Famous Spanish Playwrights

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Spanish Playwrights

 1 

Miguel de Cervantes
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Birthdate: September 29, 1547
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Alcalá de Henares, Spain
Died: April 22, 1616

Miguel de Cervantes was a Spanish writer best known for his work Don Quixote, which is considered one of the high points of world literature. He is regarded as one of the greatest novelists of all time and the greatest writer to ever write in the Spanish language. His works have influenced other works of art like music and paintings.

 2 
Federico García Lorca
(Spanish Poet, Playwright, and Theatre Director.)

Federico García Lorca
5
Birthdate: June 5, 1898
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Fuente Vaqueros, Spain
Died: August 19, 1936

Federico García Lorca was a Spanish poet, playwright, and theater director. He was a prominent member of the Generation of '27, a group of poets who essentially worked with avant-garde forms of art and poetry. He was homosexual and had a love affair with sculptor Emilio Aladrén. He mysteriously disappeared at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War.

 3 

Miguel de Unamuno
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Birthdate: September 29, 1864
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bilbao
Died: December 31, 1936

Miguel de Unamuno was a Spanish essayist, poet, playwright, novelist, and philosopher. His most famous novel was Abel Sánchez: The History of a Passion, a modern retelling of the Biblical Cain and Abel story. He was a significant figure in the Spanish literary and intellectual circles and served as rector of the University of Salamanca. 

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 4 
Lope de Vega
(Writer and One of the Key Figures in the Spanish Golden Age of Baroque Literature)

Lope de Vega
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Birthdate: November 25, 1562
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 27, 1635

Spanish Baroque dramatist Lope de Vega was one of the most significant figures of the Spanish Golden Age. He had initially aspired to be a priest but abandoned his plans after falling in love with a married woman. He is best remembered for works such as The Dog in the Manger.

 5 
Olivia Delcan
(Actress)

Olivia Delcan
3
Birthdate: May 29, 1992
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Menorca, Balearic Islands, Spain

Known for her roles in the popular television series like Locked Up and in films like Isla Bonita and Lejos del mar, Olivia Delcan is a popular Spanish actress, who is proficient in English, Spanish and Catalan. An alumnus from William Esper Studio (Manhattan) and William Layton Studio (Madrid), she also wrote and directed a play entitled About Last Night

Miguel Hernández
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Birthdate: October 30, 1910
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Orihuela, Spain
Died: March 28, 1942

Miguel Hernández was a 20th-century Spanish-language poet and playwright. He was associated with the Generation of '27 and the Generation of '36 movements. He had a difficult childhood and was mostly self-taught. He became a prominent literary figure at a young age. His poems are counted among the finest pieces of Spanish poetry of the 20th century. 

 7 
Tirso de Molina
(Known for writing The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest, the play from which the popular character of Don Juan originates)

Tirso de Molina
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Birthdate: March 24, 1583
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: February 20, 1648

Spanish Baroque dramatist, poet and Roman Catholic monk Tirso de Molina is best known for writing the play The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest which first introduced the legendary fictional character of Don Juan. Other notable works of Molina includes the comedy sitcom Don Gil of the green tights and the trilogy of The Santa Juana.

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 8 

Benito Pérez Galdós
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Birthdate: May 10, 1843
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Municipality of Las Palmas, Spain
Died: January 4, 1920

One of the greatest Spanish novelists ever, Benito Pérez Galdós had initially aspired to become a lawyer but later switched to journalism. His novel The Fountain of Gold was the first in a series of 46 novels known as National Episodes. He also penned plays such as Realidad.

 9 
Albert Espinosa
(Writer, Screenwriter, Engineer, Film director)

Albert Espinosa
2
Birthdate: November 5, 1973
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Barcelona

A qualified industrial engineer, Albert Espinosa was diagnosed with cancer at age 14 and lost a leg, among other body parts, to the disease. Following his recovery, he ventured into screenwriting and also penned bestsellers such as The Yellow World. His life inspired the series The Red Band Society.

 10 
Fernando Arrabal
(Playwright, Screenwriter, Film Director, Novelist, and Poet)

Fernando Arrabal
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Birthdate: August 11, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Melilla, Spain

Spanish-born French author and playwright Fernando Arrabal is best known for his absurdist plays. While he initially studied law, he later switched to drama. He has written and directed films such as Viva la Muerte, and his characters are often murderers or prostitutes amid cruel and pornographic themes.

 11 

Jacinto Benavente
2
Birthdate: August 12, 1866
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: July 14, 1954

Jacinto Benavente was one of the foremost Spanish dramatists of the 20th century. The son of a popular pediatrician, he developed an early interest in literature but was expected to pursue a more conventional professional. He began studying law but abandoned it to become a dramatist. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1922. 

 12 
Ramón del Valle-Inclán
(Dramatist, novelist and member of the Spanish Generation of 98)

Ramón del Valle-Inclán
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Birthdate: October 28, 1866
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vilanova de Arousa, Spain
Died: January 5, 1936

Spanish dramatist and novelist Ramón del Valle-Inclán, a member of the Spanish Generation of 98, was a noted radical dramatist who despised literary realism and created esperpento, expressionist theatre. Major works of Valle-Inclán includes plays like Divine Words (Divinas palabras) and Bohemian Lights (Luces de Bohemia), the novel Tyrant Banderas (Tirano Banderas) and the four novelettes known as the Sonatas.

 13 
José Echegaray
(One of the Leading Spanish Dramatists of the Last Quarter of the 19th Century)

José Echegaray
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Birthdate: April 19, 1832
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: September 14, 1916

Initially a math professor, José Echegaray later held several government posts. As the minister of finance, he developed the Banco de España. He later established himself as a prominent dramatist, with plays such as El gran Galeoto, and became the first Spanish to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.

 14 
Mariano José de Larra
(Romantic Writer and Journalist Best Known for His Numerous Essays and His Infamous Suicide)

Mariano José de Larra
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Birthdate: March 24, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: February 13, 1837

Spanish journalist, playwright, and satirical author Mariano José de Larra had his own newspapers and also worked as a drama critic for La revista Española as Figaro. Part of the costumbrismo movement, he penned the play Macías. He later took his own life after being rejected by a woman he loved.

 15 

José Zorrilla
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Birthdate: February 21, 1817
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: January 23, 1893

A nationalist poet and playwright, José Zorrilla was a major figure of the Spanish Romantic movement. Though he initially studied law, he later switched to literature. He is remembered for his verse legend collection Cantos del trovador and his iconic play Don Juan Tenorio.

 16 
Juan del Encina
(Composer)

Juan del Encina
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Birthdate: July 12, 1468
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: near Encinas, Spain
Died: 1529 AD

Juan del Encina is largely regarded as one of the pioneers of Spanish drama. He had been the court poet/dramatist for the Duke of Alba. Some of his best-known works were compiled in Cancionero. His églogas often dealt with mythological themes that were previously found in the Italian works.

 17 
Ramón Gómez de la Serna
(Spanish Writer and Inventor of the Literary Genre 'Greguería', a Short Form of Poetry)

Ramón Gómez de la Serna
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Birthdate: July 3, 1888
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: January 13, 1963

The Spanish avant-garde author Ramón Gómez de la Serna is best remembered for his greguerías, or short poems. Though he had studied law, he never practiced and ventured into literature instead. He also launched his own literary magazine, Prometeo, and penned numerous articles, novels, and plays.

Leandro Fernández de Moratín
1
Birthdate: March 10, 1760
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: June 21, 1828

Neoclassical poet and dramatist Leandro Fernández de Moratín, the son of poet and playwright Nicolás Fernández de Moratín, was one of the most significant figures of the Spanish Enlightenment. He was best known for his works such as The New Comedy and The Maiden’s Consent and mostly lived in France.

 19 
José de Anchieta
(First playwright, the first grammarian and the first poet born in the Canary Islands, and the father of Brazilian literature)

José de Anchieta
2
Birthdate: March 19, 1534
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Spain
Died: June 9, 1597

An influential Jesuit missionary in the Portuguese colony of Brazil, José de Anchieta worked with the indigenous population, converting many of them into Catholic faith. He also wrote Arte de grammtica da lingoa mais usada na costa do Brasil, providing orthography to the local Tupi language and is known to co-found the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

 20 

Antonio Buero Vallejo
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Birthdate: September 29, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Guadalajara, Spain
Died: April 29, 2000

 21 

José Cadalso
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Birthdate: October 8, 1741
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cádiz, Spain
Died: February 26, 1782

José Cadalso was a colonel of the Royal Spanish Army in the 18th century. He was also a well-known author, playwright, poet, and essayist. As an army man, he traveled through Italy, Germany, England, France, and Portugal and studied the literature of these countries. He is credited to have made massive contributions to Spanish Enlightenment literature. 

 22 

Àngel Guimerà
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Birthdate: May 6, 1845
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
Died: July 18, 1924

Ángel de Saavedra, duke de Rivas
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Birthdate: March 10, 1791
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: June 22, 1865

Antonio García Gutiérrez
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Birthdate: October 4, 1813
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chiclana, Spain
Died: August 26, 1884

 25 
Mateo Alemán
(Novelist)

Mateo Alemán
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Birthdate: October 4, 1813, 1547
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: 1614 AD

 26 
Lope de Rueda
(Dramatist)

Lope de Rueda
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Birthdate: 1510 AD
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: 1565 AD

 27 
Juan Benet
(Novelist)

Juan Benet
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Birthdate: October 7, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: January 5, 1993

Diego de Torres Villarroel
1
Birthdate: June 17, 1693
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Salamanca, Spain
Died: June 19, 1770

Serafín Álvarez Quintero
1
Birthdate: March 26, 1871
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Utrera, Spain
Died: April 12, 1938

 30 

Josefina Pla
1
Birthdate: November 9, 1903
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Isla de Lobos, Canarias, Spain
Died: January 11, 1999

Josefina Plá was a Spanish-born Paraguayan dramatist, poet, historian and sculptor, who yielded great influence on the 20th century Paraguayan culture. Gaining fame for her earliest poems like El precio de los sueños, she began operating a radio theater for the soldiers in the field during the Chaco War and later wrote many historical works including El barroco Hispano-guaraní .

 31 

Agustín García Calvo
0
Birthdate: October 15, 1926
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Zamora, Spain
Died: November 1, 2012

Gregorio Martínez Sierra
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Birthdate: March 6, 1881
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Community of Madrid, Spain
Died: October 1, 1947

Francisco de Paula Martínez de la Rosa y Berdejo
1
Birthdate: March 10, 1787
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Granada, Spain
Died: February 7, 1862

 34 

Luis Vélez de Guevara
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Birthdate: August 1, 1579
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Spain
Died: November 10, 1644

 35 

Amadeu Vives i Roig
0
Birthdate: November 18, 1871
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Collbato, Spain
Died: December 2, 1932

Manuel Bretón de los Herreros
0
Birthdate: December 19, 1796
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Quel, Spain
Died: November 8, 1873

Guillén de Castro y Bellvís
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Birthdate: November 4, 1569
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: July 28, 1631

 38 
Carlos Arniches
(Dramatist)

Carlos Arniches
0
Birthdate: October 11, 1866
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Alicante, Spain
Died: April 16, 1943

 39 

Juan Eugenio Hartzenbusch
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Birthdate: September 6, 1806
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 2, 1880

Gaspar Núñez de Arce
0
Birthdate: August 4, 1832
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: June 9, 1903

 41 

Agustín Moreto y Cavana
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Birthdate: April 9, 1618
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: October 28, 1669

 42 

Rosario de Acuña
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Birthdate: 1851 AD
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: May 5, 1923

Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla
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Birthdate: October 4, 1607
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: January 23, 1648

 44 
Juan de la Cueva
(Dramatist)

Juan de la Cueva
0
Birthdate: October 23, 1543
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Sevilla, Spain
Died: September 30, 1612

 45 

Gómez Manrique
0
Birthdate: 1412 AD
Birthplace: Amusco, Spain
Died: 1490 AD

Gómez Manrique was a Spanish soldier, dramatist, poet, and politician. He served as a corregidor of Toledo where he played a key role in protecting several Jews from popular resentment. One of the most famous poets of his generation, Gómez Manrique was renowned for his songs, satires, and elegies. He is also remembered for his skills as a dramatist. 

Bartolomé de Torres Naharro
0
Birthdate: 1485 AD
Birthplace: La Torre de Miguel Sesmero, Spain
Died: 1530 AD

 47 
Manuel Tamayo y Baus
(Spanish dramatist)

Manuel Tamayo y Baus
0
Birthdate: September 15, 1829
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: June 20, 1898

 48 
Màrius Torres
(Poet, Writer)

Màrius Torres
0
Birthdate: August 30, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lleida
Died: October 29, 1942

Vicente Antonio García de la Huerta
0
Birthdate: March 9, 1734
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zafra, Spain
Died: March 12, 1787

Alonso de Castillo Solorzano
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Birthdate: October 1, 1584
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tordesillas, Spain
Died: 1647 AD