Famous 19th Century Nurses

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 1 
Florence Nightingale
(Social Reformer & Founder of Modern Nursing and Known as 'The Lady with the Lamp')
Florence Nightingale
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Birthdate: May 12, 1820
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: August 13, 1910
The Lady with the Lamp Florence Nightingale is remembered for her relentless efforts in nursing soldiers during the Crimean War. She founded London’s St Thomas' Hospital to train nurses. She also pioneered the use of the polar area diagram and was the first female member of the Royal Statistical Society.
 2 
Margaret Sanger
(Birth Control Activist Who Opened the First Birth Control Clinic in the United States)
Margaret Sanger
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Birthdate: September 14, 1879
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Corning, New York, United States
Died: September 6, 1966

Margaret Sanger was an American writer and sex educator. She is credited with popularizing the term birth control. A birth control activist, Sanger established the first birth control clinic in America. She also set up organizations that later became the well-known non-profit organization Planned Parenthood Federation of America. She also played a key role in legalizing contraception in the US.

 3 
Clara Barton
(Nurse, Founded of the American Red Cross)
Clara Barton
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Birthdate: December 25, 1821
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Oxford, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 12, 1912
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 4 
Mary Seacole
(Heroine of the Crimean War)
Mary Seacole
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Birthdate: November 23, 1805
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kingston, Jamaica
Died: May 14, 1881

Mary Seacole was a British-Jamaican nurse, businesswoman, and healer. She played a major role during the Crimean War, providing aid for wounded servicemen and nursing them back to health. In 1991, Seacole was posthumously honored with the Jamaican Order of Merit. In 2004, she was named the greatest black Briton for her contribution during the war.

 5 
Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia
(Eldest Child of Emperor Nicholas II, and of Empress Alexandra of Russia)
Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia
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Birthdate: November 15, 1895
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 17, 1918
 6 
Violet Jessop
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Birthdate: October 2, 1887
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bahía Blanca, Argentina
Died: May 5, 1971
 7 
Marie of Romania
(Wife of Ferdinand I of Romania and Former Queen Consort of Romania (1914 - 1927))
Marie of Romania
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Birthdate: October 29, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Eastwell Park, Kent, England
Died: July 10, 1938
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 8 
Elizabeth Kenny
(Nurse & Health Administrator)
Elizabeth Kenny
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Birthdate: September 20, 1880
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Warialda, New South Wales
Died: November 30, 1952

Elizabeth Kenny was an Australian bush nurse. A self-trained nurse, Kenny pioneered a new and then-controversial method to treat the victims of poliomyelitis. Her method, which she advocated enthusiastically, became the foundation of physiotherapy. Her life and career inspired the 1946 American biographical film Sister Kenny, in which she was played by Rosalind Russell.

Ethel Roosevelt Derby
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Birthdate: August 13, 1891
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Oyster Bay (hamlet), New York
Died: December 10, 1977
 10 
Nella Larsen
(Author)
Nella Larsen
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Birthdate: April 13, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois
Died: March 30, 1964
 11 
Mary Eliza Mahoney
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Birthdate: April 16, 1845
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dorchester, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 4, 1926
 12 
Lillian Wald
(Nurse, Humanitarian)
Lillian Wald
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Birthdate: March 10, 1867
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Died: September 1, 1940
 13 
Constance Kent
(Former nurse who confessed to the murder of her half-brother, Francis Saville Kent, in 1860, when she was aged 16 and he aged 4)
Constance Kent
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Birthdate: February 5, 1844
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: idmouth, Devon, England, United Kingdom
Died: April 10, 1944
 14 
Aurora Quezon
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Birthdate: February 19, 1888
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Baler
Died: April 28, 1949
 15 
Mary Kingsley
(British Ethnographer, Scientific Writer and Explorer Known for Her Travels and Writings on West Africa)
Mary Kingsley
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Birthdate: October 13, 1862
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Islington, London, England
Died: June 3, 1900

English ethnographer and traveler Mary Kingsley was the daughter of renowned physician and traveler George Kingsley and the niece of Charles Kingsley. Unlike girls of her era, she was well-educated and later ventured on an exploratory trip to West Africa, becoming the first European to enter remote areas such as Gabon.

 16 
Sarah Emma Edmonds
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Birthdate: 1841
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Magaguadavic, Canada
Died: September 5, 1898
 17 
Naomi Mitchison
(Novelist)
Naomi Mitchison
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Birthdate: November 1, 1897
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: January 11, 1999

Known for authoring books such as Memoirs of a Spacewoman and The Conquered, Naomi Mitchison was also a driven socialist. She served as an advisor to Botswana’s Bakgatla tribe and had also been a farmer. Honored with numerous awards and honorary doctorates, she lived till age 101.

 18 
Mary Breckinridge
(American nurse)
Mary Breckinridge
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Birthdate: February 17, 1881
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Memphis, Tennessee, United States
Died: May 16, 1965
 19 
Mary Ann Bickerdyke
(Medical worker)
Mary Ann Bickerdyke
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Birthdate: July 19, 1817
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Knox County, Ohio, United States
Died: November 8, 1901
 20 
Marie Marvingt
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Birthdate: February 20, 1875
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Aurillac, in Cantal, France
Died: December 14, 1963
 21 
Clara Maass
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Birthdate: June 28, 1876
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New Jersey, United States
Died: August 24, 1901
Princess Marie-Louise of Madagascar
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Birthdate: May 1, 1897
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint-Denis, Réunion Overseas Department of France
Died: January 18, 1948
 23 
Nellie Cashman
(Restaurateur)
Nellie Cashman
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Birthdate: May 25, 1845
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Midleton, County Cork, Ireland
Died: January 4, 1925

Following the Irish Potato Famine, Irish-born Nellie Cashman and her family moved to the US. She launched a boarding house with her mother in Nevada and soon opened several restaurants. She led a rescue team to trapped gold miners in Cassiar and later became a gold prospector herself.

Elizabeth Hesselblad
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Birthdate: June 4, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Fåglavik, Sweden
Died: April 24, 1957
 25 
Charles Atangana
(Political leader)
Charles Atangana
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Birthdate: 1880 AD
Birthplace: Mvolyé, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Died: September 1, 1943
 26 
Elsa Brandstrom
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Birthdate: March 26, 1888
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 4, 1948
 27 
Mary Adelaide Nutting
(Nurse educator)
Mary Adelaide Nutting
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Birthdate: November 1, 1858
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Quebec, Canada
Died: October 3, 1948
 28 
Sophie Mannerheim
(Nurse known as pioneer of modern nursing in Finland)
Sophie Mannerheim
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Birthdate: December 21, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Helsinki, Finland
Died: January 9, 1928
 29 
Harriet Boyd Hawes
(Archaeologist)
Harriet Boyd Hawes
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Birthdate: October 11, 1871
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 31, 1945
 30 
Jane Delano
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Birthdate: March 12, 1862
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Montour Falls, New York, United States
Died: April 15, 1919
 31 
Louise McManus
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Birthdate: 1896 AD
Birthplace: North Smithfield, Rhode Island, United States
Died: May 29, 1993
Mabel Keaton Staupers
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Birthdate: February 27, 1890
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Barbados Island, Barbados
Died: November 29, 1989
Manuela de la Santa Cruz y Espejo
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Birthdate: December 20, 1753
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Quito, Viceroyalty of New Granada
Died: 1829 AD
 34 
Julia Dempsey
(Religious Sister)
Julia Dempsey
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Birthdate: May 14, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Salamanca, New York, United States
Died: March 29, 1939
Florence A. Blanchfield
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Birthdate: April 1, 1884
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shepherdstown, West Virginia, United States
Died: May 12, 1971
 36 
Mary J. Safford
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Birthdate: December 31, 1834
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hyde Park, Vermont, United States
Died: December 8, 1891
 37 
Mărgărita Miller-Verghy
(Nurse, Linguist, Writer, Literary historian, Literary critic, Essayist, Children's writer)
Mărgărita Miller-Verghy
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Birthdate: January 1, 1865
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Iași
Died: December 31, 1953
 38 
Sue S. Dauser
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Birthdate: September 20, 1888
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Anaheim, California, United States
Died: March 11, 1972
Jane Currie Blaikie Hoge
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Birthdate: July 31, 1811
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 26, 1890
 40 
Lucy Minnigerode
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Birthdate: February 8, 1871
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: near Leesburg, Virginia, United States
Died: March 24, 1935
Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Nurses, including Florence Nightingale, Margaret Sanger, Vera Brittain, Clara Barton and Edith Cavell.