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List & biographies of world's most famous revolutionaries.

A revolution is a drastic and sudden change which is instigated or propagated by a revolutionary, which means that revolutionaries, as the name suggests, are people who take up the cause of bringing about change in an existing system. Revolutions, in the past, have been responsible for changes in political, religious and even economic ideologies. A revolutionary is generally the one person who decides that he or she has had enough of the perceived injustice enforced by a system and decides to directly or indirectly; take steps to facilitate the removal of the unjust system. The history of the world has shown us examples of such instances in the form of various movements, instigated or propagated by individuals that have led to the complete collapse of entire governments and resulted in the establishment of a new regime or government that is supposed to correct the wrongs of the one it’s replacing. The word revolution can also apply to non-political revolutions like the field of technology and industry which saw its biggest boom during the industrial revolution. During this period production methods saw an increasing shift from manual production to the use of machines to produce goods. Even though, at times, the word revolutionary is used in conjunction with science and art more often than not, it relates to the political aspect of revolutions. Listed below is a list of some of the notable revolutionaries with their complete biographies that include timelines, trivia and life stories.
Abraham Whipple Abraham Whipple

Hundreds of men fought to the best possible extent for America’s freedom from the British colonial rule. One such great hero of the American ...

Ahmed Ben Bella Ahmed Ben Bella

Ahmed Ben Bella is remembered as one of the greatest figures in Arab nationalism. As a young boy in school, he was deeply affected by the racial ...

Ali Khamenei Ali Khamenei

Ali Khamenei is the current Supreme Leader of Iran, serving in this position since 1989. Once named as the 21st in the list of ‘The World's ...

B. R. Ambedkar B. R. Ambedkar

B.R. Ambedkar was a leading activist and social reformer who gave his life working for the upliftment of the Dalits and the socially backward ...

Bal Gangadhar Tilak Bal Gangadhar Tilak

While Gandhi fondly administered the title of ‘Maker of Modern India’ on Tilak, the British labelled him as the ‘Father of Indian ...

Begum Hazrat Mahal Begum Hazrat Mahal

Begum Hazrat Mahal, also known as the ‘Begum of Awadh’, was one of the earliest female freedom fighters during the First Indian War of ...

Benito Juarez Benito Juarez

One of the most important political figures of the 19th century Mexico, Benito Juarez played the pivotal role in fighting against the foreign ...

Benjamin Lincoln Benjamin Lincoln

Benjamin Lincoln is perhaps lesser known but nevertheless an important figure of the American Revolutionary War, during which he was the major ...

Birsa Munda Birsa Munda

Birsa Munda was an Indian freedom fighter and a tribal leader who revolted against the British rule. He was a visionary who played a crucial ...

Bobby Sands Bobby Sands

Robert Gerard ‘Bobby’ Sands was an Irish hero who has gone down in the history as the martyr from the Irish Republican Party. He was born ...

Che Guevara Che Guevara

Che Guevara was a legendary political activist, who gave his life for the downfall of imperialism and the establishment of socialism. It is ...

Chief Joseph Chief Joseph

Chief Joseph was the leader of the Wallowa band of Nez Perce tribe in Oregon, U.S. who received international media coverage for his daring ...

Emiliano Zapata Emiliano Zapata

Emiliano Zapata was one of the key figures in carrying forward the Mexican Revolution that started off in 1910. Zapata formed his army and ...

Ernesto Cardenal Ernesto Cardenal

Ernesto Cardenal is a Roman Catholic priest who is also a poet, politician, and revolutionary. Considered by many to be Nicaragua’s second ...

Holden Roberto Holden Roberto

Holden Roberto was an Angolan independence leader who founded the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA). One of the fathers of Angola’s ...

Hristo Botev Hristo Botev

Hristo Botev was a Bulgarian poet and revolutionary who is recognized as an iconic revolutionary amongst the 19th century Post-Liberation ...

Huey Newton Huey P. Newton

Huey Percy Newton was a revolutionary political activist who co-founded the Black Panther Party along with Bobby Seale. Interest in radical ...

Jacob Zuma Jacob Zuma

Jacob Zuma is the current President of South Africa; he is in the office since 2009. Zuma is a controversial politician who has been accused of ...

John Gates John Gates

John ‘Johnny’ Gates was an American Communist journalist and a true believer in the Marxist theory. He is well-known for leading the ...

Jose Julian Marti Perez Jose Marti

Jose Marti was a freedom fighter, poet and a national hero of Cuba. Apart from that, he was a professor and political theorist. He dreamt of ...

Jose Rizal Jose Rizal

Hailed as the greatest national hero of the Philippines, Jose Rizal was a man of strong convictions who sacrificed his life for the nationalist ...

Josip Broz Tito Josip Broz Tito

Josip Broz Tito was a popular statesman, who served as a Yugoslav Partisan, which was Europe’s most effective anti-Nazi resistance movement. ...

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan Khan Abdul Ghaffar K...

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was a Pashtun independence activist and a spiritual leader nicknamed as “Frontier Gandhi” due to his political ...

Lala Lajpat Rai Lala Lajpat Rai

Popularly known as Punjab Kesari or the Lion of Punjab, Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the greatest leaders of India, who actively took part in the ...

Leon Trotsky Leon Trotsky

Leon Trotsky was one of the key revolutionaries in the history of Russia, who fought, alongside the likes of Lenin, for the liberation of the ...

Lyman Hall Lyman Hall

Lyman Hall was an American physician and statesman, best known as one of the signers of the United States Declaration of Independence, ...

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Maulana Abul Kalam A...

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was the face of communal harmony in modern India. A renowned scholar and an active political leader, he had a ...

Mikhail Bakunin Mikhail Bakunin

Legendary Russian revolutionary, anarchist and prolific political writer, Mikhail Bakunin was one of the most powerful propagators of anarchism ...

Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte

The latter years of the French Revolution saw the emergence of a man who played a quintessential role in shaping the future of France – ...

Patrick Henry Patrick Henry

Patrick Henry was one of the leading figures of American Revolution and a prominent political founder who saw the formation of initial ...

Pol Pot Pol Pot

Pol Pot, the Cambodian revolutionary leader of the Khmer Rouge served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea. His regime ...

Rani Lakshmibai Rani Lakshmibai

Rani Lakshmibai, famously known as ‘Jhansi Ki Rani’, was one of the leading warriors in India’s First War of Independence, which was ...

Red Cloud Red Cloud

Red Cloud, the war chief of the Oglala Sioux clan was a courageous leader who led his tribe in what was known as Red Cloud’s War against the ...

Robert Mugabe Robert Mugabe

Robert Mugabe is a former revolutionary and Zimbabwean politician and is best known for his struggles against the British, when Zimbabwe was ...

Rosa Luxemburg Rosa Luxemburg

Rosa Luxemburg was a German Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist. She was of Polish-Jewish descent but became a ...

Samuel Adams Samuel Adams

Samuel Adams is a notable figure in the history of American Political Culture. Being the second cousin of Former American President John Adams, ...

Simon Bolivar Simon Bolivar

Simon Bolivar is regarded as one of the most powerful figures in the history of South America, leading the liberation movement for six nations ...

Tecumseh Tecumseh

Tecumseh was a famous Native American chief of the Shawnee, who opposed the white settlement in the United States. During his lifetime, he ...

Thomas Paine Thomas Paine

‘These are the times that try men’s souls’ is quoted by one of the famous founding fathers of American Revolution, Thomas Paine. He became ...

Toussaint Louverture Toussaint Louverture

Toussaint Louverture was a former slave who led the Haitian independence movement during the French Revolution and briefly established Haiti as ...

William Wallace William Wallace

William Wallace was a formidable Knight, a great nationalist and a brave revolutionary fighter/leader who led Scotland to its victory and made ...