Famous Czech Writers

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 1 
Milan Kundera
(Czech Writer Best Known for His Novel 'The Unbearable Lightness of Being')
Milan Kundera
4
Birthdate: April 1, 1929
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brno, Czechia

Milan Kundera is a Czech writer who became a naturalized French citizen in 1981 after going into exile in France in 1975. Although his Czechoslovak citizenship was revoked four years after going into exile, he received Czech citizenship in 2019, thanks to his achievements as a writer. He is the recipient of several prestigious awards, such as the Jerusalem Prize.

 2 
Tom Stoppard
(Playwright)
Tom Stoppard
9
Birthdate: July 3, 1937
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Zlín, Czechoslovakia
Born in Czechoslovakia, legendary playwright and screenwriter Tom Stoppard had lost his father in the Japanese invasion of Singapore during World War II. The five-time Tony winner is best known for the absurdist tragicomedy Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead. He also co-wrote the Academy Award-winning screenplay of Shakespeare in Love.
 3 
Karel Čapek
(Czech Writer and Playwright Who is Best Known for His Science Fiction)
Karel Čapek
3
Birthdate: January 9, 1890
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Malé Svatoňovice, Czechia
Died: December 25, 1938

Karel Čapek was a Czech writer, critic, and playwright. He is best remembered for his science fiction work, including his play Rossum's Universal Robots and his novel War with the Newts. Credited with introducing the word robot, Karel Čapek's works were celebrated after World War II. He was also nominated for the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature on seven occasions.

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 4 
Dolly Buster
(Retired Czech-German Porn Star)
Dolly Buster
3
Birthdate: October 23, 1969
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic

Dolly Buster is a Czech-German author, filmmaker, and retired pornographic actress. She appeared in more than 100 X-rated European movies and was named the hottest porn star in Germany in 2009. Dolly Buster also has a Lifetime Achievement Award, presented at the Venus Awards, and a Special Jury Award under her belt. Buster has also written a series of crime-novels.

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 5 
Bohumil Hrabal
(One of the Greatest Czech Writers of the 20th Century)
Bohumil Hrabal
3
Birthdate: March 28, 1914
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brno, Czechia
Died: February 3, 1997

Bohumil Hrabal was a Czech writer who adapted an expressive style of writing. Hrabal, whose works have been translated into many languages, is counted among the 20th century's greatest Czech writers along with fellow satirists Karel Čapek, Jaroslav Hašek, and Milan Kundera.

 6 
Jaroslav Hašek
(Czech Writer and Journalist Best Known for His Novel 'The Fate of the Good Soldier Švejk')
Jaroslav Hašek
3
Birthdate: April 30, 1883
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: January 3, 1923

Initially a bank clerk, Jaroslav Hašek later dedicated his life to writing. The Czech author is best known for his iconic historical satire The Good Soldier Schweik. He had also been imprisoned as a Russian prisoner of war during World War I and was known for his bohemian life.

 7 
Milena Jesenska
(Czech Writer Who Helped Many Jews Escape From Czechoslovakia After the Advent of The Nazis)
Milena Jesenska
2
Birthdate: August 10, 1896
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: May 17, 1944

Milena Jesenska was a Czech writer, editor, journalist, and translator. She is best remembered for translating Franz Kafka's works from German to Czech and for her romantic relationship with Kafka when she was still married to Ernst Pollak. She is also known for her action of saving the lives of many Jewish and political refugees when the Nazis occupied Czechoslovakia.

 8 
Vilém Flusser
(Philosopher, Writer & Journalist)
Vilém Flusser
2
Birthdate: May 12, 1920
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: November 27, 1991

Vilém Flusser was a Czech-born Brazilian philosopher and writer. Born into a family of Jewish intellectuals, he enrolled at the Juridical Faculty of Charles University in Prague. Most of his family was killed during the Holocaust. He survived and went on to pursue an academic career. He wrote many books, including the vastly popular Towards a Philosophy of Photography. 

 9 
Božena Němcová
(Czech Writer Best Known For Her Novel 'Babička')
Božena Němcová
2
Birthdate: February 4, 1820
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: January 21, 1862

Božena Němcová was a Czech writer who was active during the Czech National Revival movement. She is best remembered for her 1855 novel Babička (The Grandmother), which was inspired by her own childhood in the Ratibořice village where she spent most of her time with her maternal grandmother, Magdalena Novotná. Božena Němcová's image is portrayed on the 500 CZK currency note.  

 10 
Jaroslav Seifert
(Czech Poet Who Won the 'Nobel Prize in Literature' in 1984)
Jaroslav Seifert
2
Birthdate: September 23, 1901
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Žižkov, Prague, Czechia
Died: January 10, 1986

Jaroslav Seifert was a Czech writer, journalist, and poet. He is best remembered for winning the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1984 for his poetry. He was regarded as the leading representative of the artistic avant-garde movement in Czechoslovakia during the 1920s. Jaroslav Seifert's poetry received important state prizes and he was nominated National Artist in 1967.

 11 
Jan Werich
(Czech Playwright & Actor Who Created Successful Left-Wing Political Satires)
Jan Werich
2
Birthdate: February 6, 1905
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Smíchov, Prague, Czechia
Died: October 31, 1980

Jan Werich was a Czech playwright, actor, and writer. He is best remembered for his partnership with Jaroslav Ježek and Jiří Voskovec as the trio produced many successful left-wing political satires. After World War II, which forced the trio to move to the USA, Werich returned to his homeland and started working alongside personalities like Jiří Trnka and Miroslav Horníček.

 12 
Julius Fučík
(Czech Revolutionary and National Hero)
Julius Fučík
2
Birthdate: February 23, 1903
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: September 8, 1943

Julius Fučík was a Czech journalist, writer, and critic. An important member of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Fučík led the party's anti-Nazi resistance movement for which he was captured, tortured, and executed. Fučík became a national hero, especially among students growing up in Communist Czechoslovakia. The reverence of Fučík in Communist Czechoslovakia is portrayed in the book, The Joke.    

 13 
Jan Neruda
(Czech Writer and Journalist Who Was as an Important Exponent of Czech Realism)
Jan Neruda
2
Birthdate: July 9, 1834
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: August 22, 1891

Jan Neruda was a Czech writer, journalist, art critic, and poet. He is regarded as one of the most important and influential exponents of Czech Realism and his work promoted Czech nationalism. Neruda is also remembered for his relationship with Karolína Světlá and the letters exchanged between them formed the basis of the movie, The Story of Love and Honor

 14 
Karel Hynek Mácha
(Czech Poet Credited With Writing One of the Finest Czech Poems, 'Máj')
Karel Hynek Mácha
2
Birthdate: November 16, 1810
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: November 5, 1836

Karel Hynek Mácha was a Czech poet whose work Máj is widely regarded as one of the finest Czech poems ever written. Mácha's works were recognized and glorified posthumously as he died at age 25, one day before his wedding. Karel Hynek Mácha's life and career, including his romance with his fiancée Eleonora Šomková, inspired the 1937 eponymous biographical film.

 15 
Josef Skvorecky
(Czech-Canadian Writer Who Supported and Published Banned Czech Literature)
Josef Skvorecky
2
Birthdate: September 27, 1924
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Naáchod, Czech Republic
Died: January 3, 2012

Josef Skvorecky was a Czech-Canadian publisher and writer. He is best remembered for his work that aimed at supporting and publishing Czech literature, which was banned during the communist era. Josef Skvorecky received several prestigious awards, such as the Neustadt International Prize for Literature in 1980, Czech Republic State Prize for Literature in 1999, and the Angelus Award in 2009.

 16 
Bolek Polívka
(Czech Actor, Mime, Playwright and Screenwriter)
Bolek Polívka
2
Birthdate: July 31, 1949
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vizovice, Czechia

Bolek Polívka is a Czech actor, screenwriter, playwright, and mime artist. He is one of the best-known proponents of Czech mime. Bolek Polívka is also known for his film roles, such as Vicar Holý in Forgotten Light and Josef Čížek in Divided We Fall, for which he was honored with the prestigious Czech Lion Awards.      

 17 
Karel Havlíček Borovský
(Czech Writer and Journalist Who Popularized the 'National News' Newspaper)
Karel Havlíček Borovský
2
Birthdate: October 31, 1821
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Havlíčkova Borová, Czechia
Died: July 29, 1856

Karel Havlíček Borovský was a Czech writer, politician, publisher, critic, poet, and journalist. He is credited with popularizing a newspaper called National News, which became one of the most popular and influential publications of the late 1840s under his guidance. Karel Havlíček Borovský's life and career inspired a biographical film which released in 1925. 

 18 
Ivan Klíma
(Czech Playwright and Novelist)
Ivan Klíma
1
Birthdate: September 14, 1931
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia

Ivan Klíma is a Czech playwright and novelist. A Holocaust survivor, Klíma went on to become an important writer. Over the course of his illustrious career, Ivan Klíma has received several prestigious awards such as the Franz Kafka Prize, the Magnesia Litera Award, and the Czech Literary Prize.

 19 
Arnošt Lustig
(Czech Author Who Wrote Novels, Plays, Short Stories, and Screenplays)
Arnošt Lustig
1
Birthdate: December 21, 1926
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: February 26, 2011

Arnošt Lustig was a Czech author best remembered for writing novels, plays, short stories, and screenplays. Some of his most popular books include A Prayer For Katerina Horowitzowa, Dita Saxová, and Lovely Green Eyes. Arnošt Lustig was honored with the National Jewish Book Award in 1980 and 1986.

 20 
Jiri Kolar
1
Birthdate: September 24, 1914
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Protivín, Czechia
Died: August 11, 2002
 21 
Alois Jirásek
(Czech Writer and Author of Plays and Historical Novels)
Alois Jirásek
1
Birthdate: August 23, 1851
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hronov, Czechoslovakia
Died: March 12, 1930

Alois Jirásek was a Czech writer best remembered for writing plays and historical novels. An important literary figure, Jirásek received four nominations for the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature during his illustrious career. Alois Jirásek is counted among the most prominent Czech writers of all time.

 22 
Miroslav Holub
(Poet, pathologist and immunologist)
Miroslav Holub
1
Birthdate: September 13, 1923
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pilsen, Czechia
Died: July 14, 1998
 23 
Krystof Harant
(Czech Nobleman, Composer and Revolutionary Who Was Beheaded After the Loss at the 'Battle of White Mountain')
Krystof Harant
1
Birthdate: 1564 AD
Birthplace: Czechia
Died: June 21, 1621

Czech nobleman Krystof Harant was, at the same time, a traveler, a soldier, a composer, and a writer. He was recognized as one of the finest Bohemian composers of his time and was a major figure of the Franco-Flemish polyphony school of music. He was eventually executed for revolting against the king.

 24 
Egon Bondy
(Czech Philosopher, Poet, and Writer)
Egon Bondy
1
Birthdate: January 20, 1930
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: April 9, 2007

Egon Bondy was a Czech philosopher, poet, and writer. One of the most important figures of the Prague underground, Bondy published about 30 books of poetry and 20 novels. Despite the existential background of his work, Egon Bondy's texts are considered fresh and entertaining. 

 25 
Viktor Dyk
1
Birthdate: December 31, 1877
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mělník
Died: May 14, 1931
 26 
Luděk Pachman
(Czechoslovak-German Chess Player, Chess Writer, and Political Activist)
Luděk Pachman
1
Birthdate: May 11, 1924
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bělá pod Bezdězem, Czechia
Died: March 6, 2003

Luděk Pachman was a Czechoslovak-German chess player, political activist, and chess writer. Pachman, who was awarded the Grandmaster title in 1954, won seven Czechoslovak championship titles between 1946 and 1966. Luděk Pachman published 80 books in five languages and became the leading opening expert in the world during the 1950s with the publication of his book, Theory of Modern Chess.

 27 
Oldřich Kaiser
(Television, film, and stage actor known mostly for his comedic roles)
Oldřich Kaiser
1
Birthdate: May 16, 1955
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Liberec, Czech Republic
 28 
Emil František Burian
(Czech Poet, Actor, Playwright, and Composer Who Had a Major Influence on Czech Modern Theatre)
Emil František Burian
1
Birthdate: June 11, 1904
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pilsen, Czechia
Died: August 9, 1959

Emil František Burian was a Czech poet, singer, actor, journalist, musician, composer, playwright, dramatic adviser, and director. Burian had a major influence on Czech modern theatre. His innovative staging methods and inventions continue to serve as an inspiration even today. A communist, Emil František Burian was also active in politics.  

 29 
Petr Bezruč
(Czech Poet and Short Story Writer)
Petr Bezruč
1
Birthdate: September 15, 1867
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Opava, Czechia
Died: February 17, 1958

Regarded as the Czech national poet, Vladimír Vašek is best known by his pseudonym, Petr Bezruč. Although he worked as a postal officer throughout his life, Bezruč created masterpieces such as Silesian Songs, which is a collection of his poems on the Czech Silesia and its people.

 30 
Johannes von Tepl
1
Birthdate: 1350 AD
Birthplace: Tepl or Schuttwa, Bohemia
Died: 1415 AD
 31 
Otakar Březina
1
Birthdate: September 13, 1868
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Počátky, Czechia
Died: March 25, 1929
 32 
Jiří Orten
(Writer, Poet)
Jiří Orten
1
Birthdate: August 30, 1919
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kutná Hora
Died: September 1, 1941
 33 
Antonín J. Liehm
(Writer, Translator)
Antonín J. Liehm
0
Birthdate: March 2, 1924
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: December 4, 2020
 34 
Jiří Mahen
(Czech Playwright, Novelist, and Essayist)
Jiří Mahen
0
Birthdate: December 12, 1882
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Čáslav, Czech Republic
Died: May 22, 1939

Jiří Mahen was a Czech playwright, novelist, and essayist. After starting his career as a journalist for one of the leading Czech newspapers, Lidové noviny, Mahen went on to establish himself as a famous novelist and playwright. Among his most important works are Kamarádi svobody, Měsíc, and Jánošík.

 35 
Adolf Jellinek
1
Birthdate: January 26, 1821
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Drslavice, Czechia
Died: December 28, 1893

One of the greatest Jewish rabbis of his time, Adolf Jellinek is remembered for his association with the New Learning of Judaism and for his writings on the Kabbalah. He promoted the science of Judaism and penned the six-volume Bet ha-Midrash. He was the father of lawyer and professor Georg Jellinek.

 36 
František Langer
(Czech-Jewish Military Physician and Playwright)
František Langer
0
Birthdate: March 3, 1888
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: August 2, 1965

František Langer was a Czech-Jewish screenwriter, essayist, playwright, publicist, literary critic, and military physician. Langer played an important role as a physician during the First and Second World War. As a playwright, František Langer is best remembered for The Camel Through the Needle's Eye, which was staged as a Broadway production in 1929. 

 37 
Daniel Kopal
0
Birthdate: December 10, 1970
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Czech
Died: October 27, 2020
 38 
Jan Milíč
(One of the Most Influential Preachers of the Bohemian Reformation During 14th century)
Jan Milíč
1
Birthdate: 1325 AD
Birthplace: Kroměříž, Czechoslovakia
Died: June 29, 1374

Jan Milíč was a Czech Roman Catholic priest who emerged as one of the most influential preachers of the then-emerging Bohemian Reformation during 14th century. Along with other Bohemian writers and preachers of that time, Jan Milíč paved the way for the activity of the philosopher and Church reformer, Jan Hus. 

 39 
Igor Hajek
(Writer)
Igor Hajek
0
Birthdate: March 22, 1931
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Czechia
Died: April 19, 1995