Bindeshwar Pathak Biography
(Founder of Sulabh International)
Birthday: April 2, 1943 (Aries)
Born In: Rampur, Bihar, India
Bindeshwar Pathak is an Indian social reformer who founded Sulabh International, a nonprofit organization that works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation, non-conventional sources of energy, waste management and social reforms. His pioneering work, especially in the field of sanitation and hygiene, has earned him various national and international awards. Born into a Brahmin family in Bihar, India, he grew up witnessing several instances of abuse and discrimination meted out to people belonging to so-called “lower” castes. As a young college student, he joined the Bhangi-Mukti (scavengers’ liberation) Cell of the Bihar Gandhi Centenary Celebrations Committee which further exposed him to the plight of the scavenging community in India. Disturbed by the experience, he resolved to do something to change the situation and proceeded to found the Sulabh International Social Service Organization. It was a social initiative to eliminate the dehumanizing practice of manual scavenging while providing hygienic toilet facilities and sustainable waste management to the citizens. He developed a technology of two-pit pour-flush toilet, popularly known as the Sulabh Shauchalaya System which has been declared as one of the Global Best Practices by UN-HABITAT/UNCHS (United Nations Centre for Human Settlements). In addition, he has also made vital contributions in the areas of bio-energy and bio-fertilizer, liquid and solid waste management, and poverty alleviation.