Anacharsis Cloots was a Prussian nobleman who played a significant role in the French Revolution. Born into a wealthy family, he spent his youth traveling across the world preaching his revolutionary ideas. He was a world federalist and is believed to be the first person to advocate a world parliament. He was nicknamed "a personal enemy of God."
Baltic German diplomat Johann Patkul is remembered for the role he played in starting the Great Northern War. He led King Augustus II of Poland into a Saxon-Russian alliance and then a Saxon-Polish-Russian-Danish alliance, against Sweden. Eventually, the Saxons accused him of treason and sent him to Poland to be tortured to death.
Middle High German lyric poet and minnesinger Konrad von Altstetten was born into a family of vassals. His works are preserved in the Codex Manesse. An illustration of him under a rose bush, with his lover beside him, is considered the hallmark of intimate love in his works.