Ivan Cankar was a Slovene writer, poet, essayist, playwright, and political activist. He is regarded as one of the pioneers of modernism in Slovene literature. Considered the greatest Slovene language writer, Cankar had a great influence on the subsequent generations of intellectuals and writers. Numerous streets, institutions, and public buildings have been named in his honor.
Alma Karlin was a Slovenian writer, traveler, poet, collector, theosophist, and polyglot. She is best remembered for her feat of becoming one of the first women from Europe to circumnavigate the globe alone. Alma Karlin is also remembered for her rich body of work that includes novels, short stories, and novellas.
Austrian poet Anton Alexander von Auersperg is best known by his pseudonym, Anastasius Grun. His collection of poems, such as Schutt, ushered in a new and bold liberalism in Germany. His work also showcases his signature ironic humor. Grun was also known for his translations of Slovenic songs.
Stanko Vraz was a Slovenian-Croatian poet, writer, translator, and collector of folk poems. He is best remembered as the first Croatian to make a living as a professional writer. Stanko Vraz is credited with co-founding one of Croatia's first literary magazines, Kolo. He is also remembered for translating the works of Adam Mickiewicz and Lord Byron among other foreign literature.
Jože Javoršek is a Slovenian writer, playwright, poet, essayist, and translator. A controversial personality and complex thinker, Javoršek is considered one of the greatest masters of language and style among Slovene authors. Jože Javoršek is also regarded, together with Vitomil Zupan, as the quintessential postwar generation of Slovene intellectuals.