Abdelaziz Bouteflika is an Algerian politician who served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1963 to 1979. In 1999, he became the seventh president of Algeria and served in that position for nearly 20 years, becoming Algeria's longest-serving head of state. During his presidency, Abdelaziz Bouteflika oversaw the end of the Algerian Civil War.
Ahmed Ben Bella, Algeria’s first president, had humble beginnings, as the son of a farmer and small-time businessman. He once went to prison after robbing a post office to fund his revolutionary operations and later formed the National Liberation Front to fight against the French colonial reign.
Algerian army colonel Houari Boumediene was part of the rebellion against the French for his country’s independence. He became the president of Algeria following the coup of 1965. While he maintained cordial relations with the Soviet bloc, he also strengthened his country’s industrial ties with the West.
Liamine Zeroual is an Algerian politician who served as the President of Algeria from 1994 to 1999. A general officer in the Algerian Army, Zeroual also served as the Minister of Defence from 10 July 1993 to 11 April 1994.