Fêted as the “Father of Humanism”, Francesco Petrarch is one of the most influential literary figures the world has ever had. Explore this biography to know about his childhood, life and timeline.
Also Listed In: Poets
Famous as: Poet, Scholar and Humanist
religion: Roman Catholic
Born on: 20 July 1304 Famous 20th July Birthdays
Zodiac Sign: Cancer Famous Cancerians
Born in: Arezzo
Died on: 19 July 1374
place of death: Arquà Petrarca
father: Ser Petracco
mother: Eletta Canigiani
children: Giovanni, Francesca
education: University of Montpellier, University of Bologna
Works & Achievements: Deemed as the father of 'Renaissance Humanism', Petrarchan Sonnet,
The illustrious Italian poet, scholar and humanist, Francesco Petrarca or Petrarch is inarguably one of the most influential poets in the world literature and has been rightly deemed as the father of 'Renaissance Humanism'. Best celebrated for his anthology of works addressed to Laura, his idealized ladylove, his work is considered as a classic of sorts in the literary world. He perfected the Italian sonnet pattern and founded the Petrarchan sonnet that became the standard verse pattern among his contemporaries and inspired poets like William Shakespeare and William Wordsworth. Deeply influenced by Saint Augustine, Petrarch spent later part of his life in religious contemplation. Petrarch's attempts to conciliate humanism with Christian faith and his deep admiration for classical philosophy are well evident in his works. He wrote many love poems, which were largely exclamatory than persuasive. Petrarch's blessed pen gave birth to many romantic poems, sonnets, letters, essays, histories and philosophical essays. Read on to know more about Petrarch and his life.
- Il Canzoniere: Better known as the ‘Rime Sparse’, this anthology boasts of 366 poems, mostly sonnets, and revolves around one central theme — Laura, a women he adored.
- Secretum: This book was written in Latin between 1347 and 1353. In this book, Petrarch tests his faith with the help of Saint Augustine who chastise him for not accepting mortality and ignoring the faith in afterlife. He expressed his ideas as dialogues, filled with self-criticism and self-examination, which shows how deeply Saint Augustine influenced Petrarch.
- De Viris Illustribus: This book is a collection of biographies, written in Latin.
- Rerum Memorandarum Libri: It consists of two books — the first one consists of 24-36 moral biographies of historical heroes of Greece and Rome, while the second one has 12 moral biographies based on mythical figures and Bible.
- De Remediis Utriusque Fortunae: This book contains a humungous collection of 253 Latin dialogues, based on moral philosophy.
- Other famous literary works of Petrarch include ‘Trionfi’, ‘De OtioReligiosorum’, ‘Africa’, ‘Triumphs’, ‘Remedies against Fortune’, ‘Letters’ and more.
- Other noted works of Petrarch include collections of letter including those written by historic figures like Cicero and Virgil, which Petrarch picked up during his explorations.
- Epistolae Familiares contains 19 controversial letters written by Cicero called “Liber sine nomine” that contains criticism of Avignon papacy.
FRANCESCO PETRARCH TIMELINE
Petrarch was born in Arezzo, Italy
Petrarch studied law at the University of Montpellier
Studied in the University of Bologna
Petrarch returned to Avignon
Petrarch first encounter with Laura
Petrarch became a private chaplain to Cardinal Giovanni Colonna
Petrarch climbed Mont Ventoux, becoming the first man to ascend the mountain
Petrarch reached Rome. He fathered a son in the same year
Petrarch was recognized as “Poet Laureate” in Rome
Petrarch fathered a daughter
Petrarch discovered a collection of Cicero’s letters
Petrarch lost his son, Giovanni
Petrarch settled in Padua
Petrarch died in Arquà
Pictures of Francesco Petrarch
Videos About Francesco Petrarch
Medieval Universities EDCI 100
Francesco Petrarch Quotes
Sonetto 123 del Petrarca by Franz Liszt
Books by Francesco Petrarch
Books About Francesco Petrarch
Francesco Petrarch and the European culture (the Renaissance) / Francheska Petrarka i evropeyskaya kultura (Kultura Vozrozhdeniya)
Petrarch, the first modern scholar and man of letters; a selection from his correspondence with Boccaccio and other friends, designed to illustrate the beginnings of the Renaissance; [Paperback]  James Harvey Robinson, Giovanni Boccaccio, Francesco Petrarca
The Secret: by Francesco Petrarch (Bedford Series in History & Culture)