Joan I of Navarre Biography
(Queen of Navarre (1274-1305))
Birthday: January 14, 1273 (Capricorn)
Born In: Bar-sur-Seine, France
Joan I was a female monarch who ruled as the queen regnant of Navarre from 1274 until 1305. She the only living child and the rightful heir of King Henry the Fat, commonly known as Henry I of Navarre. Joan I became the queen consort of France after her marriage with Philip IV of France. She also held the titles of the countess of Champagne and Brie. As an important member of the royal court, Joan I earned the respect of her husband who trusted her with greater administrative responsibilities. A lady of culture and admirer of arts, she called for educational and administrative reforms in Champagne. She is credited to have founded the prestigious College of Navarre in Paris in 1305. As a countess of Champagne, she even led an army against Henry III of Bar upon the latter rebelling against her kingdom. Joan I died at the young age of 32, allegedly in childbirth. However, many believe that the Bishop of Troyes, Guichard, killed her with witchcraft.