Famous 19th Century Nurses

Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Nurses, including Florence Nightingale, Margaret Sanger, Vera Brittain, Clara Barton and Edith Cavell.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale
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Famous As: Founder of Modern Nursing
Birthdate: May 12, 1820
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Florence
Died: August 13, 1910
The Lady with the Lamp Florence Nightingale is remembered for her relentless efforts in nursing soldiers during the Crimean War. She founded London’s St Thomas' Hospital to train nurses. She also pioneered the use of the polar area diagram and was the first female member of the Royal Statistical Society.

 2 Margaret Sanger

Margaret Sanger
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Famous As: Activist
Birthdate: September 14, 1879
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Corning, New York, United States
Died: September 6, 1966

Margaret Sanger was an American writer and sex educator. She is credited with popularizing the term birth control. A birth control activist, Sanger established the first birth control clinic in America. She also set up organizations that later became the well-known non-profit organization Planned Parenthood Federation of America. She also played a key role in legalizing contraception in the US.

 3 Clara Barton

Clara Barton
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: December 25, 1821
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: North Oxford, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died: April 12, 1912
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 4 Mary Seacole

Mary Seacole
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Famous As: Heroine of the Crimean War
Birthdate: November 23, 1805
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kingston, Jamaica
Died: May 14, 1881

Mary Seacole was a British-Jamaican nurse, businesswoman, and healer. She played a major role during the Crimean War, providing aid for wounded servicemen and nursing them back to health. In 1991, Seacole was posthumously honored with the Jamaican Order of Merit. In 2004, she was named the greatest black Briton for her contribution during the war.

 5 Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia

Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: November 15, 1895
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Alexander Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 17, 1918

 6 Violet Jessop

Violet Jessop
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: October 2, 1887
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bahía Blanca, Argentina
Died: May 5, 1971

 7 Marie of Romania

Marie of Romania
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Famous As: Consort
Birthdate: October 29, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Eastwell Park, Kent, England
Died: July 10, 1938
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 8 Elizabeth Kenny

Elizabeth Kenny
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Famous As: Nurse & Health Administrator
Birthdate: September 20, 1880
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Warialda, New South Wales
Died: November 30, 1952

Elizabeth Kenny was an Australian bush nurse. A self-trained nurse, Kenny pioneered a new and then-controversial method to treat the victims of poliomyelitis. Her method, which she advocated enthusiastically, became the foundation of physiotherapy. Her life and career inspired the 1946 American biographical film Sister Kenny, in which she was played by Rosalind Russell.

 9 Lillian Gordy Carter

Lillian Gordy Carter
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Famous As: Nurse, Politician
Birthdate: August 15, 1898
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Richland
Died: October 30, 1983

 10 Ethel Roosevelt Derby

Ethel Roosevelt Derby
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: August 13, 1891
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Oyster Bay (hamlet), New York
Died: December 10, 1977

 11 Constance Kent

Constance Kent
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Famous As: nurse
Birthdate: February 6, 1844
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: England
Died: April 10, 1944

 12 Agnes von Kurowsky

Agnes von Kurowsky
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: January 5, 1892
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Germantown
Died: September 25, 1984

 13 Nella Larsen

Nella Larsen
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: April 13, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois
Died: March 30, 1964

 14 Lillian Wald

Lillian Wald
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Famous As: Humanitarian, Nurse, Activist
Birthdate: March 10, 1867
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio
Died: September 1, 1940

 15 Mary Eliza Mahoney

Mary Eliza Mahoney
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: April 16, 1845
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dorchester, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 4, 1926

 16 Aurora Quezon

Aurora Quezon
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: February 19, 1888
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Baler
Died: April 28, 1949

 17 Mary Kingsley

Mary Kingsley
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: October 13, 1862
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Islington, London, England
Died: June 3, 1900

English ethnographer and traveler Mary Kingsley was the daughter of renowned physician and traveler George Kingsley and the niece of Charles Kingsley. Unlike girls of her era, she was well-educated and later ventured on an exploratory trip to West Africa, becoming the first European to enter remote areas such as Gabon.

 18 Sarah Emma Edmonds

Sarah Emma Edmonds
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: November 30, 1841
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Magaguadavic, Canada
Died: September 5, 1898

 19 Naomi Mitchison

Naomi Mitchison
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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: November 1, 1897
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: January 11, 1999

Known for authoring books such as Memoirs of a Spacewoman and The Conquered, Naomi Mitchison was also a driven socialist. She served as an advisor to Botswana’s Bakgatla tribe and had also been a farmer. Honored with numerous awards and honorary doctorates, she lived till age 101.

 20 Mary Breckinridge

Mary Breckinridge
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Famous As: American nurse
Birthdate: February 17, 1881
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Memphis, Tennessee, United States
Died: May 16, 1965

 21 Mary Ann Bickerdyke

Mary Ann Bickerdyke
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Famous As: Medical worker
Birthdate: July 19, 1817
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Knox County, Ohio, United States
Died: November 8, 1901

 22 Marie Marvingt

Marie Marvingt
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Famous As: Athlete
Birthdate: February 20, 1875
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Aurillac, in Cantal, France
Died: December 14, 1963

 23 Elizabeth Hesselblad

Elizabeth Hesselblad
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: June 4, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Fåglavik, Sweden
Died: April 24, 1957

 24 Clara Maass

Clara Maass
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: June 28, 1876
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New Jersey, United States
Died: August 24, 1901

 25 Princess Marie-Louise of Madagascar

Princess Marie-Louise of Madagascar
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Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: May 1, 1897
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint-Denis, Réunion Overseas Department of France
Died: January 18, 1948

 26 Nellie Cashman

Nellie Cashman
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Famous As: Restaurateur
Birthdate: May 25, 1845
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Midleton, County Cork, Ireland
Died: January 4, 1925

 27 Charles Atangana

Charles Atangana
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Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: 1880 AD
Birthplace: Mvolyé, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Died: September 1, 1943

 28 Elsa Brandstrom

Elsa Brandstrom
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: March 26, 1888
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 4, 1948

 29 Mary Adelaide Nutting

Mary Adelaide Nutting
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Famous As: Nurse educator
Birthdate: November 1, 1858
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Quebec, Canada
Died: October 3, 1948

 30 Harriet Boyd Hawes

Harriet Boyd Hawes
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: October 11, 1871
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 31, 1945

 31 Louise McManus

Louise McManus
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: 1896 AD
Birthplace: North Smithfield, Rhode Island, United States
Died: May 29, 1993

 32 Manuela de la Santa Cruz y Espejo

Manuela de la Santa Cruz y Espejo
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Famous As: Journalist
Birthdate: December 20, 1753
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Quito, Viceroyalty of New Granada
Died: 1829 AD

 33 Mabel Keaton Staupers

Mabel Keaton Staupers
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: February 27, 1890
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Barbados Island, Barbados
Died: November 29, 1989

 34 Jane Delano

Jane Delano
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: March 12, 1862
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Montour Falls, New York, United States
Died: April 15, 1919

 35 Julia Dempsey

Julia Dempsey
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Famous As: Religious Sister
Birthdate: May 14, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Salamanca, New York, United States
Died: March 29, 1939

 36 Mary J. Safford

Mary J. Safford
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: December 31, 1834
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hyde Park, Vermont, United States
Died: December 8, 1891

 37 Florence A. Blanchfield

Florence A. Blanchfield
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: April 1, 1884
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shepherdstown, West Virginia, United States
Died: May 12, 1971

 38 Mărgărita Miller-Verghy

Mărgărita Miller-Verghy
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Famous As: Nurse, Linguist, Writer, Literary historian, Literary critic, Essayist, Children's writer
Birthdate: January 1, 1865
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Iași
Died: December 31, 1953

 39 Sue S. Dauser

Sue S. Dauser
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: September 20, 1888
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Anaheim, California, United States
Died: March 11, 1972

 40 Jane Currie Blaikie Hoge

Jane Currie Blaikie Hoge
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: July 31, 1811
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 26, 1890

 41 Lucy Minnigerode

Lucy Minnigerode
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Famous As: Nurse
Birthdate: February 8, 1871
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: near Leesburg, Virginia, United States
Died: March 24, 1935