Famous Pakistani Intellectuals & Academics

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 1 
Abul A'la Maududi
(Philosopher)
Abul A'la Maududi
9
Birthdate: September 25, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Aurangabad, India
Died: September 22, 1979

Islamic scholar and philosopher Abul A'la Maududi was born into an elite Aurangabad family. He grew up to be fundamentalist who believed Islam should be free of Western influences and launched the Jama╩┐at-i Islami. Though an important figure in Pakistani politics, he was also imprisoned for a while for opposing the government.

 2 
Jon Elia
(Linguist, Philosopher, Poet, Literary critic)
Jon Elia
3
Birthdate: December 14, 1931
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Amroha
Died: November 8, 2002

Jon Elia was a poet, biographer, philosopher, and scholar. Best remembered for his unconventional ways, Elia is widely regarded as one of the most important modern Urdu poets. Apart from writing in Urdu, Jon Elia was also fluent in several other languages including Sanskrit, Hebrew, English, and Persian.

 3 
Muhammad Iqbal
(One of the Most Important Figures in Urdu and Persian Literature)
Muhammad Iqbal
5
Birthdate: November 9, 1877
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sialkot, Pakistan
Died: April 21, 1938

Muhammad Iqbal was a Scholar, poet, and politician. Born in British India (present-day Pakistan), Iqbal's poetry in Persian and Urdu languages is regarded as one of the greatest of the modern era. Also an influential politician, Muhammad Iqbal's vision of an independent Muslim state helped inspire the creation of Pakistan where he is recognized as the national poet.

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 4 
Hina Rabbani Khar
(Diplomat, Politician, Entrepreneur, Economist)
Hina Rabbani Khar
7
Birthdate: November 19, 1977
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Multan

Hina Rabbani Khar is a Pakistani politician who became the first woman and the youngest person to serve as the Foreign Minister of Pakistan; she was in the office from 2011 to 2013. Prior to serving as the Foreign Minister, Hina Rabbani Khar also became the first female politician to present the national budget in 2009 while serving as the Minister of Finance of Pakistan.   

 5 
Javed Iqbal
Javed Iqbal
5
Birthdate: October 8, 1956
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lahore
Died: October 8, 2001

Javed Iqbal was a Pakistani serial killer who sexually abused and killed 100 young boys between the ages of 6 and 16. He confessed to the killings and was subsequently arrested and sentenced to death. However, he committed suicide by hanging before the sentence could be carried out. His life inspired a film which has been banned by the government.

 6 
Javed Ahmad Ghamidi
(Theologian who is founding President of Al-Mawrid Institute of Islamic Sciences)
Javed Ahmad Ghamidi
3
Birthdate: April 7, 1952
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Pakistan

Javed Ahmad Ghamidi is a Pakistani Muslim theologian, Islamic modernist, Quran scholar, and educationist. He is also the founding president of the Islamic research institute Al-Mawrid Institute of Islamic Sciences and its sister organization Danish Sara. Currently, he is the principal research fellow of the Ghamidi Center of Islamic Learning in the United States.  

 7 
Javid Iqbal
(Philosopher)
Javid Iqbal
4
Birthdate: October 5, 1924
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Sialkot, Pakistan
Died: October 3, 2015

Javid Iqbal was a Pakistani philosopher whose publications on modern Islamic philosophy and the philosophy of law in national and international journals earned international acclaim. Javid Iqbal also served as the Lahore High Court's Chief Justice from 1982 to 1986. From 1986 to 1989, he served as the Senior Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.

 8 
Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi
(Former author, Founder of Messiah Foundation International)
Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi
2
Birthdate: November 25, 1941
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Pakistan

A prominent Pakistani spiritual leader, Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi pioneered movements such as RAGS International, later renamed the Messiah Foundation International. He also penned numerous books, such as Deen-e-Ilahi, or The Religion of God, and Taryaq e Qalb, the latter being a book on Sufi poems.

 9 
Meher Ali Shah
Meher Ali Shah
3

Meher Ali Shah was a Sufi scholar best remembered as the leader of the anti-Ahmadiyya movement. A prolific writer, Shah's Saif e Chishtiyai which criticizes Mirza Ghulam Ahmad's Ahmadiyya movement is counted among his best known literary works. In its Sufi saint series in 2013, Pakistan Post released a commemorative postage stamp to pay tribute to Meher Ali Shah.

 10 
Ishaq Dar
(Economist, Financier, Politician)
Ishaq Dar
5
Birthdate: May 13, 1950
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lahore

Ishaq Dar is a Pakistani former politician who served as the Minister of Finance of Pakistan on four occasions between 1998 and 2017. He also served as the Federal Minister for Commerce from 1997 to 1999. Ishaq Dar is also a professional chartered accountant who has worked in several public and private sector organizations.

 11 
Moeed Yusuf
(9th Pakistan National Security Advisor)
Moeed Yusuf
0
Birthplace: Pakistan

Moeed Yusuf is a national security scholar from Pakistan. From 2021 to 2022, he served as the National Security Adviser and worked closely with the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Before joining the government, Moeed Yusuf had taught Political Science at several prestigious institutions like the George Washington University, Boston University, and Lahore University of Management Sciences.

 12 
Ayesha Jalal
(Pakistani-American Historian Who Serves as the Mary Richardson Professor of History at Tufts University)
Ayesha Jalal
3
Birthdate: 1956 AD
Birthplace: Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Ayesha Jalal is a Pakistani-American historian. She currently serves as the Mary Richardson Professor of History at Tufts University. Born in Pakistan, she moved abroad as a young girl and received her doctorate in history from Trinity College at the University of Cambridge before beginning her career as an academic. She received the 1998 MacArthur Foundation Fellowship.  

 13 
Mahbub ul Haq
(Economist, Politician, Financier, Banker)
Mahbub ul Haq
3
Birthdate: February 22, 1934
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Jammu
Died: July 16, 1998

Mahbub ul Haq was a Pakistani economist and international development theorist turned politician. He served as the Minister of Finance of Pakistan from April 1985 to January 1986. He studied at the University of Cambridge in England on a scholarship and received his Ph.D. from Yale University in the United States before returning to Pakistan.   

 14 
Vasubandhu
Vasubandhu
2

Vasubandhu was an Indian Buddhist scholar and monk from Gandhara. A co-founder of the Yogachara school, Vasubandhu is also counted among the Seventeen Nalanda Masters for his contribution to Nalanda university. His commentary on the Abhidharma is widely used in East Asian and Tibetan Buddhism as the most important source for non-Mahayana Abhidharma philosophy.

 15 
Munir Ahmad Khan
(Physicist, Engineer, Theoretical physicist)
Munir Ahmad Khan
3
Birthdate: May 20, 1926
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kasur
Died: April 22, 1999

Munir Ahmad Khan was a Pakistani nuclear physicist. He is also known as the "father of the atomic bomb program" of Pakistan for his role in the development of the country’s nuclear weapons. He served as the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) chairman from 1972 to 1991. He was posthumously honored with the Nishan-i-Imtiaz (Order of Excellence).   

 16 
Israr Ahmed
(Islamic Theologian, Philosopher and Scholar)
Israr Ahmed
7
Birthdate: April 26, 1932
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Haryana, India
Died: April 14, 2010

Israr Ahmed was a Pakistani philosopher, Islamic theologian, and Islamic scholar. He is credited with founding an influential Islamic organization called Tanzeem-e-Islami, which has attracted followers from North America, Western Europe, and Middle East. Many of his books have been translated into various other languages. In 1981, Israr Ahmed was honored with the prestigious Sitara-i-Imtiaz by the President of Pakistan.

 17 
Talib Jauhari
(Shia Scholar, Poet, Historian and Philosopher)
Talib Jauhari
2
Birthdate: August 27, 1929
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Patna, Bihar, India
Died: June 21, 2020

Talib Jauhari was a Pakistani poet, Islamic scholar, historian, and philosopher. Best remembered for his association with the Shia sect of Islam, Jauhari is widely regarded as the most important Shia scholar. Talib Jauhari's contributions earned him the prestigious Sitara-i-Imtiaz from the Government of Pakistan.

 18 
Akhtar Hameed Khan
(Economist)
Akhtar Hameed Khan
1
Birthdate: July 15, 1914
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Agra
Died: October 9, 1999

Akhtar Hameed Khan was a Pakistani social scientist and development practitioner. He advocated for community participation in development and promoted participatory rural development in Pakistan. He is best known for establishing the Comilla Model (1959) for rural development. He was honored with the Ramon Magsaysay Award for his contributions to society. He was multilingual and authored numerous books.  

 19 
Akbar S. Ahmed
(anthropologist, diplomat, writer, university teacher)
Akbar S. Ahmed
1
Birthdate: 1943 AD
Birthplace: Allahabad

Akbar S. Ahmed is a Pakistani-American academic, author, poet, and playwright. He is a professor of international relations at the American University in Washington, D.C., and also holds the Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies. He has been a professor at several North American educational institutions, including Princeton University and Harvard University. He is a recipient of the Tamgha-i-Imtiaz.  

 20 
Ehsan Danish
(Linguist, Poet)
Ehsan Danish
0
Birthdate: February 2, 1914
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kandhla, India
Died: March 22, 1982

Ehsan Danish was a Pakistani poet, linguist, prose writer, scholar, and lexicographer. Widely regarded as one of the best poets, Danish is remembered for his revolutionary poems for the laborers and the oppressed, which earned him the title Shair-e-Mazdoor. In 1978, Ehsan Danish was honored by the President of Pakistan with the prestigious Sitara-e-Imtiaz.