Famous Spanish Poets

Find out more about the greatest Spanish Poets, including Federico García Lorca, George Santayana, Lope de Vega, Alfonso X of Castile and Miguel de Unamuno.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Miguel de Cervantes

Miguel de Cervantes.
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: September 29, 1547
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Alcalá de Henares, Spain
Died: April 22, 1616

Miguel de Cervantes was a Spanish writer best known for his work Don Quixote, which is considered one of the high points of world literature. He is regarded as one of the greatest novelists of all time and the greatest writer to ever write in the Spanish language. His works have influenced other works of art like music and paintings.

 2 Federico García Lorca

Federico García Lorca.
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Famous As: Poet, playwright
Birthdate: June 5, 1898
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Fuente Vaqueros, Spain
Died: August 19, 1936

Federico García Lorca was a Spanish poet, playwright, and theater director. He was a prominent member of the Generation of '27, a group of poets who essentially worked with avant-garde forms of art and poetry. He was homosexual and had a love affair with sculptor Emilio Aladrén. He mysteriously disappeared at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War.

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 3 Miguel de Unamuno

Miguel de Unamuno.
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: September 29, 1864
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bilbao
Died: December 31, 1936

Miguel de Unamuno was a Spanish essayist, poet, playwright, novelist, and philosopher. His most famous novel was Abel Sánchez: The History of a Passion, a modern retelling of the Biblical Cain and Abel story. He was a significant figure in the Spanish literary and intellectual circles and served as rector of the University of Salamanca. 

 4 Lope de Vega

Lope de Vega.
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Famous As: Playwright, Poet, Writer
Birthdate: November 25, 1562
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Madrid
Died: August 27, 1635

Spanish Baroque dramatist Lope de Vega was one of the most significant figures of the Spanish Golden Age. He had initially aspired to be a priest but abandoned his plans after falling in love with a married woman. He is best remembered for works such as The Dog in the Manger.

 5 Antonio Machado

Antonio Machado.
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Famous As: Poet, Writer, Playwright
Birthdate: July 26, 1875
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Seville
Died: February 22, 1939

A leading member of the Spanish literary movement known as the Generation of '98, Antonio Machado was a legendary poet and playwright. He was educated at the Sorbonne and had also taught French. A proponent of eternal poetry, he penned masterpieces such as Soledades and Campos de Castilla.

 6 Solomon ibn Gabirol

Solomon ibn Gabirol
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1021 AD
Birthplace: Málaga, Spain
Died: 1070 AD

A prominent figure of the Hebrew school of poetry and a Neoplatonic philosopher, Solomon ibn Gabirol lived during the Jewish Golden Age of Spain. His works include elegies, religious and secular poems, proverbs, and philosophical treatises. Legends claim that he was either murdered by another poet or by a horseman.

 7 George Santayana

George Santayana.
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Famous As: Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist
Birthdate: December 16, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Madrid
Died: September 26, 1952

One of George Santayana’s initial works, The Sense of Beauty, spoke about aesthetics, an oft-repeated topic in his later works. The Spanish-born American philosopher and Harvard professor is remembered for his quote “Only the dead have seen the end of war,” which has often been misattributed to Plato.

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 8 Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer

Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer
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Famous As: Poet, Short story writer, Playwright, Writer
Birthdate: February 17, 1836
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Seville
Died: December 22, 1870

Spanish Romantic poet Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer was orphaned at age 11. Inspired by his painter brother Valeriano, he embarked on a literary career, writing for El Contemporáneo in Madrid. His Rimas (Rhymes) and Leyendas (Legends) gained popularity only after his death at 34 due to tuberculosis.

 9 Joaquín Sabina

Joaquín Sabina
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Famous As: Singer-songwriter, Poet, Singer, Writer, Songwriter
Birthdate: February 12, 1949
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Úbeda

Joaquín Sabina had begun writing lyrics at age 14. The legendary Spanish singer and songwriter mostly sings on heartbreak and love. Apart from releasing triple-platinum tracks such as Vinagre y Rosas, he has also penned books on poetry. He once went on a 4-year hiatus after a stroke.

 10 Francisco de Quevedo

Francisco de Quevedo
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 14, 1580
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: September 8, 1645

 11 Juan Ramón Jiménez

Juan Ramón Jiménez
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Famous As: poet
Birthdate: December 24, 1881
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moguer
Died: May 29, 1958

Nobel Prize-winning Spanish poet Juan Ramón Jiménez mostly dealt with erotic themes in his works. He was also once hospitalized for depression. A master of lyrical poetry, he later deviated to free verse. He is best known for poetic masterpieces such as Distant Gardens and his prose Platero and I.

 12 Abraham ibn Ezra

Abraham ibn Ezra
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 1089 AD
Birthplace: Tudela, Spain
Died: January 23, 1167
A significant figure of the Golden Age of Spanish Judaism, Abraham ibn Ezra was a renowned poet, a Neoplatonic philosopher, a biblical commentator, and an astronomy enthusiast. He traveled throughout Europe, North Africa, and Egypt, and also translated the works of Hispano-Hebrew grammarians. He inspired Robert Browning's poem Rabbi Ben Ezra.

 13 Judah Halevi

Judah Halevi
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1075 AD
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: 1141 AD

Spanish Jewish poet, physician, and philosopher Judah Halevi is remembered for his significant contributions to the development of Hebrew poetry. Best known for Sefer ha-Kuzari and his poems in Dīwān, he was greatly influenced by Arabian literature. His travels eventually took him to Egypt, where he died.

 14 Alfonso X of Castile

Alfonso X of Castile
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: November 23, 1221
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Toledo
Died: April 4, 1284

Alfonso X had served as the king of Castile and Leon in the 13th century. A patron of scholars, he readily participated in editing and writing their treatises. Apart from encouraging law and science, he also penned Galician poetry and established the Siete partidas law code, inspired by Roman law.

 15 Luis de Góngora

Luis de Góngora
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Famous As: Poet, cleric
Birthdate: July 11, 1561
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Córdoba
Died: May 24, 1627

Spanish Baroque poet Luis de Góngora created his own style known as Gongorismo. Born to a judge, he initially used his father’s library to gain knowledge. His works such as Fábula de Polifemo y Galatea and Soledades were criticized by many for their complex style and obscurity.

 16 Tirso de Molina

Tirso de Molina
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Famous As: Playwright, Poet, Writer
Birthdate: March 24, 1579
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid

 17 Miguel Hernández

Miguel Hernández
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: October 30, 1910
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Orihuela, Spain
Died: March 28, 1942

Miguel Hernández was a 20th-century Spanish-language poet and playwright. He was associated with the Generation of '27 and the Generation of '36 movements. He had a difficult childhood and was mostly self-taught. He became a prominent literary figure at a young age. His poems are counted among the finest pieces of Spanish poetry of the 20th century. 

 18 Ibn Jubayr

Ibn Jubayr
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: September 1, 1145
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Valencia, Spain
Died: November 29, 1217

Ibn Jubayr was an Arab geographer, traveler, and poet from al-Andalus. In the years preceding the Third Crusade, he made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca from 1183 to 1185, which he wrote about in great detail in his chronicles. He was a member of an Arab family of the Kinanah tribe and also traveled to  Damascus, Mosul, Acre, and Baghdad. 

 19 Rafael Alberti

Rafael Alberti.
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: December 16, 1902
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: El Puerto de Santa María
Died: October 28, 1999

Rafael Alberti, part of the Spanish poets’ group called the Generation of 1927, redefined Spanish literature. The Cervantes Prize-winning poet had also been a Communist Party member but was expelled later and launched the politically motivated magazine Octubre. He had also fought in the Spanish Civil War.

 20 Rosalía de Castro

Rosalía de Castro
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Famous As: Poet, Writer
Birthdate: February 24, 1837
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Santiago de Compostela
Died: July 15, 1885

Legendary Galician poet Rosalía de Castro was a significant figure of the Galician Romantic movement and mostly wrote on themes such as nostalgia and melancholy. She had also written quite a few novels but remains best known for her poetry collections such as Cantares Gallegos and Follas novas.

 21 Samuel ibn Naghrillah

Samuel ibn Naghrillah
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 0993 AD
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: 1056 AD

Considered the most politically influential Jew in Muslim Spain, Samuel ibn Naghrillah was also an eminent Talmudic scholar, poet, grammarian, philologist and soldier. Beginning his life as a merchant in Córdoba, he later moved to Granada, where his linguistic and calligraphic skills caught the attention of the vizier; he was appointed first as assistant vizier and on latter on as the vizier.

 22 José de Espronceda y Delgado

José de Espronceda y Delgado
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 25, 1808
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Almendralejo, Spain
Died: May 23, 1842

Remembered as the "Spanish Lord Byron," Romantic poet José de Espronceda y Delgado became famous for his affair with Teresa Mancha. Initially imprisoned in a monastery for his revolutionary activities, he fled Spain and later lived in England and France. El estudiante de Salamanca remains one of his notable works.

 23 Avempace

Avempace
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: 1085 AD
Birthplace: Zaragoza, Spain
Died: 1138 AD

Spanish Arab philosopher and scholar Avempace excelled in a variety of subjects, such as astronomy, music, medicine, and poetry. His treatise on botany Kitāb an-Nabāt described how plant sexes differ. His other works include Tadbīr al-mutawaḥḥid. He was believed to be an atheist by many.

 24 Vicente Aleixandre

Vicente Aleixandre
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Famous As: Spanish poet
Birthdate: April 26, 1898
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Seville
Died: December 14, 1984

Vicente Aleixandre was a Spanish poet. He was part of the Generation of '27 and received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1977. His early poetry was marked by surrealism and many of his poems have melancholic undertones. He is considered one of the greatest poets of Spanish literature. He was bisexual but never admitted to it publicly. 

 25 Manuel Vázquez Montalbán

Manuel Vázquez Montalbán
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: July 14, 1939
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Barcelona, Spain
Died: October 18, 2003

Renowned Spanish author and poet Manuel Vázquez Montalbán was a regular columnist for El Pais. A gastronome, he displayed his knowledge of cooking in the Detective Pepe Carvalho series and in Contra los Gourmets. He was a football lover, too, and often wrote essays on topics such as sports and music.

 26 Juan Goytisolo

Juan Goytisolo
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Famous As: Writer, Screenwriter, Poet, Literary editor, Journalist
Birthdate: January 5, 1931
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Barcelona, Spain

 27 Jorge Manrique

Jorge Manrique
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1440 AD
Birthplace: Paredes de Nava, Spain
Died: April 24, 1479

 28 José Zorrilla

José Zorrilla
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: February 21, 1817
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: January 23, 1893

A nationalist poet and playwright, José Zorrilla was a major figure of the Spanish Romantic movement. Though he initially studied law, he later switched to literature. He is remembered for his verse legend collection Cantos del trovador and his iconic play Don Juan Tenorio.

 29 Luis Cernuda

Luis Cernuda
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: September 21, 1902
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: November 5, 1963

Spanish poet and critic Luis Cernuda was a qualified lawyer and later became a significant member of the Generation of '27. After gaining prominence with poem collections such as Los placeres prohibidos, he also taught at universities in Britain and the U.S., and eventually settled in Mexico. He was openly homosexual.

 30 Juan del Encina

Juan del Encina
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Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: July 12, 1468
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: near Encinas, Spain
Died: 1529 AD

Juan del Encina is largely regarded as one of the pioneers of Spanish drama. He had been the court poet/dramatist for the Duke of Alba. Some of his best-known works were compiled in Cancionero. His églogas often dealt with mythological themes that were previously found in the Italian works.

 31 Juan Ruiz

Juan Ruiz
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1283 AD
Birthplace: Alcala, Spain
Died: 1350 AD

Fourteenth-century Castilian poet Juan Ruiz was also known as the Archpriest of Hita. He is remembered for crafting what later became the most significant long poem in Spanish literature, The Book of Good Love, written mostly in the cuaderna vía form. He is also termed by many as the Castilian Chaucer.

 32 Mercè Rodoreda

Mercè Rodoreda
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Famous As: Novelist, Dramatist, Poet
Birthdate: October 10, 1908
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Barcelona
Died: April 13, 1983

Spanish Catalan novelist Mercè Rodoreda is best remembered for her novel The Time of the Doves. While she had initially begun writing to escape her unhappy marriage, she took it up as a serious career while in exile in France and Switzerland after the Spanish Civil War.

 33 Ramón Gómez de la Serna

Ramón Gómez de la Serna
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: July 3, 1888
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: January 13, 1963

The Spanish avant-garde author Ramón Gómez de la Serna is best remembered for his greguerías, or short poems. Though he had studied law, he never practiced and ventured into literature instead. He also launched his own literary magazine, Prometeo, and penned numerous articles, novels, and plays.

 34 Alonso de Ercilla

Alonso de Ercilla
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: August 7, 1533
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Spain
Died: November 29, 1594

Alonso de Ercilla had penned the most popular Castilian Renaissance epic poem ever, La Araucana. He claimed to have fought as a soldier in Chile, against the Araucanians, where he is said to have begun writing his epic. The poem also showed his skills in the complex octava real stanza.

 35 José Celestino Mutis

José Celestino Mutis
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Famous As: Spanish botanist
Birthdate: April 6, 1732
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cádiz, Spain
Died: September 11, 1808

Spanish botanist José Celestino Mutis had initially studied medicine and served as the royal physician of Ferdinand VI. While working in South America later, he studied the medicinal properties of plants. He also built a massive botanical garden and penned a treatise that contained over 6,000 illustrations of plants.

 36 Leandro Fernández de Moratín

Leandro Fernández de Moratín
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Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: March 10, 1760
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: June 21, 1828

Neoclassical poet and dramatist Leandro Fernández de Moratín, the son of poet and playwright Nicolás Fernández de Moratín, was one of the most significant figures of the Spanish Enlightenment. He was best known for his works such as The New Comedy and The Maiden’s Consent and mostly lived in France.

 37 Jorge Guillén

Jorge Guillén
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: January 18, 1893
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: February 6, 1984

Spanish lyric poet Jorge Guillén was known for using a variety of meters and verbs. The son of a newspaper publisher, Guillén initially taught Spanish at the universities of Paris, Seville, and Oxford. Part of the Generation of '27, he is best remembered for his poetry collection Cántico.

 38 Moses ibn Ezra

Moses ibn Ezra
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Famous As: Rabbi
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Granada, Spain
Died: 1138 AD

Moses ibn Ezra, or Abū Hārūn Mūsā, was one of the best Spanish Jewish poets and a pioneer of secular verse. He had fallen in love with his niece, but she had been married off to someone else, inspiring him to write poetry which spoke of love and old age.

 39 Theodulf of Orléans

Theodulf of Orléans
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: 0750 AD
Birthplace: Spain
Died: December 8, 0821

Theodulf of Orléans had been the bishop of Orléans during the reign of Charlemagne and had later become his chief theological advisor. His iconic works, such as Ad Carolum regem, were inspired by Charlemagne. A prominent figure of the Carolingian Renaissance, he also built many churches.

 40 Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo

Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo
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Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: November 3, 1856
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Santander, Spain
Died: May 19, 1912

Five-time Nobel Prize in Literature-nominated Spanish historian and literary critic Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo was also a professor of Spanish literature. He also owned a library of around 45,000 books. Interestingly, a law was passed just to let him become a professor at the tender age of 22.

 41 Celedonio Romero

Celedonio Romero
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Famous As: Guitarist
Birthdate: March 2, 1913
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cienfuegos, Cuba
Died: May 8, 1996

 42 Gonzalo de Berceo

Gonzalo de Berceo
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1190 AD
Birthplace: La Rioja, Spain
Died: 1264 AD

 43 Ausiàs March

Ausiàs March
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1400 AD
Birthplace: Beniarjó, Spain
Died: March 3, 1459

 44 José Cadalso

José Cadalso
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: October 8, 1741
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cádiz, Spain
Died: February 26, 1782

José Cadalso was a colonel of the Royal Spanish Army in the 18th century. He was also a well-known author, playwright, poet, and essayist. As an army man, he traveled through Italy, Germany, England, France, and Portugal and studied the literature of these countries. He is credited to have made massive contributions to Spanish Enlightenment literature. 

 45 Yehuda Alharizi

Yehuda Alharizi
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Famous As: Rabbi
Birthdate: 1165 AD
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: 1225 AD

Spanish Jewish rabbi, translator, and poet Yehuda Alharizi was one of the greatest scholars of 13th-century Spain. Fluent in multiple languages, such as French, Greek, and Latin, he also traveled widely across the world. His works include Tahkemoni and translations of Arabic works such as Guide to the Perplexed into Hebrew.

 46 Dámaso Alonso

Dámaso Alonso
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: October 22, 1898
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: January 25, 1990

 47 Pedro de Espinosa

Pedro de Espinosa
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Famous As: Spanish poet
Birthdate: June 4, 1578
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Antequera, Spain
Died: October 21, 1650

 48 Ángel de Saavedra, duke de Rivas

Ángel de Saavedra, duke de Rivas
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 10, 1791
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: June 22, 1865

 49 José de Anchieta

José de Anchieta
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Famous As: Missionary
Birthdate: March 19, 1534
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: San Cristóbal de la Laguna
Died: June 9, 1597

An influential Jesuit missionary in the Portuguese colony of Brazil, José de Anchieta worked with the indigenous population, converting many of them into Catholic faith. He also wrote Arte de grammtica da lingoa mais usada na costa do Brasil, providing orthography to the local Tupi language and is known to co-found the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

 50 León Felipe

León Felipe
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: April 11, 1884
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Tábara, Spain
Died: September 17, 1968