Famous 20th Century Mountaineers

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 1 
Rob Hall
(Mountaineer)
Rob Hall
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Birthdate: January 14, 1961
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Christchurch, New Zealand
Died: May 11, 1996

Rob Hall was a New Zealand mountaineer and the head guide of a Mount Everest expedition in 1996, during which he died along with two clients and a fellow guide. The ill-fated expedition was dramatized in the film Everest where Rob Hall was played by actor Jason Clarke.

 2 
Edmund Hillary
(One of the First Climbers to Have Reached the Summit of Mount Everest)
Edmund Hillary
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Birthdate: July 20, 1919
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Auckland, New Zealand
Died: January 11, 2008
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first to reach the top of Mount Everest, as part of the British expedition led by John Hunt. Hillary also reached both the poles. He later served as an ambassador to Nepal and founded the Himalayan Trust to help the people of Nepal.
 3 
George Mallory
(Mountaineer)
George Mallory
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Birthdate: June 18, 1886
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Mobberley, Cheshire, England
Died: June 9, 1924
A leading member of early expeditions to Mount Everest, George Mallory disappeared on the mountain while trying to reach the summit, along with Sandy Irvine. Mallory succeeded or not, it still remains a subject of research and speculation, yet he left footprints on the sands of time. 
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 4 
Scott Fischer
(First American to Summit Mt. Lhotse)
Scott Fischer
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Birthdate: December 24, 1955
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Muskegon, Michigan, United States
Died: May 11, 1996

American mountaineer Scott Fischer was known for scaling the highest peaks of the world, including Mt. Everest and K2, without using oxygen cans. He later became a mountain guide and co-launched his own adventure travel company Mountain Madness. He died in a blizzard while guiding a group of clients to Mt. Everest.

 5 
Reinhold Messner
(The First Person to Climb All Fourteen Mt. Peaks Over 8,000 Metres)
Reinhold Messner
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Birthdate: September 17, 1944
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brixen, Italy

Italian mountaineer and explorer Reinhold Messner teamed up with Austrian mountaineer Peter Habeler to be the first to climb Mount Everest without using oxygen cylinders. He is also the first to complete a solo ascent of Everest and the first to climb all the 14 mountain peaks that stand above 8000m.

 6 
Jon Krakauer
(Journalist, Explorer, Writer)
Jon Krakauer
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Birthdate: April 12, 1954
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brookline, Massachusetts, United States

Best known for his bestselling novels such as Into the Wild, Jon Krakauer is not just an author who writes about the outdoors but is also a mountaineer himself. He was part of the 1996 expedition to Mt. Everest which witnessed 4 of the team members dying in a storm.

 7 
Yasuko Namba
(Mountaineer)
Yasuko Namba
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Birthdate: February 2, 1949
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tokyo
Died: May 11, 1996
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 8 
Heinrich Harrer
(Mountaineer)
Heinrich Harrer
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Birthdate: July 6, 1912
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hüttenberg, Austria
Died: January 7, 2006

Austrian mountaineer, sportsman, geographer, and author Heinrich Harrer was part of the climbing team that made the first ascent of the North Face of the Eiger. He took part in expeditions to Alaska, the Andes, and the Mountains of the Moon in central Africa in his later years. As a writer, he published Seven Years in Tibet. 

 9 
Francys Arsentiev
(Mountaineer)
Francys Arsentiev
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Birthdate: January 18, 1958
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Honolulu
Died: May 24, 1998
 10 
Dean Potter
(Former free climber, alpinist, BASE jumper, and highliner)
Dean Potter
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Birthdate: April 14, 1972
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, United States
Died: May 16, 2015
 11 
Conrad Anker
(Rock climber, Mountaineer)
Conrad Anker
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Birthdate: November 27, 1962
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: California, United States

A passionate mountaineer and rock climber, Conrad Anker led The North Face for 26 years. He almost died of a heart attack while climbing the Lunag Ri on the borders of the Nepalese Himalayas. He is now also associated with various charitable trusts, such as the Rowell Fund for Tibet.

 12 
Tenzing Norgay
(Nepali-Indian Sherpa Mountaineer One of the First People to Set Foot on the Summit of Mount Everest)
Tenzing Norgay
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Birthdate: May 29, 1914
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Khumbu, Nepal
Died: May 9, 1986

Nepali-Indian Sherpa mountaineer, Tenzing Norgay, was one of the first two individuals known to reach the summit of Mount Everest, the other being Edmund Hillary. He was named one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century by Time magazine. In his later years, he became the first Director of Field Training of the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute.

 13 
Arne Naess, Jr.
(Businessman, Mountaineer)
Arne Naess, Jr.
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Birthdate: December 8, 1937
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Germany
Died: January 13, 2004
 14 
Yvon Chouinard
(Mountaineer, Rock climber Founder of Chouinard Equipment Ltd. and Patagonia (clothing))
Yvon Chouinard
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Birthdate: November 9, 1938
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lewiston, Maine, United States
 15 
Tom Ballard
(Mountaineer)
Tom Ballard
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Birthdate: October 16, 1988
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Belper, Derbyshire, England
Died: March 9, 2019
 16 
Jimmy Chin
(Mountaineer)
Jimmy Chin
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Birthdate: October 12, 1973
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mankato, Minnesota
 17 
Junko Tabei
(Explorer, Mountaineer)
Junko Tabei
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Birthdate: September 22, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Miharu
Died: October 20, 2016
 18 
Alex Lowe
(Mountaineer)
Alex Lowe
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Birthdate: December 24, 1958
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Frederick, Maryland, United States
Died: October 5, 1999
 19 
Lincoln Hall
(Mountain climber)
Lincoln Hall
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Birthdate: December 19, 1955
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Canberra, Australia
Died: March 20, 2012
 20 
Ed Viesturs
(mountaineer)
Ed Viesturs
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Birthdate: June 22, 1959
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rockford
 21 
Dan Osman
(Rock climber)
Dan Osman
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Birthdate: February 11, 1963
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: November 23, 1998
 22 
Wanda Rutkiewicz
(The First Woman to Reach the Summit of K2 and the Third Woman To Climb Mount Everest)
Wanda Rutkiewicz
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Birthdate: February 4, 1943
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Plungė, Lithuania
Died: May 13, 1992
 23 
Hannelore Schmatz
(Mountaineer)
Hannelore Schmatz
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Birthdate: February 16, 1940
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Regensburg
Died: October 2, 1979
 24 
Peter Hillary
(Mountaineer, Philanthropist and Writer)
Peter Hillary
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Birthdate: December 26, 1954
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Auckland

The son of legendary New Zealand mountaineer Edmund Hillary, Peter Hillary followed in his father’s footsteps and became a successful mountaineer. He and his father were the first father-son duo to scale Mt. Everest. An author and philanthropist, too, he has helped people in the Mt. Everest region in Nepal.

 25 
Bachendri Pal
(Mountaineer)
Bachendri Pal
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Birthdate: May 24, 1954
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nakuri, Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand, India
 26 
Jerzy Kukuczka
(Mountaineer)
Jerzy Kukuczka
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Birthdate: March 24, 1948
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Katowice
Died: October 24, 1989
 27 
Apa Sherpa
(mountaineer)
Apa Sherpa
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Birthdate: 1960 AD
Birthplace: Thame
 28 
Mark Inglis
(The First Double Leg Amputee to Scale Mount Everest)
Mark Inglis
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Birthdate: September 27, 1959
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New Zealand

Mark Inglis is a New Zealand mountaineer, winemaker, researcher, and motivational speaker. Also an accomplished cyclist, Inglis won a silver medal at the 2000 Paralympics. In 2006, he became the first double leg amputee to scale Mount Everest. Inglis is also credited with founding a charitable trust called Limbs4All and a sports drink range called PeakFuel.

 29 
Chris Sharma
(Rock climber)
Chris Sharma
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Birthdate: April 23, 1981
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Santa Cruz
 30 
Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner
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Birthdate: December 13, 1970
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kirchdorf an der Krems
 31 
Richard Bass
(entrepreneur, mountaineer)
Richard Bass
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Birthdate: December 21, 1929
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tulsa
 32 
Nick Piantanida
(Basketball player, Skydiver)
Nick Piantanida
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Birthdate: August 15, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Union City, New Jersey, United States
Died: August 29, 1966
 33 
Simone Moro
(Mountaineer, Helicopter pilot)
Simone Moro
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Birthdate: October 27, 1967
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bergamo
 34 
David Breashears
(Mountaineer)
David Breashears
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Birthdate: December 20, 1955
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
 35 
Peter Wessel Zapffe
(Metaphysician, Mountaineer)
Peter Wessel Zapffe
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Birthdate: December 18, 1899
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tromsø, Norway
Died: October 12, 1990

Peter Wessel Zapffe was a Norwegian metaphysician, mountaineer, artist, author, and lawyer. He is best remembered for his 1933 essay The Last Messiah which was later included in his 1941 treatise On the Tragic. The essay reflects Peter Wessel Zapffe's philosophically pessimistic view of human existence.

 36 
Pasang Lhamu Sherpa
(Mountaineer)
Pasang Lhamu Sherpa
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Birthdate: December 10, 1961
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Solukhumbu District
Died: April 22, 1993
 37 
Warren Harding
(Rock climber)
Warren Harding
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Birthdate: June 18, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: United States
Died: February 27, 2002
 38 
Babu Chiri Sherpa
(Mountaineer)
Babu Chiri Sherpa
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Birthdate: June 22, 1965
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Solukhumbu, Nepal
Died: April 29, 2001
 39 
Aleksander Doba
(Canoeist)
Aleksander Doba
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Birthdate: September 9, 1946
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Swarzędz, Poland
Died: February 22, 2021
 40 
Walter Bonatti
(Mountaineer Known for Solo Climb of 'Aiguille du Dru')
Walter Bonatti
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Birthdate: June 22, 1930
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bergamo, Italy
Died: September 13, 2011

Walter Bonatti was an Italian explorer, mountain climber, and journalist. He made a solo climb of a new route on the southwest pillar of the Aiguille du Dru in August 1955, among other achievements. He retired from mountaineering at the age of 35 and pursued a career as a reporter. He also wrote several books on mountaineering.    

 41 
Edward Whymper
(Mountaineer)
Edward Whymper
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Birthdate: April 27, 1840
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
Died: September 16, 1911
 42 
Pete Schoening
(Mountaineer, first successfully climb the Pakistani peak Gasherbrum I in 1958, and was one of the first to summit Mount Vinson in Antarctica in 1966.)
Pete Schoening
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Birthdate: July 30, 1927
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Seattle, Washington, United States
Died: September 22, 2004
 43 
Galen Rowell
(Photographer, Mountaineer, Rock climber)
Galen Rowell
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Birthdate: August 23, 1940
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Oakland
Died: August 11, 2002
 44 
Hermann Buhl
(Mountaineer, Mountain guide)
Hermann Buhl
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Birthdate: September 21, 1924
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Innsbruck
Died: June 27, 1957
 45 
Doug Scott
(Mountaineer)
Doug Scott
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Birthdate: May 29, 1941
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England
Died: December 7, 2020
 46 
Krzysztof Wielicki
(Mountaineer)
Krzysztof Wielicki
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Birthdate: January 5, 1950
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Szklarka Przygodzicka
 47 
Achille Compagnoni
(Former mountaineer, skier together with Lino Lacedelli on 31 July 1954 he was in the first party to reach the summit of K2)
Achille Compagnoni
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Birthdate: September 26, 1914
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Santa Caterina di Valfurva, Italy
Died: May 13, 2009

Achille Compagnoni was a Lombard skier and mountaineer best remembered for his expedition to K2, the second-highest mountain in the world. Compagnoni was among the men who reached the summit of K2 on 31 July 1954. As a skier, Achille Compagnoni took part in the fourth edition of Trofeo Mezzalama where he helped his team finish second.

 48 
Maurice Herzog
(French Administrator and Mountaineer Who Led the Expedition that Scaled the Annapurna Peak for the First Time)
Maurice Herzog
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Birthdate: January 15, 1919
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lyon
Died: December 13, 2012

Maurice Herzog was a French administrator and mountaineer. He is best remembered for leading the French Annapurna expedition in 1950, which scaled the Annapurna peak of over 8000m for the first time. Maurice Herzog reached the peak along with Louis Lachenal and wrote a best-selling book titled Annapurna after his return.

 49 
Jim Whittaker
(Mountaineer, Screenwriter)
Jim Whittaker
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Birthdate: February 10, 1929
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Seattle
 50 
Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi
(Italian Mountaineer, Explorer and Duke of the Abruzzi)
Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi
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Birthdate: January 29, 1873
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: March 18, 1933

The son of Spanish king Amadeus, Prince Luigi Amedeo, also known as the Duke of the Abruzzia, was a passionate mountaineer and explorer, who scripted history by becoming the first to climb Mount St. Elias in Alaska. He also conquered the world’s second-highest peak, K2, and even explored parts of Africa.