Famous Israeli Spiritual & Religious Leaders

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 1 
Jeremiah
(Prophet)
Jeremiah
4
Birthdate: 0655 BC
Birthplace: Anathoth
Died: 0586 BC

Jeremiah was one of the major prophets, according to the Hebrew Bible. As per Jewish tradition, he authored the Book of Lamentations, the Books of Kings, and the Book of Jeremiah. According to Judaism, Jeremiah is the second of the major prophets and the Book of Jeremiah is often considered a part of the religion's canon.

 2 
Ezekiel
(Prophet)
Ezekiel
4
Birthdate: 0622 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem
Died: 0570 BC

The Book of Ezekiel, or The Prophecy of Ezechiel, of the Hebrew Bible talks about Ezekiel, the prophet. He is said to have lived near the Chebar River during the Babylonian Captivity. In about 592 BC, Ezekiel received a religious call, having viewed the “throne-chariot” of God in a vision.

 3 
Thomas the Apostle
5
Birthplace: Galilee, Israel
Died: December 21, 0072

Thomas the Apostle was one of Jesus Christ's Twelve Apostles, according to the New Testament. He is often called Doubting Thomas as he doubted Jesus' resurrection. Widely considered the patron saint of India, Thomas is believed to have traveled to present-day Kerala, where Christianity is a major religion. Hence, he is credited with popularizing the religion in South India.

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 4 
Samson
(Judge)
Samson
4
Birthplace: Zorah

Mentioned in the biblical Book of Judges, Samson was an Israelite warrior, known for his long hair, which was the reason behind his superhuman strength. He had killed a lion with his bare hands but was eventually betrayed by his lover, Delilah, who cut his hair while he slept.

 5 
Nicodemus
(Religious Leader)
Nicodemus
4

Nicodemus was a member of the Sanhedrin who finds mention in the Gospel of John. According to the gospel, Nicodemus provides the embalming spices required to prepare the body of Jesus for burial after the Crucifixion of Jesus. He is venerated as a saint in the Catholic Church and in the various Eastern Churches.

 6 
Saint Stephen
5
Birthdate: 0005 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0036 AD
Saint Stephen is considered Christianity’s first martyr. The Acts of the Apostles of the New Testament mention him as the deacon of the Church at Jerusalem who created enmity among various synagogues. He was eventually stoned to death after he denounced the Jewish leaders in a speech.
 7 
Abraham
(Religious Leader)
Abraham
3
Birthplace: Ur Kaśdim, Mesopotamia

Abraham is an important historical character, considered one of the fathers of the human race by the Abrahamic religions, including Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. Abrahamic religions believe that Abraham was in contact with God; his story and life events have inspired several important paintings, sculptures, works of literature, and music.

 8 
Mary, Mother of Jesus
(Mother of Jesus)
Mary, Mother of Jesus
4
Birthdate: September 8, 0018
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nazareth

The mother of Jesus Christ and the wife of Joseph, Mary, also known as the Virgin Mary, finds mention in both the New Testament and the Quran. Though most Catholic scholars believe in traditional Marian dogmas, Protestants have often argued, questioning ideas such as the Assumption of Mary.

 9 
Esau
(Isaac's Son)
Esau
4
Birthplace: Canaan

Esau, who finds mention in the Hebrew Bible, was the elder son of Isaac. Apart from The Book of Genesis, he is also mentioned in The New Testament. Esau was rough and hairy, and had become a hunter, whereas his twin Jacob was a simple man.

 10 
Samuel
(Is a figure who, in the narratives of the Hebrew Bible, plays a key role in the transition from the period of the biblical judges)
Samuel
4
Birthdate: 1070 BC
Birthplace: Ramathaim-Zophim
Died: 1012 BC
 11 
Meir Kahane
(Politician, Rabbi, Journalist)
Meir Kahane
5
Birthdate: August 1, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brooklyn
Died: November 5, 1990

Born in Brooklyn, New York, Meir Kahane was an Israeli rabbi, best remembered as the founder of the Kach Party. He moved to Israel after being imprisoned for alleged militant activities. Though he acquired a seat in the Israeli parliament, his party was banned for its racist nature.

 12 
Isaiah
(Judean Prophet)
Isaiah
5
Birthdate: 0800 BC
Birthplace: Kingdom of Judah
Died: 0700 BC

Israelite prophet Isaiah is mentioned in the Book of Isaiah of the Bible. Some believe the 8th-century prophet had written all the 66 chapters of the Book of Isaiah, while others believe two separate portions were written by two people. He also finds mention in Judaism and Islam.

 13 
Leah
(Daughter of Laban)
Leah
4
 14 
John The Baptist
(Jewish Prophet and Christian Saint)
John The Baptist
0
Birthplace: Herodian Tetrarchy, Roman Empire
Died: 0030 AD

John the Baptist was a 1st century AD Jewish preacher. The Gospels mention John as the forerunner of Jesus, as John announces Jesus's arrival and Jesus describes him as “Elijah who is to come.” It is also believed that John had baptized Jesus. John was eventually beheaded by Herod Antipas.

 15 
Daniel
(Prophet)
Daniel
4
Birthplace: Jerusalem
 16 
Isaac
4
Birthdate: 1896 BC
Birthplace: Canaan
Died: 1716 BC

Isaac, son of Abraham and Sarah, finds mention in the Genesis as one of the three Israelite patriarchs. To test Abraham’s devotion, God had asked him to sacrifice Isaac but had spared his life at the last moment. No historical evidence that could prove his existence has been found yet.

 17 
Saint Matthias
(Religious Leader)
Saint Matthias
3
Birthdate: 0001 AD
Birthplace: Judea
Died: 0080 AD

Saint Matthias was chosen by the disciples of Jesus Christ (the apostles) to replace Judas Iscariot. Matthias was chosen following Judas' betrayal of Jesus. Matthias' calling as an apostle is unique as he was not originally chosen by Jesus Christ.

 18 
Jesse
3
 19 
Amos
(Prophet)
Amos
3
Birthdate: 0800 BC
Birthplace: Tekoa
Died: 0745 BC
 20 
Jehoshaphat
3
Birthdate: 0896 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem
Died: 0849 BC

Jehoshaphat reigned as the fourth king of Judah from 870 to 849 BCE. Jehoshaphat is credited with instituting several reforms, including religious reforms, in the Kingdom of Judah. He is widely regarded as a successful king whose reign was marked by a great measure of prosperity and peace in the kingdom.

 21 
Mary in Islam
(Religious leader)
Mary in Islam
4
Birthdate: 0018 AD
Birthplace: Nazareth, Israel; Judea, Israel; Roman Empire, Ancient Rome
Died: 0033 AD
 22 
Judas Maccabeus
3
Birthplace: Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut
Died: February 29, 0160
 23 
Gamaliel
(Teacher)
Gamaliel
3
Birthdate: 0000
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Gamla
Died: 0052 AD
James, son of Alphaeus
3
Birthplace: Galilee
Died: 0062 AD
 25 
Rabbi Akiva
(Scholar)
Rabbi Akiva
3
Birthdate: 0050 AD
Birthplace: Caesarea, Israel
Died: 0135 AD
 26 
Isaac Luria
3
Birthdate: 1534 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: July 25, 1572

Isaac Luria was a rabbi and Jewish mystic in the community of Safed in Ottoman Syria, now Israel. He is considered the father of contemporary Kabbalah, and his teachings are referred to as Lurianic Kabbalah. He wrote only a few poems and was known to deliver his lectures spontaneously. The Ari Ashkenazi Synagogue was built in his memory.  

 27 
Zephaniah
(Prophet)
Zephaniah
3
Birthplace: Not known
 28 
Ehud
(Biblical Figure)
Ehud
3
Birthplace: Israel
 29 
Abraham Isaac Kook
(rabbi, mystic, Rosh yeshiva)
Abraham Isaac Kook
3
Birthdate: September 7, 1865
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Grīva
Died: September 1, 1935
 30 
Ovadia Yosef
(Rabbi, Posek, Dayan)
Ovadia Yosef
3
Birthdate: September 24, 1920
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Baghdad
Died: October 7, 2013
 31 
Yitzhak Kaduri
3
Birthdate: 1898 AD
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: January 28, 2006
 32 
Pope Theodore I
(Bishop of Rome from 24 November 642)
Pope Theodore I
2
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: May 4, 0649
 33 
Rabbi Meir
(Rabbi)
Rabbi Meir
2
Birthplace: Israel
 34 
Johanan ben Zakkai
2
Birthdate: 0030 AD
Birthplace: Israel
Died: 0090 AD
 35 
Elazar Shach
(Political leader)
Elazar Shach
2
Birthdate: January 1, 1899
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vabalninkas, Lithuania
Died: November 2, 2001
 36 
Isaac Halevi Herzog
(Chief Rabbi)
Isaac Halevi Herzog
2
Birthdate: December 3, 1888
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lomza, Poland
Died: July 25, 1959

The first Chief Rabbi of Ireland, Isaac Halevi Herzog had later also been the Chief Rabbi of Palestine and, later, of Israel. He is remembered for his efforts in merging the traditional Jewish beliefs with modern living requirements. He also made contributions to resolve the Arab–Jewish conflict of Palestine.

 37 
Elisha ben Abuyah
2
Birthdate: 0070 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem
 38 
Simeon of Jerusalem
2
Birthdate: 0014 AD
Birthplace: Galilee, Israel
Died: 0107 AD
 39 
Mordechai Eliyahu
2
Birthdate: March 3, 1929
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: June 7, 2010
 40 
Moses ben Jacob Cordovero
(Religious Leader)
Moses ben Jacob Cordovero
2
Birthdate: 1522 AD
Birthplace: Safed, Israel
Died: June 27, 1570

Moses ben Jacob Cordovero probably belonged to a family that had migrated from Spain to Israel during the Spanish Inquisition. Also known as Ramak, he grew up to be a Galilean rabbi who penned summarized versions of the Kabbalah, such as Elimah rabati. He also taught Kabbalist Isaac Luria.

Yosef Shalom Eliashiv
2
Birthdate: April 10, 1910
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Šiauliai, Lithuania
Died: July 18, 2012
 42 
Amnon Yitzhak
2
Birthdate: November 8, 1953
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ramla, Israel
 43 
Rabbi Ishmael
1
Birthdate: 0090 AD
Birthplace: Israel
Died: 0135 AD
 44 
Gamaliel II
1
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0114 AD
Ḥayyim ben Joseph Vital
1
Birthdate: 1543 AD
Birthplace: Ẕefat, Israel
Died: May 23, 1620
 46 
Menachem Froman
(Religious leader)
Menachem Froman
1
Birthdate: June 1, 1945
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Galilee, Israel
Died: March 4, 2013
 47 
Eleazar ben Azariah
(Religious Leader)
Eleazar ben Azariah
1
Birthplace: Land of Israel
 48 
Moshe Levinger
1
Birthdate: 1935 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: May 16, 2015
 49 
Jason
(High Priest)
Jason
0
Birthplace: Israel
Hesychius of Jerusalem
0
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0433 AD