Famous Russian Poets

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Alexander Pushkin

Alexander Pushkin.
4
Famous As: Poet, playwright
Birthdate: June 6, 1799
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 10, 1837
Legendary Russian playwright, poet, and novelist Alexander Pushkin is considered one of the most prominent figures of the Romantic era and of Russian literature. He is remembered for his poem Ode to Liberty, one of his works that led him to be exiled by Tsar Alexander I. 

 2 Ivan Turgenev

Ivan Turgenev.
4
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: November 9, 1818
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Oryol, Russia
Died: September 3, 1883

It is believed Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev was highly inspired by his dominant mother in his younger days and thus created strong female characters in his novels later. He is remembered for popularizing Russian literature and realism in the West. One of his most notable works was Father and Sons.

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 3 Gala Dalí

Gala Dalí.
4
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: September 7, 1894
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kazan, Russian Empire [now Tatarstan, Russia]
Died: June 10, 1982

 4 Vladimir Mayakovsky

Vladimir Mayakovsky.
4
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: July 19, 1893
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Baghdati, Georgia
Died: April 14, 1930

 5 Zinovia Dushkova

Zinovia Dushkova.
4
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: July 19, 1953
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kongaz, Moldova

Zinovia Dushkova is a Russian poet, historian, philosopher, and author. A prominent writer, Dushkova's works have been translated into seven languages. In 2015, she was honored with the 20 Years of Gagauzia Medal. In 2017, Zinovia Dushkova’s book, The Call of the Heart, was honored at the Nautilus Book Awards with a silver medal in the United States of America.

 6 Joseph Brodsky

Joseph Brodsky.
4
Famous As: Essayist & Poet
Birthdate: May 24, 1940
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg
Died: January 28, 1996
Nobel Prize-winning Russian-American poet Joseph Brodsky is remembered for his elegiac and lyric poems. While he had started writing poems soon after leaving school, he was sentenced to hard labor by the Soviets for his irregular work record. He later moved to the U.S., where he taught at various universities.

 7 Vladimir Vysotsky

Vladimir Vysotsky
4
Famous As: Singer-songwriter
Birthdate: January 25, 1938
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: July 25, 1980

A Soviet cultural icon, singer Vladimir Vysotsky was known for his social commentary in his songs. In his early years, he quit engineering to study acting. He later ruled the stage as an actor, before stepping into music. He even distributed his recordings after being banned in the country.

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 8 Mikhail Lomonosov

Mikhail Lomonosov.
4
Famous As: Scientist, Poet, Geologist, Astronomer
Birthdate: November 19, 1711
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lomonossowo, Russia
Died: April 15, 1765

Russian polymath Mikhail Lomonosov was born to a fisherman father and left his village later to satiate his hunger for knowledge. Apart from reforming Russian language and literature, he also made the first colored glass mosaic in his country and discovered the atmosphere of Venus. He loved simple life.

 9 Mikhail Lermontov

Mikhail Lermontov
4
Famous As: writer
Birthdate: October 15, 1814
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: July 27, 1841

One of the most significant Russian romantic authors of the Golden Age of Russian Poetry, Mikhail Lermontov is remembered for his iconic novel A Hero of Our Time. His initial poems, such as Prisoner of the Caucasus, were highly Byronic. His writings laid the foundation for the Russian psychological novel.

 10 Arkady Strugatsky

Arkady Strugatsky
4
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: August 28, 1925
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Batumi
Died: October 12, 1991

 11 Eduard Limonov

Eduard Limonov
4
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 22, 1943
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dzerzhinsk, Russia
Died: March 17, 2020

The firebrand National Bolshevik Party leader Eduard Limonov gained fame with his first novel, It's Me, Eddie, which contained explicit sexual imagery and obscene language, and was written while he was in literary exile in New York. He was also part of The Other Russia, a group of Putin opposers.

 12 Sergei Yesenin

Sergei Yesenin
4
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: October 3, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Konstantinovo, Russia
Died: December 28, 1925

Born into a peasant family, Russian lyrical poet Sergei Yesenin was a significant figure of Imaginism. Known as "the last poet of wooden Russia," Yesenin soared to fame with works such as Radunitsa. He later committed suicide in a hotel, having written his last poem in his own blood.

 13 Maya Deren

Maya Deren
4
Famous As: Filmmaker
Birthdate: April 29, 1917
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kiev, Ukraine
Died: October 13, 1961

 14 Hayim Nahman Bialik

Hayim Nahman Bialik
3
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: January 9, 1873
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Volhynia, Russian Empire
Died: July 4, 1934

 15 Osip Mandelstam

Osip Mandelstam
3
Famous As: Poet, Writer, Translator, Literary critic, Essayist
Birthdate: January 15, 1891
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Warsaw
Died: December 27, 1938

 16 Yevgeny Yevtushenko

Yevgeny Yevtushenko
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: July 18, 1932
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Zima, Russia
Died: April 1, 2017

Russian author Yevgeny Yevtushenko, known for works such as Wild Berries and Bratsk Station, is also remembered for his advocacy of artistic freedom in Russian literature rather than a reliance on political overtones. Following the death of Stalin, he focused on using unadulterated language and lyrics with a personal touch.

 17 Ivan Bunin

Ivan Bunin.
3
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: October 22, 1870
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Voronezh
Died: November 8, 1953

Ivan Bunin was a Russian writer whose stories and poems are regarded as one of the richest collection of works in the Russian language. In 1933, Ivan Bunin became the first Russian writer to be honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize for Literature. Subsequently, he donated 100,000 francs to a charity fund.

 18 Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy

Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy
3
Famous As: writer, Poet
Birthdate: January 10, 1883
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Pugachyov
Died: February 23, 1945

Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy, also known as Comrade Count, initially tasted fame with the novel Nikita’s Childhood and then redefined the science-fiction, thriller, and historical novel genres. As part of the Extraordinary State Commission, he was the first to ascertain that the Nazis had used gas vans during World War II.

 19 Anna Akhmatova

Anna Akhmatova
4
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: June 23, 1889
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Velykyi Fontan Cape
Died: March 5, 1966

One of the greatest Russian women poets, Anna Akhmatova had started writing poems at age 11. She was part of the Acmeists, who laid down their own style, Acmeism. Poema bez geroya and Requiem remain two of her finest works. She later wrote about the horrors of the Stalinist regime.

 20 Grand Duke Constantine Constantinovich of Russia

Grand Duke Constantine Constantinovich of Russia
3
Birthdate: August 22, 1858
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Strelna
Died: June 15, 1915

 21 Varlam Shalamov

Varlam Shalamov
3
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: June 18, 1907
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vologda, Russia
Died: January 17, 1982

 22 Alexandr Griboyedov

Alexandr Griboyedov
3
Famous As: Diplomat
Birthdate: January 15, 1795
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 11, 1829

Russian playwright Alexandr Griboyedov is best remembered for his comedy Gore ot uma, or Woe from Wit. He participated in the Decembrist revolt and even got arrested once. He was the Russian Ambassador to Iran and died at the hands of an Iranian mob during an attack on the embassy.

 23 Sergey Mikhalkov

Sergey Mikhalkov
3
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: March 13, 1913
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 27, 2009

 24 Bulat Okudzhava

Bulat Okudzhava
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: May 9, 1924
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: June 12, 1997

 25 Yegor Letov

Yegor Letov
3
Famous As: Poet, Composer
Birthdate: September 10, 1964
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Omsk, Russia
Died: February 19, 2008

 26 Andrei Platonov

Andrei Platonov
3
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: August 28, 1899
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Voronezh, Russia
Died: January 5, 1951

 27 Mira Mendelson

Mira Mendelson
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: January 8, 1915
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kiev, Russia
Died: June 8, 1968

 28 Alexander Bashlachev

Alexander Bashlachev
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: May 27, 1960
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cherepovets, Russia
Died: February 17, 1988

 29 Andrei Bely

Andrei Bely
3
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: October 26, 1880
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: January 8, 1934

 30 Olga Ivinskaya

Olga Ivinskaya
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: June 16, 1912
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tambov, Russia
Died: September 8, 1995

 31 Nikolay Karamzin

Nikolay Karamzin
3
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: December 12, 1766
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mikhaylovka, Russia
Died: June 3, 1826

 32 Arseny Tarkovsky

Arseny Tarkovsky
3
Famous As: Poet, Translator
Birthdate: June 24, 1907
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kropyvnytskyi, Ukraine
Died: May 27, 1989

 33 Boris Ryzhy

Boris Ryzhy
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: September 8, 1974
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chelyabinsk, Russia
Died: May 7, 2001

 34 Vasily Zhukovsky

Vasily Zhukovsky
3
Famous As: linguist, poet, translator, writer, literary critic
Birthdate: January 29, 1783
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tula
Died: April 24, 1852

Born as an illegitimate son of a Russian landowner father and a Turkish slave mother, Vasily Zhukovsky had initially been the tutor of Tsar-Liberator Alexander II. He later co-founded the Arzamas society, which opposed classicism in poetry. With his poems and translations, he brought the Romantic Movement to Russia.

 35 Nikolay Nekrasov

Nikolay Nekrasov
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: December 10, 1821
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Nemyriv, Ukraine
Died: January 8, 1878

Russian poet Nikolay Nekrasov established himself as a successful businessman before stepping into writing. He bought and developed the magazine Sovremennik, or The Contemporary. Most of his poems, such as Red-Nosed Frost, spoke about the misery of the peasant class. He also introduced the dramatic monologue to Russian literature.

 

 36 Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy

Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy
3
Famous As: poet,novelist
Birthdate: September 5, 1817
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg
Died: October 10, 1875

Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy was the second cousin of Leo Tolstoy and a gifted poet, playwright, novelist, and satirist, who often made use of historical themes. His iconic trilogy of historical dramas, consisting of The Death of Ivan the Terrible, Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich, and Tsar Boris, was widely acclaimed.

 37 Anatoly Lukyanov

Anatoly Lukyanov
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 7, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Smolensk, Russia
Died: January 9, 2019

 38 Nikolay Gumilyov

Nikolay Gumilyov
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: April 15, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kronshtadt, Russia
Died: August 24, 1921

 39 Alexander Rosenbaum

Alexander Rosenbaum
3
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: September 13, 1951
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Leningrad, Soviet Union

 40 Dmitry Merezhkovsky

Dmitry Merezhkovsky
3
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: August 2, 1865
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 9, 1941

 41 Valentin Gaft

Valentin Gaft
3
Famous As: Actor, Writer
Birthdate: September 2, 1935
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 12, 2020

 42 Velimir Khlebnikov

Velimir Khlebnikov
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: November 9, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Malye Derbety, Russia
Died: June 28, 1922

 43 Korney Chukovsky

Korney Chukovsky
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 31, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: October 28, 1969

 44 Yanka Dyagileva

Yanka Dyagileva
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: September 4, 1966
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Novosibirsk, Russia
Died: May 9, 1991

 45 Vladimir Paley

Vladimir Paley
3
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: January 9, 1897
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died: July 18, 1918

 46 Igor Talkov

Igor Talkov
3
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: November 4, 1956
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tula Oblast, Russia
Died: October 6, 1991

 47 Vladimir Voinovich

Vladimir Voinovich
3
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: September 26, 1932
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dushanbe, Soviet Union
Died: July 27, 2018

Russian author Vladimir Voinovich was a strong dissident, known for his sharp satire in books such as The Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin and Moscow 2042. His dissident activities got him removed from the Writers’ Union of the U.S.S.R. He was also stripped of his citizenship briefly.

 48 Zinaida Nikolayevna Gippius

Zinaida Nikolayevna Gippius
2
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: November 20, 1869
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Belyov, Russia
Died: September 9, 1945

 49 Dmitry Bykov

Dmitry Bykov
2
Famous As: Writer, Journalist
Birthdate: December 20, 1967
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

 50 Konstantin Simonov

Konstantin Simonov
2
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: November 28, 1915
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg
Died: August 28, 1979