Famous Iranian Historical Personalities

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Iranian Historical Personalities

 1 Cyrus the Great

Cyrus the Great
7
Famous As: Founder of First Persian Empire
Birthdate: 0590 BC
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0530 BC

Cyrus II, or Cyrus the Great, founded the first Persian empire, the Achaemenid Empire. His kingdom extended from Western Asia to Central Asia. He advocated centralized administration, with the help of local governors. The biblical Edict of Cyrus, named after him, talks about the return of the Jews to Israel.

 2 Esther

Esther
2
Famous As: Queen of the Persian king Ahasuerus
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Nationality: Iranian
Esther from the Book of Esther was a Jewish queen of the Persian king Ahasuerus. While the king’s advisor, Haman, angered by Esther’s cousin, Mordecai, planned to kill all Jews, Esther reversed the plan with the king’s permission. The Jewish festival Purim marks the day the Jews murdered their enemies.

 3 Xerxes I

Xerxes I
6
Famous As: Persian King
Birthdate: 0519 BC
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0466 AD

Xerxes I ruled the Achaemenid Empire from 486 to 465 BC as the fourth King of Kings. During his reign, Xerxes I supervised the completion of several construction projects at Persepolis and Susa. A popular ruler, his life has been adapted into several plays and films; in the 1960 movie Esther and the King, Xerxes is played by Richard Egan.

 4 Nader Shah

Nader Shah
7
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: October 22, 1688
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Iranian
Died: June 19, 1747

Nader Shah reigned over Iran as the Shah of Iran from 1736 until his death in 1747. He is widely regarded as one of the most powerful rulers in the history of Iran. He has also been described as the Napoleon of Persia, thanks to his military genius, which was evident in his several campaigns.

 5 Zoroaster

Zoroaster
2
Famous As: Founder of Zoroastrianism
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Nationality: Iranian
Zoroaster, also known as Zarathustra, was an Iranian spiritual leader who founded the religion Zoroastrianism, which challenged the traditional religious ideas of Ancient Persia. There is no record that states the exact period of his existence with certainty. He is said to have authored the Gathas and the Yasna Haptanghaiti.

 6 Darius the Great

Darius the Great
2
Famous As: King of Persia
Birthdate: 0550 AD
Nationality: Iranian, Persian
Died: September 30, 0487

 7 Cambyses II

Cambyses II
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0559 BC
Nationality: Iranian
Died: June 30, 0522
You May Like

 8 Tomyris

Tomyris
0
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Iranian

 9 Ismail I

Ismail I
4
Famous As: sovereign, poet, writer
Birthdate: July 17, 1487
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Iranian
Died: May 23, 1524

 10 Artaxerxes I of Persia

Artaxerxes I of Persia
2
Famous As: Kings of the Achaemenid Empire
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0424 BC
Son of Xerxes I, Artaxerxes I of Persia, ascended to the throne after commander Artabanus killed his father. When he came to know of the crime, Artaxerxes killed Artabanus in a fight. He was also known as Longimanus, or long-handed, due to right hand being longer than his left.

 11 Xerxes II of Persia

Xerxes II of Persia
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0424 BC

 12 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Shah of Iran
10
Famous As: Last Shah of Iran
Birthdate: October 26, 1919
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Iranian
Died: July 27, 1980

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi served as the last king of Iran from 1941 to 1979. During his reign, Iran witnessed rapid military and industrial modernization and several social and economic reforms. During his rule, Iran also enjoyed a spike in economic growth, surpassing France, England, and the US. However, the Iranian Revolution, which was unusual in many ways, overthrew the king.

 13 Farah Pahlavi

Farah Pahlavi
2
Famous As: Shahbanu
Birthdate: October 14, 1938
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Iranian

Farah Pahlavi was the Shahbanu of Iran from 1961 to 1979, as the wife of Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Though she was not allowed to hold a political role, she worked for many charities and helped found Iran's first American-style university. She has continued her involvement in charity work even after her husband’s death in 1980. 

 14 Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar

Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar
2
Famous As: Shah of Iran
Birthdate: March 14, 1742
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Iranian
Died: June 17, 1797

 15 Naser al-Din Shah Qajar

Naser al-Din Shah Qajar
4
Famous As: King
Birthdate: July 16, 1831
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Iranian
Died: May 1, 1896

 16 Bardiya

Bardiya
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0522 AD

 17 Ghazan

Ghazan
2
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: November 5, 1271
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Iranian
Died: May 11, 1304

 18 Fath-Ali Shah Qajar

Fath-Ali Shah Qajar
2
Famous As: Shah of Qajar Iran
Birthdate: September 25, 1772
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Iranian
Died: October 23, 1834

 19 Antiochus III the Great

Antiochus III the Great
0
Famous As: king
Birthdate: 0241 BC
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0187 BC

 20 Nabonidus

Nabonidus
0
Famous As: king
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Iranian, Turkish
Died: 0539 BC

 21 Yazdegerd III

Yazdegerd III
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0624 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0651 AD

 22 Darius II Ochus

Darius II Ochus
0
Famous As: King of Persia
Birthdate: 0475 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0404 AD

 23 Khosrow I

Khosrow I
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0501 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: January 31, 0579

 24 Artaxerxes III

Artaxerxes III
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0425 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: November 30, 0338

 25 Malik-Shah I

Malik-Shah I
0
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: August 8, 1055
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Iranian
Died: November 19, 1092

 26 Bessus

Bessus
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0329 BC

 27 Tughril

Tughril
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0990 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: September 4, 1063

 28 Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar

Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 23, 1853
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Iranian
Died: January 3, 1907

 29 Cambyses I

Cambyses I
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0600 BC
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0559 BC

 30 Cyaxares

Cyaxares
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0625 BC
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0584 BC

 31 Sogdianus of Persia

Sogdianus of Persia
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Nationality: Iranian, Persian
Died: 0423 BC

 32 Mithridates I of Parthia

Mithridates I of Parthia
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0195 BC
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0132 BC

 33 Shah Rukh

Shah Rukh
0
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: August 20, 1377
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Iranian
Died: March 13, 1447

 34 Bahram V

Bahram V
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0400 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0438 AD

 35 Enmebaragesi

Enmebaragesi
0
Famous As: King of Kish
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 2680 AD

 36 Abbas Mirza

Abbas Mirza
0
Famous As: Military officer
Birthdate: August 20, 1789
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Iranian
Died: October 25, 1833

 37 Karim Khan Zand

Karim Khan Zand
0
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 1705 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: March 1, 1779

 38 Deioces

Deioces
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0710 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0657 AD

 39 Ḥusayn I

Ḥusayn I
2
Famous As: Ṣafavid ruler
Birthdate: September 30, 1668
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Iranian
Died: November 15, 1726

 40 Gondophares

Gondophares
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: October 31, 0000
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0046 AD

 41 Öljeitü

Öljeitü
0
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: March 24, 1282
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Iranian
Died: December 16, 1316

 42 Lotf Ali Khan

Lotf Ali Khan
1
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 1769 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 1794 AD

 43 Sasan

Sasan
0
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Iranian

 44 Narseh

Narseh
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0293 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0302 AD

 45 Antiochus VII Sidetes

Antiochus VII Sidetes
0
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0159 BC
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0129 BC

 46 Bahram I

Bahram I
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: August 31, 0274

 47 Mithridates II of Parthia

Mithridates II of Parthia
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0091 BC

 48 Hormizd I

Hormizd I
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: May 31, 0272

 49 Phraortes

Phraortes
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0665 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0633 AD

 50 Aḍud ad-Dawlah

Aḍud ad-Dawlah
0
Famous As: Būyid ruler
Birthdate: September 24, 0936
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Iranian
Died: March 26, 0983