American Female Chemists

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 1 
Stephanie Kwolek
4
Birthdate: July 31, 1923
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New Kensington, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: June 18, 2014

Stephanie Kwolek was an American chemist remembered for her invention of Kevlar. She worked at the DuPont Company for over four decades and was awarded the company's Lavoisier Medal for her discovery. In 1995, she was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame, becoming the fourth woman to be inducted. She also won other awards including the Perkin Medal.

 2 
Retta
(Stand-up Comedian)
Retta
22
Birthdate: April 12, 1970
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
 3 
Gertrude B. Elion
(Biochemist, Pharmacologist)
Gertrude B. Elion
3
Birthdate: January 23, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: February 21, 1999

The daughter of Jewish immigrants in New York, Gertrude B. Elion excelled in chemistry at Hunter College, where she studied for free, but was initially unable to find a job due to gender bias. The renowned biochemist and pharmacologist later won a Nobel and became a pioneer in medical research.

 4 
Catherine Coleman
(Chemist, Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer)
Catherine Coleman
4
Birthdate: December 14, 1960
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Charleston
 5 
Alice Ball
(American Chemist Renowned for Developing the 'Ball Method')
Alice Ball
0
Birthdate: July 24, 1892
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Seattle, Washington, United States
Died: December 31, 1916

Alice Ball was an American chemist best remembered for developing the Ball Method, which became the most effective treatment for leprosy in the early 20th century. She was the first African American and first woman to work as a chemistry professor at the University of Hawaii. Alice Ball's contributions to science were recognized several years after her death.

 6 
Ellen Swallow Richards
(Chemist, University teacher, Economist)
Ellen Swallow Richards
3
Birthdate: December 3, 1842
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dunstable
Died: March 30, 1911
 7 
Susan Solomon
(chemist)
Susan Solomon
2
Birthdate: January 19, 1956
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chicago
 8 
Ruth R. Benerito
2
Birthdate: January 12, 1916
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Died: October 5, 2013
 9 
Hazel Bishop
(Chemist and businesswoman)
Hazel Bishop
1
Birthdate: August 17, 1906
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Hoboken, New Jersey, United States
Died: December 5, 1998
 10 
Sossina M. Haile
1
Birthdate: July 28, 1966
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ethiopia
 11 
Florence B. Seibert
(American Biochemist Known for Isolating a Pure Form of 'Tuberculin')
Florence B. Seibert
1
Birthdate: October 6, 1897
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Easton, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 23, 1991

Florence B. Seibert is remembered for developing the tuberculin test, which became the standard test for detecting TB. Defeating polio at age 3, she went on to win scholarships and made it to Yale. One of the greatest women biochemists of the U.S., she also contributed to intravenous drug therapy.

 12 
Katherine B. Hoffman
1
Birthdate: August 1, 1914
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Winter Haven, Florida, United States
Died: July 18, 2020
 13 
Anna J. Harrison
1
Birthdate: December 23, 1912
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Benton City, Missouri, United States
Died: August 8, 1998