Famous Austrian Chemists

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 1 
Walter Kohn
(Physicist and Chemist)
Walter Kohn
3
Birthdate: March 9, 1923
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 19, 2016

Walter Kohn was an Austrian-American theoretical physicist and theoretical chemist. He and fellow theoretical chemist John Pople were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1998. Kohn made a major contribution to the development of density functional theory. He had an illustrious academic career and was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 

 2 
Martin Karplus
(Nobel Prize-Winning Austrian-American Theoretical Chemist)
Martin Karplus
3
Birthdate: March 15, 1930
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

Nobel Prize-winning Austrian-American theoretical chemist Martin Karplus has been associated with Harvard University as a professor of chemistry. The Vienna-born scientist had escaped the Nazis to move to the US. Best known for developing multiscale models for complex chemical systems, he has also worked at Columbia University and the University of Strasbourg.

 3 
Carl Auer von Welsbach
(Austrian Chemist and Inventor Behind the Development of the Modern Light Bulb)
Carl Auer von Welsbach
2
Birthdate: September 1, 1858
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: August 4, 1929

Austrian chemist and engineer Carl Auer, Freiherr von Welsbach isolated neodymium and praseodymium from didymium. His inventions include the gas mantle and ferrocerium "flints" that are used in lighters. He also worked on the tungsten filament that led to the development of the modern light bulb.

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 4 
Richard Adolf Zsigmondy
(Austrian-born Chemist Who Won Nobel Prize in Chemistry for His Research in Colloids)
Richard Adolf Zsigmondy
2
Birthdate: April 1, 1865
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: September 23, 1929

Richard Adolf Zsigmondy was an Austrian-born chemist. He is best remembered for winning the 1925 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his research in colloids. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy is also credited with co-inventing the slit-ultramicroscope.

 5 
Fritz Pregl
(Nobel Prize-Winning Slovenian-Austrian Chemist Known for His Research on Quantitative Organic Microanalysis)
Fritz Pregl
1
Birthdate: September 3, 1869
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ljubljana, Slovenia
Died: December 13, 1930

Nobel Prize-winning Slovenian-Austrian chemist conducted path-breaking research on the microanalysis of organic compounds. He modified the combustion train method of elemental analysis. He was associated with the Medico-Chemical Institute for most of his career and had also worked at the universities of Graz and Innsbruck.

 6 
Herman Francis Mark
(Austrian-American Chemist Who Made Immense Contribution to the Progression of Polymer Science)
Herman Francis Mark
1
Birthdate: May 3, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 6, 1992

Herman Francis Mark was an Austrian-American chemist. He is best remembered for his immense contributions to the progression of polymer science. He is also remembered for formulating an equation along with Houwink: the Mark–Houwink equation. Herman Francis Mark was the recipient of several prestigious awards, such as the National Medal of Science, Harvey Prize, and William H. Nichols Medal.

 7 
Friedrich Paneth
(British Chemist Who Made Significant Contributions to the Study of the Earth's Atmospheric Layer, Stratosphere)
Friedrich Paneth
0
Birthdate: August 31, 1887
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: September 17, 1958

Friedrich Paneth was an Austrian-born British chemist. He is best remembered for making significant contributions to the study of the Earth's atmospheric layer, stratosphere. Friedrich Paneth was the recipient of several prestigious awards, such as the Lieben Prize, the Liebig Medal, and the Liversidge Award.

 8 
Giacomo Ciamician
(Italian Photochemist)
Giacomo Ciamician
0
Birthdate: August 27, 1857
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Trieste, Austrian Empire
Died: January 2, 1922

Giacomo Ciamician was an Italian photochemist who conducted an early research in the area of photochemistry. In 1886, he published his first photochemistry experiment and named it On the conversion of quinone into quinol. Giacomo Ciamician also served as a senator.