Abdelaziz Bouteflika is an Algerian politician who served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1963 to 1979. In 1999, he became the seventh president of Algeria and served in that position for nearly 20 years, becoming Algeria's longest-serving head of state. During his presidency, Abdelaziz Bouteflika oversaw the end of the Algerian Civil War.
Ahmed Ben Bella, Algeria’s first president, had humble beginnings, as the son of a farmer and small-time businessman. He once went to prison after robbing a post office to fund his revolutionary operations and later formed the National Liberation Front to fight against the French colonial reign.