Imagine life without French inventions and discoveries – you wouldn’t have mayonnaise in your sandwiches, no champagne for celebrations, no bicycle for that pollution-free ride, no aqualung for that intriguing underwater experience, no batteries for your electronic gadgets, no hot air ballooning for your holidays, no life-saver parachutes for that untimed mishaps or even adrenaline-rushing skydiving, no sewing machine for those designer outfits and no pencil and no pencil sharpener for those childhood learning. Almost intolerable, isn’t it? That is the kind of influence French inventors and discoverers have casted on the world through their inventions and discoveries. And if you think that the aforementioned are the only inventions made by French inventors, you definitely have been living under the rock all these years, for France has been the heart of major inventions of the world. Be it in the field of art and entertainment or science and technology, transportation and clothing or food and cooking and even weapons, communications, computers and sports, French discoverers and inventors have made their worth count in all. Through their research and findings, they have enriched our lives and helped us make advancements and developments to the society. With this segment, find out in details about the life and inventions of some of the most talented French inventors and discoverers.
Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer
Louis BrailleLouis Braille
04 January 1809
Inventor of Braille

Rudolf DieselRudolf Diesel
18 March 1858
Inventor of Diesel Engine

Nicéphore NiépceNicéphore Niépce
07 March 1765
Creator of World's First Permanent Photographic

Louis DaguerreLouis Daguerre
18 November 1787
Artist

Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel
10 May 1788
Physicist
Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac
06 December 1778
Chemist and Physicist

René LaennecRené Laennec
17 February 1781
Inventor of Stethoscope

Louis LumièreLouis Lumière
05 October 1864
Inventor of Cinematograph
Auguste LumièreAuguste Lumière
19 October 1862
Inventor of cinematograph

Louis Le PrinceLouis Le Prince
28 August 1841
Inventor, Film director, Cinematographer
Joseph-Ignace GuillotinJoseph-Ignace Guillotin
28 May 1738
Physician, Politician, Inventor

Nicolas-Joseph CugnotNicolas-Joseph Cugnot
26 February 1725
combat engineer

Marcel DassaultMarcel Dassault
22 January 1892
Politician, Engineer, Entrepreneur, Aerospace

Louis BlériotLouis Blériot
01 July 1872
Aviator, Engineer, Inventor, Aerospace engineer

Claude ChappeClaude Chappe
25 December 1763
Inventor
Pierre Choderlos de LaclosPierre Choderlos de Laclos
18 October 1741
Writer, Inventor, Novelist, Officer

Joseph Marie JacquardJoseph Marie Jacquard
07 July 1752
Inventor

Nicolas AppertNicolas Appert
17 November 1749
confectioner, inventor

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,
Jacques de VaucansonJacques de Vaucanson
24 February 1709
Inventor, Engineer

Jean-Pierre BlanchardJean-Pierre Blanchard
04 July 1753
Inventor, Balloonist
Édouard-Léon Scott de MartinvilleÉdouard-Léon Scott de Martinville
25 April 1817
Publisher

Étienne LenoirÉtienne Lenoir
12 January 1822
Inventor, Engineer

Alexandre de RhodesAlexandre de Rhodes
15 March 1591
Lexicographer, Linguist, Writer, Missionary
Jean Eugène Robert-HoudinJean Eugène Robert-Houdin
07 December 1805
Magician

Octave ChanuteOctave Chanute
18 February 1832
Civil engineer
Charles BedauxCharles Bedaux
26 October 1886
Engineer

Guillaume AmontonsGuillaume Amontons
31 August 1663
Physicist

Georges ClaudeGeorges Claude
24 September 1870
Chemist, Physicist, Engineer, Inventor
Charles-Émile ReynaudCharles-Émile Reynaud
08 December 1844
Draughtsperson, Photographer, Film director,

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Pierre VernierPierre Vernier
19 August 1580
Mathematician
Alexandre AlexeieffAlexandre Alexeieff
18 April 1901
Artist

Gaston PlantéGaston Planté
22 April 1834
Physicist

Charles CrosCharles Cros
01 October 1842
Poet

Joseph MonierJoseph Monier
08 November 1823
Gardener
André-Adolphe-Eugène DisdériAndré-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri
28 March 1819
Photographer
André-Jacques GarnerinAndré-Jacques Garnerin
31 January 1769
Inventor, Balloonist

Anselme PayenAnselme Payen
06 January 1795
Chemist

Henri HerzHenri Herz
06 January 1803
Pianist

Charles Xavier ThomasCharles Xavier Thomas
05 May 1785
Inventor
Louis-Sébastien LenormandLouis-Sébastien Lenormand
25 May 1757
Chemist

Émile LevassorÉmile Levassor
21 January 1843
Engineer

Alphonse PénaudAlphonse Pénaud
31 May 1850
Designer

Bernard CourtoisBernard Courtois
08 February 1777
Chemist

Jeanne Villepreux-PowerJeanne Villepreux-Power
24 September 1794
Biologist
Paul CornuPaul Cornu
15 June 1881
Engineers

Henri-Gustave DelvigneHenri-Gustave Delvigne
10 April 1800
Soldier
Georges LeclanchéGeorges Leclanché
09 October 1839
Engineer

Louis Arthur Ducos du HauronLouis Arthur Ducos du Hauron
08 December 1837
Photographer

André CassagnesAndré Cassagnes
23 September 1926
Inventor
Philippe BuachePhilippe Buache
07 February 1700
Geographer

Carl August von SteinheilCarl August von Steinheil
12 October 1801
Physicist
Marc SeguinMarc Seguin
20 April 1786
Engineer

Benoît FourneyronBenoît Fourneyron
31 October 1802
Inventor

Édouard BelinÉdouard Belin
05 March 1876
Photographer

Hilaire de ChardonnetHilaire de Chardonnet
01 May 1839
Engineer

André BlondelAndré Blondel
28 August 1863
Engineer
Paul Marie Eugène VieillePaul Marie Eugène Vieille
02 September 1854
Chemist

Bernard LyotBernard Lyot
27 February 1897
Astronomer

Jules ViolleJules Violle
16 November 1841
Physicist

Louis Paul CailletetLouis Paul Cailletet
21 September 1832
Physicist
Jean de HautefeuilleJean de Hautefeuille
20 March 1647
Physicist

Pierre-Augustin Caron de BeaumarchaisPierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
24 January 1732
Polymath
Charles-Victor MauguinCharles-Victor Mauguin
19 September 1878
Educator

Louis-Nicolas MénardLouis-Nicolas Ménard
19 October 1822
Man of Letters

Jacques BessonJacques Besson
1540 AD
Inventor
Joseph-Michel MontgolfierJoseph-Michel Montgolfier
26 August 1740
Aviator

Louis MoyroudLouis Moyroud
16 February 1914
Inventor
Nicolas-Louis RobertNicolas-Louis Robert
02 December 1761
French inventor

Levi ben GershomLevi ben Gershom
1288 AD
Philosopher

Paul HeroultPaul Heroult
10 April 1863
Scientist
Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de BoisguillebertPierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguillebert
17 February 1646
Lawmaker