Benedict of Nursia Biography
(Italian Christian Monk, Writer, Theologian and Founder of Western Christian Monasticism)
Birthday: March 3, 480 (Pisces)
Born In: Norcia, Italy
Benedict of Nursia (modern-day Norcia) is regarded as a Christian patron saint of Europe (proclaimed by Pope Paul VI) and the father of Western monasticism. He is venerated by the 'Catholic Church,' the 'Eastern Orthodox Church,' the 'Oriental Orthodox Churches,' the 'Anglican Communion,' and 'Old Catholic Churches.' He was the founder of the 'Benedictine' monastery and 12 communities for monks in Subiaco. The ‘Rule of St. Benedict’ is now widely regarded as the base of thousands of religious communities of the Middle Ages. History remembers him for his contribution to the rise of monasticism in the West. Most of what we know about Benedict has been sourced either from a short poem by Mark of Monte Cassino or the second volume of the four-book 'Dialogues' (possibly written between 593 and 594 AD) by Pope Gregory I (which is again a disputed work). Moreover, Gregory focused more on Benedict's spiritual side than on his life.