Famous Russian Rulers

Find out more about the greatest Russian Emperors & Kings, including Peter the Great, Alexander III of Russia, Nicholas I of Russia, Peter III of Russia and Catherine I of Russia.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Peter the Great

Peter the Great.
9
Famous As: First Emperor of Russia
Birthdate: June 9, 1672
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: February 8, 1725
Peter the Great ruled the Tsardom of Russia, and then the Russian Empire, from 1682 to 1725. He ushered in the Enlightenment and cultural revolution in Russia. He also strengthened the Russian navy and launched the Russo-Persian War. Saint Petersburg, the capital of Russia till 1917, was established by him.

 2 Nicholas II

Nicholas II.
14
Birthdate: May 18, 1868
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tsarskoye Selo, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, Alexander Palace
Died: July 17, 1918

Nicholas II reigned as the last Emperor of All Russia from 1894 until his abdication in 1917. His reign oversaw a series of reforms in Russia. These reforms included the introduction of literacy programs, civil liberties, and methods to modernize the empire's infrastructure. However, these reforms were eventually undermined by Nicholas' love for autocratic rule.

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 3 Ivan the Terrible

Ivan the Terrible.
15
Famous As: First Russian Tsar
Birthdate: August 25, 1530
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kolomenskoye, Moscow, Russia
Died: March 28, 1584
Ivan the Terrible, son of Vasili III, served as the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547. The “Chosen Council” declared him the tsar at 16 and established the Tsardom of Russia. Ivan’s reign was known for wars such as the Livonian War, which damaged Russia’s economy. 

 4 Alexander II of Russia

Alexander II of Russia.
8
Famous As: Emperor of Russia
Birthdate: April 29, 1818
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moscow Kremlin, Moscow, Russia
Died: March 13, 1881

Alexander II of Russia was the Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and King of Poland from 1855 to 1881. He became known as Alexander the Liberator for his most significant reform, which was the Emancipation Reform of 1861. He is also credited with reorganizing the judicial system, abolishing corporal punishment, and imposing universal military service in Russia.

 5 Alexander III of Russia

Alexander III of Russia.
14
Famous As: Former Emperor of All Russia
Birthdate: March 10, 1845
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg
Died: November 1, 1894
Alexander III ruled as the emperor of Russia, the king Poland, and the grand duke of Finland, from 1881 to 1894. He reversed many liberal policies that had been implemented by his father, Alexander II, earlier. He passed the “May Laws” and did not participate in any major war.

 6 Alexander I of Russia

Alexander I of Russia
10
Famous As: Emperor of Russia
Birthdate: December 23, 1777
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg
Died: December 1, 1825

 7 Nicholas I of Russia

Nicholas I of Russia.
6
Famous As: Emperor of Russia
Birthdate: July 6, 1796
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Leningrad Oblast
Died: March 2, 1855

Nicholas I of Russia reigned as Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and King of Poland from 1825 to 1855. Nicholas I is remembered for his controversial reign, under which the Russian Empire achieved great geographical expansion. He also played a key role in creating an independent Greek state and was successful in ending the Russo-Turkish War of 1828–1829.

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 8 Paul I of Russia

Paul I of Russia.
10
Famous As: Russian Emperor (1796-1801)
Birthdate: October 1, 1754
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: St Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 23, 1801
Paul I ruled as the Russian emperor from 1796 till his assassination in 1801. He was officially the son of Peter III and Catherine the Great, but it is believed he was sired by Catherine’s lover, Sergei Saltykov. Paul established the law of succession to the throne of Russia.

 9 Peter III of Russia

Peter III of Russia.
10
Famous As: Emperor of Russia
Birthdate: February 21, 1728
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kiel
Died: July 17, 1762

Peter III of Russia reigned over Russia as the emperor for just six months in 1762 before being deposed by people loyal to his wife Catherine II, who then succeeded him. In his short reign, Peter made progressive reforms, including the abolishment of the secret police, which was renowned for its extreme violence. Peter is often portrayed in films.

 10 Ivan VI of Russia

Ivan VI of Russia.
5
Famous As: Emperor of Russia
Birthdate: August 23, 1740
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 16, 1764
The eldest child of Duke Anthony Ulrich and Duchess Anna Leopoldovna, Ivan VI of Russia, took over the throne as a 2-month-old baby, with his mother as the regent. His first cousin Elizabeth’s coup later resulted in his imprisonment for 20 years and his eventual assassination. 

 11 Peter II of Russia

Peter II of Russia.
5
Famous As: Emperor of Russia
Birthdate: October 23, 1715
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: January 30, 1730
Peter II Alexeyevich, the only son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich, ruled as the emperor of Russia from 1727 to 1730. He became a Tsar as a child but died an untimely death due to small pox at 14, on the day that he had planned to marry Ekaterina Dolgorukova.

 12 Ivan III of Russia

Ivan III of Russia.
3
Famous As: Grand Prince of Moscow
Birthdate: January 22, 1440
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: October 27, 1505

Ivan III of Russia was a Grand Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of all Rus'. He initially served as the co-ruler and regent for his blind father, Vasily II, before officially occupying the throne. He vastly expanded his kingdom and  laid the foundations of the Russian state. His reign—lasting 43 years—was one of the longests in Russian history.

 13 Alexis of Russia

Alexis of Russia
3
Famous As: Tsar of Russia
Birthdate: March 29, 1629
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: January 29, 1676

 14 Ivan V of Russia

Ivan V of Russia
3
Famous As: monarch
Birthdate: August 27, 1666
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: January 29, 1696

 15 Igor of Kiev

Igor of Kiev
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0877 AD
Birthplace: Russia
Died: 0945 AD

 16 Michael I of Russia

Michael I of Russia
3
Birthdate: July 12, 1596
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: July 12, 1645

 17 Feodor III of Russia

Feodor III of Russia
3
Birthdate: June 9, 1661
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: May 7, 1682

 18 Fyodor II of Russia

Fyodor II of Russia
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 1589 AD
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: June 20, 1605

 19 Vasili IV of Russia

Vasili IV of Russia
3
Famous As: Tsar of Russia
Birthdate: September 22, 1552
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Died: September 12, 1612

 20 False Dmitriy I

False Dmitriy I
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: October 19, 1582
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Moscow

 21 Yaropolk I of Kiev

Yaropolk I of Kiev
2
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0952 AD
Birthplace: Russia
Died: June 1, 0978

 22 Daniel of Moscow

Daniel of Moscow
1
Famous As: Grand Prince of Moscow
Birthdate: 1261 AD
Birthplace: Vladimir
Died: March 5, 1303

 23 Ivan I of Moscow

Ivan I of Moscow
2
Famous As: Grand Prince of Moscow
Birthdate: November 1, 1288
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: March 31, 1340

 24 Prince Vasili Alexandrovich of Russia

Prince Vasili Alexandrovich of Russia
1
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: July 7, 1907
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Gatchina, Russia
Died: June 24, 1989

 25 Vasily II of Moscow

Vasily II of Moscow
1
Famous As: Prince of Moscow
Birthdate: March 10, 1415
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow, Grand Duchy of Moscow
Died: March 27, 1462

 26 Ivan II of Russia

Ivan II of Russia
1
Famous As: Grand Prince of Moscow
Birthdate: March 30, 1326
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 13, 1359

 27 Dmitry of Uglich

Dmitry of Uglich
1
Famous As: Tsarevich
Birthdate: October 19, 1582
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: May 15, 1591

 28 Vasily I of Moscow

Vasily I of Moscow
1
Famous As: Prince of Moscow
Birthdate: December 30, 1371
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Grand Duchy of Moscow
Died: February 27, 1425

 29 Yury of Moscow

Yury of Moscow
1
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 1281 AD
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 21, 1325

 30 Simeon of Russia

Simeon of Russia
1
Famous As: Grand Prince of Moscow
Birthdate: November 7, 1316
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: April 27, 1353

 31 Roman the Great

Roman the Great
1
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 1152 AD
Birthplace: Kyiv
Died: June 19, 1205

 32 Sviatopolk II of Kiev

Sviatopolk II of Kiev
1
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: November 8, 1050
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Russia
Died: April 16, 1113

 33 Gleb Vladimirovich

Gleb Vladimirovich
1
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 0990 AD
Birthplace: Murom, Russia
Died: September 9, 1015