Famous American Abstract Painters

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 1 
Jackson Pollock
(American Abstract Expressionist Artist Known for His ‘Drip Technique’ Work)
Jackson Pollock
6
Birthdate: January 28, 1912
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cody, Wyoming, United States
Died: August 11, 1956
Abstract Expressionist artist Jackson Pollock pioneered the drip technique or action painting, which involved moving his whole body to paint on a horizontal surface. Unfortunately, he struggled with alcoholism and died in a car accident, while drunk driving. He inspired a Pulitzer Prize-winning biography and the 2000 film Pollock.
 2 
Mark Rothko
(American Painter Known or His Abstract Expressionism and Color Field Paintings)
Mark Rothko
4
Birthdate: September 25, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Daugavpils, Latvia
Died: February 25, 1970

Considered part of the New York school of painters of the 1940s, Mark Rothko was best known for his signature color field paintings, consisting of vertically set rectangular patches of color. A significant figure of the Abstract Expressionist movement, he also experimented with murals and mythological themes.

 3 
Robert De Niro Sr.
(Abstract Expressionist Painter & Father of Robert De Niro)
Robert De Niro Sr.
4
Birthdate: May 3, 1922
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Syracuse, New York, United States
Died: May 3, 1993
Robert De Niro Sr. was an American abstract expressionist artist best known as the father of the famous actor Robert De Niro. De Niro Sr. exhibited his paintings in museums and galleries across the United States of America. He also taught at several art schools including the New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting and Sculpture.  
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 4 
Roy Lichtenstein
(American Pop Artist Who Became a Major Figure in the New Art Movement During the 1960s)
Roy Lichtenstein
13
Birthdate: October 27, 1923
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Manhattan, New York, U.S.
Died: September 29, 1997
Roy Lichtenstein was an American pop artist who became a major figure in the new art movement during the 1960s alongside artists like Andy Warhol and James Rosenquist. Among his most famous works are Drowning Girl and Whaam! Roy Lichtenstein was honored with the prestigious National Medal of the Arts in 1995.
 5 
Lee Krasner
(American Abstract Expressionist Painter Who Specialized in Collage)
Lee Krasner
5
Birthdate: October 27, 1908
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: June 19, 1984
Lee Krasner was an American abstract expressionist artist who specialized in collage. She is credited with influencing the artwork of her husband, Jackson Pollock. The Museum of Modern Art held a retrospective exhibition of Lee Krasner's work six months after her demise, making her one of the few female artists to have achieved such an honor.
 6 
Arshile Gorky
(A Leading American Painter of 20th Century and a Founding Father of Abstract Expressionism)
Arshile Gorky
3
Birthdate: April 15, 1904
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Khorgom, Vilayet of Van, Ottoman Empire
Died: July 21, 1948
 7 
Willem de Kooning
(Dutch-Born American Abstract Expressionist Artist)
Willem de Kooning
8
Birthdate: April 24, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: March 19, 1997
Willem de Kooning was a Dutch-American artist and one of the most famous practitioners of abstract expressionism of his generation. One of the 20th century's best-known artists, de Kooning is noted for paintings, such as Woman III (1953) and Interchange (1955). Many of his paintings have been sold for record prices.
 8 
Josef Albers
(Artist and Educator Best Known for His Work as an Abstract Painter and a Theorist)
Josef Albers
3
Birthdate: March 19, 1888
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bottrop, Germany
Died: March 25, 1976
German-born painter, artist, and art teacher Josef Albers initially experimented with colored-glass art, furniture design, and metal art, and later pioneered innovative styles of art such as Color Field painting and Op art. His best-known work, Homage to the Square, consists of a series of superimposed squares.
 9 
Robert Motherwell
(One of the Major Artists Whose Work Defined American Abstract Expressionism)
Robert Motherwell
3
Birthdate: January 24, 1915
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Aberdeen
Died: July 16, 1991
 10 
Franz Kline
(Abstract Expressionist Artist)
Franz Kline
3
Birthdate: May 23, 1910
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: May 13, 1962
 11 
Hans Hofmann
(American Painter Known for His Role in the Development of Abstract Expressionism)
Hans Hofmann
3
Birthdate: March 21, 1880
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Weissenburg in Bayern, Germany
Died: February 17, 1966

Mostly hailed as an influential art teacher, Hans Hofmann was also a great artist and a pioneer in the use of improvisatory techniques. Born in Germany, he migrated to USA after Nazis came to power. There he opened his own school and moving away from Expressionistic landscapes developed totally an abstract manner, paving the way for Abstract Expressionism.

 12 
Elaine de Kooning
(Distinguished Landscape and Portrait Artist Active in Abstract Expressionist and Figurative Expressionist Movements)
Elaine de Kooning
5
Birthdate: March 12, 1918
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, U.S
Died: February 1, 1989
 13 
Larry Rivers
(American Artist, Filmmaker and Musician Who is Regarded as the Godfather of Pop Art)
Larry Rivers
2
Birthdate: August 17, 1923
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: The Bronx, New York, United States
Died: August 14, 2002
Larry Rivers was an American artist, filmmaker, musician, and occasional actor. Widely regarded as the godfather of pop art, Rivers pioneered the merging of non-narrative and non-objective art with objective and narrative abstraction. In 2002, the Corcoran Gallery of Art held a retrospective exhibition of Larry Rivers' work.            
 14 
Carmen Herrera
(American Abstract Painter, Minimalist Visual Artist and Painter)
Carmen Herrera
3
Birthdate: May 31, 1915
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Havana, Cuba
Died: February 12, 2022

Born to journalist parents, who were both part of the Cuban intellectual sphere, Carmen Herrera received elite art education in Paris. The political unrest in Cuba forced her to leave her architecture studies incomplete and move to the U.S. She later established herself as a master painter of abstract art.

 15 
Kenneth Noland
(American Painter Best Known For His Color Field Paintings)
Kenneth Noland
2
Birthdate: April 10, 1924
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Asheville, North Carolina, U.S.
Died: January 5, 2010
Kenneth Noland was an American painter best remembered for his color field paintings. He is credited with establishing an art movement called the Washington Color School. Kenneth Noland's artworks influenced Alexander Julian's coloring and designs in his knitwear.          
 16 
Ray Eames
(American Designer and Artist)
Ray Eames
2
Birthdate: December 15, 1912
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sacramento, California, United States
Died: August 12, 1988
Ray Eames was an American designer and artist who made pioneering contributions in the fields of graphic design, architecture, film, and textile design. She is best remembered for establishing the Eames Office along with her husband Charles Eames. Ray and Charles Eames are regarded as one of the most influential and popular designers of the 20th century.
 17 
Adolph Gottlieb
(American Sculptor, Printmaker, and Abstract Expressionist Painter)
Adolph Gottlieb
2
Birthdate: March 14, 1903
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: March 4, 1974
Adolph Gottlieb was an American sculptor, printmaker, and abstract expressionist painter. He is credited with designing and supervising the construction of a large stained glass façade in 1954 for New York City's Milton Steinberg Center. Adolph Gottlieb was the first American artist to be honored with Brazil's Gran Premio of the São Paulo Bienale in 1963. 
 18 
Mark Tobey
(American Painter and Founder of the 'Northwest School')
Mark Tobey
2
Birthdate: December 11, 1890
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Centerville, Wisconsin, United States
Died: April 24, 1976
Mark Tobey was an American painter whose densely structured compositions resemble Abstract expressionism. Widely recognized throughout Europe and the USA, Tobey is credited with founding the Northwest School. Over the course of his illustrious career, Mark Tobey was honored with several prestigious awards, including the Guggenheim International Award in 1956. 
 19 
Grace Hartigan
(American Painter Who Helped Popularize Abstract Expressionism During the 1950s and 1960s)
Grace Hartigan
2
Birthdate: March 28, 1922
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Newark, New Jersey, United States
Died: November 15, 2008
Grace Hartigan was an American painter. An important member of the New York School, Hartigan helped popularize abstract expressionism during the 1950s and 1960s. Today, many of her paintings are displayed in institutions and museums like the Museum of Modern Art and the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Grace Hartigan is credited with influencing numerous young artists.
 20 
Arthur Dove
(The First Abstract Painter from America)
Arthur Dove
2
Birthdate: August 2, 1880
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Canandaigua, New York, United States
Died: November 23, 1946
Arthur Dove was an American artist who is widely regarded as the first abstract painter from America. He is best remembered for using unconventional combinations to create his abstractions. Among his best known works is Me and the Moon, which is a fine example of his abstract landscape.
 21 
Paul Jenkins
(One of the Distinguished Painters Whose Work Defined American Abstract Expressionism)
Paul Jenkins
3
Birthdate: July 12, 1923
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kansas City, Missouri, United States
Died: June 9, 2012
 22 
Stanton Macdonald-Wright
(American Artist Known for Co-founding the ‘Synchromism’ Art Movement with Fellow Artist Morgan Russell)
Stanton Macdonald-Wright
1
Birthdate: July 8, 1890
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Charlottesville, Virginia, United States
Died: August 22, 1973
 23 
Jane Freilicher
(American Painter Who Belonged to the Representational Movement)
Jane Freilicher
1
Birthdate: November 29, 1924
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: December 9, 2014

While she initially focused on Abstract Expressionism, American painter Jane Freilicher later switched her focus to still lifes, especially of flowers. Known as a pioneer of painterly realism, she is known for her iconic works such as Bouquets. She was part of the New York School and the Representational movement.

 24 
I. Rice Pereira
(American Abstract Painter and Poet)
I. Rice Pereira
1
Birthdate: August 5, 1902
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chelsea, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 11, 1971

Initially a stenographer, American painter I. Rice Pereira later established herself as a prominent name in abstract painting. A major pillar of the Bauhaus movement, she was well-acquainted with many painters and authors and even wrote extensively on topics such as space and time.

 25 
Jack Tworkov
(Abstract Expressionist Painter)
Jack Tworkov
1
Birthdate: August 15, 1900
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Biala Podlaska, Poland
Died: September 4, 1982
Jack Tworkov was an American painter who helped popularize abstract expressionism during the 1950s. Counted among the most influential and important artists of his generation, Jack Tworkov's gestural paintings produced during the early 1950s helped form the foundation for the famous abstract expressionist movement in the USA. 
 26 
Esteban Vicente
(American Painter Best Known for His Abstract Expressionist Paintings and Collages That Seem to Pulsate with Light)
Esteban Vicente
1
Birthdate: January 20, 1903
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Turégano, Spain
Died: January 10, 2001

Esteban Vicente was a Spanish-American painter. The son of an army man, he was expected to follow in his father’s footsteps. However, he quit military school to become an artist and enrolled at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes. He was successful in his artistic career and became one of the first generations of New York School abstract expressionists. 

 27 
Conrad Marca-Relli
(American Artist Who Belonged to the Early Generation of the New York School)
Conrad Marca-Relli
1
Birthdate: June 5, 1913
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 29, 2000

A major figure of abstract expressionism, American painter Conrad Marca-Relli belonged to the first generation of the New York School. The son of Italian immigrant parents, he grew up to teach painting at institutes such as Yale. He was known for his large-scale collages and white-on-white productions.

 28 
Robert Arthur Goodnough
(Noted Abstract Expressionist Painter Whose Later Works Were Also Associated with Color Field Movement)
Robert Arthur Goodnough
1
Birthdate: October 23, 1917
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cortland, New York, United States
Died: October 2, 2010
 29 
Ethel Schwabacher
(Abstract Expressionist Painter)
Ethel Schwabacher
0
Birthdate: May 20, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: November 25, 1984
Ethel Schwabacher was an American abstract expressionist painter whose artworks are still appreciated for their finesse despite being subjected to gender politics. Many of her works have been exhibited at museums and galleries like The Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, the Anita Shapolsky Gallery, and the Brooklyn Museum of Art.