Famous 18th Century Surgeons

Right IconThis ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite 18th Century Surgeons
 1 
James Barry
(military physician, Surgeon)
James Barry
4
Birthdate: November 9, 1795
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Belfast
Died: July 25, 1865

Military surgeon James Miranda Steuart Barry is most noted for making medical reforms and performing one of the first known successful Caesarean sections in Africa. Although during adulthood Barry lived as a man, at birth Barry was named Margaret Ann Bulkley and was known as a girl-child. Barry's birth sex became public after a post-mortem examination.     

 2 
John Hunter
(military physician, physician, university teacher)
John Hunter
5
Birthdate: February 13, 1728
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lanarkshire
Died: October 16, 1793

John Hunter was a Scottish surgeon remembered for his efforts to study the human anatomy through investigation and experimentation. An early advocate of scientific method in medicine, Hunter was considered one of the most prominent surgeons of his generation. He is also remembered for paying for the body of Charles Byrne and displaying the skeletal remains in his Hunterian Museum.

 3 
Ephraim McDowell
(American Physician and Pioneer Surgeon Known for First Successful Ovariotomy)
Ephraim McDowell
5
Birthdate: November 11, 1771
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rockbridge County, Virginia, United States
Died: June 25, 1830

Considered the founder of operative gynecology, Ephraim McDowell was also the first person to perfect lithotomy, a surgical technique for removing stones obstructing urinary bladder. He came to limelight when he successfully removed a 20-pound tumor from Jane Todd Crawford’s ovary, later performing twelve more ovariotomies, out of which seven were successful, thus demonstrating the viability of elective abdominal surgery.

Recommended Lists:
 4 
James Lind
(Scottish Doctor Known for Pioneering of Naval Hygiene in the Royal Navy)
James Lind
5
Birthdate: October 4, 1716
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: July 13, 1794

James Lind revolutionized medical science by recommending lemon juice and citrus fruits as remedies for scurvy in British Navy officials. Though born into a Scottish merchant family, he ended up becoming a successful naval surgeon. His research also included the prevention of typhus among seamen.

 5 
James Parkinson
3
Birthdate: April 11, 1755
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shoreditch
Died: December 21, 1824

The man who lent his name to Parkinson’s disease, which he described as paralysis agitans in Essay on the Shaking Palsy, James Parkinson was a leading English surgeon. An avid paleontologist and geologist too, he often collected specimens and fossils. He and his son also offered the first description of appendicitis.

 6 
Tobias Smollett
(Scottish Poet and Author Best Known for Picaresque Novels)
Tobias Smollett
5
Birthdate: March 19, 1721
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Renton, Scotland
Died: September 17, 1771

Best known for his picaresque novels such as The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, Scottish novelist Tobias Smollett was born into a family of lawyers and soldiers and initially attended medical training. Some believe he quit university without a degree, while it is also said he had served as a navy surgeon.

 7 
George Bass
(Former Explorer, Surgeon known as one of the first people to explore the interior of Australia)
George Bass
2
Birthdate: January 30, 1771
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sleaford, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom
Died: 1803 AD

British naval surgeon George Bass is best remembered for his exploratory voyage to Australia, aboard the Reliance. He explored areas such as the Sydney coastline, Tasmania, and New South Wales. However, he was declared lost at sea after disappearing on a commercial voyage to South America.

 8 
Dean Mahomed
(Traveller, surgeon, entrepreneur, and one of the most notable early non-European immigrants to the Western World)
Dean Mahomed
0
Birthdate: 1759
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Patna, Bihar, India
Died: February 24, 1851
 9 
James McHenry
(Surgeon)
James McHenry
2
Birthdate: November 16, 1753
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ballymena, Ireland
Died: May 3, 1816

Scotch-Irish American military-surgeon and politician James McHenry, who served as the 3rd United States Secretary of War, is noted as a signer of the United States Constitution from Maryland. He was elected a delegate to Maryland State Convention of 1788. He was instrumental in reorganizing the United States Army into four regiments and established the United States Department of the Navy.

 10 
Dominique Jean Larrey
(French Military Doctor and Surgeon Who is Widely Regarded as the First Modern Military Surgeon)
Dominique Jean Larrey
2
Birthdate: July 8, 1766
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Beaudéan, France
Died: July 25, 1842

Dominique Jean Larrey was a French military doctor and surgeon. He is best remembered for his service during the Napoleonic Wars and the French Revolutionary Wars. A prominent innovator in triage and battlefield medicine, Dominique Jean Larrey is widely regarded as the first modern military surgeon.

 11 
Percivall Pott
2
Birthdate: January 6, 1714
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 22, 1788
 12 
George Crabbe
(British Poet, Surgeon and Clergyman Best Known for His Early Use of the Realistic Narrative Form)
George Crabbe
2
Birthdate: December 24, 1754
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Aldeburgh, Suffolk, England
Died: February 3, 1832

George Crabbe was an English surgeon, poet, and clergyman. He began his career as a doctor's apprentice in the 1770s and later become a surgeon. After a few years, he pursued a living as a poet and also served as a clergyman in various capacities. He wrote poetry mainly in the form of heroic couplets. He was also a coleopterist. 

 13 
Guillaume, Baron Dupuytren
(French Military Surgeon and Anatomist Who Became Popular After Treating Napoleon Bonaparte's Hemorrhoids)
Guillaume, Baron Dupuytren
2
Birthdate: October 5, 1777
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Pierre-Buffière, France
Died: February 8, 1835

Guillaume, Baron Dupuytren was a French military surgeon and anatomist. Although he gained immense popularity after treating Napoleon Bonaparte's hemorrhoids, Dupuytren is best remembered for his description of Dupuytren's contracture. Guillaume, Baron Dupuytren was also an astute diagnostician and a brilliant teacher.

 14 
Astley Cooper
(Surgeon)
Astley Cooper
2
Birthdate: August 23, 1768
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brooke, England
Died: February 12, 1841
 15 
Goldsworthy Gurney
1
Birthdate: February 14, 1793
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Treator, Padstow, England
Died: February 28, 1875
 16 
Robert James Graves
2
Birthdate: March 27, 1796
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: March 20, 1853
 17 
John Richardson
(Surgeon and Explorer)
John Richardson
1
Birthdate: November 5, 1787
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dumfries, Scotland
Died: June 5, 1865

Apart from being a naval surgeon, John Richardson also made a named for himself as an explorer of the Canadian Arctic coast. He was also a talented author of natural history. His accurate surveys eventually got him knighted. Various species of reptiles and mammals have been named in his honor.

 18 
William Hewson
1
Birthdate: November 14, 1739
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hexham, England
Died: May 1, 1774

Widely regarded as the father of hematology, Copley Medal-winning British physiologist William Hewson studied blood coagulation, the lymphatic system, and red blood cells, and isolated fibrin, which he named coagulable lymph. He was made a Royal Society member and was also named to the American Philosophical Society.

 19 
Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st Baronet
(British Physiologist and Surgeon Who Pioneered Research Into Bone and Joint Disease)
Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st Baronet
1
Birthdate: June 9, 1783
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: West Winterslow, England
Died: October 21, 1862

Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st Baronet, was an English surgeon and physiologist best remembered for his pioneering research into joint and bone disease. He was elected a member of the Royal Society in 1810 where he published many papers describing investigations in physiology. From 1858 to 1861, Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie served as the 29th President of the Royal Society.

 20 
Alexander Monro
1
Birthdate: September 19, 1697
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 10, 1767

The son of surgeon John Munro, Alexander Monro followed in his father’s footsteps and became a leading surgeon and anatomist of his day. He, his son, and then his grandson held the Edinburgh University Chair of Anatomy for a collective 126 years. He was also named a Fellow of The Royal Society.

 21 
Leopold Auenbrugger
1
Birthdate: November 19, 1722
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: May 17, 1809
 22 
William Cheselden
1
Birthdate: October 19, 1688
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Somerby, England
Died: April 10, 1752
 23 
Alexander Monro
(Scottish Anatomist, Physician and Medical Educator)
Alexander Monro
1
Birthdate: May 22, 1733
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: October 2, 1817

Alexander Monro was a Scottish physician, anatomist, and medical educator. Born into the famous Monro of Auchenbowie family, Alexander is best remembered for his work describing the lymphatic system. He spent most of his life as a lecturer and is credited with teaching several future physicians, including abolitionist and naval physician Thomas Trotter.

Karl Ferdinand von Gräfe
0
Birthdate: March 8, 1787
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: July 4, 1840