Every country in the world has its own culture and religion and thus its own group of spiritual and religious leaders. Though both spiritual and religious leaders aim at helping mankind become pious and reverent, their pathways are different. While religious leaders tend to an organized system of paying homage to God, spiritual leaders are basically concerned with the spiritual conduct of a human being and often do not use any form of deity worship. Talking about Spain’s religious beliefs, the country was born out of the religious struggle between Catholicism, Islam, Protestantism and Judaism. However, in 1851, Catholicism became a state religion. During the Franco regime, Roman Catholic Church gained a legal status as the only authorized religion of the country. It was only in 1978 that Spaniards were given the right to religious freedom. Amidst the religious turmoil that surfaced and prevailed in the nation, numerous spiritual and religious leaders influenced the people of Spain with their beliefs and philosophies. It is to these leaders that we have dedicated this section. Their dedication and wisdom in guiding Spaniards have been instrumental in the Spanish society. Check this section to know more about Spanish spiritual and religious leaders.
Francis XavierFrancis Xavier
07 April 1506
Missionary
Tomás de TorquemadaTomás de Torquemada
14 October 1420
Friar

Saint DominicSaint Dominic
08 August 1170
Priest

John of the CrossJohn of the Cross
24 June 1542
Roman Catholic Saint

Saint LawrenceSaint Lawrence
31 December 0225
Religious Leader

Saint Teresa of AvilaSaint Teresa of Avila
28 March 1515
Saint
Saint Ignatius of LoyolaSaint Ignatius of Loyola
23 October 1491
Priest

Isidore the LaborerIsidore the Laborer
1080 AD
farmer

Pope Callixtus IIIPope Callixtus III
31 December 1378
Pope
Joan Enric Vives SicíliaJoan Enric Vives Sicília
24 July 1949
Professor, Catholic priest, Cleric

Vincent FerrerVincent Ferrer
23 January 1350
Saint
Abd al-Rahman IIIAbd al-Rahman III
07 January 0891
Caliph

Antipope Benedict XIIIAntipope Benedict XIII
25 November 1328
Antipope

Diego de LandaDiego de Landa
12 November 1524
Bishop

Louis HennepinLouis Hennepin
12 May 1626
Priest

Pedro ArrupePedro Arrupe
14 November 1907
Priest
FelixFelix
Bishop

Joseph KaroJoseph Karo
1488 AD
Author

Raimon PanikkarRaimon Panikkar
02 November 1918
Priest

Moses ben Jacob CordoveroMoses ben Jacob Cordovero
1522 AD
Religious Leader
Vasco de QuirogaVasco de Quiroga
03 February 1470
Judge

Moses de LeónMoses de León
1240 AD
Rabbi
Nicholas WisemanNicholas Wiseman
03 August 1802
Archbishop

Bahya ibn PaqudaBahya ibn Paquda
1050 AD
Philosopher

NahmanidesNahmanides
1194 AD
 
Joseph CalasanzJoseph Calasanz
11 September 1557
Priest

Miguel de MolinosMiguel de Molinos
29 June 1628
Mystic
Antipope Clement VIIIAntipope Clement VIII
1369 AD
Antipope

Shlomo ibn AderetShlomo ibn Aderet
1235 AD
Shlomo ben Avraham ibn Aderet

Pedro Ponce de LeónPedro Ponce de León
1520 AD
Monk
Moses ibn EzraMoses ibn Ezra
Rabbi

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Joseph AlboJoseph Albo
1380 AD
Philosopher
Yehuda AlhariziYehuda Alharizi
1165 AD
Rabbi

Theodulf of OrléansTheodulf of Orléans
0750 AD
Writer

Gil Álvarez Carrillo de AlbornozGil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz
1310 AD
Political leader

Simeon ben Zemah DuranSimeon ben Zemah Duran
1361 AD
Author
Jonah ibn JanahJonah ibn Janah
0990 AD
Rabbi
Diego GelmírezDiego Gelmírez
1069 AD
Archbishop

Luisa Carvajal y MendozaLuisa Carvajal y Mendoza
02 January 1566
Missionary

Bartolomé CarranzaBartolomé Carranza
1503 AD
Priest

Joseph KimhiJoseph Kimhi
1105 AD
Rabbi
Joseph ibn Shem-TovJoseph ibn Shem-Tov
Writer

Joseph GikatillaJoseph Gikatilla
1248 AD
Spanish Kabbalist

Alfonso de la Cueva, 1st Marquis of BedmarAlfonso de la Cueva, 1st Marquis of Bedmar
25 July 1574
Diplomat

Jaime Luciano BalmesJaime Luciano Balmes
28 August 1810
Philosopher

Pedro González, cardinal de MendozaPedro González, cardinal de Mendoza
03 May 1428
Spanish cardinal