Famous Italian Critics & Connoisseurs

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 1 
Guido of Arezzo
(Italian Pedagogue and Music Theorist Who Invented the Modern Staff Notation)
Guido of Arezzo
4
Birthdate: 0991 AD
Birthplace: Arezzo, Italy
Died: 1033 AD

Guido of Arezzo was an Italian pedagogue and music theorist of High medieval music. He is often credited with inventing the modern staff notation, which later gave rise to Western musical notation. Among his treatises, Micrologus, was one of the most widely circulated medieval treatise on music.

 2 
Cesare Pavese
(A Very Influential Italian Novelist, Poet and Short story writer)
Cesare Pavese
3
Birthdate: September 9, 1908
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Santo Stefano Belbo, Italy
Died: August 27, 1950

Italian author Cesare Pavese is remembered for his themes of gloom and loneliness and for his protagonists who were often loners. His prolonged fight with fascists and the failure of his affair with actor Constance Dowling led him to commit suicide by consuming sleeping pills in a Turin hotel.

 3 
Lorenzo Valla
(Former critic best known for his historical-critical textual analysis that proved that the Donation of Constantine was a forgery)
Lorenzo Valla
3
Birthdate: 1407 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: August 1, 1457
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 4 
Renata Adler
(American Author, Journalist, and Film Critic )
Renata Adler
3
Birthdate: October 19, 1938
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan, Italy

Renata Adler is an author, journalist, and film critic who has been a staff writer-reporter for The New Yorker. She studied comparative literature at Harvard University and later received a J.D. from Yale Law School. Despite not being much knowledgeable about films, she became a film critic for The New York Times. She has also written many books. 

 5 
Giosuè Carducci
(Poet, Writer and Journalist)
Giosuè Carducci
3
Birthdate: July 27, 1835
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Pietrasanta, Italy
Died: February 16, 1907

Giosuè Carducci was an Italian poet, literary critic, teacher, and writer. Widely regarded as the national poet of modern Italy, Carducci was a very influential figure. He became the first Italian to be honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature in 1906. Carducci was also a translator and is responsible for translating some of Heine and Goethe into Italian.

 6 
Remo Giazotto
(Musicologist)
Remo Giazotto
3
Birthdate: September 4, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: August 26, 1998
 7 
Giovanni Papini
(Journalist)
Giovanni Papini
3
Birthdate: January 9, 1881
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: July 8, 1956
 8 
Giuseppe Ungaretti
(Italian Modernist Poet, Academic & Author)
Giuseppe Ungaretti
0
Birthdate: February 8, 1888
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: June 2, 1970

Giuseppe Ungaretti was an Italian poet, essayist, journalist, academic, and critic. One of the most important contributors to Italian literature during the 20th century, Ungaretti was honored with the first Neustadt International Prize for Literature in 1970. He is credited with popularizing hermetic poetry, a form of difficult and obscure poetry.

 9 
Ennio Flaiano
(Screenwriter)
Ennio Flaiano
2
Birthdate: March 5, 1910
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Pescara, Italy
Died: November 20, 1972
 10 
Francesco Algarotti
2
Birthdate: December 11, 1712
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: May 3, 1764
 11 
Giovanni Morelli
(Italian Art Critic Whose Methods of Direct Study Established the Foundation of Subsequent Art Criticism)
Giovanni Morelli
2
Birthdate: February 25, 1816
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: February 28, 1891

Born to Swiss parents in Italy, Giovanni Morelli later studied medicine in Switzerland and Germany, but never practiced. A connoisseur of arts, he established himself as an art historian and collector. He also dabbled in politics and passed an act forbidding the sale of artwork from public or religious institutions.

 12 
Germano Celant
(Art historian)
Germano Celant
2
Birthdate: September 11, 1940
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: April 29, 2020

An influential art historian, critic, and curator, Germano Celant is known for coining the term, Arte Povera to describe the radically economical art of some post WWII Italian artists. Beginning his career with Geneva based art magazine Marcatrè, he eventually become the curator of New York’s Guggenheim museum and Director of Milan’s Prada Foundation, concurrently authoring many books on art.

 13 
Carlo Lizzani
(Film Director)
Carlo Lizzani
2
Birthdate: April 3, 1922
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: October 5, 2013
 14 
Mario Praz
(Critic)
Mario Praz
2
Birthdate: September 6, 1896
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 23, 1982
 15 
Gregor von Rezzori
2
Birthdate: May 13, 1914
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Chernivtsi, Ukraine
Died: April 23, 1998

While he initially studied mining, medicine, and architecture, Gregor von Rezzori eventually graduated in arts. Fluent in several languages, he had a successful stint as a journalist and became known for both for his light novels and the more poignant ones such as Memoirs of an Anti-Semite.

 16 
Giorgio Caproni
1
Birthdate: January 7, 1912
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Livorno, Italy
Died: January 22, 1990
 17 
Niccolò de' Niccoli
2
Birthdate: 1364 AD
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 22, 1437
 18 
Francesco De Sanctis
(Literary critic)
Francesco De Sanctis
1
Birthdate: March 28, 1817
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Morra De Sanctis, Italy
Died: December 29, 1883
 19 
Giovanni de' Bardi
(Literary Critic)
Giovanni de' Bardi
1
Birthdate: February 5, 1534
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: October 31, 1612
 20 
Giorgio Manganelli
(Journalist)
Giorgio Manganelli
1
Birthdate: November 15, 1922
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: May 28, 1990
 21 
Lodovico Castelvetro
1
Birthdate: 1505 AD
Birthplace: Modena, Italy
Died: February 21, 1571
 22 
Sebastiano Timpanaro
0
Birthdate: September 5, 1923
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Parma, Italy
Died: November 26, 2000
 23 
Anna Banti
(Writer)
Anna Banti
1
Birthdate: June 27, 1895
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: September 2, 1985
 24 
Scipione Maffei
1
Birthdate: June 1, 1675
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: February 11, 1755
 25 
Marco Santagata
1
Birthdate: April 28, 1947
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Zocca, Italy
Died: November 9, 2020
 26 
Lucius Aelius Stilo Praeconinus
0
Birthdate: 0154 AD
Birthplace: Lanuvium, Italy
Died: 0074 AD
Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle
0
Birthdate: January 22, 1819
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Legnago, Italy
Died: October 31, 1897
 28 
Gasparo Gozzi
0
Birthdate: December 4, 1713
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: December 26, 1786
 29 
Emilio Cecchi
(Literary Critic)
Emilio Cecchi
0
Birthdate: July 14, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Died: September 5, 1966
 30 
Vito Pandolfi
(Director)
Vito Pandolfi
0
Birthdate: December 24, 1917
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Forte dei Marmi, Italy
Died: March 19, 1974