Famous Ancient Roman Poets

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 1 
Virgil
(Poet)
Virgil
9
Birthdate: October 15, 0070
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cisalpine Gaul
Died: September 21, 0019
1st-century B.C. Roman poet Virgil is best remembered for his epic The Aeneid, which was based on Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey. He has also written the Latin poems the Eclogues/Bucolics and the Georgics. His Aeneid, considered ancient Rome’s national epic, inspired other influential works, such as Dante’s Divine Comedy.
 2 
Horace
(Roman poet)
Horace
7
Birthdate: December 8, 0065
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Venosa, Italy
Died: November 27, 0008

Horace was a Roman lyric poet who was influential during the time of Augustus. Renowned for his Odes, Horace's ode-writing style was imitated by a number of aspiring poets in England during the 17th and 18th centuries when ode-writing was considered highly fashionable.

 3 
Lucretius
(Roman Poet and Philosopher)
Lucretius
5
Birthdate: 0099 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Rome
Died: 0055 BC

Lucretius was a Roman philosopher and poet. He is credited with originating the three-age system, which was formalized by C. J. Thomsen in 1836. His only known work De rerum natura, a philosophical poem, influenced several Augustan poets, including Virgil. The poem also played a prominent role in the development of atomism.

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 4 
Catullus
(Latin poet of the Late Roman Republic)
Catullus
7
Birthdate: 0084 BC
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: 0054 BC
Catullus was a Latin poet who was active in the Roman Republic. His extant works are read widely even today and they continue to influence not only poetry but also other forms of art. His poems have had a significant influence on other popular poets like Virgil and Ovid. Among Catullus' most famous works is his fifth poem. 
 5 
Lucan
(One of the Outstanding Poets of the Imperial Latin Period Who is Known for His Epic Poem 'Pharsalia')
Lucan
3
Birthdate: November 3, 0039
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: April 30, 0065
Lucan was a Roman poet who is counted among the most important personalities of the Imperial Latin period. He is best remembered for his epic poem Pharsalia, which narrates the civil war between the forces of the Roman Senate and Julius Caesar. Lucan was renowned for the speed of his composition, which set him apart from his contemporaries.
 6 
Gaius Maecenas
(Political Advisor to Octavian, the First Roman Emperor)
Gaius Maecenas
3
Birthdate: April 15, 0068
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Arezzo
Died: 0008 BC
Gaius Maecenas was a political advisor to Octavian, the first Roman emperor. A patron for several important Augustan poets, including Virgil and Horace, Gaius Maecenas also served as a quasi-culture minister during the reign of his friend Octavian, who came to be known as Augustus after becoming the Roman emperor.
 7 
Petronius
(Generally believed to be the author of the Satyricon)
Petronius
4
Birthdate: 0027 AD
Birthplace: Marseille, France
Died: 0066 AD

Gaius Petronius Arbiter, better known as Petronius, was a Roman author who lived during Nero’s reign. He was known for his satirical novel Satyricon, which reflected the Roman society of his time. Petronius’s noble birth aroused the jealousy of many. He apparently committed suicide after being accused of treason.

 8 
Apuleius
(Numidian Latin-Language Prose Writer, Platonist Philosopher, and Rhetorician)
Apuleius
4
Birthdate: 0125 AD
Birthplace: M’Daourouch, Algeria
Died: 0170 AD
Apuleius was a Numidian prose writer who wrote in latin. A Platonist philosopher and rhetorician, Apuleius studied Platonism in Athens and was initiated into several cults. He is known to have used magic and was once accused of using magic to gain the fortune and attention of a wealthy widow. He is best remembered for his novel The Golden Ass.
 9 
Propertius
(Latin Elegiac Poet of the Augustan Age)
Propertius
5
Birthplace: Umbria, Italy
Propertius was a Latin elegiac poet who was active during the Augustan age. His extant work consists of four books of Elegies. Although he was not as famous as his contemporaries, Propertius is widely regarded as a major poet by modern scholars.
 10 
Statius
(Greco-Roman Poet of the 1st Century CE)
Statius
3
Birthdate: 0045 AD
Birthplace: Naples
Died: 0096 AD
Statius was a Greco-Roman poet whose extant Latin poetry includes an epic titled The Thebaid, which consists of 12 books and recounts the clash of two siblings, Polynices and Eteocles, over the throne of Thebes. Among his other surviving works are a collection of occasional poetry titled The Silvae and The Achilleid, an unfinished epic.
 11 
Martianus Capella
(Latin Prose Writer, Jurist, and Polymath)
Martianus Capella
3
Birthdate: 0360 AD
Birthplace: Carthage, Tunisia
Died: 0428 AD

Martianus Capella was a Latin prose writer, jurist, and polymath. A native of Madaura, Capella is credited with developing the system of liberal arts education that structured early medieval education. Martianus Capella is also credited with writing an encyclopedic work titled On the Marriage of Philology and Mercury.

 12 
Sidonius Apollinaris
(The Single Most Important Surviving Author from Fifth-Century Gaul)
Sidonius Apollinaris
3
Birthdate: 0430 AD
Birthplace: Lugdunum
Died: July 31, 0489
Sidonius Apollinaris was a poet, bishop, and diplomat. He is regarded as the most prominent author from fifth-century Gaul whose works are extant. He is one of the four Gallo-Roman aristocrats from the fifth and sixth centuries whose letters survive in quantity. Sidonius Apollinaris is revered as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church.
 13 
Ausonius
(Roman Poet and Teacher of Rhetoric)
Ausonius
3
Birthdate: 0310 AD
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: 0395 AD
Ausonius was a Roman poet best remembered for his works, Mosella and Ephemeris. Also a teacher of rhetoric, Ausonius worked as a tutor for a brief period to the future emperor Gratian. Gratian liked and respected Ausonius; after becoming the emperor in 375, he started bestowing on Ausonius the highest civil honors.
 14 
Prudentius
(Roman Poet and One of the Most Famous Medieval Authors)
Prudentius
3
Birthdate: 0348 AD
Birthplace: Hispania Tarraconensis
Died: 0413 AD
Prudentius was a Roman poet and one of the most famous medieval authors. His most influential work is titled Psychomachia, an allegory which incorporates elements of inner psychological conflicts and Hellenic epic. Psychomachia became the wellspring and inspiration of medieval allegorical literature. 
 15 
Claudian
(Latin Poet and Panegyrist of the Roman Army Military Commander Flavius Stilicho)
Claudian
3
Birthdate: 0370 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0404 AD
 16 
Livius Andronicus
(Writer, Playwright and Epic Poet Who is Considered the Father of Roman Drama and Latin Literature)
Livius Andronicus
3
Birthdate: 0280 BC
Birthplace: Taranto, Italy
Died: 0205 BC
 17 
Persius
(Roman Poet and Satirist of Etruscan Origin)
Persius
3
Birthdate: December 4, 0034
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Volterra, Italy
Died: November 24, 0062
Persius was a Roman poet and satirist whose works display a Stoic wisdom. Persius' works, which were published posthumously by his friend and mentor Lucius Annaeus Cornutus, became extremely popular in the Middle Ages. His satires, which were composed in hexameters, went on to become popular even among modern-day satirists.
 18 
Marcus Manilius
(Roman Poet and Astrologer Who Wrote 'Astronomica', a Latin Didactic Poem)
Marcus Manilius
2
Birthdate: 0001 AD
Marcus Manilius was a Roman astrologer and poet. He is credited with writing Astronomica, a Latin didactic poem written in hexameters. Astronomica, which is about celestial phenomena, has been divided into five books. Marcus Manilius's Astronomica has fascinated many scholars and intellects, including Alfred Edward Housman.  
 19 
Silius Italicus
(Roman Senator, Orator and Epic Poet of the Silver Age of Latin Literature)
Silius Italicus
2
Birthdate: 0025 AD
Died: 0101 AD
Silius Italicus was a Roman orator, poet, and senator. An epic poet of the Silver Age of Classical Latin literature, Silius Italicus is best remembered for his only extant work Punica. The Punica, which narrates the Second Punic War, is the longest extant Latin poem with more than 12,000 lines.
 20 
Agathias
(Greek Poet and Historian)
Agathias
2
Birthdate: 0536 AD
Birthplace: Myrina
Died: 0582 AD
 21 
Helvius Cinna
(Influential Neoteric Poet of the Late Roman Republic)
Helvius Cinna
2
Birthdate: 0085 BC
Birthplace: Roman Republic
Died: March 20, 0044
Helvius Cinna was a neoteric poet who was active during the late Roman Republic period. His most famous literary work is his magnum opus Zmyrna, which is a mythological epic poem that narrates the incestuous love of Smyrna for her father Cinyras. Cinna has also been depicted in stories involving Julius Caesar as he was lynched at the latter's funeral.
 22 
Gaius Valerius Flaccus
2
Birthdate: 0045 AD
Birthplace: Italy
Died: 0090 AD
 23 
Publius Annius Florus
(Roman Poet and Rhetorician)
Publius Annius Florus
2
Birthplace: Africa
Died: 0130 AD
 24 
Rutilius Claudius Namatianus
1
Birthdate: 0416 AD
Birthplace: Gaul
 25 
Constantine Manasses
(Byzantine Chronicler )
Constantine Manasses
1
Birthdate: 1130 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: 1187 AD
 26 
Statius Caecilius
(Roman Comic Poet)
Statius Caecilius
1
Birthdate: 0220 BC
Died: 0166 BC
 27 
Gaius Asinius Pollio
(Roman Soldier, Orator, Politician, Playwright, Poet, Historian, and Literary Critic)
Gaius Asinius Pollio
1
Birthdate: 0075 AD
Birthplace: Italy
Died: 0004 AD
 28 
Theodore Prodromus
(Byzantine Author Who Was Known for His Dark Satirical Works)
Theodore Prodromus
1
Birthdate: 1115 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: 1166 AD

Byzantine author Theodore Prodromus is remembered for his prose and poetry. Also known as Poor Prodromus, he was initially a monk who went around for alms. He was well known during the reigns of John II Komnenos and Manuel I Komnenos. He was also known for his darks satirical tone in his works.

 29 
Licinius Macer Calvus
(Ancient Roman Poet and Orator Who Wrote in a Style Similar to His Friend Catullus)
Licinius Macer Calvus
1
Birthdate: May 28, 0082
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arpino, Italy
Died: 0047 AD

Ancient Roman poet Licinius Macer Calvus was also a leading orator who followed the Attic school. Often mentioned along with his poet friend Catullus, he also shared his poetic style with him. Unfortunately, only 20 fragments of his poems survive, including The Fragmentary Latin Poets.

 30 
John Geometres
(Byzantine Poet & A Leading Figure of the Macedonian Renaissance)
John Geometres
1
Birthdate: 0935 AD
Birthplace: Byzantine
Died: 1000 AD

Byzantine poet John Geometres was initially a commander of the guards at the Byzantine court and later became a priest. A prominent literary figure of the Macedonian Renaissance, he mostly wrote on politics and religion. He also penned countless epigrams and hymns dedicated to the Virgin Mary.

 31 
Publius Valerius Cato
(A Neoteric Movement Leader and an Avant-Garde Latin Poet of 1st Century BCE)
Publius Valerius Cato
1
Birthdate: 0100 AD
Birthplace: Cisalpine Gaul
 32 
Albinovanus Pedo
(Roman Poet of the Augustan Era Whose Works Included Several Epigrams and an Epic)
Albinovanus Pedo
2
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

Augustan era Roman poet Albinovanus Pedo wrote many iconic works, such as an epic dedicated to Roman ruler Germanicus Caesar and several epigrams. However, the remains of his works have been reduced to a fragment preserved in the Suasoriae of Seneca the Elder. Some sources claim he was also a cavalry commander.