Famous Japanese Prime Ministers

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 1 
Shinzō Abe
(Former Prime Minister of Japan)

Shinzō Abe
7
Birthdate: September 21, 1954
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tokyo

Shinzō Abe is a Japanese politician who became the longest-serving prime minister in the history of Japan after serving as prime minister of Japan from 2006 to 2007 and then from 2012 to 2020. Aged 52 at the time of assuming office as the prime minister, Abe is also the youngest Japanese post-war prime minister.

 2 
Yoshihide Suga
(Prime Minister of Japan)

Yoshihide Suga
6
Birthdate: December 6, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Ogachi District, Akita, Japan
Yoshihide Suga, prime minister of Japan since September 2020, has also served as the longest-serving chief cabinet secretary of his country, under former Japanese PM Shinzo Abe, and as the Japanese minister for internal affairs and communications. The son of strawberry farmer parents, Suga is also a qualified lawyer. 

 3 
Junichiro Koizumi
(Politician)

Junichiro Koizumi
4
Birthdate: January 8, 1942
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan

Born into a family of politicians, Junichiro Koizumi had been the prime minister of his country and a Liberal-Democratic Party leader. The London School of Economics alumnus became hugely popular among the masses for his reforms, such as inclusion of more women in the cabinet and speaking against nuclear weapons.

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 4 
Hideki Tojo
(27th Prime Minister of Japan)

Hideki Tojo
11
Birthdate: December 30, 1884
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kōjimachi, Tokyo, Japan
Died: December 23, 1948

Hideki Tojo headed the Imperial Japanese Army and was the Japanese minister of war, apart from being Japan’s prime minister from 1941 to 1944. His tenure witnessed the attack on Pearl Harbor. After Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers, Tojo was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to death.

 5 
Fumimaro Konoe
(Politician)

Fumimaro Konoe
4
Birthdate: October 12, 1891
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chiyoda-ku
Died: December 16, 1945

Born into the aristocratic Konoe family of Japan, Fumimaro Konoe grew up to become the Japanese prime minister. He led his nation during the second Sino-Japanese War and resigned just before World War II. Suspected of war crimes by the U.S., he eventually committed suicide by consuming potassium cyanide.

 6 
Taro Aso
(Politician)

Taro Aso
4
Birthdate: September 20, 1940
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Iizuka, Fukuoka, Japan

The current Japanese deputy prime minister and finance minister Taro Aso has also previously led the country as its prime minister. The Stanford alumnus is known for making controversial and racist statements. He also gained the nickname His Excellency Rozen for his love for the manga series Rozen Maiden.

 7 
Nobusuke Kishi
(Politician)

Nobusuke Kishi
5
Birthdate: November 13, 1896
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tabuse, Empire of Japan
Died: August 7, 1987

Beginning his career as a civil servant, Nobusuke Kishi entered politics as a vice minister of the Manchukuo government and later served in the Cabinet of Tōjō Hideki. Imprisoned for three years by the Allied Occupation authorities after the war, he eventually became the Prime Minister of Japan. As Prime Minister of Japan, he signed a new U.S.-Japan security treaty.

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 8 
Yasuhiro Nakasone
(Prime Minister of Japan (1982-87))

Yasuhiro Nakasone
4
Birthdate: May 27, 1918
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Takasaki, Gunma, Japan
Died: November 29, 2019

Yasuhiro Nakasone was a Japanese politician. He served as the president of the Liberal Democratic Party and prime minister of Japan from 1982 to 1987. For over five decades Nakasone served as a member of the House of Representatives. He is remembered for his work which helped reinvigorate Japanese nationalism, which plays a major role in the success of Japan.

 9 
Shigeru Yoshida
(Former Prime Minister)

Shigeru Yoshida
3
Birthdate: September 22, 1878
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Died: October 20, 1967

Shigeru Yoshida had been the prime minister of Japan in the face of Allied occupation after World War II. Born to an entrepreneur and a geisha, he had later been adopted by a friend of his father’s. He is best known for the Yoshida Doctrine, which ushered in economic prosperity.

 10 
Yoshihiko Noda
(Politician)

Yoshihiko Noda
4
Birthdate: May 20, 1957
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Funabashi

Born to a paratrooper, Democratic Party leader and former Japanese prime minister Yoshihiko Noda grew up amid abject poverty and was not related to the political elite of Japan. He eventually grew unpopular for his decision to reopen the nuclear plants that had been shut down after the Fukushima disaster.

 11 
Naoto Kan
(Former Prime Minister of Japan)

Naoto Kan
3
Birthdate: October 10, 1946
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ube, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan

Born to a factory manager, Naoto Kan was not related to the Japanese political elite. He grew up to form his own patent company and later became Japan’s prime minister. As the country’s health minister earlier, he had admitted the government’s fault in distributing HIV-tainted blood to patients of hemophilia. 

 12 
Yukio Hatoyama
(Politician, Engineer)

Yukio Hatoyama
3
Birthdate: February 11, 1947
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bunkyō, Tokyo

Born into a family of Japanese politicians that has been compared to the Kennedy family of the U.S., Yukio Hatoyama has served as Japan’s prime minister and as the Democratic Party president. An engineer, who later obtained a PhD from Stanford, he has also taught at a few universities earlier.

 13 
Inukai Tsuyoshi
(Politician, Prime Minister)

Inukai Tsuyoshi
3
Birthdate: June 4, 1855
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Okayama, Japan
Died: May 15, 1932

 14 
Kantarō Suzuki
(Political leader)

Kantarō Suzuki
3
Birthdate: January 18, 1868
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kuze, Izumi, Japan
Died: April 17, 1948

Kantarō Suzuki was the last leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association and the last premier of Japan at the time of World War II, following which he surrendered to the Allied powers. He had previously gained accolades for his role in the Russo-Japanese War and the First Sino-Japanese War.

 15 
Yoshiro Mori
(Prime Minister of Japan (2000-2001))

Yoshiro Mori
3
Birthdate: July 14, 1937
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nomi, Ishikawa, Japan
Tokyo Olympics head Yoshiro Mori shocked everyone with his sexist remark stating women members of the Japanese Olympic Committee talk too much. While the comment led to his resignation from the committee, he wasn’t liked for his inappropriate comments he made back when he was the prime minister either.

 16 
Yamagata Aritomo
(Politician, Military personnel)

Yamagata Aritomo
3
Birthdate: June 14, 1838
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hagi
Died: February 1, 1922

 17 
Kuniaki Koiso
(Politician, Military personnel)

Kuniaki Koiso
3
Birthdate: March 22, 1880
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Utsunomiya
Died: November 3, 1950

Kuniaki Koiso had served as Japan’s prime minister during the final stages of World War II but died in prison after being convicted of war crimes. Born into a family of samurai descendants, he grew up to become an army general. He had also been the governor general of Korea.

 18 
Yasuo Fukuda
(Politician, Economist)

Yasuo Fukuda
3
Birthdate: July 16, 1936
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Takasaki

Born to former Prime Minister Takeo Fukudu, Yasuo Fukuda worked at a petroleum company before entering political arena as his father’s political secretary. Later he served as chief cabinet secretary to two more prime ministers before being elected to the position himself. He pledged to improve Japan’s relationship with China and North Korea; but resigned out of frustration a year later.

 19 
Kakuei Tanaka
(Politician)

Kakuei Tanaka
3
Birthdate: May 4, 1918
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nishiyama, Japan
Died: December 16, 1993

Born to a poor cattle dealer, Kakuei Tanaka started his own construction firm after quitting school at 15. After gaining immense wealth as a businessman, he stepped into politics and rose through the ranks to become the prime minister of Japan. He eventually resigned amid a bribery scandal.

 20 
Morihiro Hosokawa
(Politician)

Morihiro Hosokawa
3
Birthdate: January 14, 1938
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan

Founder of the Nihon Shintō, or the Japan New Party, Morihiro Hosokawa was born into a political family and was a descendant of the Japanese royalty, the Kumamoto-Hosokawa clan. A qualified lawyer, he had also worked as a journalist before stepping into politics. He later resigned amid bribery charges.

 21 
Eisaku Satō
(Politician)

Eisaku Satō
3
Birthdate: March 27, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Tabuse, Yamaguchi, Japan
Died: June 3, 1975

Nobel Peace Prize-winning Japanese prime minister Eisaku Satō is remembered for his stance against nuclear weapons, which led Japan to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. While he improved trade with China, he was also criticized for letting the U.S. army stay in Okinawa even after its return to Japan.

 22 
Tomiichi Murayama
(Politician)

Tomiichi Murayama
3
Birthdate: March 3, 1924
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Oita, Ōita Prefecture, Japan

 23 
Uno Sōsuke
(Politician)

Uno Sōsuke
3
Birthdate: August 27, 1922
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Shiga, Japan
Died: May 19, 1998

Son of a brewer from Moriyama, Sōsuke Uno was a martial arts champion in school. He later served the Japanese army in World War II, before stepping into politics and eventually becoming the prime minister of Japan. He resigned in the wake of a scandal involving a geisha.

 24 
Noboru Takeshita
(Politician)

Noboru Takeshita
2
Birthdate: February 26, 1924
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Shimane, Japan
Died: June 19, 2000

The son of a brewer, Noboru Takeshita had initially been a high-school teacher. He later stepped into politics and joined the Liberal Democratic Party, eventually becoming the prime minister of Japan. He was forced to resign following his involvement in a corruption and insider trading scandal.

 25 
Keizo Obuchi
(Prime Minister)

Keizo Obuchi
2
Birthdate: June 25, 1937
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Gunma Prefecture
Died: May 14, 2000

After graduating in English literature, Keizo Obuchi stepped into his father’s shoes, becoming the youngest legislator in the Japanese parliament. His short-sighted policies are largely held responsible for Japan’s economic failure in his time. In his youth, he went on a world tour, taking up odd jobs, such as dishwashing.

 26 
Mitsumasa Yonai
(Politician,Prime Minister)

Mitsumasa Yonai
2
Birthdate: March 2, 1880
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Morioka, Iwate Prefecture, Japan
Died: April 20, 1948

 27 
Takahashi Korekiyo
(Politician, Accountant, Economist)

Takahashi Korekiyo
2
Birthdate: July 27, 1854
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Edo
Died: February 26, 1936

Born an illegitimate son of an official painter of the shogunate, Takahashi Korekiyo was later adopted by a samurai. He went to the U.S. and worked there for a while, before returning to Japan. He eventually stepped into politics and later became the prime minister of Japan.

 28 
Ryutaro Hashimoto
(Politician)

Ryutaro Hashimoto
2
Birthdate: July 29, 1937
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Soja, Okayama, Japan
Died: July 1, 2006

Born to a cabinet minister, Ryutaro Hashimoto followed in his father’s footsteps and joined politics. The Liberal-Democratic Party member later became the prime minister of Japan. His financial reforms ended up worsening the Japanese recession, and he eventually resigned. He also chaired the UN advisory board on Water and Sanitation.

 29 
Shidehara Kijūrō
(Prime minister of Japan)

Shidehara Kijūrō
2
Birthdate: September 13, 1872
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ōsaka, Japan
Died: March 10, 1951

Kijūrō Shidehara had briefly been the prime minister of Japan after World War II. He was famous for his Shidehara diplomacy, or foreign policy, that stressed on maintaining peace. He was part of the Washington Conference. He was later criticized by leftists for his family association with the Mitsubishi group.

 30 
Terauchi Masatake
(Military Officer)

Terauchi Masatake
2
Birthdate: February 5, 1852
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi, Japan
Died: November 3, 1919

Born Tada Jusaburō, Terauchi Masatake changed his name after being adopted by the Terauchi family. He was the army minister for a decade and later became the prime minister of Japan. Known for its aggressive foreign policies, his government collapsed when riots broke out over a rice shortage in Tokyo.

 31 
Nobuyuki Abe
(Prime Minister)

Nobuyuki Abe
2
Birthdate: November 24, 1875
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan
Died: September 7, 1953

 32 
Ikeda Hayato
(Prime minister of Japan)

Ikeda Hayato
2
Birthdate: December 3, 1899
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hiroshima, Japan
Died: August 13, 1965

A graduate from Kyōto Imperial University law school, Ikeda Hayato began his career in the Ministry of Finance. He later entered politics to become Minister of Finance and eventually the Prime Minister of Japan.  Today he is remembered not only for his Income Doubling Plan, which led to phenomenal economic growth, but also for trying to repair the US-Japan relationship.  

 33 
Ichirō Hatoyama
(Prime Minister)

Ichirō Hatoyama
2
Birthdate: January 1, 1883
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
Died: March 7, 1959

Born to a Yale graduate father and an author mother, Ichirō Hatoyama grew up to become the Japanese prime minister. Initially, he clashed with the military for his Western ways and means. He was the first Japanese politician to use radio and TV as means of political campaigns.

 34 
Saionji Kinmochi
(Prime Minister of Japan from 1906 to 1908 and from 1911 to 1912)

Saionji Kinmochi
2
Birthdate: December 7, 1849
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kyoto, Japan
Died: November 24, 1940

Born into nobility, Saionji Kinmochi came to prominence early in his life when he took part in the Meiji Restoration. He later entered politics and eventually rose to become the Prime Minister of Japan. During his reign, he tried to curtail military expenditure and keep the cabinet under party control. He wielded a moderating influence in Japanese politics even after retirement.

 35 
Kiichi Miyazawa
(Politician)

Kiichi Miyazawa
2
Birthdate: October 8, 1919
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Fukuyama, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan
Died: June 28, 2007

Born into a political family, Kiichi Miyazawa grew up to graduate in law and then stepped into politics. He became the prime minister of Japan and also held important portfolios such as agriculture and finance. His political career, like those of many other Japanese politicians, was plagued by bribery scandals.

 36 
Toshiki Kaifu
(Politician)

Toshiki Kaifu
2
Birthdate: January 2, 1931
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Born to a photography studio owner in Nagoya City, Toshiki Kaifu grew up to be the prime minister of Japan. The Liberal-Democratic Party member has also held important portfolios such as the ministry of education. He was the first major political leader to visit China after the Tiananmen Square massacre.

 37 
Tetsu Katayama
(Prime Minister,politician)

Tetsu Katayama
2
Birthdate: July 28, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan
Died: May 30, 1978

 38 
Hara Takashi
(Prime Minister of Japan from 1918 to 1921)

Hara Takashi
2
Birthdate: March 15, 1856
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Morioka, Iwate, Japan
Died: November 4, 1921

Former journalist and diplomat, Hara Takashi entered politics as the secretary-general of the newly founded Rikken Seiyūkai (Friends of Constitutional Government Party). He eventually rose to become the first commoner Prime Minister of Japan. However, some of his policies, including his refusal to support universal suffrage, antagonized many, leading to his assassination.

 39 
Katsura Taro
(Politician)

Katsura Taro
2
Birthdate: January 4, 1848
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hagi, Yamaguchi, Japan
Died: October 10, 1913

Three-time Japanese prime minister Katsura Taro supported the imperialists in the Meiji Restoration. He was the deputy army minister during the Sino-Japanese War. Though initially opposed to the concept of political parties and was elected as a military candidate, he later launched his own party, Rikken Dōshikai.

 40 
Okuma Shigenobu
(Prime Minister)

Okuma Shigenobu
2
Birthdate: March 11, 1838
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saga
Died: January 10, 1922

Although an important member of the Japanese Meiji oligarchy, Kōshaku (Marquess) Ōkuma Shigenobu was a centrist and a supporter of western ideas and science. His campaign for a parliamentary system of governance led to political reforms in Japan. As a foreign minister, he modernized the country’s fiscal system.  A two-time Prime Minister, he was also the founder of Waseda University

 41 
Yamamoto Gonnohyōe
(Prime minister)

Yamamoto Gonnohyōe
2
Birthdate: November 26, 1852
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kagoshima, Japan
Died: December 8, 1933

 42 
Hata Tsutomu
(Politician)

Hata Tsutomu
2
Birthdate: August 24, 1935
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan
Died: August 28, 2017

Born to an affluent landowner and politician, Hata Tsutomu initially worked with the Odakyu bus company. The Liberal-Democratic Party member later grew tired of the sluggish pace of the party and established the Japan Renewal Party. He became the prime minister of Japan, but only for 9 weeks.

 43 
Takeo Fukuda
(Politician)

Takeo Fukuda
2
Birthdate: January 14, 1905
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Gunma, Japan
Died: July 5, 1995

Takeo Fukuda was born into a family of farmers who had descended from samurais. He entered politics after graduating in law and slowly rose up the ranks to be the prime minister of Japan. He is best remembered for The Fukuda Doctrine, which focused on improving Japan’s relations with its neighbors.

 44 
Saitō Makoto
(Political leader)

Saitō Makoto
2
Birthdate: October 27, 1858
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Isawa District, Iwate, Japan
Died: February 26, 1936

Japanese naval officer Saitō Makoto had initially worked as a naval attaché in the U.S. He later served as the governor of Korea and the minister of the Japanese navy, eventually becoming the prime minister of Japan. He was assassinated by members of the February 26 rebellion in 1936.

 45 
Takeo Miki
(Politician)

Takeo Miki
2
Birthdate: March 17, 1907
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Awa, Tokushima, Japan
Died: November 14, 1988

Born to a landowner, Takeo Miki graduated in law and then became the prime minister of Japan. He wished to transform the image of his party, the Liberal Democratic Party, and thus pushed for an inquiry on Kakuei Tanaka’s bribery scandal. He had also initiated the Seattle Cherry Blossom Festival.

 46 
Tanaka Giichi
(Politician)

Tanaka Giichi
2
Birthdate: June 22, 1864
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Abu District, Yamaguchi, Japan
Died: September 29, 1929

Japanese army general Tanaka Giichi had shown his interest in politics quite early, when at age 13, he participated in the Hagi Rebellion. The Rikken Seiyūkai member later became the prime minister of Japan and adopted an aggressive foreign policy toward China, leading to China developing anti-Japanese sentiments.

 47 
Masayoshi Ōhira
(Politician)

Masayoshi Ōhira
2
Birthdate: March 12, 1910
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kanonji, Kagawa, Japan
Died: June 12, 1980

A converted Christian from Kan'onji, Masayoshi Ōhira grew up to work in the finance ministry and then served as the prime minister of Japan. He improved Japan’s relations with Korea and China but, unfortunately, died in office, during an election campaign in the wake of a no-confidence motion.

 48 
Zenkō Suzuki
(Politician)

Zenkō Suzuki
2
Birthdate: January 11, 1911
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Iwate, Japan
Died: July 19, 2004

The son of a fisherman, Zenkō Suzuki studied fisheries and worked with the Japan Fisheries Association, before joining politics. He later became the prime minister of Japan and propagated politics of harmony. He was criticized for modifying textbooks to dilute the reality of Japan’s aggression against China.

 49 
Osachi Hamaguchi
(Politician)

Osachi Hamaguchi
2
Birthdate: April 1, 1870
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kōchi, Japan
Died: August 26, 1931

Osachi Hamaguchi, called the Lion Prime Minister due to his dignified appearance, had been the Japanese prime minister during the beginning of the Great Depression. To deal with inflation, he had maintained the yen at the gold standard, but that proved disastrous. He died of wounds sustained at an assassination attempt.

 50 
Keisuke Okada
(Politician)

Keisuke Okada
2
Birthdate: January 20, 1868
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Fukui, Fukui, Japan
Died: October 7, 1952

Japanese navy admiral Keisuke Okada was born to a former samurai family and later grew up to be the prime minister of Japan. He was a moderate voice and tried to reduce the influence of military extremists in Japan. He also advocated for peace with the Allies during World War II.