Famous Turkish Intellectuals & Academics

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 1 
Ibn Taymiyyah
(Scholar)
Ibn Taymiyyah
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Birthdate: January 22, 1263
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Harran, Turkey
Died: September 26, 1328
 2 
Gregory of Nazianzus
(Theologian and the Most Accomplished Rhetorical Stylist of the Patristic Age)
Gregory of Nazianzus
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Birthdate: 0329 AD
Birthplace: Nazianzus, Cappadocia, Turkey
Died: January 24, 0390

Gregory of Nazianzus was a theologian and Archbishop of Constantinople. He is widely regarded as the most renowned and talented rhetorical stylist of the patristic age. Much of Gregory of Nazianzus' theological work continues to have a significant impact on modern theologians. 

 3 
Nasreddin
(Philosopher)
Nasreddin
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Birthdate: 1208 AD
Birthplace: Nasrettinhoca, Sivrihisar
Died: 1284 AD
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 4 
Dio Cassius
(Historian)
Dio Cassius
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Birthdate: 0155 AD
Birthplace: İznik
Died: 0235 AD
 5 
Piri Reis
(Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.)
Piri Reis
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Birthdate: 1465 AD
Birthplace: Gelibolu, Turkey
Died: 1553 AD

Piri Reis was an Ottoman navigator, admiral, cartographer, and geographer. He is best remembered for his Book of Navigation, which contains maps and charts and information on navigational techniques. He gained international recognition in 1929 when a portion of his first world map was discovered at the Topkapı Palace in Turkey. Piri Reis finds mention in several popular video games.  

 6 
Procopius
(Scholar)
Procopius
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Birthdate: 0500 AD
Birthplace: Caesarea
 7 
Dionysius of Halicarnassus
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Birthplace: Halicarnassus
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 8 
Proclus
(philosopher)
Proclus
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Birthdate: February 8, 0412
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: April 17, 0485
 9 
John Chrysostom
(Early Church Father and Archbishop of Constantinople (398-404))
John Chrysostom
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Birthdate: 0347 AD
Birthplace: Antioch, Turkey
Died: September 14, 0407

John Chrysostom was an influential Early Church Father best remembered for his public speaking and preaching. Regarded as one of the Three Holy Hierarchs of the Greek Church, John continues to be a prominent theologian in Eastern Christianity. He is recognized as a saint by various churches, including the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, Catholic, and Lutheran churches.

 10 
Pausanias
(Geographer)
Pausanias
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Birthdate: 0110 AD
Birthplace: Anatolia
Died: 0180 AD
Maximus the Confessor
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Birthdate: 0580 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: August 13, 0662
 12 
Xenophanes
(Philosopher)
Xenophanes
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Birthdate: 0570 BC
Birthplace: Colophon
Died: 0475 BC
 13 
Selma Ergeç
(Actress)
Selma Ergeç
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Birthdate: November 1, 1978
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hamm, Germany
 14 
Adnan Oktar
(Writer, Theologian)
Adnan Oktar
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Birthdate: February 2, 1956
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ankara
 15 
Burhan Asaf Belge
(Politician)
Burhan Asaf Belge
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Birthdate: February 1, 1899
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: January 12, 1967
 16 
Anaximenes of Miletus
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Birthdate: 0585 BC
Birthplace: Miletus
Died: 0528 BC
 17 
Tansu Çiller
(22nd Prime Minister of Turkey)
Tansu Çiller
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Birthdate: May 24, 1946
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey
 18 
Gregory Palamas
(Theologian)
Gregory Palamas
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Birthdate: 1296 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: November 14, 1359
Photios I of Constantinople
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Birthdate: 0810 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: February 6, 0893
 20 
Dani Rodrik
(Economist)
Dani Rodrik
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Birthdate: August 14, 1957
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey
Constantine Samuel Rafinesque
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Birthdate: October 22, 1783
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Galata, İstanbul, Turkey
Died: September 18, 1840
 22 
Gemistus Pletho
(Philosopher)
Gemistus Pletho
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Birthdate: 1355 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: June 26, 1452
Symeon the New Theologian
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Birthdate: 0949 AD
Birthplace: Galatia
Died: March 12, 1022
 24 
Ziya Gökalp
(Sociologist)
Ziya Gökalp
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Birthdate: March 23, 1876
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Çermik, Turkey
Died: October 25, 1924
 25 
Osman Hamdi Bey
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Birthdate: December 30, 1842
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: February 24, 1910
 26 
Ali-Shir Nava'i
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Birthdate: February 9, 1441
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Herat, Afghanistan
Died: January 3, 1501
 27 
Cerinthus
(Theologian)
Cerinthus
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Birthdate: 0100 AD
Birthplace: Antioch on the Orontes
 28 
Namık Kemal
(Writer)
Namık Kemal
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Birthdate: December 21, 1840
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tekirdağ, Turkey
Died: December 2, 1888
 29 
Simplicius Of Cilicia
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Birthdate: 0490 AD
Birthplace: Cilicia
Died: 0560 AD
 30 
Édouard Balladur
(Economist, Politician)
Édouard Balladur
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Birthdate: May 2, 1929
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: İzmir

Édouard Balladur is a French politician who served as the prime minister of France from 1993 to 1995. He started his political career in the 1960s and steadily rose through the ranks, becoming the minister of economy and finance. A few years later, he took office as the prime minister. The media often caricatures him as aloof, aristocratic, and arrogant. 

 31 
Theodoret
(Theologian)
Theodoret
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Birthdate: 0393 AD
Birthplace: Antioch, Turkey
Died: November 30, 0458
Socrates of Constantinople
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Birthdate: 0380 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: 0439 AD
 33 
İlber Ortaylı
(Historian)
İlber Ortaylı
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Birthdate: May 21, 1947
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bregenz, Austria
 34 
Zosimus
(Historian)
Zosimus
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Birthdate: 0490 AD
 35 
Sheikh Bedreddin
(Theologian)
Sheikh Bedreddin
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Birthdate: December 3, 1359
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: December 18, 1420
 36 
Lucian of Antioch
(Theologian)
Lucian of Antioch
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Birthdate: 0240 AD
Birthplace: Samsat, Turkey
Died: January 7, 0312
 37 
Müge Çevik
(Physician)
Müge Çevik
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Birthplace: Turkey
 38 
Eubulides Of Miletus
(Greek philosopher)
Eubulides Of Miletus
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Birthplace: Miletus Ancient Theater, Turkey
 39 
Eustathius of Thessalonica
(Greek Orthodox metropolitan)
Eustathius of Thessalonica
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Birthdate: 1115 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: 1196 AD
 40 
Theodotion
(Jewish scholar)
Theodotion
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Birthplace: Ephesus Archaeological Museum, Selçuk, Turkey
Died: 0200 AD
 41 
Manuel Chrysoloras
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Birthdate: 1355 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: September 15, 1415
 42 
Mehmet Fuat Köprülü
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Birthdate: December 5, 1890
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey
Died: June 28, 1966
 43 
Markos Eugenikos
(Theologian)
Markos Eugenikos
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Birthdate: 1392 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: June 23, 1444
 44 
Gazi Yaşargil
(Medical scientist)
Gazi Yaşargil
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Birthdate: July 6, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lice, Turkey
 45 
Muazzez İlmiye Çığ
(Archaeologist, Writer)
Muazzez İlmiye Çığ
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Birthdate: June 20, 1914
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bursa, Turkey
 46 
Maximus Planudes
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Birthdate: 1260 AD
Birthplace: Nicomedia, Turkey
Died: November 30, 1305
 47 
Athenodorus Cananites
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Birthdate: 0074 AD
Birthplace: Turkey
Died: 0007 AD
 48 
Halet Cambel
(Archaeologist)
Halet Cambel
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Birthdate: August 27, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Berlin, German Empire
Died: January 12, 2014
Nikephoros I of Constantinople
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Birthdate: 0758 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: April 5, 0828
 50 
Basilios Bessarion
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Birthdate: January 2, 1403
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Trabzon, Turkey
Died: November 18, 1472