Famous Russian Physicians

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Ivan Pavlov

Ivan Pavlov
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: September 26, 1849
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ryazan, Russia
Died: February 27, 1936
Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov is best remembered for his research in classical conditioning. He became the first Russian Nobel laureate after winning the 1904 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his study of the physiology of digestion. His experiment on conditioned reflex using dogs is still studied in colleges.

 2 Doctor Mike

Doctor Mike
Famous As: Celebrity Doctor
Birthdate: November 12, 1989
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saransk, RSFSR, USSR (now Russia)
Russian-American doctor-turned-social media sensation Mikhail Varshavski, better known as "Doctor Mike," soared to fame when his Instagram account went viral. He has a health-themed YouTube channel. Named the Sexiest Doctor Alive by People magazine, he has formed Limitless Tomorrow, a foundation that awards scholarships to needy students.

 3 Mikhail Bulgakov

Mikhail Bulgakov
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: May 15, 1891
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: March 10, 1940

Mikhail Bulgakov was a Russian writer, playwright, and medical doctor best remembered for his work The Master and Margarita, a novel which has been acclaimed as one of the 20th century's masterpieces. Over the years, his works have inspired several other personalities, including Salman Rushdie and Mick Jagger.    

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 4 Nina Kraviz

Nina Kraviz
Famous As: DJ
Birthdate: October 12, 1982
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Irkutsk, Russia

Nina Kraviz is a Russian DJ, singer, and music producer. She studied dentistry and even practiced for some time while performing gigs as a side hustle. She then proceeded to study at the Red Bull Music Academy. She released her self-titled debut album in 2012 and then went on to launch her own record label. 

 5 Sabina Spielrein

Sabina Spielrein
Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: October 25, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rostov-on-Don, Russian Empire
Died: August 11, 1942

Sabina Spielrein was a Russian physician who also worked as a psychoanalyst, psychiatrist, and teacher during an illustrious professional career that spanned 30 years. A pioneer of psychoanalysis, Spielrein was the first person to bring in and popularize the concept of the death instinct. Sabina Spielrein was also one of the earliest psychoanalysts to study schizophrenia in detail. 

 6 Leonid Rogozov

Leonid Rogozov
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: March 14, 1934
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chita, Russia
Died: September 21, 2000

Leonid Rogozov was a Soviet general practitioner remembered for performing his own appendectomy as he developed appendicitis while stationed at Novolazarevskaya Station; he was part of the sixth Soviet Antarctic Expedition in 1961 when he developed appendicitis. The self-surgery, which was documented by Rogozov’s colleagues, resulted in a change of policy and health checks were made mandatory during such expeditions.

 7 Vladimir Demikhov

Vladimir Demikhov
Famous As: Organ Transplant Pioneer
Birthdate: July 18, 1916
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: November 22, 1998
While some called him a mad scientist, Vladimir Demikhov is now remembered as a pioneer of organ transplantation. The Soviet scientist coined the term transplantology and shocked the world by creating two-headed dogs, by attaching the head of one dog to the body of another. 
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 8 Joseph Alliluyev

Joseph Alliluyev
Famous As: Cardiologist
Birthdate: May 22, 1945
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: November 2, 2008

Joseph Alliluyev was a Russian cardiologist best remembered as the grandson of Joseph Stalin. Although he maintained a low profile, Alliluyev appeared in a TV interview where he discussed his relationship with his maternal grandfather. In the 1992 TV film Stalin, which was directed by Ivan Passer, Joseph Alliluyev is showcased briefly as a six-year-old.

 9 Alexander Bogdanov

Alexander Bogdanov
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: August 22, 1873
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sokolka, Poland
Died: April 7, 1928

Alexander Bogdanov was a Russian physician, science fiction writer, philosopher, and Bolshevik revolutionary. Bogdanov is credited with inventing Tektology, which is widely considered a forerunner of systems theory. A multi-talented personality, Alexander Bogdanov was also a renowned economist and culture theorist.

 10 Valeri Polyakov

Valeri Polyakov
Famous As: Physician, Astronaut
Birthdate: April 27, 1942
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tula

Valeri Polyakov is a Russian retired astronaut who holds the record for the longest single stay (437 days 18 hours) in space. He achieved this record when he stayed aboard the Mir space station for over 14 months during one of his trips. Over the course of his illustrious career, Valeri Polyakov was honored with several prestigious awards.

 11 Sergei Lukyanenko

Sergei Lukyanenko
Famous As: Science fiction writer
Birthdate: April 11, 1968
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Karatau, Kazakhstan

Author Sergei Lukyanenko is also a qualified psychotherapist and child psychiatrist, though he has premanently quit medicine for writing. Known for his gripping science-fiction and fantasy books such as Labyrinth of Reflections, he also redefined the genre of urban fantasy with the Night Watch series, which inspired a hit film.

 12 Alexander Luria

Alexander Luria
Famous As: Neuropsychologist
Birthdate: July 16, 1902
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kazan, Russia
Died: August 14, 1977

Alexander Luria was a Soviet neuropsychologist who served as the leader of the Vygotsky Circle, an informal network of psychologists, physiologists, neuroscientists, and medical specialists. Often referred to as the father of neuropsychological assessment, Luria came up with influential books that serve as psychological textbooks for students. His book The Mind of a Mnemonist inspired films like Away with Words.

 13 Vladimir Bekhterev

Vladimir Bekhterev
Famous As: Neurologist
Birthdate: February 1, 1857
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sorali, Russia
Died: December 24, 1927

Neurologist and psychiatrist Vladimir Bekhterev is best remembered for his research on the brain and conditioned reflexes and for his pioneering research on objective psychology. He taught at institutes such as the University of Kazan and was also known for his rivalry with contemporary Ivan Pavlov.

 14 Alexander Rosenbaum

Alexander Rosenbaum
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: September 13, 1951
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Leningrad, Soviet Union

Born into a family of doctors, Alexander Rosenbaum, too, had initially been a doctor. However, later emerged as one of the greatest singing poets of Russia, best known for his blatnaya pesnya songs such as Gop-Stop, which described the criminal subculture of his country. He was also named the People's Artist of Russia.

 15 Vasily Aksyonov

Vasily Aksyonov
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: August 20, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kazan, Russia
Died: July 6, 2009

Vasily Aksyonov was born to parents who had been imprisoned for their connections with Trotskyists. The celebrated author of masterpieces such as The Burn and Generations of Winter, he was also a qualified doctor. His signature elements included fantasy, parody, and satire. He once also taught Russian literature in the US.

 16 Nikolay Pirogov

Nikolay Pirogov
Famous As: Physician, Scientist
Birthdate: November 25, 1810
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 5, 1881
Known for his pioneering use of field surgery, physician Nikolay Pirogov was the first to use anaesthesia in a field operation. A pioneer in the use of ether, too, he started his medical education at 14 and later taught surgery as a professor. He also reduced limp amputations significantly with his techniques.

 17 Svyatoslav Fyodorov

Svyatoslav Fyodorov
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: August 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
Died: June 2, 2000

Svyatoslav Fyodorov not just made a name for himself as an ophthalmologist but had also stepped into Russian politics, contesting as a presidential candidate. One of the pioneers of refractive surgery, he developed radial keratotomy, the first surgical cure of myopia, or nearsightedness, and a surgical treatment for glaucoma, too.

 18 Boris Yegorov

Boris Yegorov
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 26, 1937
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: September 12, 1994

Boris Yegorov was not part of the world’s first multi-manned spaceflight, Voskhod, but also made history by becoming the first physician to go into space. He specialized in the inner-ear sense of balance mechanism of aerospace medicine. Of his many awards was the Hero of the Soviet Union.

 19 Yevgeniy Chazov

Yevgeniy Chazov
Famous As: Co-founder of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War
Birthdate: June 10, 1929
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Died: November 12, 2021