Famous 18th Century Empresses & Queens

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 1 
Catherine the Great
(Empress of Russia)

Catherine the Great
10
Birthdate: May 2, 1729
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pomeranian Dukes' Castle in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
Died: November 17, 1796

The Empress of Russia for almost 35 years, Catherine the Great was the country's longest-ruling female leader. An ambitious ruler, she rapidly expanded the Russian Empire and is credited with modernizing the country along Western European lines. She supported the ideals of the Enlightenment and the period of her rule—the Catherinian Era—is considered the Golden Age of Russia.

 2 
Marie Antoinette
(Queen of France (1774-1792))

Marie Antoinette
10
Birthdate: November 2, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 16, 1793
The last queen of France before the French Revolution started, Marie Antoinette was married to Louis XVI of France and came to be linked with everything that was wrong with the French monarchy including ignorance and extravagance. Her policies aggravated unrest that eventually led to the abolishment of the monarchy and finally the execution of both king and queen.

 3 
Anne, Queen of Great Britain
(Queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1707 – 1714))

Anne, Queen of Great Britain
5
Birthdate: February 1, 1665
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: St James's Palace, Westminster, England
Died: August 1, 1714

Many biographers consider Anne, the Queen of Great Britain, a weak and irresolute woman. It is said that she lacked political astuteness and was easily influenced by others. Though she was troubled by poor health throughout her life, she became increasingly obese and ill during her 30s and eventually died at the age of 49.

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 4 
Maria Theresa
(Holy Roman Empress (1745-1765))

Maria Theresa
5
Birthdate: May 13, 1717
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 29, 1780

The mother of 16 children, Maria Theresa was the only female monarch of the Habsburg empire which she ruled with absolute power. She was known for industrial and educational reforms which led to the development of Austria during her 40-year reign. The devout Roman Catholic, who overtly disliked Jews and the Protestants, was sometimes criticized for her religious intolerance.

 

 5 
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
(Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland (1761-1818))

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
6
Birthdate: May 19, 1744
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mirow, Germany
Died: November 17, 1818
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III, reigned as the queen of Great Britain and Ireland from 1761 to 1818, and her reign saw the two kingdoms unite into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. An amateur art lover and botanist, she also expanded the Kew Gardens.

 6 
Elizabeth of Russia
(Empress of Russia (1741-1762))

Elizabeth of Russia
4
Birthdate: December 29, 1709
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: January 5, 1762
Elizabeth Petrovna, or Elizabeth of Russia, daughter of Tsar Peter the Great, was the Russian empress from 1741 to 1762. She became famous for not executing a single person during her rule and for modernizing Russia’s architecture. She was a key figure of the Russian Age of Enlightenment.

 7 
Catherine I of Russia
(Empress of Russia (1725-1727))

Catherine I of Russia
5
Birthdate: April 15, 1684
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Russia
Died: May 17, 1727

Catherine I of Russia was the second wife and Empress consort of Peter the Great. She served as the Empress regnant of Russia from 1725 until her death in 1727. The daughter of a peasant, she had an adventurous life as a young woman and eventually married Peter the Great who was taken by her beauty. They had 12 children.

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Marie Thérèse of France
4
Birthdate: December 19, 1778
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, France
Died: October 19, 1851

 9 
Anna of Russia
(Empress of Russia (1730-1740))

Anna of Russia
3
Birthdate: February 7, 1693
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: October 28, 1740

Daughter of Ivan V and niece of Peter I, Anna of Russia did not have much interest in the governance of her kingdom and left it in the hands of her beloved Ernst Johann Biron and her advisors. Her “dark reign” witnessed costly wars such as the Russo-Turkish War.

Catherine of Braganza
4
Birthdate: November 25, 1638
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Palace of Vila Viçosa, Vila Viçosa, Portugal
Died: December 31, 1705

 11 
Joséphine de Beauharnais
(Empress of the French)

Joséphine de Beauharnais
3
Birthdate: June 23, 1763
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Les Trois-Îlets, Martinique
Died: May 29, 1814
Empress Joséphine de Beauharnais spent her initial years in poverty and was shunned by her first husband for her lack of manners. She eventually learned the ways and means of the Parisian high society and married a young Napoleon Bonaparte. She survived a rocky marriage but enjoyed a lavish lifestyle.

 12 
Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma
(Empress Consort of the French)

Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma
3
Birthdate: December 12, 1791
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 17, 1847

Marie Louise was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 1814 until her death. The eldest child of Emperor Francis II of Austria and his second wife, Maria Theresa, she grew up during a tumultuous period in the history of Austria. She was married to Napoleon I from 1810 to 1821. She died of pleurisy in 1847.  

 13 
Caroline of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Queen of United Kingdom)

Caroline of Brunswick-Lüneburg
3
Birthdate: May 17, 1768
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Braunschweig
Died: August 7, 1821

Caroline Matilda of Great Britain
3
Birthdate: July 22, 1751
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 10, 1775

 15 

Marie Leszczyńska
3
Birthdate: June 23, 1703
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Trzebnica, Poland
Died: June 24, 1768

Elizabeth Charlotte, Madame Palatine
3
Birthdate: May 27, 1652
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Heidelberg Castle, Heidelberg, Electoral Palatinate, Holy Roman Empire
Died: December 8, 1722

 17 
Caroline of Ansbach
(Queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1727-1737))

Caroline of Ansbach
3
Birthdate: March 1, 1683
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ansbach, Germany
Died: November 20, 1737

The wife of King George II, Caroline of Ansbach served as the queen consort of Great Britain and Ireland from 1727 until her death in 1737. She also became the electress consort of Hanover upon George II's accession in 1727. Caroline is credited with bolstering the House of Hanover's place during a difficult period of political instability in Britain.

 18 

Empress Xiaoxianchun
3
Birthdate: March 28, 1712
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Beijing, China
Died: April 8, 1748

 19 

Maria Feodorovna
3
Birthdate: October 25, 1759
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Szczecin, Poland
Died: November 5, 1828

 20 
Sophie of France
(Princess of France)

Sophie of France
3
Birthdate: July 9, 1786
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, France
Died: June 19, 1787

 21 

Mary of Modena
3
Birthdate: October 5, 1658
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ducal Palace, Modena, Italy
Died: May 7, 1718

Mary of Modena, the second wife of King James II of England, who was also James VII of Scotland, reigned as the queen of England, Ireland, and Scotland. It is believed she induced James to escape to France during the Glorious Revolution, when William of Orange invaded England.

 22 

Sophia Dorothea of Celle
3
Birthdate: September 15, 1666
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Celle, Germany
Died: November 13, 1726

Maria Carolina of Austria
3
Birthdate: August 13, 1752
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 8, 1814

Maria Carolina of Austria, the wife of King Ferdinand IV of Naples, was also the de facto queen of Naples and Sicily. It is believed, she came under the influence of French-born English Sir John Acton and imposed many pro-British and anti-French reforms. She revoked the ban on Freemasonry and enlarged the navy, too.

 24 

Désirée Clary
3
Birthdate: November 8, 1777
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Marseille, France
Died: December 17, 1860

 25 

Ahilyabai Holkar
0
Birthdate: May 31, 1725
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Jamkhed, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India
Died: August 13, 1795

Ahilyabai Holkar was the Queen of the Maratha Empire who reigned from 1767 to 1795. A great pioneer, Ahilyabai is credited with building hundreds of temples throughout India. She is best remembered for rebuilding the famous Kashi Vishwanath Temple which had been plundered, desecrated, and converted into a mosque by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

 26 
Zewditu
(Empress)

Zewditu
3
Birthdate: April 28, 1876
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Werreyimenu, Wollo
Died: April 2, 1930

 27 
Yolande de Polastron
(Duchess of Polignac)

Yolande de Polastron
3
Birthdate: September 8, 1749
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 9, 1793

Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden
3
Birthdate: January 23, 1688
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm Palace, Sweden
Died: November 24, 1741

Hortense de Beauharnais
3
Birthdate: April 10, 1783
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 5, 1837

 30 
Mary I of Portugal
(Queen of Portugal)

Mary I of Portugal
3
Birthdate: December 17, 1734
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: March 20, 1816

Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
3
Birthdate: March 16, 1687
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hanover, Principality of Calenberg
Died: June 28, 1757

 32 
Tarabai
(Regent of Maratha Empire)

Tarabai
3
Birthdate: April 14, 1675
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Satara
Died: December 9, 1761

Tarabai reigned as the Queen Regent of the famous Maratha Empire from 1700 to 1708. The queen of Rajaram Bhosle I, Tarabai played an important role in fending off the Mughal forces from the Maratha territories after the demise of her husband. Tarabai's life and heroics have inspired films like Shivrayachi Soon Tararani where she was portrayed by Nishigandha Wad.

 33 

Anne Marie DOrleans
3
Birthdate: August 27, 1669
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Château de Saint-Cloud, France
Died: August 26, 1728

 34 
Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
(Queen of Prussia and the wife of King Frederick William III)

Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
4
Birthdate: March 10, 1776
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: July 19, 1810

 35 
Elisabeth Farnese
(Queen of Spain (24 December 1714 – 14 January 1724))

Elisabeth Farnese
3
Birthdate: October 25, 1692
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Palazzo della Pilotta, Parma, Italy
Died: July 11, 1766

 36 

Caroline Bonaparte
4
Birthdate: March 25, 1782
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ajaccio, France
Died: May 18, 1839

Princess Augusta of Great Britain
3
Birthdate: July 31, 1737
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: St James's Palace, London
Died: March 23, 1813

Louise of Great Britain
3
Birthdate: December 18, 1724
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Leicester House, London, England
Died: December 19, 1751

Maria Luisa of Parma
5
Birthdate: December 9, 1751
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Parma, Italy
Died: January 2, 1819

The queen consort of Spain Maria Luisa was the wife of Spanish king Charles IV and the daughter of Duke Philip of Parma. She often served as the muse of Spanish artist Goya. She also started the Order of Queen Maria Luisa to reward noble women. She was later exiled with Charles.

Marie-Amélie de Bourbon
2
Birthdate: April 26, 1782
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Caserta Palace, Naples, Italy
Died: March 24, 1866

The wife of French king Louis Philippe I, Marie-Amélie de Bourbon was the last queen of France. Least interested in politics, she spent most of her life raising her 8 children. She also shunned public life for fear of a new revolution after Louis Philippe became the king following the July Revolution.

Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange
4
Birthdate: November 2, 1709
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: January 12, 1759

Maria Anna of Neuburg
2
Birthdate: October 28, 1667
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Benrath Palace, Düsseldorf, Electoral Palatinate
Died: July 16, 1740

 43 

Elizabeth Alexeievna
2
Birthdate: January 24, 1779
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Karlsruhe, Baden
Died: May 16, 1826

Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans
2
Birthdate: September 13, 1676
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Château de Saint-Cloud, Saint-Cloud, France
Died: December 23, 1744

Maria Luisa of Spain
2
Birthdate: November 24, 1745
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Naples, Kingdom of Naples
Died: May 15, 1792

Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
2
Birthdate: August 28, 1691
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brunswick, Germany
Died: December 21, 1750

Louise Elisabeth of France
2
Birthdate: August 14, 1727
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, France
Died: December 6, 1759

Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
2
Birthdate: March 3, 1778
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Electorate of Hanover, Holy Roman Empire
Died: June 29, 1841

Princess Mary of Great Britain
2
Birthdate: March 5, 1723
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Essex House, London, England
Died: January 14, 1772

Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
2
Birthdate: June 6, 1772
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Royal Palace of Naples, Naples, Italy
Died: April 13, 1807

Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily lost 8 of her 16 siblings to smallpox in infancy. The eldest child of King Ferdinand IV & III of Naples and Sicily, Maria was also the niece of the infamous French queen Marie Antoinette. A patron of Viennese music, she loved masquerades and balls.