Famous Ancient Roman Military Leaders

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 1 Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar
9
Famous As: Roman dictator
Birthdate: June 30, 0100
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 15, 0044

Julius Caesar is considered one of the greatest military commanders in history and played an important role in the events that led to the downfall of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. He assumed control of the government after a civil war. He was assassinated by rebel senators on the Ides of March, 44 BC.

 2 Constantine the Great

Constantine the Great
5
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: February 27, 0272
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Naissus, Moesia, Roman Empire
Died: May 22, 0337

Constantine the Great served as the Roman emperor between 306 and 337. During his reign, he enacted financial, administrative, military, and social reforms to strengthen the empire. Constantine the Great is also credited with introducing the solidus, a gold coin which became the standard for European and Byzantine currencies for over a thousand years.

 3 Marc Antony

Marc Antony
7
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: January 14, 0083
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome
Died: August 1, 0030

Mark Antony was a Roman politician who played a key role in transforming the Roman Republic into the autocratic Roman Empire. Marc Antony is best remembered as one of Julius Caesar's generals during Caesar's Civil War. One of the most important figures in the history of Rome, Mark Antony has been the subject of several artistic portrayals since his death.

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 4 Pontius Pilate

Pontius Pilate
4
Famous As: Roman official who ordered the crucifixion of Jesus
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Roman Empire
Pontius Pilate was a Roman governor of Judaea, who served under Emperor Tiberius. The Bible mentions him as the one who presided over Jesus’s trial and ordered his crucifixion. The Gospels describe him as someone who was reluctant to kill Jesus, and the Ethiopian Church venerates him as a saint.

 5 Pompey

Pompey
4
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: September 29, 0106
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Picenum
Died: September 28, 0048

Considered ruthless by his opponents, Pompey was an ancient Roman general who was a veteran of many wars and played a key role in changing Rome from a republic to an empire. Pompey was first an ally of his more illustrious compatriot Julius Caesar whose daughter he married, and then became his enemy. He was assassinated in Egypt, an end not uncommon in history.

 6 Trajan

Trajan
4
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: September 18, 0053
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hispania Baetica
Died: August 8, 0117

Trajan was the Roman emperor from 98 to 117 CE. Remembered as a successful soldier-emperor, he presided over a great military expansion, leading the Roman Empire to attain its maximum territorial extent by the time of his death. He was the second of the Five Good Emperors and focused on implementing social welfare policies for the benefit of his citizens.

 7 Marcus Licinius Crassus

Marcus Licinius Crassus
6
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: 0115 BC
Birthplace: Roman Republic
Died: 0053 BC

Roman general and politician Marcus Licinius Crassus played a key role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. A patron of Julius Caesar, he became involved in the unofficial political alliance known as the First Triumvirate. An excellent military commander and a wealthy man, he died at the battle of Carrhae.

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 8 Septimius Severus

Septimius Severus
4
Famous As: Roman Emperor (193-211)
Birthdate: April 11, 0145
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leptis Magna, Libya
Died: February 4, 0211
Roman emperor Septimius Severus reigned from 193 to 211. He worked in the senate under Marcus Aurelius and gained strength following the death of Pertinax. He killed incumbent emperor Didius Julianus and annexed many kingdoms, such as Osroene. While on an invasion of Scotland, he died of an infectious disease.

 9 Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
4
Famous As: Roman Consul
Birthdate: 0064 BC
Birthplace: Arpino, Istria or Asisium
Died: 0012 BC
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa is chiefly remembered in history for crushing Mark Antony and his forces at the Battle of Actium. A close friend of Octavian, who later took over as Emperor Augustus Caesar, he is credited with completing the Pantheon and building scores of baths, gardens, and sewers in Rome.

 10 Scipio Africanus

Scipio Africanus
6
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: 0236 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0183 BC
Roman general and consul Scipio Africanus is remembered for his exploits during the Second Punic War. He gained the title Africanus by defeating Hannibal at the Battle of Zama. He was later dragged into a trial for accepting bribes and eventually left Rome to live in his villa in Liternum.

 11 Pertinax

Pertinax
4
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: August 1, 0126
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Alba Pompeia, Italy
Died: March 28, 0193

Born to a freed slave, Pertinax joined the Roman army early in life and soon rose to be a commander. He was declared the emperor after Commodus was murdered but was himself killed within three months of his rule. Septimius Severus later organized a state funeral and also deified him.

 12 Gaius Marius

Gaius Marius
4
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: 0157 BC
Birthplace: Arpinum
Died: January 13, 0086
Born to a plebeian farmer, near Arpinum, Gaius Marius was a skilled military leader but lacked the polish and sophistication required of a political leader. Known as "the third founder of Rome" for his win at the Cimbrian War, Marius had been made a consul for seven terms.

 13 Sulla

Sulla
4
Famous As: Dictator
Birthdate: 0138 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0078 BC

A Roman general and statesman, Lucius Cornelius Sulla is remembered for carrying out significant constitutional reforms during the last phase of Roma Empire. Winner of the first civil war, he was appointed dictator under Valerian law and undertook number of reforms intending to strengthen the Roman republic; but actually paved the way for rise of future dictators like Julius Caesar.

 14 Attila

Attila
4
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0406 AD
Died: February 29, 0453

 15 Cincinnatus

Cincinnatus
4
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 0519 BC
Birthplace: Roman Kingdom
Died: 0430 BC

 16 Maximinus Thrax

Maximinus Thrax
4
Famous As: Roman Emperor (235-238)
Birthdate: 0173 AD
Birthplace: Thracia
Died: May 10, 0238

Maximinus Thrax reigned as Roman emperor from 235 until his death in 238. The accession of Maximinus is generally viewed as the beginning of the Imperial Crisis. Hence, he is often called a barracks emperor of the 3rd century. He died during the Siege of Aquileia when he was assassinated by soldiers of the Legio II Parthica.

 17 Pontius Pilatus

Pontius Pilatus
10
Famous As: Official
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Abruzzo, Italy
Died: 0039 AD

 18 Constantius II

Constantius II
3
Famous As: Roman ruler
Birthdate: August 7, 0317
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sirmium
Died: November 3, 0361

 19 Arminius

Arminius
4
Famous As: Roman general
Birthdate: 0017 AD
Birthplace: Germania
Died: 0021 AD

 20 Nero Claudius Drusus

Nero Claudius Drusus
3
Famous As: Roman Politician
Birthdate: January 14, 0038
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: September 14, 0009

 21 Marcus Aemilius Lepidus

Marcus Aemilius Lepidus
3
Famous As: Roman general and statesman who formed the Second Triumvirate alongside Octavian and Mark Antony during the final years of the Roman Republic
Birthdate: 0089 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0013 AD

 22 Florianus

Florianus
3
Famous As: Roman emperor
Birthdate: August 19, 0232
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Terni, Italy
Died: July 31, 0276

 23 Sextus Pompey

Sextus Pompey
3
Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: 0067 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0035 AD

 24 Stilicho

Stilicho
3
Famous As: Military commander
Birthdate: 0359 AD
Birthplace: Germany
Died: August 22, 0408

 25 Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus

Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus
3
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 0203 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0280 AD

 26 Marcus Furius Camillus

Marcus Furius Camillus
3
Famous As: Soldier, Statesman
Birthdate: 0446 BC
Birthplace: Ancient Rome
Died: 0365 BC

 27 Simon bar Kokhba

Simon bar Kokhba
3
Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0135 AD

 28 Krum

Krum
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0755 AD
Birthplace: Pannonia
Died: April 13, 0814

 29 Gnaeus Julius Agricola

Gnaeus Julius Agricola
3
Famous As: General
Birthdate: June 13, 0040
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Fréjus, France
Died: August 23, 0093

 30 Avidius Cassius

Avidius Cassius
2
Famous As: Military General
Birthdate: 0130 AD
Birthplace: Cyrrhus, Turkey
Died: June 30, 0175

 31 Marcus Claudius Marcellus

Marcus Claudius Marcellus
2
Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: 0268 BC
Died: 0208 BC

 32 Syagrius

Syagrius
2
Famous As: Military commander
Birthdate: 0430 AD
Died: 0487 AD

 33 Postumus

Postumus
2
Famous As: Roman general
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Roman Gaul
Died: 0269 AD

 34 Clodius Albinus

Clodius Albinus
2
Famous As: Roman general
Birthdate: 0150 AD
Birthplace: Sousse, Tunisia
Died: February 19, 0197

 35 Carausius

Carausius
2
Famous As: Officer
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Gallia Belgica, Valledupar, Colombia
Died: 0293 AD

 36 Marcus Atilius Regulus

Marcus Atilius Regulus
2
Famous As: Roman general
Birthdate: 0299 AD
Birthplace: Roman Republic
Died: 0250 AD

 37 Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus

Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus
1
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: 0064 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0008 AD

 38 Flavius Ardaburius Aspar

Flavius Ardaburius Aspar
1
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: 0400 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: 0471 AD

 39 Publius Ventidius Bassus

Publius Ventidius Bassus
1
Famous As: General
Birthdate: 0089 AD
Birthplace: Ascoli Piceno

 40 Sextus Afranius Burrus

Sextus Afranius Burrus
1
Famous As: Prefect
Birthdate: 0001 AD
Birthplace: Gallia Narbonensis
Died: 0062 AD

 41 Aulus Gabinius

Aulus Gabinius
1
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0047 AD

 42 Nikephoros Bryennios the Younger

Nikephoros Bryennios the Younger
1
Famous As: Military General
Birthdate: 1062 AD
Birthplace: Orestiada
Died: 1137 AD

 43 Metellus Scipio

Metellus Scipio
1
Famous As: Military Commander
Birthdate: 0098 AD
Birthplace: Roman Republic
Died: 0046 AD

 44 Quintus Caecilius Metellus Numidicus

Quintus Caecilius Metellus Numidicus
1
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 0160 AD
Birthplace: Ancient Rome
Died: 0091 AD

 45 Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus

Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus
1
Famous As: General
Birthdate: 0210 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0115 AD

 46 Quintus Caecilius Metellus Celer

Quintus Caecilius Metellus Celer
1
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 0059 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0103 AD

 47 Arbogast

Arbogast
1
Famous As: General
Birthdate: 0340 AD
Birthplace: Rome
Died: September 8, 0394

 48 Gaius Duilius

Gaius Duilius
1
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown

 49 Manius Curius Dentatus

Manius Curius Dentatus
1
Famous As: General
Birthdate: 0321 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0270 AD

 50 Gaius Lutatius Catulus

Gaius Lutatius Catulus
1
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 0291 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0220 AD