Famous 17th Century Emperors, Kings & Monarchs

Find out more about the greatest 17th Century Emperors, Kings & Monarchs, including Elizabeth I of England, Charles II of England, William III of England, Charles I of England and Louis XIV of France.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Peter the Great

Peter the Great.
9
Famous As: First Emperor of Russia
Birthdate: June 9, 1672
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: February 8, 1725
Peter the Great ruled the Tsardom of Russia, and then the Russian Empire, from 1682 to 1725. He ushered in the Enlightenment and cultural revolution in Russia. He also strengthened the Russian navy and launched the Russo-Persian War. Saint Petersburg, the capital of Russia till 1917, was established by him.

 2 Shivaji

Shivaji.
48
Famous As: King
Birthdate: February 19, 1630
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Shivneri
Died: April 3, 1680

Shivaji was an Indian warrior-king. He is credited with founding the Maratha Empire, which became a force to reckon with during the 18th century. He is also credited with creating his own navy. Considered one of the most important Indian kings and a hero of the Hindus, Shivaji's life and work have inspired several works of art, including films.

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 3 Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France.
11
Famous As: King of France (1589-1610)
Birthdate: December 13, 1553
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Pau, France
Died: May 14, 1610

Henry IV of France reigned as the King of France from 2 August 1589 until his death on 14 May 1610. Remembered for his concern about the welfare of the people of France, Henry worked to eliminate corruption, promote agriculture, encourage education, and regularize state finance. The character of Ferdinand in Shakespeare's Love's Labour's Lost was loosely based on Henry.

 4 Charles II

Charles II.
14
Famous As: King of England, Scotland & Ireland
Birthdate: May 29, 1630
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: St James's Palace
Died: February 6, 1685
Charles II, son of King Charles I of England, ruled England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1660 to 1685. He was initially defeated by Oliver Cromwell and forced to go into exile, but returned to England after Cromwell’s death. He introduced the Clarendon Code and later sided with the Tories.

 5 William III of England

William III of England.
12
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: November 4, 1650
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Binnenhof, South Holland
Died: March 8, 1702
King William III of England, son of William II, Prince of Orange, was also known as William of Orange. A staunch Protestant, he is remembered for his joint rule with his wife, Queen Mary II, and for his exploits such as the Glorious Revolution and the Nine Years' War.

 6 George II of Great Britain

George II of Great Britain.
11
Famous As: Former King of Great Britain & Ireland
Birthdate: October 30, 1683
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hanover
Died: October 25, 1760
George II was the king of Great Britain from 1727 to 1760. He had negligible control over his country’s policies, as the Parliament took most of the significant decisions back then. His participation in the 1743 Battle of Dettingen made him the last British monarch to fight in a battle.

 7 James II of England

James II of England.
10
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: October 14, 1633
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London
Died: September 16, 1701

James II of England reigned as the king of Ireland, Scotland, and England from 1685 to 1688. His deposition as king, caused by the Glorious Revolution of 1688, ended a century of civil and political strife by establishing the principle that Parliament would be preferred over the Crown as opposed to the principles of divine right of kings and absolutism.

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 8 George I of Great Britain

George I of Great Britain.
12
Famous As: King of Britain
Birthdate: May 28, 1660
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hanover
Died: June 11, 1727
George I ruled as the king of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1727. He also ruled the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1698 to 1727. He was the House of Hanover’s first British monarch. George's reign witnessed the rise of Robert Walpole and the cabinet government. 

 9 Akbar

Akbar.
41
Famous As: Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: October 14, 1542
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Umarkot, Pakistan
Died: October 27, 1605

Akbar, the third Mughal emperor, played an important role in inculcating Persian culture into the Indian subcontinent. Akbar is considered one of the most important rulers of the Mughal Empire, an empire that seeped foreign ideas and culture into medieval India, the effects of which are still visible in modern-day India, especially in the northern parts of the country.

 10 Charles I of England

Charles I of England.
14
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: November 19, 1600
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Scotland
Died: January 30, 1649

Charles I, the King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1625 to 1649, was said to be authoritarian and was in constant battle with the Parliament over the issue of royal prerogative. The friction led to a civil war from 1642 to 1645 between him and the English and Scottish Parliaments. He was defeated and executed in 1649 for treason.

 11 Ahmed I

Ahmed I.
9
Famous As: Ottoman Emperor
Birthdate: April 18, 1590
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Manisa, Turkey
Died: November 22, 1617
Ahmed I reigned as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1603 till 1617. He ended the Ottoman tradition of royal fratricide upon taking over the throne. He constructed the iconic Blue Mosque of Turkey. He also patronized art, especially calligraphy, and wrote poems under the pseudonym Bahti.

 12 Charles II of Spain

Charles II of Spain.
17
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: November 6, 1661
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Madrid
Died: November 1, 1700

Charles II of Spain reigned as the king of Spain from 1665 to 1700. He was the last king from the House of Habsburg to rule the Spanish Empire. Despite suffering from many illnesses throughout his life, Charles proved to be a reasonably influential king. The town of Charleroi and the Caroline Islands in modern Belgium were named after Charles.

 13 Murad IV

Murad IV.
5
Famous As: Ottoman Sultan
Birthdate: July 26, 1612
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died: February 8, 1640

Murad IV, who ruled as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, was infamous for his cruelty. He took over the throne at 11 and subsequently came to be known for his exploits in the Ottoman–Safavid War, which changed the map of the Caucasus.

 14 Philippe I, Duke of Orléans

Philippe I, Duke of Orléans.
11
Famous As: Son of Louis XIII of France
Birthdate: September 21, 1640
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint-Germain-en-Laye
Died: June 9, 1701

Philippe I, Duke of Orléans received the dukedoms of Chartres and Valois in 1661 as the younger son of Louis XIII of France. Unlike most royal persons of his generation, Philippe was open about his homosexuality and did not think twice before acting effeminately in public. However, he fathered several children and earned the nickname the grandfather of Europe.

 15 Aurangzeb

Aurangzeb.
26
Famous As: Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: November 4, 1618
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dahod
Died: March 3, 1707

Aurangzeb reigned over most part of the Indian subcontinent for 49 years as the sixth Mughal emperor. He helped the Mughal Empire reach its greatest extent and helped India become the biggest manufacturing power and the world's largest economy. He was known for his religious piety and led a very simple life..

 16 Philip III of Spain

Philip III of Spain.
6
Famous As: King
Birthdate: April 14, 1578
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: March 31, 1621

Philip III of Spain was the king of Spain from 1598 to 1621. He also reigned over Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia as Philip II. He was the son of Philip II of Spain and Anna of Austria. He was believed to be a weak man, who relied too much on his corrupt chief minister, the Duke of Lerma.

 17 Louis XIII of France

Louis XIII of France.
5
Famous As: King of France
Birthdate: September 27, 1601
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Château de Fontainebleau, Fontainebleau, France
Died: May 14, 1643

Louis XIII of France reigned as the King of France between 1610 and 1643. He is best remembered for saving the kingdom from the mismanagement of his mother Marie de' Medici, who was exiled by a 16-year-old Louis XIII. He is also credited with popularizing wigs among men, which had not been fashionable since antiquity.

 18 Ibrahim of the Ottoman Empire

Ibrahim of the Ottoman Empire
4
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: November 4, 1615
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: August 18, 1648

 19 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor

Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: June 9, 1640
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: May 5, 1705

Second son of Emperor Ferdinand III, Leopold I became the heir apparent to his father’s throne on the death of his elder brother in 1654, being coroneted as the Holy Roman Emperor in 1658. Although he received little training for the throne, Austria became a great European power during his reign, emerging victorious in struggles against Ottoman Empire and France.

 20 Sambhaji

Sambhaji
10
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: May 14, 1657
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Purandar fort, India
Died: March 11, 1689

 21 Philip IV of Spain

Philip IV of Spain.
6
Famous As: King of Portugal
Birthdate: April 8, 1605
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: September 17, 1665

Philip IV of Spain was the king of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and the king of Portugal from 1621 to 1640. He was a fine horseman and a keen hunter but was considered a weak ruler with excessive dependence on the ministers. Even though the Spanish empire expanded considerably during his reign, he was not a popular king.

 22 Prince George of Denmark

Prince George of Denmark
3
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: April 2, 1653
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: October 28, 1708

 23 Alexis of Russia

Alexis of Russia
3
Famous As: Tsar of Russia
Birthdate: March 29, 1629
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: January 29, 1676

 24 Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba

Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba
3
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 25 Shunzhi Emperor

Shunzhi Emperor
3
Famous As: Emperor of China
Birthdate: March 15, 1638
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mukden Palace, Shenyang, China
Died: February 5, 1661

Shunzhi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty was the first Qing ruler of China proper. Shunzhi relied on Buddhist priests and eunuch officials. While some believe he had died of smallpox, others state he had retired to a monastery to cope with the death of his favorite consort.

 26 Ivan V of Russia

Ivan V of Russia
3
Famous As: monarch
Birthdate: August 27, 1666
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: January 29, 1696

 27 Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: July 13, 1608
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Graz
Died: April 2, 1657

 28 Christian IV of Denmark

Christian IV of Denmark
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: April 12, 1577
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Frederiksborg Castle, Hillerød, Denmark
Died: February 28, 1648

 29 Hong Taiji

Hong Taiji
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: November 28, 1592
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Manchuria, China
Died: September 21, 1643

Hong Taiji reigned as the khan of the Later Jin from 1626 to 1636. He is credited with establishing the Qing dynasty and reigned as its emperor from 1636 to 1643. He also played a major role in consolidating the empire founded by his father Nurhaci. Over the years, Hong Taiji has been portrayed in many TV series and films.

 30 Władysław IV Vasa

Władysław IV Vasa
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: June 9, 1595
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Łobzów, Poland
Died: May 20, 1648

 31 Charles XI of Sweden

Charles XI of Sweden.
3
Famous As: King of Sweden
Birthdate: November 24, 1655
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tre Kronor
Died: April 5, 1697

Charles XI of Sweden reigned as the king of Sweden from 1660 to 1697. He is credited with correcting Sweden's economic, political, and financial situation, which was largely neglected at that time. Widely regarded as the greatest king in Swedish history, Charles XI is credited with shaping Sweden through major reforms.

 32 Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.
3
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: July 9, 1578
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: February 15, 1637

Ferdinand II was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1619 to1637. He was a member of the House of Habsburg and the son of Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria and Maria of Bavaria. A zealous Catholic, he wanted to restore the Catholic Church as the only religion in the empire, a move that earned him the ire of Protestant groups. 

 33 Koxinga

Koxinga
3
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: August 27, 1624
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hirado, Hizen Province, Japan
Died: June 23, 1662

 34 Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor

Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: Holy Roman emperor
Birthdate: July 26, 1678
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 17, 1711

 35 Toyotomi Hideyori

Toyotomi Hideyori
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: September 8, 1593
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Japan
Died: June 4, 1615

 36 Rajaram Chhatrapati

Rajaram Chhatrapati
2
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: February 24, 1670
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Raigad Fort
Died: March 2, 1700

 37 Augustus III of Poland

Augustus III of Poland
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: October 17, 1696
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: October 5, 1763

 38 Isabella Clara Eugenia

Isabella Clara Eugenia
2
Famous As: Sovereign
Birthdate: August 12, 1566
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Palacio de Valsaín, Segovia, Spain
Died: December 1, 1633

 39 Wanli Emperor

Wanli Emperor
4
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: September 4, 1563
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Beijing, China
Died: August 18, 1620

 40 Feodor III of Russia

Feodor III of Russia
3
Birthdate: June 9, 1661
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: May 7, 1682

 41 Charles X Gustav of Sweden

Charles X Gustav of Sweden
4
Famous As: King
Birthdate: November 8, 1622
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nyköping Castle, Sweden
Died: February 13, 1660

 42 Li Zicheng

Li Zicheng
2
Famous As: Chinese Rebel Leader
Birthdate: September 22, 1606
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Yan'an, China
Died: 1644 AD

 43 Fyodor II of Russia

Fyodor II of Russia
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 1589 AD
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: June 20, 1605

 44 Christian V of Denmark

Christian V of Denmark
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: April 15, 1646
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Duborg Castle, Flensburg, Germany
Died: August 25, 1699

 45 Frederick V, Elector Palatine

Frederick V, Elector Palatine
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 26, 1596
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lauterhofen, Germany
Died: November 29, 1632

 46 Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine

Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: December 22, 1617
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Heidelberg, Germany
Died: August 28, 1680

 47 John II Casimir Vasa

John II Casimir Vasa
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 22, 1609
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kraków, Poland
Died: December 16, 1672

 48 Narai

Narai
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: February 16, 1633
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Thailand
Died: July 11, 1688

 49 Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover

Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover
2
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: November 20, 1629
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Herzberg am Harz, Göttingen, Germany
Died: January 23, 1698

 50 Tokugawa Iemitsu

Tokugawa Iemitsu
2
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: August 12, 1604
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan
Died: June 8, 1651