Famous 18th Century Empresses & Queens

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 1 Catherine the Great

Catherine the Great
7
Famous As: Empress of Russia
Birthdate: May 2, 1729
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pomeranian Dukes' Castle in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
Died: November 17, 1796

The Empress of Russia for almost 35 years, Catherine the Great was the country's longest-ruling female leader. An ambitious ruler, she rapidly expanded the Russian Empire and is credited with modernizing the country along Western European lines. She supported the ideals of the Enlightenment and the period of her rule—the Catherinian Era—is considered the Golden Age of Russia.

 2 Marie Antoinette

Marie Antoinette
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Famous As: Queen of France (1774-1792)
Birthdate: November 2, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 16, 1793
The last queen of France before the French Revolution started, Marie Antoinette was married to Louis XVI of France and came to be linked with everything that was wrong with the French monarchy including ignorance and extravagance. Her policies aggravated unrest that eventually led to the abolishment of the monarchy and finally the execution of both king and queen.

 3 Anne, Queen of Great Britain

Anne, Queen of Great Britain
5
Famous As: Queen of Britan
Birthdate: February 6, 1665
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: St James's Palace, Westminster, England
Died: August 1, 1714

Many biographers consider Anne, the Queen of Great Britain, a weak and irresolute woman. It is said that she lacked political astuteness and was easily influenced by others. Though she was troubled by poor health throughout her life, she became increasingly obese and ill during her 30s and eventually died at the age of 49.

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 4 Maria Theresa

Maria Theresa
4
Famous As: Holy Roman Empress (1745-1765)
Birthdate: May 13, 1717
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 29, 1780

The mother of 16 children, Maria Theresa was the only female monarch of the Habsburg empire which she ruled with absolute power. She was known for industrial and educational reforms which led to the development of Austria during her 40-year reign. The devout Roman Catholic, who overtly disliked Jews and the Protestants, was sometimes criticized for her religious intolerance.

 

 5 Elizabeth of Russia

Elizabeth of Russia
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Famous As: Empress of Russia (1741-1762)
Birthdate: December 29, 1709
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: January 5, 1762
Elizabeth Petrovna, or Elizabeth of Russia, daughter of Tsar Peter the Great, was the Russian empress from 1741 to 1762. She became famous for not executing a single person during her rule and for modernizing Russia’s architecture. She was a key figure of the Russian Age of Enlightenment.

 6 Marie Thérèse of France

Marie Thérèse of France
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: December 19, 1778
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, France
Died: October 19, 1851

 7 Catherine I of Russia

Catherine I of Russia
4
Famous As: Empress of Russia (1725-1727)
Birthdate: April 15, 1684
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Russia
Died: May 17, 1727

Catherine I of Russia was the second wife and Empress consort of Peter the Great. She served as the Empress regnant of Russia from 1725 until her death in 1727. The daughter of a peasant, she had an adventurous life as a young woman and eventually married Peter the Great who was taken by her beauty. They had 12 children.

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 8 Anna of Russia

Anna of Russia
3
Famous As: Empress of Russia (1730-1740)
Birthdate: February 7, 1693
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: October 28, 1740

Daughter of Ivan V and niece of Peter I, Anna of Russia did not have much interest in the governance of her kingdom and left it in the hands of her beloved Ernst Johann Biron and her advisors. Her “dark reign” witnessed costly wars such as the Russo-Turkish War.

 9 Catherine of Braganza

Catherine of Braganza
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: November 25, 1638
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Palace of Vila Viçosa, Vila Viçosa, Portugal
Died: December 31, 1705

 10 Joséphine de Beauharnais

Joséphine de Beauharnais
3
Famous As: Empress of the French
Birthdate: June 23, 1763
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Les Trois-Îlets, Martinique
Died: May 29, 1814
Empress Joséphine de Beauharnais spent her initial years in poverty and was shunned by her first husband for her lack of manners. She eventually learned the ways and means of the Parisian high society and married a young Napoleon Bonaparte. She survived a rocky marriage but enjoyed a lavish lifestyle.

 11 Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
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Famous As: Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland (1761-1818)
Birthdate: May 19, 1744
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mirow, Germany
Died: November 17, 1818
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III, reigned as the queen of Great Britain and Ireland from 1761 to 1818, and her reign saw the two kingdoms unite into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. An amateur art lover and botanist, she also expanded the Kew Gardens.

 12 Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma

Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma
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Famous As: Empress Consort of the French
Birthdate: December 12, 1791
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 17, 1847

Marie Louise was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 1814 until her death. The eldest child of Emperor Francis II of Austria and his second wife, Maria Theresa, she grew up during a tumultuous period in the history of Austria. She was married to Napoleon I from 1810 to 1821. She died of pleurisy in 1847.  

 13 Caroline of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Caroline of Brunswick-Lüneburg
3
Famous As: Queen of United Kingdom
Birthdate: May 17, 1768
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Braunschweig
Died: August 7, 1821

 14 Caroline Matilda of Great Britain

Caroline Matilda of Great Britain
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Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: July 22, 1751
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 10, 1775

 15 Marie Leszczyńska

Marie Leszczyńska
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: June 23, 1703
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Trzebnica, Poland
Died: June 24, 1768

 16 Elizabeth Charlotte, Madame Palatine

Elizabeth Charlotte, Madame Palatine
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Famous As: German Princess
Birthdate: May 27, 1652
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Heidelberg Castle, Heidelberg, Electoral Palatinate, Holy Roman Empire
Died: December 8, 1722

 17 Caroline of Ansbach

Caroline of Ansbach
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Famous As: Queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1727-1737)
Birthdate: March 1, 1683
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ansbach, Germany
Died: November 20, 1737

The wife of King George II, Caroline of Ansbach served as the queen consort of Great Britain and Ireland from 1727 until her death in 1737. She also became the electress consort of Hanover upon George II's accession in 1727. Caroline is credited with bolstering the House of Hanover's place during a difficult period of political instability in Britain.

 18 Ahilyabai Holkar

Ahilyabai Holkar
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: May 31, 1725
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Jamkhed, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India
Died: August 13, 1795

Ahilyabai Holkar was the Queen of the Maratha Empire who reigned from 1767 to 1795. A great pioneer, Ahilyabai is credited with building hundreds of temples throughout India. She is best remembered for rebuilding the famous Kashi Vishwanath Temple which had been plundered, desecrated, and converted into a mosque by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

 19 Mary of Modena

Mary of Modena
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: October 5, 1658
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ducal Palace, Modena, Italy
Died: May 7, 1718

 20 Maria Feodorovna

Maria Feodorovna
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Famous As: Empress
Birthdate: October 25, 1759
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Szczecin, Poland
Died: November 5, 1828

 21 Sophia Dorothea of Celle

Sophia Dorothea of Celle
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Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: September 15, 1666
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Celle, Germany
Died: November 13, 1726

 22 Tarabai

Tarabai
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Famous As: Regent of Maratha Empire
Birthdate: April 14, 1675
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Satara
Died: December 9, 1761

Tarabai reigned as the Queen Regent of the famous Maratha Empire from 1700 to 1708. The queen of Rajaram Bhosle I, Tarabai played an important role in fending off the Mughal forces from the Maratha territories after the demise of her husband. Tarabai's life and heroics have inspired films like Shivrayachi Soon Tararani where she was portrayed by Nishigandha Wad.

 23 Empress Xiaoxianchun

Empress Xiaoxianchun
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Famous As: Empress
Birthdate: March 28, 1712
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Beijing, China
Died: April 8, 1748

 24 Désirée Clary

Désirée Clary
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: November 8, 1777
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Marseille, France
Died: December 17, 1860

 25 Maria Carolina of Austria

Maria Carolina of Austria
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: August 13, 1752
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 8, 1814

Maria Carolina of Austria, the wife of King Ferdinand IV of Naples, was also the de facto queen of Naples and Sicily. It is believed, she came under the influence of French-born English Sir John Acton and imposed many pro-British and anti-French reforms. She revoked the ban on Freemasonry and enlarged the navy, too.

 26 Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden

Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: January 23, 1688
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm Palace, Sweden
Died: November 24, 1741

 27 Sophie of France

Sophie of France
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Famous As: Princess of France
Birthdate: July 9, 1786
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, France
Died: June 19, 1787

 28 Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: March 10, 1776
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hanover
Died: July 19, 1810

 29 Zewditu

Zewditu
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Famous As: Empress
Birthdate: April 28, 1876
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Werreyimenu, Wollo
Died: April 2, 1930

 30 Mary I of Portugal

Mary I of Portugal
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Famous As: Queen of Portugal
Birthdate: December 17, 1734
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: March 20, 1816

 31 Hortense de Beauharnais

Hortense de Beauharnais
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: April 10, 1783
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 5, 1837

 32 Yolande de Polastron

Yolande de Polastron
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Famous As: Duchess of Polignac
Birthdate: September 8, 1749
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 9, 1793

 33 Sophia Dorothea of Hanover

Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: March 16, 1687
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hanover, Principality of Calenberg
Died: June 28, 1757

 34 Anne Marie DOrleans

Anne Marie DOrleans
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: August 27, 1669
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Château de Saint-Cloud, France
Died: August 26, 1728

 35 Caroline Bonaparte

Caroline Bonaparte
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: March 25, 1782
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ajaccio, France
Died: May 18, 1839

 36 Princess Augusta of Great Britain

Princess Augusta of Great Britain
3
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: July 31, 1737
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: St James's Palace, London
Died: March 23, 1813

 37 Louise of Great Britain

Louise of Great Britain
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: December 18, 1724
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Leicester House, London, England
Died: December 19, 1751

 38 Maria Luisa of Parma

Maria Luisa of Parma
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: December 9, 1751
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Parma, Italy
Died: January 2, 1819

 39 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily

Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
2
Famous As: Empress
Birthdate: June 6, 1772
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Royal Palace of Naples, Naples, Italy
Died: April 13, 1807

Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily lost 8 of her 16 siblings to smallpox in infancy. The eldest child of King Ferdinand IV & III of Naples and Sicily, Maria was also the niece of the infamous French queen Marie Antoinette. A patron of Viennese music, she loved masquerades and balls.

 40 Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange

Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange
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Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: November 2, 1709
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: January 12, 1759

 41 Marie-Amélie de Bourbon

Marie-Amélie de Bourbon
2
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: April 26, 1782
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Caserta Palace, Naples, Italy
Died: March 24, 1866

 42 Maria Anna of Neuburg

Maria Anna of Neuburg
2
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: October 28, 1667
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Benrath Palace, Düsseldorf, Electoral Palatinate
Died: July 16, 1740

 43 Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans

Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans
2
Famous As: Duchess
Birthdate: September 13, 1676
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Château de Saint-Cloud, Saint-Cloud, France
Died: December 23, 1744

 44 Elizabeth Alexeievna

Elizabeth Alexeievna
2
Famous As: Aristocrat
Birthdate: January 24, 1779
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Karlsruhe, Baden
Died: May 16, 1826

 45 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
2
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: August 28, 1691
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brunswick, Germany
Died: December 21, 1750

 46 Louise Elisabeth of France

Louise Elisabeth of France
2
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: August 14, 1727
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, France
Died: December 6, 1759

 47 Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: March 3, 1778
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Electorate of Hanover, Holy Roman Empire
Died: June 29, 1841

 48 Maria Luisa of Spain

Maria Luisa of Spain
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: November 24, 1745
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Naples, Kingdom of Naples
Died: May 15, 1792

 49 Princess Mary of Great Britain

Princess Mary of Great Britain
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Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: March 5, 1723
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Essex House, London, England
Died: January 14, 1772

 50 Mariana Victoria of Spain

Mariana Victoria of Spain
2
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: March 31, 1718
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain
Died: January 15, 1781