Famous Spanish Playwrights

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Miguel de Cervantes

Miguel de Cervantes.
5
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: September 29, 1547
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Alcalá de Henares, Spain
Died: April 22, 1616

Miguel de Cervantes was a Spanish writer best known for his work Don Quixote, which is considered one of the high points of world literature. He is regarded as one of the greatest novelists of all time and the greatest writer to ever write in the Spanish language. His works have influenced other works of art like music and paintings.

 2 Federico García Lorca

Federico García Lorca.
5
Famous As: Poet, playwright
Birthdate: June 5, 1898
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Fuente Vaqueros, Spain
Died: August 19, 1936

Federico García Lorca was a Spanish poet, playwright, and theater director. He was a prominent member of the Generation of '27, a group of poets who essentially worked with avant-garde forms of art and poetry. He was homosexual and had a love affair with sculptor Emilio Aladrén. He mysteriously disappeared at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War.

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 3 Miguel de Unamuno

Miguel de Unamuno.
3
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: September 29, 1864
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bilbao
Died: December 31, 1936

Miguel de Unamuno was a Spanish essayist, poet, playwright, novelist, and philosopher. His most famous novel was Abel Sánchez: The History of a Passion, a modern retelling of the Biblical Cain and Abel story. He was a significant figure in the Spanish literary and intellectual circles and served as rector of the University of Salamanca. 

 4 Lope de Vega

Lope de Vega.
3
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: November 25, 1562
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 27, 1635

Spanish Baroque dramatist Lope de Vega was one of the most significant figures of the Spanish Golden Age. He had initially aspired to be a priest but abandoned his plans after falling in love with a married woman. He is best remembered for works such as The Dog in the Manger.

 5 Antonio Machado

Antonio Machado.
3
Famous As: Poet, Writer, Playwright
Birthdate: July 26, 1875
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Seville
Died: February 22, 1939

A leading member of the Spanish literary movement known as the Generation of '98, Antonio Machado was a legendary poet and playwright. He was educated at the Sorbonne and had also taught French. A proponent of eternal poetry, he penned masterpieces such as Soledades and Campos de Castilla.

 6 Olivia Delcan

Olivia Delcan
3
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: May 29, 1992
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Menorca, Balearic Islands, Spain

Known for her roles in the popular television series like Locked Up and in films like Isla Bonita and Lejos del mar, Olivia Delcan is a popular Spanish actress, who is proficient in English, Spanish and Catalan. An alumnus from William Esper Studio (Manhattan) and William Layton Studio (Madrid), she also wrote and directed a play entitled About Last Night

 7 Pedro Calderon de la Barca

Pedro Calderon de la Barca
3
Birthdate: January 17, 1600
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Madrid
Died: May 21, 1681

One of the most significant Baroque playwrights of the Spanish Golden Age, Pedro Calderon de la Barca had penned iconic dramas such as Life Is a Dream and many religious plays and operas, too. Many of his works reflected the issues of a dysfunctional family, probably inspired by his own life.

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 8 Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer

Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer
3
Famous As: Poet, Short story writer, Playwright, Writer
Birthdate: February 17, 1836
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Seville
Died: December 22, 1870

Spanish Romantic poet Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer was orphaned at age 11. Inspired by his painter brother Valeriano, he embarked on a literary career, writing for El Contemporáneo in Madrid. His Rimas (Rhymes) and Leyendas (Legends) gained popularity only after his death at 34 due to tuberculosis.

 9 Benito Pérez Galdós

Benito Pérez Galdós
3
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: May 10, 1843
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Municipality of Las Palmas, Spain
Died: January 4, 1920

One of the greatest Spanish novelists ever, Benito Pérez Galdós had initially aspired to become a lawyer but later switched to journalism. His novel The Fountain of Gold was the first in a series of 46 novels known as National Episodes. He also penned plays such as Realidad.

 10 Miguel Hernández

Miguel Hernández
2
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: October 30, 1910
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Orihuela, Spain
Died: March 28, 1942

Miguel Hernández was a 20th-century Spanish-language poet and playwright. He was associated with the Generation of '27 and the Generation of '36 movements. He had a difficult childhood and was mostly self-taught. He became a prominent literary figure at a young age. His poems are counted among the finest pieces of Spanish poetry of the 20th century. 

 11 Tirso de Molina

Tirso de Molina
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Famous As: Playwright, Poet, Writer
Birthdate: March 24, 1579
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid

Spanish Baroque dramatist, poet and Roman Catholic monk Tirso de Molina is best known for writing the play The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest which first introduced the legendary fictional character of Don Juan. Other notable works of Molina includes the comedy sitcom Don Gil of the green tights and the trilogy of The Santa Juana.

 12 Albert Espinosa

Albert Espinosa
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Famous As: Writer, Screenwriter, Engineer, Film director
Birthdate: November 5, 1973
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Barcelona

A qualified industrial engineer, Albert Espinosa was diagnosed with cancer at age 14 and lost a leg, among other body parts, to the disease. Following his recovery, he ventured into screenwriting and also penned bestsellers such as The Yellow World. His life inspired the series The Red Band Society.

 13 Fernando Arrabal

Fernando Arrabal
2
Famous As: Playwright
Birthdate: August 11, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Melilla, Spain

Spanish-born French author and playwright Fernando Arrabal is best known for his absurdist plays. While he initially studied law, he later switched to drama. He has written and directed films such as Viva la Muerte, and his characters are often murderers or prostitutes amid cruel and pornographic themes.

 14 Ramón María del Valle-Inclán

Ramón María del Valle-Inclán
2
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: October 28, 1866
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Villanueva de Arosa, Spain
Died: January 5, 1936

One of the greatest Spanish dramatists, Ramón María del Valle-Inclán was part of the Generation of ’98 movement. While he initially studied law, he later penned novels influenced by French Symbolists. He later specialized in satirical plays, which he called esperpento, such as Lights of Bohemia and Don Friolera’s Horns.

 15 Jacinto Benavente

Jacinto Benavente
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Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: August 12, 1866
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: July 14, 1954

Jacinto Benavente was one of the foremost Spanish dramatists of the 20th century. The son of a popular pediatrician, he developed an early interest in literature but was expected to pursue a more conventional professional. He began studying law but abandoned it to become a dramatist. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1922. 

 16 José Echegaray

José Echegaray
2
Famous As: Civil Engineer
Birthdate: April 19, 1832
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: September 14, 1916

Initially a math professor, José Echegaray later held several government posts. As the minister of finance, he developed the Banco de España. He later established himself as a prominent dramatist, with plays such as El gran Galeoto, and became the first Spanish to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.

 17 Mariano José de Larra

Mariano José de Larra
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: March 24, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: February 13, 1837

Spanish journalist, playwright, and satirical author Mariano José de Larra had his own newspapers and also worked as a drama critic for La revista Española as Figaro. Part of the costumbrismo movement, he penned the play Macías. He later took his own life after being rejected by a woman he loved.

 18 José Zorrilla

José Zorrilla
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: February 21, 1817
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: January 23, 1893

A nationalist poet and playwright, José Zorrilla was a major figure of the Spanish Romantic movement. Though he initially studied law, he later switched to literature. He is remembered for his verse legend collection Cantos del trovador and his iconic play Don Juan Tenorio.

 19 Juan del Encina

Juan del Encina
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Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: July 12, 1468
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: near Encinas, Spain
Died: 1529 AD

Juan del Encina is largely regarded as one of the pioneers of Spanish drama. He had been the court poet/dramatist for the Duke of Alba. Some of his best-known works were compiled in Cancionero. His églogas often dealt with mythological themes that were previously found in the Italian works.

 20 Ramón Gómez de la Serna

Ramón Gómez de la Serna
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: July 3, 1888
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: January 13, 1963

The Spanish avant-garde author Ramón Gómez de la Serna is best remembered for his greguerías, or short poems. Though he had studied law, he never practiced and ventured into literature instead. He also launched his own literary magazine, Prometeo, and penned numerous articles, novels, and plays.

 21 Leandro Fernández de Moratín

Leandro Fernández de Moratín
1
Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: March 10, 1760
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: June 21, 1828

Neoclassical poet and dramatist Leandro Fernández de Moratín, the son of poet and playwright Nicolás Fernández de Moratín, was one of the most significant figures of the Spanish Enlightenment. He was best known for his works such as The New Comedy and The Maiden’s Consent and mostly lived in France.

 22 Antonio Buero Vallejo

Antonio Buero Vallejo
1
Famous As: Playwright
Birthdate: September 29, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Guadalajara, Spain
Died: April 29, 2000

 23 José Cadalso

José Cadalso
1
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: October 8, 1741
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cádiz, Spain
Died: February 26, 1782

José Cadalso was a colonel of the Royal Spanish Army in the 18th century. He was also a well-known author, playwright, poet, and essayist. As an army man, he traveled through Italy, Germany, England, France, and Portugal and studied the literature of these countries. He is credited to have made massive contributions to Spanish Enlightenment literature. 

 24 Àngel Guimerà

Àngel Guimerà
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: May 6, 1845
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
Died: July 18, 1924

 25 Ángel de Saavedra, duke de Rivas

Ángel de Saavedra, duke de Rivas
1
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 10, 1791
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: June 22, 1865

 26 Antonio García Gutiérrez

Antonio García Gutiérrez
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: October 4, 1813
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chiclana, Spain
Died: August 26, 1884

 27 Mateo Alemán

Mateo Alemán
1
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: August 31, 1547
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: 1614 AD

 28 Lope de Rueda

Lope de Rueda
1
Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: 1510 AD
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: 1565 AD

 29 Juan Benet

Juan Benet
1
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: October 7, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: January 5, 1993

 30 Diego de Torres Villarroel

Diego de Torres Villarroel
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: June 17, 1693
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Salamanca, Spain
Died: June 19, 1770

 31 Serafín Álvarez Quintero

Serafín Álvarez Quintero
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: March 26, 1871
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Utrera, Spain
Died: April 12, 1938

 32 Gregorio Martínez Sierra

Gregorio Martínez Sierra
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: March 6, 1881
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Community of Madrid, Spain
Died: October 1, 1947

 33 Francisco de Paula Martínez de la Rosa y Berdejo

Francisco de Paula Martínez de la Rosa y Berdejo
1
Famous As: Prime Minister
Birthdate: March 10, 1787
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Granada, Spain
Died: February 7, 1862

 34 Luis Vélez de Guevara

Luis Vélez de Guevara
1
Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: August 1, 1579
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Spain
Died: November 10, 1644

 35 Amadeu Vives i Roig

Amadeu Vives i Roig
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Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: November 18, 1871
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Collbato, Spain
Died: December 2, 1932

 36 Guillén de Castro y Bellvís

Guillén de Castro y Bellvís
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Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: November 4, 1569
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: July 28, 1631

 37 Carlos Arniches

Carlos Arniches
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Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: October 11, 1866
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Alicante, Spain
Died: April 16, 1943

 38 Manuel Bretón de los Herreros

Manuel Bretón de los Herreros
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: December 19, 1796
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Quel, Spain
Died: November 8, 1873

 39 Juan Eugenio Hartzenbusch

Juan Eugenio Hartzenbusch
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Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: September 6, 1806
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 2, 1880

 40 Agustín Moreto y Cavana

Agustín Moreto y Cavana
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Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: April 9, 1618
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: October 28, 1669

 41 Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla

Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla
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Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: October 4, 1607
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: January 23, 1648

 42 Gaspar Núñez de Arce

Gaspar Núñez de Arce
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: August 4, 1832
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: June 9, 1903

 43 Rosario de Acuña

Rosario de Acuña
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: 1851 AD
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: May 5, 1923

 44 Juan de la Cueva

Juan de la Cueva
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Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: October 23, 1543
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Sevilla, Spain
Died: September 30, 1612

 45 Gómez Manrique

Gómez Manrique
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1412 AD
Birthplace: Amusco, Spain
Died: 1490 AD

 46 Manuel Tamayo y Baus

Manuel Tamayo y Baus
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Famous As: Spanish dramatist
Birthdate: September 15, 1829
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: June 20, 1898

 47 Bartolomé de Torres Naharro

Bartolomé de Torres Naharro
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Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: 1485 AD
Birthplace: La Torre de Miguel Sesmero, Spain
Died: 1530 AD

 48 Alonso de Castillo Solorzano

Alonso de Castillo Solorzano
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: October 1, 1584
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tordesillas, Spain
Died: 1647 AD

 49 Màrius Torres

Màrius Torres
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Famous As: Poet, Writer
Birthdate: August 30, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lleida
Died: October 29, 1942

 50 Vicente Antonio García de la Huerta

Vicente Antonio García de la Huerta
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Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: March 9, 1734
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zafra, Spain
Died: March 12, 1787