Famous Czech Leaders

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 1 
Gavrilo Princip
(Assassinator of Archduke Franz Ferdinand)
Gavrilo Princip
11
Birthdate: July 25, 1894
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Obljaj
Died: April 28, 1918
Gavrilo Princip was a Bosnian Serb member of the Young Bosnia movement who wished to end the Austro-Hungarian reign in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He thus assassinated Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, at age 19. This eventually contributed to the start of World War I
 2 
Václav Havel
(The Last President of Czechoslovakia (1989 - 1992) and the First President of The Czech Republic (1993 - 2003))
Václav Havel
5
Birthdate: October 5, 1936
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: December 18, 2011

Vaclav Havel was a Czech statesman, poet, playwright, and author. He is best remembered for his service as the President of the Czech Republic from 1993 to 2003. He also served as the President of Czechoslovakia from 1989 until its dissolution in 1992. Havel was a recipient of several awards including the Gandhi Peace Prize and Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 3 
Miloš Zeman
(Current President of the Czech Republic)
Miloš Zeman
5
Birthdate: September 28, 1944
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kolín

Miloš Zeman is a Czech politician and the current President of the Czech Republic. An influential politician, Zeman served as the Prime Minister of the country from 1998 to 2002. Miloš Zeman achieved popularity as the leader of the Social Democratic Party and is credited with reviving the party into one of the major political forces in the Czech Republic.

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 4 
Albrecht von Wallenstein
(Bohemian Statesman and Military Leader Best Remembered For His Role in 'The Thirty Years' War')
Albrecht von Wallenstein
5
Birthdate: September 24, 1583
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Heřmanice, Czechia
Died: February 25, 1634

Albrecht von Wallenstein was a Bohemian statesman and military leader best remembered for his role in the Thirty Years' War. During the war, he served as the supreme commander of the armies of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II.  By the time of his death, Wallenstein was one of the most influential and richest men in the Holy Roman Empire.

 5 
Alexander Dubcek
(Politician)
Alexander Dubcek
4
Birthdate: November 27, 1921
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Uhrovec
Died: November 7, 1992

The First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Alexander Dubček, was no stranger to politics as a child, being the son of a Communist Party member. He resisted the Nazi occupation, while his liberal policies later led Soviet authorities to invade Czechoslovakia. He eventually died in a car crash.

 6 
Jan Žižka
(Czech General and Military Leader Who is Considered a National Hero)
Jan Žižka
3
Birthdate: 1360 AD
Birthplace: Trocnov, Borovany, Czechia
Died: October 11, 1424

Jan Žižka was a Czech general and military leader. Today, he is regarded as a national hero in the Czech Republic for his role in the Battle of Grunwald and the Hussite Wars. Renowned for his innovative and unorthodox war tactics, Jan Žižka pioneered the usage of gunpowder.  He has been immortalized in video games, novels, and films.

 7 
Tomáš Masaryk
(The First President of Czechoslovakia (1918 – 1935))
Tomáš Masaryk
3
Birthdate: March 7, 1850
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hodonín
Died: September 14, 1937

Tomáš Masaryk was a Czechoslovak statesman, politician, philosopher, and sociologist. He co-founded Czechoslovakia alongside Edvard Beneš and Milan Rastislav Štefánik and served as its first president from 14 November 1918 to 14 December 1935. Tomáš Masaryk is revered by the Czechs and Slovaks alike and is considered the founding father of Czechoslovakia.

 8 
Edvard Beneš
(Former President of Czechoslovakia)
Edvard Beneš
5
Birthdate: May 28, 1884
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kožlany, Czechia
Died: September 3, 1948

Czech president Edvard Beneš had come to power twice and resigned in both instances, first after the German occupation of Czechoslovakia and then after the communist coup of 1948. Born to peasants in Bohemia, he had earned a doctorate of law and taught at universities before entering politics.

 9 
John I of Bohemia
(The King of Bohemia Who is Considered a National Hero in Luxembourg)
John I of Bohemia
4
Birthdate: August 10, 1296
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Luxembourg
Died: August 26, 1346

John I of Bohemia reigned as the King of Bohemia from 1310 to 1346. Considered a national hero in Luxembourg, John also served as the Count of Durbuy, Arlon, and Luxembourg. John I of Bohemia is also remembered as the father of Charles IV, who went on to become one of the most important Holy Roman Emperors.

 10 
Milada Horáková
(Czech Politician Wrongfully Convicted and Executed on Fabricated Charges by the 'Communist Party of Czechoslovakia')
Milada Horáková
5
Birthdate: December 25, 1901
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic
Died: June 27, 1950
Czech lawyer-politician Milada Horáková remained active in underground resistance-movement during the Second World War. She was convicted on fabricated charges of conspiracy and treason by the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and executed by hanging. Her trial verdict was posthumously annulled and she was rehabilitated and awarded Order of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (1st Class) and Order of the White Double Cross (1st Class).
 11 
Václav Klaus
(Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (1993 - 1998), President of the Czech Republic (2003 - 2013))
Václav Klaus
5
Birthdate: June 19, 1941
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia

A seasoned economist, who had a long stint with the Czechoslovak State Bank, Václav Klaus later established the Civic Democratic Party and also served as the prime minister and the president of the Czech Republic. He was also a lecturer and a keen writer, with over 20 books to his credit.

 12 
Jan Masaryk
(Czechoslovakia's Foreign Minister From 1940 to 1948)
Jan Masaryk
3
Birthdate: September 14, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: March 10, 1948

Jan Masaryk was a Czech politician and diplomat best remembered for his service as Czechoslovakia's Foreign Minister from 21 July 1940 to 10 March 1948. He became a popular national figure during the Second World War when he made wartime broadcasts to occupied Czechoslovakia; his broadcasts were titled Speaking to My Country.

 13 
Karl Renner
(Politician, Librarian, Diplomat, Lawyer)
Karl Renner
4
Birthdate: December 14, 1870
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dolní Dunajovice
Died: December 31, 1950

Remembered as the Father of the Republic in Austria, Karl Renner led his country as its third president. Previously, he had also led the first Austrian republic. Born into a humble family of wine-growers, he studied law and began his political career with the SDAP.

 14 
Emil Hácha
(President of Czechoslovakia (1938 - 1939))
Emil Hácha
5
Birthdate: July 12, 1872
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Trhové Sviny, Czech Republic
Died: June 27, 1945

One of the most prominent lawyers from Czechoslovakia, Emil Hácha later led his country as its president. A patron of literature and the arts, he also translated Jerome K. Jerome’s humorous novel Three Men in a Boat. He also became the president of the German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

 15 
Wenceslaus III of Bohemia
(King of Hungary and Croatia (1301 - 1305), King of Bohemia and Poland (1305 - 1306))
Wenceslaus III of Bohemia
4
Birthdate: October 6, 1289
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Prague
Died: August 4, 1306

Wenceslaus III became King of Hungary following the death of Andrew III whose only daughter, Elizabeth, was engaged to Wenceslaus. Wenceslaus renounced his hereditary rights to Austria and claim to Hungary before succeeding his father as King of Bohemia and Poland. His reign in Bohemia was however cut-short as he was assassinated before he could invade his rival's territories in Poland.

 16 
Klement Gottwald
(President of Czechoslovakia (1948 - 1953))
Klement Gottwald
5
Birthdate: November 23, 1896
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dědice, Vyškov, Moravia,
Died: March 14, 1953

Born into a poor household, Klement Gottwald was an illegitimate child of a peasant but later grew up to become a prominent Communist leader and eventually the president and prime minister of Czechoslovakia. He was the first president of his country to die in office.

 17 
Karel Schwarzenberg
(Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic)
Karel Schwarzenberg
2
Birthdate: December 10, 1937
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic

Karel Schwarzenberg is a Czech politician best known for his service as the Minister of Foreign Affairs on two occasions; from 2007 to 2009 and again from 2010 to 2013. He also served as Czech Republic's first Deputy Prime Minister in the Cabinet of Petr Nečas. Schwarzenberg is the recipient of several awards, including the Marietta and Friedrich Torberg Medal.

 18 
Bohuslav Sobotka
(Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (2014 - 2017))
Bohuslav Sobotka
4
Birthdate: October 23, 1971
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Telnice, Czech Republic

A seasoned lawyer, Bohuslav Sobotka later joined politics and led the Czech Social Democratic Party. Apart from handling the ministries of Industry and Finance, he led the Czech Republic as its prime minister. He also co-established the youth wing of his party and was part of the Chamber of Deputies.

 19 
Venceslaus II of Bohemia
(King of Bohemia (1278-1305) and King of Poland (1300-1305) Who Monopolized Silver Production in Bohemia)
Venceslaus II of Bohemia
4
Birthdate: September 27, 1271
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Prague
Died: June 21, 1305
Venceslaus II of Bohemia succeeded his father, Přemysl Otakar II, as the king of Bohemia at age 7. He later annexed almost the whole of Upper Silesia and eventually became king of Poland. He had a major role in encouraging silver production in Central Bohemia and took control of the mines at Kuttenberg.
 20 
Antonín Novotný
(President of Czechoslovakia (1957 - 1968))
Antonín Novotný
3
Birthdate: December 10, 1904
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Letňany, Prague
Died: January 28, 1975

Czech communist leader Antonín Novotný was born into a working-class family and worked as a blacksmith in his early days. During the Nazi period, he spent a few days in the Mauthasen concentration camp. He eventually rose to be the first secretary of the Communist Party and the president of Czechoslovakia.

 21 
Vladimír Remek
(The First and Only Czechoslovak to Go in Space)
Vladimír Remek
3
Birthdate: September 26, 1948
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ceske Budejovice, Czechia

Vladimír Remek is a Czech diplomat and politician who served as the Czech Ambassador to Russia from 2014 to 2018. A former military pilot and cosmonaut, Remek became the first Czechoslovak in space when he flew aboard Soyuz 28 in 1978. After his flight, Remek became a national hero and was honored with the Hero of the Soviet Union medal.

 22 
Věra Jourová
(Vice President of the European Commission for Values and Transparency (Incumbent Since 2019))
Věra Jourová
3
Birthdate: August 18, 1964
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Třebíč, Czechia

Czech politician and lawyer Věra Jourová presently serves as Vice President of the European Commission for Values and Transparency. She has also served as a Member of the Chamber of Deputies; as Czech Minister for Regional Development; and as European Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality. She found place in the 2019 Time magazine list of 100 most influential people.    

 23 
Rudolf Slánský
(One of the Leading Organizers of Communist Rule in Czechoslovakia)
Rudolf Slánský
3
Birthdate: July 31, 1901
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Nezvěstice, Czechia
Died: December 3, 1952

Czech Communist politician Rudolf Slánský, who served as the General Secretary and the number-two leader of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSC), is noted for his crucial role in the Communist takeover of Czechoslovakia. He was one of the leading organizers of the 1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état. He later became the central victim of the Slánský trial and was executed at Pankrac Prison.  

 24 
Milos Jakes
(General Secretary of Czechoslovakia's 'Communist Party' (1987 – 1989))
Milos Jakes
4
Birthdate: August 12, 1922
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: České Chalupy, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic)
Died: July 10, 2020

Miloš Jakeš was a Czech politician best remembered for his service as the General Secretary of Czechoslovakia's Communist Party from 17 December 1987 to 24 November 1989. Miloš Jakeš resigned from his post amid the Velvet Revolution.

 25 
Ludvík Svoboda
(President of Czechoslovakia (1968 - 1975))
Ludvík Svoboda
2
Birthdate: November 25, 1895
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hroznatín
Died: September 20, 1979

Though initially part of the Austro-Hungarian army, Czech army general Ludvík Svoboda joined the Czechoslovak legion during World War I. He later joined the Communist Party and was imprisoned during the Stalinist purge. He led Czechoslovakia as its president and also won honors such as the Lenin Peace Prize.

 26 
Jerzy Buzek
(Politician, Engineer, Chemist, University teacher, Trade unionist)
Jerzy Buzek
4
Birthdate: July 3, 1940
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Smilovice

Jerzy Buzek is a Polish politician who served as the Prime Minister of Poland from 31 October 1997 to 19 October 2001. An influential politician, Buzek also served as the President of the European Parliament from 14 July 2009 to 17 January 2012. In 1998 and 2009, political weekly Wprost named Jerzy Buzek Person of the Year for his achievements.

 27 
Antonín Zápotocký
(Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia (1948 - 1953), President of Czechoslovakia (1953 - 1957))
Antonín Zápotocký
2
Birthdate: December 19, 1884
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Zákolany, Czechia
Died: November 13, 1957

Czech communist leader Antonín Zápotocký was the son of Ladislav Zápotocký, who co-established the Czech Social Democratic Party. He spent 5 years in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp during the Nazi regime, and eventually rose to be the prime minister and president of Czechoslovakia.

 28 
Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg
(Diplomat and State Chancellor of the Habsburg Empire (1753 - 1792))
Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg
3
Birthdate: February 2, 1711
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: June 27, 1794

Austrian chancellor Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg was a supporter of enlightened absolutism. Though he initially studied law, he later rose to be the State Chancellor of the Habsburg monarchy and stayed in the position for almost 40 years. He witnessed the Seven Years’ War during his tenure.

 29 
Prokop the Great
(The Most Important Leader of the Advanced Taborite Forces During the 'Hussite Wars')
Prokop the Great
2
Birthdate: 1380 AD
Birthplace: Czechia
Died: May 30, 1434
Prokop the Great was a Czech Hussite general and an important Taborite military leader active during the Hussite Wars. He is credited with securing famous victories over the Catholics and Germans at the Battle of Aussig in 1426 and the Battle of Domažlice in 1431.
 30 
Jan Fischer
(Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (2009 – 2010))
Jan Fischer
3
Birthdate: January 2, 1951
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Prague

Jan Fischer is a Czech politician best known for his service as the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from 9 April 2009 to 13 July 2010. An influential politician, Jan Fischer also served as the Minister of Finance from 2013 to 2014.  

 31 
František Palacký
(A Leading Figure of the 'Czech National Revival' -Revered as the 'Father of the Nation')
František Palacký
1
Birthdate: June 17, 1798
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hodslavice, Czechia
Died: May 26, 1876

Czech historian-politician František Palacký, called Father of the Nation, was an influential figure of Czech National Revival. He established the Czech publishing house and cultural institution Matice česká, and was involved in founding the Czech National Museum. He is known for his capital work History of the Czech Nation in Bohemia and Moravia and his federalist concept of Austro-Slavism.

 32 
Mirek Topolánek
(Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (2006 – 2009))
Mirek Topolánek
2
Birthdate: May 15, 1956
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vsetín

Mirek Topolánek is a Czech politician renowned for his service as the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from 16 August 2006 to 8 May 2009. He also served as the leader of the Civic Democratic Party from 15 December 2002 to 13 April 2010. Also a business manager, Mirek has been active since 2010 in the electric power industry.

 33 
Karel Havlíček Borovský
(Czech Writer and Journalist Who Popularized the 'National News' Newspaper)
Karel Havlíček Borovský
1
Birthdate: October 31, 1821
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Havlíčkova Borová, Czechia
Died: July 29, 1856

Karel Havlíček Borovský was a Czech writer, politician, publisher, critic, poet, and journalist. He is credited with popularizing a newspaper called National News, which became one of the most popular and influential publications of the late 1840s under his guidance. Karel Havlíček Borovský's life and career inspired a biographical film which released in 1925. 

 34 
Prince Felix of Schwarzenberg
(Minister-President of the Austrian Empire (1848 - 1852))
Prince Felix of Schwarzenberg
3
Birthdate: October 2, 1800
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Krummau, Czechoslovakia
Died: April 5, 1852

Bohemian nobleman Prince Felix of Schwarzenberg started his career with the Austrian army and served in the Austrian embassies to countries such as Portugal, Russia, and France. He later rose to be the foreign minister and the prime minister of the Austrian Empire and restored the Habsburg empire.

 35 
Petr Nečas
(Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (2010 - 2013))
Petr Nečas
4
Birthdate: November 19, 1964
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Uherské Hradiště

Petr Nečas is a Czech retired politician best known for his service as the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from 28 June 2010 to 10 July 2013. From 2010 to 2013, Petr Nečas also served as the leader of the Civic Democratic Party, which he co-founded in 1991.

 36 
Artur London
(Czechoslovak Communist Politician and a Co-Defendant in the 'Slánský Trial')
Artur London
3
Birthdate: February 1, 1915
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ostrava, Czechia
Died: November 8, 1986

Artur London was a Czechoslovak communist politician who achieved national prominence when he appeared before the court in the Slánský Trial as a co-defendant in 1952. Accused of being a Titoist, Trotskyite, and Zionist, Artur London was sentenced to life in prison. However, he was released in 1955, post which he wrote the internationally-renowned book The Confession.

 37 
Roman Prymula
(Czech Physician Who Led the Government's 'Central Crisis Board' During the COVID-19 Pandemic)
Roman Prymula
2
Birthdate: February 4, 1964
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pardubice, Czechoslovakia

Roman Prymula is a Czech physician and retired army colonel. He is best known for his service as the head of the government's Central Crisis Board during the early stages of the coronavirus pandemic in the Czech Republic. Roman Prymula also served as the Minister of Health for a brief period in 2020.

 38 
Vladimír Špidla
(Prime Minister of The Czech Republic (2002 – 2004))
Vladimír Špidla
2
Birthdate: April 22, 1951
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Prague

Vladimír Špidla is a Czech politician best known for his service as the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from 12 July 2002 to 4 August 2004. From 2014 to 2017, Špidla was the chief adviser to Bohuslav Sobotka during the latter's term as the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic.

 39 
Alois Jirásek
(Czech Writer and Author of Plays and Historical Novels)
Alois Jirásek
1
Birthdate: August 23, 1851
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hronov, Czechoslovakia
Died: March 12, 1930

Alois Jirásek was a Czech writer best remembered for writing plays and historical novels. An important literary figure, Jirásek received four nominations for the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature during his illustrious career. Alois Jirásek is counted among the most prominent Czech writers of all time.

 40 
Ladislav Adamec
(Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia (1988 – 1989))
Ladislav Adamec
3
Birthdate: September 10, 1926
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Frenstat, Czechia
Died: April 14, 2007

Ladislav Adamec was a Czechoslovak communist politician best known for his service as the Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia from 12 October 1988 to 10 December 1989. An important member of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Ladislav Adamec also served as the Chairman of the party from 1989 to 1990.

 41 
Jiří Rusnok
(Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (June 2013 - January 2014))
Jiří Rusnok
3
Birthdate: October 16, 1960
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ostrava

Czech politician Jiří Rusnok held the ministries of finance and trade before he became the governor of the Czech National Bank. He was made a caretaker prime minister for 7 months in 2013-2014, when the then-prime minister, Petr Nečas, resigned over a corruption and spying scandal.

 42 
Jiří Paroubek
(Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (2005 – 2006))
Jiří Paroubek
2
Birthdate: August 21, 1952
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Olomouc

Jiří Paroubek is a Czech politician best known for his service as the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from 25 April 2005 to 4 September 2006. He also served as the leader of the Social Democratic Party from 2006 to 2010. 

 43 
Alois Rašín
(One of the Founders of Czechoslovakia and Its First Ministry for Finance)
Alois Rašín
1
Birthdate: October 18, 1867
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Nechanice, Czechia
Died: February 18, 1923

Remembered as one of the founders of Czechoslovakia, Alois Rašín was also the country’s first finance minister. While he got into trouble for his political activities in his early life, he later took to full-fledged politics by joining the Young Czechs. He was assassinated by a Communist revolutionary.

 44 
Ota Šik
(Czech Economist Best Known For Devising the 'New Economic Model' of Czechoslovakia)
Ota Šik
3
Birthdate: September 11, 1919
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Plzeň, Czechia
Died: August 22, 2004

Ota Šik was a Czech politician and economist. He is best remembered for devising the New Economic Model of Czechoslovakia. After the Velvet Revolution, Ota Šik served as an economic advisor to the then-president of Czechoslovakia.

 45 
Zdeněk Mlynář
(Politician and Leader of Czechoslovak Communist Reform Movement)
Zdeněk Mlynář
2
Birthdate: June 22, 1930
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vysoké Mýto, Czechia
Died: April 15, 1997

Initially a lawyer and a teacher, Zdeněk Mlynář later became an integral part of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. During the 1968 Prague Spring, he contributed to the party’s Action Programme. Later, he was forced into signing the Moscow Protocol and expelled from the Communist Party. He eventually moved to Austria.

 46 
Joseph Redlich
(Austrian Historian and Statesman Who Played an Important Role During the 'First World War')
Joseph Redlich
1
Birthdate: June 18, 1869
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Goding, Czechoslovakia
Died: November 11, 1936

Joseph Redlich was an Austrian historian and statesman. He is best remembered for writing prominent works on parliamentary institutions and the local government. Joseph Redlich was an influential politician before and during the First World War.

 47 
Oldrich Cernik
(Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia (1968 - 1970))
Oldrich Cernik
1
Birthdate: October 27, 1921
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ostrava, Czechia
Died: October 19, 1994

Communist leader Oldrich Cernik supported the 1968 Prague Spring and was exiled to the Soviet Union with several other politicians. He served as the prime minister of Czechoslovakia for almost 2 years. After the departure of Alexander Dubček from the party, Černík remained aloof from the party reforms and was expelled.

 48 
Václav Eusebius František, Prince of Lobkowicz
(Bohemian Diplomat and Military Leader)
Václav Eusebius František, Prince of Lobkowicz
0
Birthdate: January 30, 1609
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Roudnice nad Labem, Czechia
Died: April 22, 1677

Václav Eusebius František, Prince of Lobkowicz was a Bohemian diplomat and military leader. He is best remembered for raising his own regiment within the Imperial Army to fight in the Thirty Years' War. A confidant of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, Václav Eusebius also served as the president of the Hofrat.  

 49 
Václav Benda
(Czech Intellectual Known For Creating a Socio-Political Concept Called 'Parallel Polis')
Václav Benda
1
Birthdate: August 8, 1946
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: June 2, 1999

Václav Benda was a Czech intellectual, mathematician, and Roman Catholic activist. He is perhaps best remembered for creating a socio-political concept called Parallel Polis, which influenced the thought of other freethinkers like Vaclav Havel.

 50 
Count Richard Belcredi
(5th Chairman of the Ministers' Conference and Interior Minister of the Austrian Empire (1865 - 1867))
Count Richard Belcredi
1
Birthdate: February 12, 1823
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Jimramov, Czechia
Died: December 2, 1902

Civil servant-statesman of the Austrian Empire Count Richard von Belcredi served as Minister-President and Minister of State and later as President of the Cisleithanian Administrative Court. He planned to implement a federation of Austrian crown lands taking Swiss constitution as his model and his Three Count Ministry recommended conservative federalism in which historic rights of the Slavs would get recognition.