Dutch Schultz Biography

Dutch Schultz was a gangster in the Bronx who operated during the 1920s and 1930s. Check out this biography to know about his birthday, childhood, family life, crimes and other facts about him.

Quick Facts

Birthday: August 6, 1901

Nationality: American

Famous: Gangsters American Men

Died At Age: 34

Sun Sign: Leo

Also Known As: Arthur Simon Flegenheimer

Born Country: United States

Born in: The Bronx, New York, United States

Famous as: Gangster

Family:

Spouse/Ex-: Frances Flegenheimer (m. 1932–1935)

father: Herman Flegenheimer

mother: Emma (Neu) Flegenheimer

siblings: Helen Ursprung

children: Anne Davis Flegenheimer, John David Flegenheimer

Died on: October 24, 1935

place of death: Newark

Continue Reading Below

Dutch Schultz was a gangster in the Bronx, New York City, who operated during the 1920s and 1930s. Born as Arthur Flegenheimer, he was of German-Jewish-American descent. He made a huge fortune out of organized crimes that included bootlegging and the numbers racket in Harlem. He started committing crimes like burglary when he was just a teenager. However, he was caught while stealing from an apartment and taken to prison on Blackwell’s Island. This is believed to be the first and only time Dutch was ever arrested. Over the years, he managed to create an entire criminal network based on bootlegging, illegal gambling and murders. His friends named him “Dutch Schultz” after an earlier gangster, who was known for his brutality. Mobster Legs Diamond was one of his biggest enemies. In the beginning, most of his criminal activities were only in and around the Bronx area, the same place where he grew up. However, he later realized that Manhattan was a more lucrative place for his criminal activities. Thus began his rivalry with Legs Diamond, a powerful Irish mobster who was already operating there. Dutch did not take long to establish himself as a dreaded mobster and soon started making millions of dollars every year. It is believed that he had treasures in Phoenicia, New York, and many people continue to look for it even today.

Recommended Lists:

Recommended Lists:

Childhood & Early Life
Recommended Lists:

Recommended Lists:

Top
Criminal Life
  • Dutch worked at a local night club that was owned by a small-time mobster. He started off with burglary and was caught during the act while breaking into an apartment. He went to a prison in Blackwell's Island, now called Roosevelt Island. He was 18 at that time.
  • On 8 December 1920, Dutch was released on parole and worked with Schultz Trucking, a shipping company. However, they were involved in smuggling liquor and beer into New York City from Canada.
  • Dutch started interacting with a lot of criminals. He began working for Italian mobsters after leaving Schultz Trucking following a disagreement.
Top
Bootlegging Empire
  • In the late 1920s, Dutch Schultz created a bootlegging business and was a supplier of speakeasies all over New York. The other gangsters in the area were forced to buy alcohol from him and he gave a tough time to his competitors.
  • This marked the beginning of his huge criminal empire and he was at loggerheads with mobsters like Legs Diamond and Vincent "Mad Dog" Coll. Diamond and Coll were killed by Schultz's henchmen in 1931 and 1932, respectively.
  • Dutch started getting involved in the Harlem numbers racket and made millions per year. He extorted money from local unions and this paved the way for his gambling operations at casinos.
Top
Multiple Indictments
  • Dutch expanded his illegal operations by including a policy racket that was similar to lottery. In 1933, the authorities started taking notice of his illicit business and he was indicted on a tax charge. He also spent months in hiding before surrendering in November 1934.
  • Dutch was tried twice for income tax evasion in 1935. His first trial resulted in a hung jury, and he was acquitted in the second case. His business started deteriorating due to these trials.
  • New York special prosecutor Thomas E. Dewey took a special interest in Dutch's case and wanted to put him behind bars for his illicit business. In October 1935, he was indicted on federal tax charges.
  • Schultz wanted to kill Dewey for giving him so many legal problems. However, before that could happen, other gangsters who felt nervous about this move decided to kill Schultz instead.
Top
Personal Life
  • Details of his personal life are shrouded in mystery. According to some sources, he was married to a woman called Frances Flegenheimer. He reportedly had other “wives” as well.
Top
Death
  • On October 23, 1935, Schultz and four of his men were gunned down at a restaurant in Newark, New Jersey. He was killed by Murder, Inc. members Charles Workman and Mendy Weiss. Dutch was shot once, below the heart, while he was in the restroom.
  • He somehow survived the initial attack and made his way to the restaurant table. An ambulance had arrived by then, and he was given brandy to ease the pain as they didn’t have any pain-relief medicines with them.
  • He was taken to the hospital but he succumbed to his injuries the following day, October 24, 1935. Dutch was given the last rites on his deathbed. He is buried in a Catholic cemetery in New York City as he had converted to Roman Catholicism shortly before his death.
Top

See the events in life of Dutch Schultz in Chronological Order

How To Cite

Article Title
- Dutch Schultz Biography
Author
- Editors, TheFamousPeople.com
Website
- TheFamousPeople.com
URL
https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/dutch-schultz-10215.php
Dutch Schultz

People Also Viewed

Michael Franzese
(American)
 
Buck Barrow
(American)
 
Joseph Valachi
(American)
 
Frank Costello
(American)
 

Mickey Cohen
(American)
 
Joseph Colombo
(American)
 
Nicodemo Scarfo
(American)
 
Salvatore Maranzano
(American)