Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent leader of civil rights movement in US. Check out the biography to know about his childhood, life and timeline.
Martin Luther King Jr
Also Listed In: Spiritual & Religious Leaders
Famous as: Worked for civil rights of black people
religion: Baptist (Progressive National Baptist Convention)
political ideology: Peace movement, African-American Civil Rights Movement
Born on: 15 January 1929 Famous 15th January Birthdays
Zodiac Sign: Capricorn Famous Capricons
Born in: Atlanta
Died on: 04 April 1968
place of death: Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
epitaphs: "Free at last. Free at last. Thank God Almighty I'm Free At Last."
father: Martin Luther King, Sr.
mother: Alberta Williams King
siblings: Willie Christine King, Alfred Daniel Williams King
Spouse: Coretta Scott King (1953–1968)
children: Yolanda Denise-King (1955–2007), Martin Luther King III (b.1957), Dexter Scott King (b.1961), Bernice Albertine King (b.1963)
education: Boston University (1954 – 1955), Crozer Theological Seminary (1948 – 1951), Morehouse College (1948), Washington High School
Founder/Co-Founder: Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Works & Achievements: Organized American Civil Rights Movement to support the black people, Fought for the civil rights of the underprivileged black people
1964 - Nobel Peace Prize
1965 - Spingarn Medal from the NAACP
1977 - Presidential Medal of Freedom
2004 - Congressional Gold Medal
1959 - Anisfield-Wolf Book Award for his book Stride Toward Freedom
1966 - Margaret Sanger Award for his courageous resistance to bigotry and his lifelong dedication to the advancement of social justice and human dignity.
Martin Luther King Jr. was an African American clergyman and a well-known leader in the American civil rights movement. Born as Michael Luther Jr, he was once ordained as the Pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Later on, he devoted his time in working for the civil rights of black people. Martin Luther King Jr. organized several campaigns and protests to abolish the segregation of people based on race. He is fondly referred to as the human rights icon.
Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated when he was 39 years old. He was shot dead on April 4, 1968, as he stood on the balcony of his motel room. The death of King sent shock waves across the country and resulted in riots in cities nationwide. The then President of United States - Johnson, declared a national day of mourning in his honor.
- Recognized as one of the outstanding personalities of the year 1957, by ‘Time’ magazine
- Spingarn Medal from NAACP (1957)
- The Russwurm Award from the National Newspaper Publishers (1957)
- The Second Annual Achievement - The Guardian Association of the Police Department of New York (1958)
- Man of the Year 1963, by ‘Time’ magazine
- American of the Decade by Laundry, Dry Cleaning, and Die Workers International Union (1963)
- The John Dewey Award, from the United Federation of Teachers (1964)
- The John F. Kennedy Award, from the Catholic Interracial Council of Chicago (1964)
- The Nobel Peace Prize (1964)
- The Marcus Garvey Prize for Human Rights, presented by the Jamaican Government (1968)
- The Rosa L. Parks Award, presented by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (1968)
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR TIMELINE
Born in Atlanta
Graduates from Morehouse College
Marries Coretta Scott
Earns a doctoral degree
His house is bombed
Publishes his first book, Stride Toward Freedom
Gives "I Have a Dream" speech at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
Assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee
Martin Luther King Jr. Day is declared a national holiday in the US
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