Famous Swiss Mathematicians

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 1 
Leonhard Euler
(Mathematician, Physicist)
Leonhard Euler
37
Birthdate: April 15, 1707
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Basel
Died: September 18, 1783

Leonhard Euler was a Swiss physicist, mathematician, logician, geographer, astronomer, and engineer. He is credited with making influential and important mathematical discoveries, such as graph theory and infinitesimal calculus. Widely regarded as one of the greatest and most prolific mathematicians of all time, Leonhard Euler also made pioneering contributions to analytic number theory and topology.

 2 
Jacob Bernoulli
(Mathematician)
Jacob Bernoulli
11
Birthdate: December 27, 1654
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Basel, Switzerland
Died: August 16, 1705

Born into a family of drug merchants, Jacob Bernoulli was forced to study theology by his father but later deviated to math. He taught math and laid down the Bernoulli’s equation and calculus of variations. Apart from him and his brother, Johann Bernoulli, his family later produced more great mathematicians.

 3 
Daniel Bernoulli
(Mathematician)
Daniel Bernoulli
10
Birthdate: February 8, 1700
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Groningen
Died: March 17, 1782

Daniel Bernoulli was a Swiss physicist and mathematician. Born into the popular Bernoulli family of mathematicians, Daniel Bernoulli is renowned for his applications of mathematical equations to mechanics. He is also remembered for his pioneering work in statistics and probability. In 2002, he was inducted into the International Air & Space Hall of Fame.

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 4 
Johann Bernoulli
(Mathematician)
Johann Bernoulli
9
Birthdate: August 6, 1667
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Basel
Died: January 1, 1748

Brother and colleague of Swiss mathematician Jacob Bernoulli and part of the famous Bernoulli family of mathematicians, Johann Bernoulli was initially pushed to join his family business of drug and spices. He later took up medicine, eventually deviating to math and contributing to infinitesimal calculus, along with Jacob.

 5 
Johann Heinrich Lambert
(Mathematician who Proved that π is Irrational)
Johann Heinrich Lambert
6
Birthdate: August 26, 1728
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mulhouse, France
Died: September 25, 1777

Johann Heinrich Lambert was a Swiss polymath whose contributions to the fields of physics, mathematics, map projections, astronomy, and philosophy are considered important by many scholars. He is credited with introducing hyperbolic functions into trigonometry. He is also credited with inventing a hygrometer, which is used to measure the quantity of water vapor in soil and air.

 6 
Nicolas Fatio de Duillier
(Swiss Mathematician and Astronomer)
Nicolas Fatio de Duillier
6
Birthdate: February 26, 1664
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Basel, Switzerland
Died: May 10, 1753

A close associate of Isaac Newton, Swiss mathematician Nicolas Fatio de Duillier, was, according to many, the reason for Newton’s nervous breakdown after they fell apart. He is best remembered for co-discovering the phenomenon of zodiacal light and for inventing the shadow theory of gravitation.

 7 
Jakob Steiner
(Swiss Mathematician Who Was One of the Founders of Modern Synthetic and Projective Geometry)
Jakob Steiner
5
Birthdate: March 18, 1796
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Utzenstorf, Switzerland
Died: April 1, 1863

Swiss mathematician Jakob Steiner is remembered for pioneering the field of projective geometry. Born to a farmer, he didn’t have initial schooling and couldn’t write until age 14. His parents were against his decision to join school at 18. He later rose to be a significant figure of synthetic geometry.

 8 
Marcel Grossmann
(Swiss Mathematician)
Marcel Grossmann
4
Birthdate: April 9, 1878
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: September 7, 1936

Swiss mathematician Marcel Grossmann was the son of a textile factory manager but became a geometry professor instead of following in his father’s path. He later co-established the Swiss Mathematical Society and collaborated with Albert Einstein on a paper that formed the basis of Einstein’s theory of gravity.

 9 
Gabriel Cramer
(Genevan Mathematician)
Gabriel Cramer
4
Birthdate: July 31, 1704
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: January 4, 1752

Born to a doctor, Gabriel Cramer showed an interest in math since childhood. He received his doctoral degree at 18 and was named the co-chair of the University of Geneva at 20. Known for his research on algebraic curves, he is also remembered for devising Cramer’s rule and Cramer’s paradox.

 10 
Paul Bernays
(Swiss Mathematician Who Made Significant Contributions to ‘Mathematical Logic’, ‘Axiomatic Set Theory’, and the ‘Philosophy of Mathematics’)
Paul Bernays
2
Birthdate: October 17, 1888
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: September 18, 1977

Paul Bernays was a Swiss mathematician best remembered for his association with the German mathematician David Hilbert. Bernays is also remembered for making significant contributions to the philosophy of mathematics, axiomatic set theory, and mathematical logic. Paul Bernays is credited with publishing a two-volume work titled Grundlagen der Mathematik, which houses the famous Hilbert–Bernays paradox.

 11 
Joost Bürgi
(Swiss Mathematician Who Invented Logarithms Independently of the Scottish Mathematician John Napier)
Joost Bürgi
3
Birthdate: February 28, 1552
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lichtensteig, Switzerland
Died: January 31, 1632

Known as the man who invented logarithms in a study independent of John Napier, Swiss mathematician Joost Bürgi was initially a clockmaker of Duke Wilhelm IV’s court. His geometrical and astronomical instruments made him popular, and he joined the service of Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II.

 12 
Armand Borel
(Swiss Mathematician)
Armand Borel
2
Birthdate: May 21, 1923
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland
Died: August 11, 2003

Swiss mathematician and Princeton professor Armand Borel is remembered as a co-creator of the theory of linear algebraic groups. He also had a strong connection with France, having been a student of French mathematician Jean Leray and having been named a foreign member of the Académie des Sciences.

 13 
Johann Jakob Balmer
(Swiss mathematician)
Johann Jakob Balmer
3
Birthdate: May 1, 1825
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lausen
Died: March 12, 1898

Apart from teaching at a secondary school, Johann Jakob Balmer also taught geometry at the University of Basel. The Swiss mathematician is best remembered for his Balmer series formula for the hydrogen atom, which was later explained by Niels Bohr. He made a contribution to the field of atomic spectroscopy.

 14 
Nicolas Fuss
(Mathematician)
Nicolas Fuss
1
Birthdate: January 29, 1755
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Basel, Switzerland
Died: January 4, 1826

Nicolas Fuss was mathematically gifted and became an assistant to mathematician Leonhard Euler, who needed a secretary after being rendered partially blind due to a surgery. In course of time, he contributed to areas such as spherical trigonometry, differential geometry, and optics. He was also named to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

 15 
Rudolf Wolf
(Swiss Astronomer and Mathematician Best Known for His Research on 'Sunspots')
Rudolf Wolf
2
Birthdate: July 7, 1816
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Fallenden, Switzerland
Died: December 6, 1893

Swiss astronomer Rudolf Wolf initially taught math and physics at the University of Bern and later switched to teaching astronomy. He then joined both the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich. Best remembered for his studies on sunspot activity, he established what are now known as Wolf’s sunspot numbers.