Famous Spanish Playwrights

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 1 
Miguel de Cervantes
7
Birthdate: September 29, 1547
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Alcalá de Henares, Spain
Died: April 22, 1616

Miguel de Cervantes was a Spanish writer best known for his work Don Quixote, which is considered one of the high points of world literature. He is regarded as one of the greatest novelists of all time and the greatest writer to ever write in the Spanish language. His works have influenced other works of art like music and paintings.

 2 
Federico García Lorca
(Spanish Poet, Playwright, and Theatre Director.)
Federico García Lorca
5
Birthdate: June 5, 1898
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Fuente Vaqueros, Spain
Died: August 19, 1936

Federico García Lorca was a Spanish poet, playwright, and theater director. He was a prominent member of the Generation of '27, a group of poets who essentially worked with avant-garde forms of art and poetry. He was homosexual and had a love affair with sculptor Emilio Aladrén. He mysteriously disappeared at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War.

 3 
Miguel de Unamuno
4
Birthdate: September 29, 1864
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bilbao
Died: December 31, 1936

Miguel de Unamuno was a Spanish essayist, poet, playwright, novelist, and philosopher. His most famous novel was Abel Sánchez: The History of a Passion, a modern retelling of the Biblical Cain and Abel story. He was a significant figure in the Spanish literary and intellectual circles and served as rector of the University of Salamanca. 

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 4 
Lope de Vega
(Writer and One of the Key Figures in the Spanish Golden Age of Baroque Literature)
Lope de Vega
5
Birthdate: November 25, 1562
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 27, 1635

Spanish Baroque dramatist Lope de Vega was one of the most significant figures of the Spanish Golden Age. He had initially aspired to be a priest but abandoned his plans after falling in love with a married woman. He is best remembered for works such as The Dog in the Manger.

 5 
Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer
(One of the Most Important Figures in Spanish Literature and Most Read Writer After 'Miguel de Cervantes')
Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer
4
Birthdate: February 17, 1836
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: December 22, 1870

Spanish Romantic poet Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer was orphaned at age 11. Inspired by his painter brother Valeriano, he embarked on a literary career, writing for El Contemporáneo in Madrid. His Rimas (Rhymes) and Leyendas (Legends) gained popularity only after his death at 34 due to tuberculosis.

 6 
Olivia Delcan
(Actress)
Olivia Delcan
3
Birthdate: May 29, 1992
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Menorca, Balearic Islands, Spain

Known for her roles in the popular television series like Locked Up and in films like Isla Bonita and Lejos del mar, Olivia Delcan is a popular Spanish actress, who is proficient in English, Spanish and Catalan. An alumnus from William Esper Studio (Manhattan) and William Layton Studio (Madrid), she also wrote and directed a play entitled About Last Night

 7 
Miguel Hernández
(Spanish Poet and Playwright)
Miguel Hernández
2
Birthdate: October 30, 1910
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Orihuela, Spain
Died: March 28, 1942

Miguel Hernández was a 20th-century Spanish-language poet and playwright. He was associated with the Generation of '27 and the Generation of '36 movements. He had a difficult childhood and was mostly self-taught. He became a prominent literary figure at a young age. His poems are counted among the finest pieces of Spanish poetry of the 20th century. 

 8 
Tirso de Molina
(Spanish Poet and Roman Catholic Monk Known for Writing 'The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest')
Tirso de Molina
3
Birthdate: March 24, 1583
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: February 20, 1648

Spanish Baroque dramatist, poet and Roman Catholic monk Tirso de Molina is best known for writing the play The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest which first introduced the legendary fictional character of Don Juan. Other notable works of Molina includes the comedy sitcom Don Gil of the green tights and the trilogy of The Santa Juana.

 9 
Rafael Alberti
(Spanish Writer Who Was Regarded as One of the Major Spanish Poets of the 20th Century)
Rafael Alberti
2
Birthdate: December 16, 1902
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Municipality of El Puerto de Santa María, Spain
Died: October 28, 1999

Rafael Alberti, part of the Spanish poets’ group called the Generation of 1927, redefined Spanish literature. The Cervantes Prize-winning poet had also been a Communist Party member but was expelled later and launched the politically motivated magazine Octubre. He had also fought in the Spanish Civil War.

 10 
Fernando Arrabal
(Playwright, Screenwriter, Film Director, Novelist, and Poet)
Fernando Arrabal
2
Birthdate: August 11, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Melilla, Spain

Spanish-born French author and playwright Fernando Arrabal is best known for his absurdist plays. While he initially studied law, he later switched to drama. He has written and directed films such as Viva la Muerte, and his characters are often murderers or prostitutes amid cruel and pornographic themes.

 11 
Albert Espinosa
(Writer, Screenwriter, Engineer, Film director)
Albert Espinosa
2
Birthdate: November 5, 1973
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Barcelona

A qualified industrial engineer, Albert Espinosa was diagnosed with cancer at age 14 and lost a leg, among other body parts, to the disease. Following his recovery, he ventured into screenwriting and also penned bestsellers such as The Yellow World. His life inspired the series The Red Band Society.

 12 
Jacinto Benavente
(One of the Foremost Spanish Dramatists of the 20th Century)
Jacinto Benavente
2
Birthdate: August 12, 1866
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: July 14, 1954

Jacinto Benavente was one of the foremost Spanish dramatists of the 20th century. The son of a popular pediatrician, he developed an early interest in literature but was expected to pursue a more conventional professional. He began studying law but abandoned it to become a dramatist. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1922. 

 13 
Ramón del Valle-Inclán
(Dramatist, novelist and member of the Spanish Generation of 98)
Ramón del Valle-Inclán
2
Birthdate: October 28, 1866
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vilanova de Arousa, Spain
Died: January 5, 1936

Spanish dramatist and novelist Ramón del Valle-Inclán, a member of the Spanish Generation of 98, was a noted radical dramatist who despised literary realism and created esperpento, expressionist theatre. Major works of Valle-Inclán includes plays like Divine Words (Divinas palabras) and Bohemian Lights (Luces de Bohemia), the novel Tyrant Banderas (Tirano Banderas) and the four novelettes known as the Sonatas.

 14 
José Echegaray
(One of the Leading Spanish Dramatists of the Last Quarter of the 19th Century)
José Echegaray
2
Birthdate: April 19, 1832
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: September 14, 1916

Initially a math professor, José Echegaray later held several government posts. As the minister of finance, he developed the Banco de España. He later established himself as a prominent dramatist, with plays such as El gran Galeoto, and became the first Spanish to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.

 15 
José Zorrilla
(Spanish Poet and Dramatist Known for His Play 'Don Juan Tenorio')
José Zorrilla
2
Birthdate: February 21, 1817
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: January 23, 1893

A nationalist poet and playwright, José Zorrilla was a major figure of the Spanish Romantic movement. Though he initially studied law, he later switched to literature. He is remembered for his verse legend collection Cantos del trovador and his iconic play Don Juan Tenorio.

 16 
Juan Ruiz de Alarcón
(Spanish Dramatist of the Colonial Era)
Juan Ruiz de Alarcón
2
Birthdate: 1581 AD
Birthplace: Taxco, Mexico
Died: August 4, 1639

Juan Ruiz de Alarcón was a Mexico-born Spanish dramatist, known for cultivating different variations of dramaturgy. He lived mostly in Spain, holding several governmental posts, concurrently writing plays not just for monetary gain, but also for his own enjoyment. Less prolific than his peers, he wrote around twenty-five plays, which are known for their superb plot and psychological subtlety.

 17 
Juan del Encina
(Spanish Composer, Poet, and Playwright)
Juan del Encina
2
Birthdate: July 12, 1468
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Fermoselle, Spain
Died: 1529 AD

Juan del Encina is largely regarded as one of the pioneers of Spanish drama. He had been the court poet/dramatist for the Duke of Alba. Some of his best-known works were compiled in Cancionero. His églogas often dealt with mythological themes that were previously found in the Italian works.

 18 
Mariano José de Larra
(Romantic Writer and Journalist Best Known for His Numerous Essays and His Infamous Suicide)
Mariano José de Larra
2
Birthdate: March 24, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: February 13, 1837

Spanish journalist, playwright, and satirical author Mariano José de Larra had his own newspapers and also worked as a drama critic for La revista Española as Figaro. Part of the costumbrismo movement, he penned the play Macías. He later took his own life after being rejected by a woman he loved.

 19 
Ramón Gómez de la Serna
(Spanish Writer and Inventor of the Literary Genre 'Greguería', a Short Form of Poetry)
Ramón Gómez de la Serna
2
Birthdate: July 3, 1888
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: January 13, 1963

The Spanish avant-garde author Ramón Gómez de la Serna is best remembered for his greguerías, or short poems. Though he had studied law, he never practiced and ventured into literature instead. He also launched his own literary magazine, Prometeo, and penned numerous articles, novels, and plays.

 20 
Pedro Salinas
(Spanish Poet, Scholar, Dramatist, and Essayist)
Pedro Salinas
2
Birthdate: November 27, 1891
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: December 4, 1951

Part of the Generation of '27, renowned Spanish poet Pedro Salinas y Serrano had also been a professor at the Johns Hopkins University. Educated at the Sorbonne, he also taught Spanish at Seville and later joined Cambridge, too. He is also known for his research on Rubén Darío and Jorge Manrique.

 21 
Leandro Fernández de Moratín
(Spanish Dramatist, Translator and Neoclassical Poet)
Leandro Fernández de Moratín
1
Birthdate: March 10, 1760
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: June 21, 1828

Neoclassical poet and dramatist Leandro Fernández de Moratín, the son of poet and playwright Nicolás Fernández de Moratín, was one of the most significant figures of the Spanish Enlightenment. He was best known for his works such as The New Comedy and The Maiden’s Consent and mostly lived in France.

 22 
José de Anchieta
(First playwright, the first grammarian and the first poet born in the Canary Islands, and the father of Brazilian literature)
José de Anchieta
2
Birthdate: March 19, 1534
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Spain
Died: June 9, 1597

An influential Jesuit missionary in the Portuguese colony of Brazil, José de Anchieta worked with the indigenous population, converting many of them into Catholic faith. He also wrote Arte de grammtica da lingoa mais usada na costa do Brasil, providing orthography to the local Tupi language and is known to co-found the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

 23 
Antonio Buero Vallejo
1
Birthdate: September 29, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Guadalajara, Spain
Died: April 29, 2000
 24 
Àngel Guimerà
1
Birthdate: May 6, 1845
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
Died: July 18, 1924
Ángel de Saavedra, duke de Rivas
1
Birthdate: March 10, 1791
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: June 22, 1865
Antonio García Gutiérrez
1
Birthdate: October 4, 1813
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chiclana, Spain
Died: August 26, 1884
 27 
Mateo Alemán
(Novelist)
Mateo Alemán
1
Birthdate: 1547
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: 1614 AD
 28 
Lope de Rueda
(Dramatist)
Lope de Rueda
1
Birthdate: 1510 AD
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: 1565 AD
 29 
Juan Benet
(Novelist)
Juan Benet
1
Birthdate: October 7, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: January 5, 1993
Serafín Álvarez Quintero
1
Birthdate: March 26, 1871
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Utrera, Spain
Died: April 12, 1938
 31 
Diego de Torres Villarroel
(Spanish Writer Whose Memoirs are Among the Best Sources for Information on Life in 18th-Sentury Spain)
Diego de Torres Villarroel
1
Birthdate: June 17, 1693
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Salamanca, Spain
Died: June 19, 1770

Diego de Torres Villarroel was a Spanish poet, writer, doctor, dramatist, mathematician, professor, and priest. He achieved popularity as a writer and he wrote on many subjects. Although he wrote numerous poems and plays, Diego de Torres Villarroel is best remembered for his autobiography titled Vida, ascendencia, nacimiento, crianza y aventuras del Doctor Don Diego de Torres Villarroel.

 32 
Agustín García Calvo
0
Birthdate: October 15, 1926
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Zamora, Spain
Died: November 1, 2012
Francisco de Paula Martínez de la Rosa y Berdejo
1
Birthdate: March 10, 1787
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Granada, Spain
Died: February 7, 1862
Gregorio Martínez Sierra
1
Birthdate: March 6, 1881
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Community of Madrid, Spain
Died: October 1, 1947
 35 
Luis Vélez de Guevara
1
Birthdate: August 1, 1579
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Spain
Died: November 10, 1644
 36 
Amadeu Vives i Roig
0
Birthdate: November 18, 1871
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Collbato, Spain
Died: December 2, 1932
 37 
Josefina Pla
1
Birthdate: November 9, 1903
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Isla de Lobos, Canarias, Spain
Died: January 11, 1999

Josefina Plá was a Spanish-born Paraguayan dramatist, poet, historian and sculptor, who yielded great influence on the 20th century Paraguayan culture. Gaining fame for her earliest poems like El precio de los sueños, she began operating a radio theater for the soldiers in the field during the Chaco War and later wrote many historical works including El barroco Hispano-guaraní .

Manuel Bretón de los Herreros
0
Birthdate: December 19, 1796
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Quel, Spain
Died: November 8, 1873
Guillén de Castro y Bellvís
0
Birthdate: November 4, 1569
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: July 28, 1631
 40 
Carlos Arniches
(Dramatist)
Carlos Arniches
0
Birthdate: October 11, 1866
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Alicante, Spain
Died: April 16, 1943
 41 
Juan Eugenio Hartzenbusch
0
Birthdate: September 6, 1806
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 2, 1880
Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla
0
Birthdate: October 4, 1607
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: January 23, 1648
Gaspar Núñez de Arce
0
Birthdate: August 4, 1832
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: June 9, 1903
 44 
Agustín Moreto y Cavana
0
Birthdate: April 9, 1618
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: October 28, 1669
 45 
Rosario de Acuña
(Spanish Author Who Wrote Poems, Dramas, Essays, and Short Stories)
Rosario de Acuña
0
Birthdate: 1851 AD
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: May 5, 1923

Rosario de Acuña was a Spanish author best remembered for writing poetry, short stories, essays, and dramas. Regarded as a bold freethinker and a controversial writer, Rosario de Acuña created quite a stir with her controversial dramas and poems. She is known to have voiced her opinion on many sensitive subjects, such as religion, civil marriage, and illegitimate births.

 46 
Juan de la Cueva
(Dramatist)
Juan de la Cueva
0
Birthdate: October 23, 1543
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Sevilla, Spain
Died: September 30, 1612
 47 
Gómez Manrique
0
Birthdate: 1412 AD
Birthplace: Amusco, Spain
Died: 1490 AD

Gómez Manrique was a Spanish soldier, dramatist, poet, and politician. He served as a corregidor of Toledo where he played a key role in protecting several Jews from popular resentment. One of the most famous poets of his generation, Gómez Manrique was renowned for his songs, satires, and elegies. He is also remembered for his skills as a dramatist. 

 48 
Manuel Tamayo y Baus
(Spanish dramatist)
Manuel Tamayo y Baus
0
Birthdate: September 15, 1829
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: June 20, 1898
Bartolomé de Torres Naharro
0
Birthdate: 1485 AD
Birthplace: La Torre de Miguel Sesmero, Spain
Died: 1530 AD
 50 
Màrius Torres
(Poet, Writer)
Màrius Torres
0
Birthdate: August 30, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lleida
Died: October 29, 1942