Sun Myung Moon Biography

(Religious Leader)

Birthday: February 25, 1920 (Pisces)

Born In: North P'yŏng'an, North Korea

Sun Myung Moon was a Korean religious leader, a self-proclaimed messiah who was the founder of the Unification Church. He was a leading figure in what Eileen V. Barker, a professor emeritus of sociology at the London School of Economics, called “the great wave of new religious movements and alternative religiosity in the 1960s and 1970s in the West”. He built a religious movement notable for its mass weddings and authored ‘The Divine Principle’, the main theological textbook of the Unification Church. Born into a family of farmers in Korea, he converted to Christianity as a young boy along with his family. From an early age he observed his surroundings and was distressed by rampant injustice and sufferings of the people. He believed that religion addressed the fundamental human condition and only religion could provide a way for easing the sufferings of the people. He once had a vision of Jesus asking him to continue the work which he had begun on earth nearly 2,000 years before. In order to fulfill the Lord’s command he plunged head on into religious studies in order to understand the deeper questions of life. Eventually he moved to the United States and became a leading figure of the new religious movement. With time he also branched out into political activism and business.

Quick Facts

South Korean Celebrities Born In February

Also Known As: Mun Yong-myeong

Died At Age: 92


Spouse/Ex-: Choi Sun-kil (1945–1957), Hak Ja Han (1960–2012)

Born Country: Korea, Republic Of

Spiritual & Religious Leaders South Korean Men

Died on: September 3, 2012

  • 1

    Where was Sun Myung Moon born?

    Sun Myung Moon was born in Jeongju, North Pyongan, Japanese-occupied Korea (now part of North Korea).
  • 2

    What is the Unification Church founded by Sun Myung Moon known for?

    The Unification Church, founded by Sun Myung Moon, is known for its unique religious teachings and the promotion of world peace.
  • 3

    What is the significance of the Holy Marriage Blessing ceremony in the teachings of Sun Myung Moon?

    The Holy Marriage Blessing ceremony, as taught by Sun Myung Moon, is considered a sacred and central practice for bringing about spiritual growth, unity, and restoration of individuals and families.
  • 4

    How did Sun Myung Moon describe his mission and purpose?

    Sun Myung Moon described his mission as being a religious leader and peace advocate, with the purpose of bringing about spiritual enlightenment, unity among religions, and world peace.

  • 5

    What are some key beliefs of the teachings of Sun Myung Moon?

    Key beliefs in the teachings of Sun Myung Moon include the concept of True Parents, the importance of love and forgiveness, the value of family unity, and the goal of creating a peaceful world through spiritual enlightenment.

Childhood & Early Life
He was born as Mun Yong-myeong on 25 February 1920, in modern-day North P'yŏng'an Province, North Korea. He was one of the eight children in a large farming family.
His family which initially followed the Confucianist beliefs converted to Christianity and joined the Presbyterian Church when Mun was around 10 years old.
At that time Korea was ruled by Japan and growing up oppressed in his own country made the boy sensitive to the injustices and sufferings around him. Early on he developed humanitarian sympathy for all living beings and was troubled by mans’ inability to cerate a just and loving world.
When he was 15, he had a vision of Jesus instructing him to carry on his unfinished work of uniting mankind by being their saviour.
He enrolled at Waseda University in Japan in 1941 to study electrical engineering. He became involved in student underground activities and was arrested and tortured for not revealing the names of his collaborators.
He was convicted by the the North Korean government of spying for South Korea and given a five-year sentence to the Hŭngnam labor camp in 1947. However, he escaped in 1950.
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Later Years
He arrived at the southern port city of Pusan after escaping and it was here that he began his religious career in earnest. Along with a disciple, he built the first Unification Church using discarded army ration boxes.
At that time he had only a few disciplines, but was confident that one day his message would reach millions across the world. He founded the Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity in 1954.
His religious movement garnered a lot of attention and soon he gained plenty of loyal followers. But his teachings also kindled much controversies and he was often arrested and thrown into jail. Yet each time he managed to get out as the authorities could not find any incriminating evidence against his alleged misdoings.
Along side with the Unification Church he also created a “Weeping Church”, known so because of his and his followers’ tearful prayers to the Lord. His religious teachings were gaining in momentum across the nation and by 1957 churches were established in 30 Korean cities and towns.
One of the most famous rituals that he created was the “blessing ceremony” or the “mass wedding”. This ritual was enacted by him to highlight the Unification Church’s emphasis on traditional moral values.
In 1964, Moon founded the Korean Culture and Freedom Foundation, which promoted the interests of South Korea and sponsored Radio Free Asia. Former U.S. Presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower were named as honorary presidents of the organization at the time of its creation.
He moved to the United States in 1971 and founded the International Conference on the Unity of the Sciences, a series of scientific conferences in 1972. Several hundreds of participants have been a part of these conferences over the years.
In 1980 the followers of his church founded the CAUSA International as an anti-communist educational organization, based in New York, at his behest. It was very active during the 1980s with presence in 21 countries. In 1986, it produced the anti-communist documentary film ‘Nicaragua Was Our Home’.
Along with its religious activities, the Unification Church also supports and owns a number of businesses in various countries; most notable are its business interests in the Tongil Group, Pyeonghwa Motors, and News World Communications.
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Awards & Achievements
Moon was posthumously awarded North Korea's National Reunification Prize in 2012.
Personal Life & Legacy
He married Sun Kil Choi on 28 April 1945. A son was born to them. This marriage was a highly troubled one and ended in divorce in 1957.
He married again on 11 April 1960; his second wife was a young teenaged girl, Hak Ja Han, who would eventually bear him 13 children. The couple was referred to as “True Parents” by members of the Unification Church and their family as the "True Family".
He died on 3 September 2012 after a brief illness, at the age of 92.
Facts About Sun Myung Moon
Sun Myung Moon was an accomplished musician who played the violin and piano, and composed numerous pieces of music.
He founded the Unification Church, which has a strong emphasis on family values and promoting world peace through interfaith dialogue.
Moon was known for his entrepreneurial spirit, establishing various businesses and media outlets around the world.
He was involved in various charitable activities, including providing humanitarian aid and disaster relief in different countries.
Moon was a prolific writer and speaker, publishing numerous books and delivering speeches on a wide range of topics.

See the events in life of Sun Myung Moon in Chronological Order

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