Throughout history, there have been many American women astronomers who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great American female astronomers such as Annie Jump Cannon, Maria Mitchell, Henrietta Swan Leavitt, Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, Amy Mainzer.
Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
(Astronomer)

04 July 1868

American

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
(Astronomer)

11 December 1863

American

Maria MitchellMaria Mitchell
(Astronomer)

01 August 1818

American

Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
(Astronomer, University teacher)

10 May 1900

British,American

Michelle ThallerMichelle Thaller

American

Valerie ThomasValerie Thomas
(scientist and inventor)

1943 AD

American

Amy MainzerAmy Mainzer
(astronomer)

02 January 1974

American