Famous 17th Century Empresses & Queens

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 1 
Elizabeth I of England
(Queen of England)

Elizabeth I of England
13
Birthdate: September 7, 1533
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palace of Placentia
Died: March 24, 1603
Elizabeth I, daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, ruled as the Queen of England and Ireland from 1558 to 1603. She had been declared illegitimate after her mother’s execution. Nicknamed The Virgin Queen for her unmarried status, she established an English Protestant church and served as its governor.

 2 
Anne, Queen of Great Britain
(Queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1707 – 1714))

Anne, Queen of Great Britain
5
Birthdate: February 1, 1665
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: St James's Palace, Westminster, England
Died: August 1, 1714

Many biographers consider Anne, the Queen of Great Britain, a weak and irresolute woman. It is said that she lacked political astuteness and was easily influenced by others. Though she was troubled by poor health throughout her life, she became increasingly obese and ill during her 30s and eventually died at the age of 49.

 3 
Mary II of England
(Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689-1694))

Mary II of England
4
Birthdate: April 30, 1662
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 28, 1694

Mary II of England was Queen of England, Ireland, and Scotland from 1689 to 1694. Although she co-reigned along with her husband William III of England, she also took major decisions by herself whenever William was abroad. Mary has been portrayed in films, such as Orlando and England, My England.

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 4 
Hausa Queen Amina
(Queen of Nigeria)

Hausa Queen Amina
5
Birthdate: 1533 AD
Birthplace: Zaria, Nigeria
Died: 1610 AD

Nigerian warrior queen Amina ruled the 16th-century city-state Zazzau at a time when women leaders were hard to come by. Her 34-year-old reign saw her expanding her kingdom and developing trade routes. Some believe she was merely a mythical figure, but remnants of the walls she had built prove otherwise.

 5 
Maria Theresa of Spain
(Queen of France and Navarre (1660-1683))

Maria Theresa of Spain
5
Birthdate: September 10, 1638
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lorenzo de El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Died: July 30, 1683
Maria Theresa of Spain was the queen consort of France from 1660 to 1683, as the wife of Louis XIV of France. She lost five of her six children early and was also often ignored by the court. She died due to a wound on her arm at age 44.

 6 
Kösem Sultan
(Ottoman sultana)

Kösem Sultan
4
Birthdate: 1589 AD
Birthplace: Tinos, Republic of Venice (currently the territory of Greece)
Died: September 2, 1651

 7 
Catherine I of Russia
(Empress of Russia (1725-1727))

Catherine I of Russia
5
Birthdate: April 15, 1684
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Russia
Died: May 17, 1727

Catherine I of Russia was the second wife and Empress consort of Peter the Great. She served as the Empress regnant of Russia from 1725 until her death in 1727. The daughter of a peasant, she had an adventurous life as a young woman and eventually married Peter the Great who was taken by her beauty. They had 12 children.

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 8 
Marie de' Medici
(Queen of France and Navarre (1600-10))

Marie de' Medici
4
Birthdate: April 26, 1575
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: July 3, 1642
Queen Marie de Médicis, the second wife of Henry IV of France, acted as the regent for her son till he came of age. An art connoisseur, she built the Luxembourg Palace in Paris. Known for her affinity for Concino Concini, she was eventually exiled for her excesses. 

Christina, Queen of Sweden
4
Birthdate: December 18, 1626
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tre Kronor
Died: April 19, 1689

 10 
Margaret of Valois
(Queen consort of Navarre (1572-1599), Queen consort of France (1589-1599))

Margaret of Valois
4
Birthdate: May 14, 1553
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Died: March 27, 1615
Margaret of Valois, queen of Navarre and France, is remembered for her historically significant Memoirs, which throws light on major events such as the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. She did not allow her husband, Henry III, to annul their childless marriage till the death of Henry’s mistress.

 11 
Anne of Denmark
(Queen of England and Ireland (1603-1619))

Anne of Denmark
5
Birthdate: December 12, 1574
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Skanderborg, Denmark
Died: March 2, 1619

Often described as a "dumb blonde," Anne of Denmark, who became the queen of Scotland, England, and Ireland, through her marriage to King James VI and I, was an art connoisseur known for attending extravagant masques. She probably also converted to Catholicism later, going against James’s anti-Catholic stance.

 12 
Mariam-uz-Zamani
(Akbar's Third Wife)

Mariam-uz-Zamani
4
Birthdate: 1542 AD
Died: May 19, 1623

Mariam-uz-Zamani, or Jodha Bai, was the wife of Mughal emperor Akbar. She was a Hindu Rajput princess and the daughter of Raja Bharmal of Amber. Mariam’s marriage to Akbar signified her father’s submission to the Mughal emperor. She was symbolic of the gradual rise of multiculturalism in the Mughal era.

Catherine of Braganza
4
Birthdate: November 25, 1638
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Palace of Vila Viçosa, Vila Viçosa, Portugal
Died: December 31, 1705

Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia
4
Birthdate: August 19, 1596
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Palace Buildings, Rosyth, Scotland
Died: February 13, 1662

 15 
Henrietta Maria of France
(Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland)

Henrietta Maria of France
2
Birthdate: November 25, 1609
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Palais du Louvre, Paris, France
Died: September 10, 1669

Daughter of Henry IV of France, Henrietta Maria, or Queen Mary, ruled England, Scotland, and Ireland as the queen after marrying King Charles I. Her open allegiance to Roman Catholicism prevented her from getting a formal coronation. She died of an overdose of laudanum to cure her of bronchitis.

 16 
Queen Nzinga
(17th Century Queen of Angola)

Queen Nzinga
3
Birthdate: 1583 AD
Birthplace: Kingdom of Matamba
Died: December 17, 1663

Queen Nzinga, also known as Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba, was the queen of the Kingdoms of Ndongo and Matamba. Born into the family of Ndongo, Nzinga assumed power after the demise of her father and sibling, after which she fought for the stature and Independence of her kingdoms from the Portuguese. Her reign lasted 37 years.

 17 
Nur Jahan
(Chief wife of the Mughal emperor Jahangir)

Nur Jahan
0
Birthdate: 1577 AD
Birthplace: Kandahar, Afghanistan
Died: December 17, 1645

 18 
Anne of Austria
(Queen of France (1615-1643))

Anne of Austria
4
Birthdate: September 22, 1601
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: January 20, 1666

Spanish princess Anne of Austria was also an archduchess of the House of Habsburg. She later became the queen of France, as King Louis XIII’s wife, and also ruled as the regent for her son, Louis XIV. She is one of main characters in The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas.

Elizabeth Charlotte, Madame Palatine
3
Birthdate: May 27, 1652
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Heidelberg Castle, Heidelberg, Electoral Palatinate, Holy Roman Empire
Died: December 8, 1722

 20 
Caroline of Ansbach
(Queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1727-1737))

Caroline of Ansbach
3
Birthdate: March 1, 1683
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ansbach, Germany
Died: November 20, 1737

The wife of King George II, Caroline of Ansbach served as the queen consort of Great Britain and Ireland from 1727 until her death in 1737. She also became the electress consort of Hanover upon George II's accession in 1727. Caroline is credited with bolstering the House of Hanover's place during a difficult period of political instability in Britain.

 21 
Turhan Sultan
(Politician)

Turhan Sultan
3
Birthdate: 1627 AD
Birthplace: Slobodskaya Ukraina
Died: August 4, 1683

 22 

Mariana of Austria
3
Birthdate: December 24, 1634
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wiener Neustadt, Austria
Died: May 16, 1696

 23 

Mary of Modena
3
Birthdate: October 5, 1658
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ducal Palace, Modena, Italy
Died: May 7, 1718

Mary of Modena, the second wife of King James II of England, who was also James VII of Scotland, reigned as the queen of England, Ireland, and Scotland. It is believed she induced James to escape to France during the Glorious Revolution, when William of Orange invaded England.

 24 

Sophia Dorothea of Celle
3
Birthdate: September 15, 1666
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Celle, Germany
Died: November 13, 1726

 25 
Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange
(Princess consort of Orange; Countess consort of Nassau (1647 - 1650))

Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange
3
Birthdate: November 4, 1631
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 24, 1660

Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
3
Birthdate: March 16, 1687
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hanover, Principality of Calenberg
Died: June 28, 1757

 27 
Tarabai
(Regent of Maratha Empire)

Tarabai
3
Birthdate: April 14, 1675
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Satara
Died: December 9, 1761

Tarabai reigned as the Queen Regent of the famous Maratha Empire from 1700 to 1708. The queen of Rajaram Bhosle I, Tarabai played an important role in fending off the Mughal forces from the Maratha territories after the demise of her husband. Tarabai's life and heroics have inspired films like Shivrayachi Soon Tararani where she was portrayed by Nishigandha Wad.

Margaret Theresa of Spain
4
Birthdate: July 12, 1651
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Royal Alcazar, Madrid, Spain
Died: March 12, 1673

 29 
Nur Jahan
(Empress)

Nur Jahan
3
Birthdate: May 31, 1577
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kandahar, Afghanistan
Died: December 18, 1645

Nur Jahan was the chief consort of Mughal emperor Jahangir. She reigned as Badshah Begum of the empire from 1620 to 1627. Nur Jahan is often credited with influencing Jahangir's decisions for much of his reign. She is also remembered for her strength and courage and her skills in hunting ferocious tigers. Her life has inspired many books and movies.

 30 

Anne Marie DOrleans
3
Birthdate: August 27, 1669
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Château de Saint-Cloud, France
Died: August 26, 1728

 31 

Elisabeth of France
3
Birthdate: November 22, 1602
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Fontainebleau, France
Died: October 6, 1644

 32 

Maria Anna of Spain
3
Birthdate: August 18, 1606
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: El Escorial, Spain
Died: May 13, 1646

Maria Anna of Neuburg
2
Birthdate: October 28, 1667
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Benrath Palace, Düsseldorf, Electoral Palatinate
Died: July 16, 1740

Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans
2
Birthdate: September 13, 1676
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Château de Saint-Cloud, Saint-Cloud, France
Died: December 23, 1744

Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier
2
Birthdate: May 29, 1627
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 5, 1693

 36 
Margarita of Austria
(Queen consort of Spain and Portugal)

Margarita of Austria
2
Birthdate: December 25, 1584
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: October 3, 1611

The daughter of Austria’s Archduke Charles II and Mary Anna of Bavaria, Margaret of Austria Queen of Spain, later became the queen of Spain and Portugal by virtue of her marriage to King Philip III of Spain, who was also Philip II of Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia.

Sophia Charlotte of Hanover
2
Birthdate: October 30, 1668
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Iburg Castle, Osnabrück, Hanover, Germany
Died: February 1, 1705

 38 
Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang
(Hong Taiji's consort)

Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang
2
Birthdate: March 28, 1613
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mongolia
Died: January 27, 1688

Marguerite Louise d'Orleans
2
Birthdate: July 28, 1645
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Château de Blois, Blois, France
Died: September 17, 1721

 40 

Siti Wan Kembang
2
Birthdate: 1585 AD
Birthplace: Unknown

 41 

Natalya Naryshkina
2
Birthdate: September 1, 1651
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 4, 1694

Natalya Naryshkina reigned as the Tsaritsa of Russia between 1671 and 1676. She later served as regent of Russia when her son Peter the Great became Tsar Peter I of Russia in 1682. Natalya Naryshkina was regarded as an influential personality when she was a regent of Russia. 

Catherine Charlotte de Gramont
2
Birthdate: 1639 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 4, 1678

Marie Eleonore of Cleves
1
Birthdate: June 16, 1550
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kleve, Germany
Died: June 1, 1608

Countess Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach
2
Birthdate: July 30, 1683
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Erbach im Odenwald, Germany
Died: September 4, 1742

Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
1
Birthdate: September 4, 1557
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wismar, Germany
Died: October 14, 1631

 46 
Christina of Lorraine
(Grand Duchess)

Christina of Lorraine
1
Birthdate: August 16, 1565
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: December 19, 1637

 47 

Karin Mansdotter
1
Birthdate: November 6, 1550
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Stockholm, Uppland, Sweden
Died: September 13, 1612

Tsarevna Catherine Ivanovna of Russia
1
Birthdate: October 20, 1691
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: June 14, 1733

 49 
Ketevan the Martyr
(Queen of Kakheti)

Ketevan the Martyr
1
Birthdate: 1560 AD
Birthplace: Kakheti
Died: September 13, 1624

Maria Anna of Austria
1
Birthdate: September 7, 1683
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Linz, Austria
Died: August 14, 1754

The daughter of Leopold I of the Holy Roman Empire, Maria Anna of Austria had also been the queen consort of Portugal by virtue of her marriage to King John V. Following her husband’s stroke and partial paralysis, she also served as a regent. Following her death, her heart was buried in Vienna.