Famous 19th Century Linguists

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Ludwig Wittgenstein

Ludwig Wittgenstein.
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: April 26, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 29, 1951

Austrian-British philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein is remembered for his works related to logic, the philosophy of mind, the philosophy of mathematics, and the philosophy of language. He taught at the University of Cambridge for many years. He published only one book during his lifetime. Most of his manuscripts were collected later and published posthumously.

 2 Harriet Martineau

Harriet Martineau.
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Famous As: Linguist, Journalist, Economist, Historian, Translator, Writer, Sociologist, Essayist, Feminist
Birthdate: June 12, 1802
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Norwich
Died: June 27, 1876

Regarded by many as the first female sociologist, Harriet Martineau was a prominent 19th-century social theorist, classical economist, and intellectual who penned the iconic work The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte. She was partially deaf and had lost her sense of taste and smell in childhood.

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 3 L. L. Zamenhof

L. L. Zamenhof.
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Famous As: Linguist, Ophthalmologist, Inventor, Poet, Translator, Esperantist, Physician, Writer, Bible translator
Birthdate: December 15, 1859
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Białystok
Died: April 14, 1917

 4 Roman Jakobson

Roman Jakobson.
4
Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: October 11, 1896
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: July 18, 1982

 5 Maithili Sharan Gupt

Maithili Sharan Gupt.
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Famous As: Linguist, Poet, Politician, Translator
Birthdate: August 3, 1886
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chirgaon
Died: December 12, 1964

Maithili Sharan Gupt was a Hindi poet considered one of the most important modern poets in the language. He was a pioneer of  Khari Boli (plain dialect) poetry. Most of his works were on patriotic themes, and he was widely quoted during India’s independence struggle. Indian nationalist Mahatma Gandhi gave Gupt the title of Rashtra Kavi. 

 6 Samuel Ajayi Crowther

Samuel Ajayi Crowther
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: 1809 AD
Birthplace: Nigeria
Died: December 31, 1891

 7 Edward Sapir

Edward Sapir
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Famous As: Anthropologist, Linguist, Sociolinguist, University teacher, Ethnologist
Birthdate: January 26, 1884
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lębork
Died: February 4, 1939

Edward Sapir was an anthropologist-linguist. He played a pivotal role in the development of the discipline of linguistics in USA. He studied Germanic linguistics at Columbia and later researched Native American languages. He was an expert in the study of Athabascan languages and Chinookan languages. He also worked with Yiddish, Hebrew, and Chinese languages. 

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 8 Rahul Sankrityayan

Rahul Sankrityayan
3
Famous As: Linguist, Author, Autobiographer, Biographer
Birthdate: April 9, 1893
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Pandaha
Died: April 14, 1963

 9 Benjamin Lee Whorf

Benjamin Lee Whorf
3
Famous As: Anthropologist, Linguist
Birthdate: April 24, 1897
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Winthrop, Massachusetts
Died: July 26, 1941

Benjamin Lee Whorf was a linguist cum fire prevention engineer. Along with his mentor Edward Sapir, he developed what is frequently called the “Sapir–Whorf hypothesis.” Even though he was a chemical engineer by profession, he developed an early interest in linguistics and presented several papers at linguistics conferences. Unfortunately, he died at the relatively young age of 44. 

 10 Max Brod

Max Brod
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Famous As: Linguist, Composer, Pianist, Novelist, Translator, Journalist, Writer, Poet lawyer
Birthdate: May 27, 1884
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Prague
Died: December 20, 1968

Max Brod was a Czech German-speaking Jewish author, composer, and journalist. He studied law at the German Charles-Ferdinand University and proceeded to pursue a career as a journalist and composer. He worked as an editor and literary adviser for the Israeli national theatre for three decades. He was a close friend and biographer of writer Franz Kafka. 

 11 Isabelo de los Reyes

Isabelo de los Reyes
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Famous As: Linguist, Journalist, Trade unionist
Birthdate: July 7, 1864
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vigan
Died: October 10, 1938

 12 Hermann Gundert

Hermann Gundert
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: February 4, 1814
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany
Died: April 25, 1893

 13 Hermann Grassmann

Hermann Grassmann
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: April 15, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Szczecin, Poland
Died: September 26, 1877

 14 Bartolomé Mitre

Bartolomé Mitre
3
Famous As: Soldier, Linguist, Journalist, Historian, Politician, Translator
Birthdate: June 26, 1821
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: January 19, 1906

 15 Friedrich Schlegel

Friedrich Schlegel
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 10, 1772
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hannover, Germany
Died: January 12, 1829

 16 Henrik Wergeland

Henrik Wergeland
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: June 17, 1808
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kristiansand, Norway
Died: July 12, 1845

 17 Karl Richard Lepsius

Karl Richard Lepsius
2
Famous As: Egyptologist
Birthdate: December 23, 1810
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Naumburg, Germany
Died: July 10, 1884

 18 Rasmus Rask

Rasmus Rask
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: November 22, 1787
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Denmark
Died: November 14, 1832

 19 Alexander John Ellis

Alexander John Ellis
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Famous As: Linguist, Musicologist, Music theorist, Ethnomusicologist, Mathematician
Birthdate: June 14, 1814
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 28, 1890

 20 Edward Robinson

Edward Robinson
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Famous As: Translator
Birthdate: April 10, 1794
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Southington, Connecticut, United States
Died: January 27, 1863

Edward Robinson was a biblical scholar best remembered for his work Biblical Researches in Palestine. Regarded as the first major work in Biblical Archaeology and Biblical Geography, his work earned him the titles, Founder of Modern Palestinology and Father of Biblical Geography. He is also remembered for translating scriptural works.

 21 Fleeming Jenkin

Fleeming Jenkin
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Famous As: Engineer
Birthdate: March 25, 1833
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dungeness, England
Died: June 12, 1885

After a 10-year stint as an engineer working to construct and install submarine telegraph cables, Fleeming Jenkin published reports establishing the ohm as the unit of electrical resistance. He is also remembered as the inventor of the cable car and taught at institutes such as the University of Edinburgh.

 22 Gonçalves Dias

Gonçalves Dias
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: August 10, 1823
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Caxias, State of Maranhão, Brazil
Died: November 3, 1864

 23 Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski

Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski
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Famous As: Aristocrat
Birthdate: December 1, 1734
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Gdańsk, Poland
Died: March 19, 1823

 24 William Dwight Whitney

William Dwight Whitney
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: February 9, 1827
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Northampton, Massachusetts, United States
Died: June 7, 1894

 25 Simanas Daukantas

Simanas Daukantas
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Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: October 28, 1793
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kalviai, Lithuania
Died: December 6, 1864

 26 Wilhelm Bleek

Wilhelm Bleek
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: March 8, 1827
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 17, 1875

 27 Pétrus Ky

Pétrus Ky
1
Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: December 6, 1837
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vinh Long, Vietnam
Died: September 1, 1898

 28 John Russell Bartlett

John Russell Bartlett
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Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: October 23, 1805
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: May 28, 1886

 29 Mikiel Anton Vassalli

Mikiel Anton Vassalli
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: March 5, 1764
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Żebbuġ, Malta
Died: January 12, 1829

 30 Karl Verner

Karl Verner
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: March 7, 1846
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Aarhus, Denmark
Died: November 5, 1896

 31 Păstorel Teodoreanu

Păstorel Teodoreanu
1
Famous As: Linguist, Lawyer
Birthdate: July 30, 1894
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dorohoi
Died: March 17, 1964

 32 William Marsden

William Marsden
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Famous As: British historian and linguist
Birthdate: November 16, 1754
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wicklow, Ireland
Died: October 6, 1836

 33 Samuel Kirkland

Samuel Kirkland
1
Famous As: Missionary
Birthdate: December 1, 1741
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Norwich, Connecticut, United States
Died: February 28, 1808

 34 Julius Klaproth

Julius Klaproth
1
Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: October 11, 1783
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 28, 1835

 35 Willem Bilderdijk

Willem Bilderdijk
1
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: September 7, 1756
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: December 18, 1831

 36 Ștefan Octavian Iosif

Ștefan Octavian Iosif
1
Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: September 11, 1875
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brașov
Died: June 22, 1913

 37 James Owen Dorsey

James Owen Dorsey
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Famous As: Ethnologist
Birthdate: October 31, 1848
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: February 4, 1895

 38 Mărgărita Miller-Verghy

Mărgărita Miller-Verghy
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Famous As: Nurse, Linguist, Writer, Literary historian, Literary critic, Essayist, Children's writer
Birthdate: January 1, 1865
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Iași
Died: December 31, 1953

 39 Hans Conon von der Gabelentz

Hans Conon von der Gabelentz
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: October 13, 1807
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Altenburg, Germany
Died: September 3, 1874

 40 János Majláth

János Majláth
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Famous As: Translator
Birthdate: October 5, 1786
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Pest, Budapest, Hungary
Died: January 3, 1855

 41 August Friedrich Pott

August Friedrich Pott
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Famous As: Linguist
Birthdate: November 14, 1802
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bad Münder, Germany
Died: July 5, 1887

 42 William Burt Pope

William Burt Pope
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Famous As: Theologian, Politician
Birthdate: February 19, 1822
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wolfville , Canada
Died: July 5, 1903

 43 François Just Marie Raynouard

François Just Marie Raynouard
0
Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: September 18, 1761
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brignoles, France
Died: October 27, 1836