Famous Spanish Sculptors

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 1 
El Greco
(Greek Painter, Sculptor and Architect of the Spanish Renaissance)
El Greco
6
Birthdate: October 1, 1541
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Heraklion, Greece
Died: April 7, 1614
Artist Doménikos Theotokópoulos never let anyone forget his Greek heritage and almost always signed his art in Greek letters. Popularly known as El Greco, he was a significant figure of the Spanish Renaissance. His best-known works remain The Burial of the Count of Orgaz and The Assumption of the Virgin.
 2 
Joan Miró
(Spanish Painter, Sculptor and Ceramicist Known for His work in ‘Surrealism’, ‘Fauvism’ and ‘Expressionism’)
Joan Miró
5
Birthdate: April 20, 1893
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Barcelona, Spain
Died: December 25, 1983

Born to an artisan father in Catalan, Joan Miró was allowed to attend art school after falling sick working as a clerk. Known for combining surrealism and abstract art, he experimented with various forms of art, including paintings, sculptures, and ceramics, and created masterpieces such as The Farm.

 3 
Pablo Picasso
(One of the Most Influential Artists of the 20th Century and Co-Founder of the 'Cubist Movement')
Pablo Picasso
0
Birthdate: October 25, 1881
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Málaga, Spain
Died: April 8, 1973

Pablo Picasso was a renowned artist whose paintings sell by millions of dollars at auctions even today, many years after his death. With masterful strokes, attractive shades and rich textures, Picasso created some of the most visually impressive arts of the 20th century. While exploring new styles and experimenting with different techniques, Picasso co-founded Cubist art style and co-invented collage.

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 4 
César Manrique
(Spanish Artist, Sculptor and Architect)
César Manrique
3
Birthdate: April 24, 1919
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Arrecife, Spain
Died: September 25, 1992

Spanish artist, sculptor, and architect César Manrique had dropped out of his architecture school because he didn’t like its technical regulations. He later studied painting in Madrid. His creations in Lanzarote, such as the Jameos del Agua and his own house, mingle effortlessly with the volcanic formations of the Canary Islands.

 5 
Antoni Tàpies
( Catalan Spanish Artist Known for Introducing Contemporary Abstract Painting into Spain)
Antoni Tàpies
3
Birthdate: December 13, 1923
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Barcelona, Spain
Died: February 6, 2012

Antoni Tàpies was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and art theorist. He is regarded as one of the most famous European artists of his generation. He studied at the German School of Barcelona, following which he embarked on a successful artistic career. He became one of the most renowned Spanish artists in the second half of the 20th century. 

 6 
Eduardo Chillida
(Spanish Basque Sculptor)
Eduardo Chillida
3
Birthdate: January 10, 1924
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain
Died: August 19, 2002

Eduardo Chillida was a Spanish Basque sculptor. He is best known for his monumental abstract works. As a young man, he aspired to play professional football, but injuries put an end to his dreams. After dabbling in architecture for a while, he eventually became an artist and sculptor. His sculptures have been collected by major museums. 

 7 
Amalia Ulman
(Artist)
Amalia Ulman
2
Birthdate: January 20, 1989
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina

Argentine-born Amalia Ulman, who now lives in the U.S., is regarded as the first great Instagram performance artist. She is best known for her project that involved clicking selfies in fake scenarios and posting them as real-life moments. She mostly deals with themes of gender and sexuality in her art.

 8 
Antonio López García
(Spanish Painter and Sculptor Known for His Realistic Style)
Antonio López García
3
Birthdate: January 6, 1936
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tomelloso, Spain

Antonio López García was initially expected to join his family farm but was later introduced to art by his painter uncle. One of the greatest Spanish realist painters and sculptors, he is sometimes referred to as a hyper-realist artist. He excels in a variety of media, including pencil and oil.

 9 
Julio González
(Spanish Cubist Painter and Sculptor Who Developed the Expressive Use of Iron as a Medium for Modern Sculpture)
Julio González
2
Birthdate: September 21, 1876
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Barcelona, Spain
Died: March 27, 1942

Born to a sculptor and metalworker, Julio González was taught the basics of sculpting by his father. Through his friend Pablo Picasso, he got acquainted with the Parisian artistic sphere. Initially a painter, he later revolutionized art with his use of iron as a medium for his sculptures.

 10 
Miquel Barcelo
2
Birthdate: January 8, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Felanitx

Known as an artistic nomad, who is constantly on the move, experiencing nature, Miquel Barceló is one of Spain's most acclaimed contemporary artists, whose works effuse a fierce energy, making them animate. Although he is best known for his mixed-media paintings, bronze sculptures and ceramics, he also works with non-traditional materials like volcanic ash, food, seaweed, sediments, homemade pigments etc.

 11 
Joaquín Torres-García
(Uruguayan Artist and Art Theorist Who Established the Constructive Universalism Movement)
Joaquín Torres-García
2
Birthdate: July 28, 1874
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Montevideo, Uruguay
Died: August 8, 1949

Uruguayan-Spanish artist Joaquín Torres-García didn’t like the conservative style promoted at his Barcelona art academy and deviated more toward Impressionist and post-Impressionist art instead. He later brought Constructivism to South American countries. The Taller Torres García founder is best remembered for his work Monumento Cosmico.

 12 
Juan de Valdés Leal
(Spanish Painter Known for His Dramatic, Inventive, and Often Violent Paintings)
Juan de Valdés Leal
2
Birthdate: May 4, 1622
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sevilla, Spain
Died: October 15, 1690

Spanish Baroque painter and the president of the Sevilla Academy, Juan de Nisa Valdés Leal is remembered for his masterpieces such as St. Andrew, Vanitas, and La Vírgen de los Plateros. Though initially characterized by his use of vibrant colors, he later dealt with macabre themes and violence.

 13 
Juan Martínez Montañés
(Spanish Sculptor)
Juan Martínez Montañés
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Birthdate: March 16, 1568
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Alcalá la Real, Spain
Died: June 18, 1649

Spanish sculptor Juan Martínez Montañés was one of the most influential figures of the Sevillian school of sculpture and was majorly responsible for the transition of Mannerism to the Baroque style of art. He is best remembered for his wood altars and was known as the God of Wood Carving.

 14 
Alonso Berruguete
(Spanish Painter, Sculptor and Architect Known for His Emotive Sculptures Depicting Religious Ecstasy or Torment)
Alonso Berruguete
1
Birthdate: 1490 AD
Birthplace: Paredes de Nava, Spain
Died: August 31, 1561

Mannerist sculptor and artist Alonso Berruguete is one of the greatest figures of the Spanish Renaissance. He was initially trained by his painter father Pedro Berruguete and grew up to be a master of wood sculptures. He had also briefly been the court painter of Charles V.

 15 
Pablo Gargallo
(Spanish Sculptor and Painter)
Pablo Gargallo
1
Birthdate: January 5, 1881
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Maella, Spain
Died: December 28, 1934

Pablo Gargallo initially created 3-D figures out of metal and was one of the first to use iron as a medium for art. The Spanish sculptor is also said to have introduced his friend Pablo Picasso to metal sculpture. His works, such as The Prophet, showcase a prominent streak of Cubism.

 16 
Juan Muñoz
(Spanish Sculptor Best Known for His Enigmatic Sculptures of Strangely Haunting Human Figures)
Juan Muñoz
2
Birthdate: June 17, 1953
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 28, 2001

After being expelled from school, Juan Muñoz was homeschooled by an art critic and poet. Born in Spain, the sculptor later moved to England to study art and then went to New York on a Fulbright scholarship. He is best known for his human figures made of resin and bronze.

 17 
Luisa Roldán
(Sculptor)
Luisa Roldán
1
Birthdate: September 8, 1652
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: January 10, 1706

Baroque Era Spanish sculptor Luisa Ignacia Roldán, known for her polychromed wooden statues of various religious figures, was the first woman sculptor to be documented in Spain.  One of the few women artists to maintain independent studio outside convents, she later became the court sculptor to Habsburg monarch, King Charles II. 

 18 
Jorge Oteiza
(Sculptor)
Jorge Oteiza
1
Birthdate: October 21, 1908
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Orio, Spain
Died: April 9, 2003

Spanish Basque sculptor, painter, and modern art theorist Jorge Oteiza had spent 14 years in South America. He called his work intención experimental and gained fame for masterpieces such as the Empty Boxes series and his sculptures installed at exhibitions such as the São Paulo Biennial and the Venice Biennial.

 19 
Manuel Tolsá
(Spanish Sculptor and Architect Who Introduced Neoclassical Architecture and Sculpture in Spain and Mexico)
Manuel Tolsá
1
Birthdate: May 4, 1757
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Enguera, Spain
Died: December 24, 1816

Spanish-born sculptor and architect Manuel Tolsá is credited with introducing Neoclassical art to Mexico, then known as New Spain. His most iconic works include the construction of the College of Mines and the completion of the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral. Apart from Neoclassical symmetry, he also used Baroque elements.

 20 
Pedro de Mena
(Spanish Sculptor)
Pedro de Mena
1
Birthdate: 1628
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Granada, Spain
Died: October 13, 1688

Pedro de Mena was a Spanish sculptor. He was the son of sculptor Alonso de Mena, who also became his first teacher. He made several sculptures for the convent of St. Anthony Granada, including figures of St Diego, St Pedro Mentara, St Franciscus, St Joseph, St Antony of Padua, and Santa Clara. He also excelled in sculpting nudes. 

 21 
Alonso Cano
(Spanish Painter, Architect, and Sculptor)
Alonso Cano
1
Birthdate: March 19, 1601
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Granada, Spain
Died: September 3, 1667

Remembered as the Spanish Michelangelo for his artistic diversity, Alonso Cano excelled as a painter, sculptor, and architect. Apart from being the court painter of Philip IV, he had also been the first royal architect. His paintings have strong streaks of tenebrism, or a focus on darkness.

 22 
Gregorio Fernández
1
Birthdate: 1576
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sarria, Spain
Died: January 23, 1636

Spanish Baroque sculptor Gregorio Fernández was one of the most significant figures of the Castilian school. The creator of some of the finest polychromed wood sculptures of his time, he included a signature illusion of reality in all his works. St. Veronica and Pieta were two of his iconic statues.

 23 
Diego Siloe
(Architect)
Diego Siloe
1
Birthdate: 1495 AD
Birthplace: Burgos, Spain
Died: October 22, 1563

Diego Siloe was a Spanish Renaissance architect and sculptor. He is considered a progenitor of the Granadan school of sculpture. Not much is known about him, but it is believed he was the son of the Spanish-Flemish Gothic sculptor Gil de Siloé. The Cathedral of Granada and the tomb of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba are considered his greatest works. 

 24 
Pedro Roldán
(Spanish Sculptor)
Pedro Roldán
1
Birthdate: 1624 AD
Birthplace: Antequera, Spain
Died: 1699 AD

Pedro Roldán was a 17th-century Baroque sculptor. He began his career as an apprentice to Alonso de Mena. He, later on, married his master’s niece and inherited his studio upon his death. He also worked as a teacher at the Academy of Art founded by Bartolomé Esteban Murillo. He had a successful career and established a large studio. 

 25 
Francisco Salzillo
(Spanish Sculptor)
Francisco Salzillo
0
Birthdate: May 12, 1707
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Murcia, Spain
Died: March 2, 1783

Francisco Salzillo was an 18th-century Spanish sculptor. He worked exclusively on religious themes and almost always used polychromed wood as his medium. Hundreds of the pieces he made are distributed throughout the Region of Murcia. Unfortunately, many of his works were destroyed during the Spanish Civil War. His great nativity scene is considered one of his masterpieces. 

 26 
Bartolomé Ordóñez
0
Birthdate: 1490 AD
Birthplace: Burgos, Spain
Died: December 6, 1520

One of the pioneers of the Spanish Renaissance, sculptor Bartolomé Ordóñez developed his own style inspired by Italian marble sculptors. He used both wood and marble to create altars and panels. One of his most popular pieces was The Adoration of the Magi, the main panel of the Caraccioli Altarpiece.

 27 
Damià Forment
(Architect)
Damià Forment
0
Birthdate: 1480
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Valencia, Spain
Died: 1540 AD

Regarded as Spain’s most significant sculptors of the 16th century, Damià Forment is remembered for his huge altars and alabaster masterpieces. His works mingled Gothic and Renaissance elements. He is also considered one of the first to introduce Spain to Mannerist art. His works adorn the Huesca Cathedral among others.

 28 
Gil de Siloé
(Spanish Sculptor)
Gil de Siloé
0
Birthdate: 1440 AD
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: 1501 AD

Gil de Siloé was a Castilian sculptor of Flemish origin. He was known for working in a late gothic or Isabelline style, which combined elements of the Germanic and Flemish gothic, and Mudéjar. His works displayed great technical expertise. He built the mausoleum of King John II of Castile. His son, Diego de Siloe, was also an architect and sculptor.  

 

 29 
Manuel Vilar
(Sculptor)
Manuel Vilar
1
Birthdate: November 15, 1812
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Barcelona, Spain
Died: November 25, 1860

Manuel Vilar was a Catalan sculptor known for his works in the Romantic style. As a young man, he studied with Antoni Solà and became an assistant to  Pietro Tenerani in his workshops. He then became an instructor and was eventually appointed the head of the sculpture classes at the Academia de San Carlos. He was a popular teacher. 

 30 
Josefina Pla
1
Birthdate: November 9, 1903
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Isla de Lobos, Canarias, Spain
Died: January 11, 1999

Josefina Plá was a Spanish-born Paraguayan dramatist, poet, historian and sculptor, who yielded great influence on the 20th century Paraguayan culture. Gaining fame for her earliest poems like El precio de los sueños, she began operating a radio theater for the soldiers in the field during the Chaco War and later wrote many historical works including El barroco Hispano-guaraní .