural creatures and sexual violence. He illustrated Der Orchideengarten magazine, and has also worked for the likes of E. T. A. Hoffmann and Edgar Allan Poe.  

 11 
Helmut Lang
(Austrian Artist and Former Fashion Designer)
Helmut Lang
3
Birthdate: March 10, 1956
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

Austrian designer-turned-artist Helmut Lang is best known for his namesake fashion brand. While his minimalist fashion collections included clothes made of rubber and metal, he later sold off most of his company to Prada and eventually quit it to become a full-time artist. He now focuses solely on abstract art.

 12 
Hermann Nitsch
2
Birthdate: August 29, 1938
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

Hailed for his contribution to the experimental and multimedia modes, Hermann Nitsch is known to interpret life as a passion and the process of painting, its incarnation. Beginning his career as a graphic designer, he later combined Expressionism with religious arts and began working on the idea of the Orgien Mysterien Theater, eventually establishing himself as an internationally acclaimed artist.

 13 
Valie Export
(Artist)
Valie Export
2
Birthdate: May 17, 1940
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Linz, Austria

Contemporary Austrian artist Valie Export is best known for her photographs, sculpture, and films, which focus on themes such as the male gaze and the female body. Her work Action Pants: Genital Panic included a performance that had her sitting and walking around wearing pants without a crotch.

 14 
Lucie Rie
(British potter)
Lucie Rie
2
Birthdate: March 16, 1902
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 1, 1995

Austrian-born British studio potter Lucie Rie, DBE, is most noted for her bowl and bottle forms and for developing very inventive kiln processing that influenced many young British ceramists. Her pottery finds place in collections across the globe, including in the Museum of Modern Art, the Paisley Museum, the York Art Gallery and the Carnegie Museum of Art.

Peter Johann Nepomuk Geiger
2
Birthdate: January 11, 1805
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: October 29, 1880

Viennese artist Peter Johann Nepomuk Geiger, who served as Professor of the Viennese Academy of Art, is noted for his erotic drawings, illustrations of historical works and poetry, and oil paintings for the Austrian Royal Family. His notable works include illustration of Anton Ziegler's Vaterländischen Immortellen, and illustrations of William Shakespeare, Goethe and Friedrich Schiller for the Royal Family.

 16 
Christoph Haizmann
2
Birthdate: 1651 AD
Birthplace: Traunstein, Germany
Died: March 14, 1700

Christoph Haizmann was the Austrian painter who had sold his soul to the Devil to attain artistic fame and was later exorcized. He had also painted several pictures of the Devil as it appeared to him. The Haizmann case was later studied by many psychiatrists and psychologists, such as Sigmund Freud.  

 17 
Wolfgang Paalen
2
Birthdate: July 22, 1905
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: September 24, 1959

Born in Austria, to a merchant father who loved collecting paintings, Wolfgang Paalen had been exposed to arts since childhood. He later trained in painting and archaeology and joined the Surrealist movement. His signature fumage technique involved creating art with the smoke and soot from candles. He later settled in Mexico.

 18 
Joseph Lange
(Painter)
Joseph Lange
2
Birthdate: April 1, 1751
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
Died: September 17, 1831

Eighteenth-century actor and painter Joseph Lange is also remembered as legendary composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s brother-in-law. Mozart, who had married Lange’s wife Aloysia Weber’s sister, appeared in an iconic portrait painted by Lange, which was later affixed to an unfinished artwork. Lange also appeared in Mozart’s operas.

Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller
2
Birthdate: January 15, 1793
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: August 23, 1865

One of the most important Austrian painters of the Biedermeier period, Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller is best known for his landscape paintings, which he drew from close observation, highlighting not only his unique sense of color, but also his deep knowledge of nature. Equally known are his portraits, genre scenes, and still lifes, which are appreciated for their detailed descriptions and accurate characterizations.  

 20 
Camillo Sitte
(Architect)
Camillo Sitte
2
Birthdate: April 17, 1843
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 16, 1903

Renowned Austrian architect Camillo Sitte, best known for his book City Planning According to Artistic Principles, believed in a lot of ideas that were similar to those of English architect Sir Ebenezer Howard. He had also been the director of the Vienna State Polytechnic School and launched the periodical City Building.

 21 
Susanne Wenger
(Artist, illustrator, comics artist)
Susanne Wenger
0
Birthdate: July 4, 1915
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: January 12, 2009
 22 
Franz West
(Austrian Artist Best Known for His Unconventional Objects and Sculptures, Installations and Furniture Work)
Franz West
1
Birthdate: February 16, 1947
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: July 25, 2012

Austrian artist Franz West is noted for creating unconventional objects and sculptures, furniture work and installations using ordinary materials like wire, aluminium, polyester, papier-mâché and plaster. Over the years, his creations have been displayed in different museums and galleries and in expositions like Documenta and the Venice Biennale. One of his notable works is The Ego and the Id.

Johann Nepomuk della Croce
1

Austrian painter Johann Nepomuk della Croce, a protégé of Austrian painter Pietro Antonio Lorenzoni, painted five thousand portraits and two hundred historical pictures, as estimated by Felix Joseph von Lipowsky. These include making a self-portrait in 1762 and a Mozart family portrait in 1780. della Croce’s son Clemens de La Croce followed his footsteps to become a painter.

 24 
Joseph Anton Koch
1
Birthdate: July 27, 1768
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Elbigenalp, Austria
Died: January 12, 1839

Austrian painter of Neoclassicism Joseph Anton Koch, who was later influenced by the German Romantic movement, is probably the most noteworthy neoclassical landscape painter. Some of his notable works include Landscape with Abraham and the Three Angels in the Valley of Mambre, Waterfalls at Subiaco, Landscape with Bileam, and the four frescoes in the Dante Room of the Villa Massimi.

 25 
Rudolf von Alt
2
Birthdate: August 28, 1812
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 12, 1905

Austrian landscape and architectural painter Rudolf Ritter von Alt is best remembered for his realistic and detailed style architectural and landscape paintings. He created several works, including town views, landscapes and building interiors for the Vienna Academy, but refused a professorship there. Notable works of Alt include View of Stephansdom, from the Stock-im-Eisen (1832); and Portrait of a lady (1838).

 26 
Friedrich von Amerling
(Former Portrait Painter)
Friedrich von Amerling
1
Birthdate: April 14, 1803
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: January 14, 1887

Austrian portrait painter Friedrich von Amerling was a favorite of the Viennese aristocrats. The court painter of Austro-Hungarian king Franz Josef, he was known for his skilled use of colors. He was well-traveled and had been married four times. He had managed to acquire the Gumpendorf Castle, too.

 27 
Moritz von Schwind
1
Birthdate: January 21, 1804
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 8, 1871

Born in Austria, Moritz von Schwind led a bohemian life for much of his youth. The famed painter later moved to Germany, where he taught at the Munich Academy. His art reflected Romanticism, and his subjects were often casual honeymooning couples. He also painted the glass windows of the Glasgow Cathedral.

Johann Baptist von Lampi the Elder
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 29 
Barbara Krafft
1
Birthdate: April 1, 1764
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Jihlava, Czechia
Died: September 28, 1825
 30 
Paul Troger
(Painter)
Paul Troger
1
Birthdate: October 30, 1698
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Welsberg, Tyrol
Died: July 20, 1762
 31 
Eduard Charlemont
(Former Orientalist painter)
Eduard Charlemont
0
Birthdate: August 2, 1848
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 8, 1906
Josef Abel
1
 33 
Wolf Huber
(Artist)
Wolf Huber
1
Birthdate: 1485 AD
Birthplace: Feldkirch, Austria
Died: June 3, 1553

Wolf Huber was an Austrian printmaker, painter, and architect who lived and worked in Germany for many years. An important member of the popular Danube school, Huber served as a court painter. His works influenced other artists, including his contemporary Augustin Hirschvogel.

 34 
Oz Almog
(Artist who became known for his confrontational and provocative paintings)
Oz Almog
0
Birthdate: April 15, 1956
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kfar Saba, Israel
Johann Peter Krafft
1
 36 
Anton von Maron
0
Birthdate: January 8, 1733
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 3, 1808
Franz Anton Maulbertsch
0
Birthdate: June 7, 1724
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Langenargen, Germany
Died: August 8, 1796
 38 
Robert Hammerstiel
0
Birthdate: February 18, 1933
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vršac, Serbia
Died: November 23, 2020
 39 
Walter Pichler
(Sculptor)
Walter Pichler
0
Birthdate: October 1, 1936
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Deutschnofen, Italy
Died: July 16, 2012

Walter Pichler was an Austrian sculptor, architect, designer, and artist. Best remembered for creating installations and objects designed for utopian city models, Walter Pichler came up with visionary architectural ideas. Along with Hollein, Pichler worked towards founding a new school of architecture aimed at liberating art from the constraints of conventional methods.

Johann Michael Rottmayr
1
Birthdate: December 11, 1656
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Laufen an der Salzach
Died: October 25, 1730
 41 
Georg Raphael Donner
0
Birthdate: May 24, 1693
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 15, 1741