Famous Spanish Physicians

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Santiago Ramón y Cajal

Santiago Ramón y Cajal.
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Famous As: Father of Modern Neuroscience
Birthdate: May 1, 1852
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Petilla de Aragón, Navarre, Spain
Died: October 18, 1934

While he apprenticed as a cobbler and a barber in childhood, Santiago Ramón y Cajal later took up medicine inspired by his father, a professor of anatomy. Cajal’s study of the microscopic structure of the human brain later formed the basis of neuroscience and earned him a Nobel Prize.

 2 Al-Zahrawi

Al-Zahrawi.
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Famous As: Physician, Surgeon
Birthdate: 0936 AD
Birthplace: Medina Azahara, Spain
Died: 1013 AD

Al-Zahrawi was an Arab Andalusian chemist, surgeon, and physician. Dubbed the father of modern surgery, Al-Zahrawi is widely regarded as the greatest surgeon of the Middle Ages. Al-Zahrawi was the first surgeon to use catgut for stitches and his pioneering contributions had an enormous effect in the West and East. Some of his discoveries are part of modern medical sciences.

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 3 Severo Ochoa

Severo Ochoa.
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Famous As: Physician and Biochemist
Birthdate: September 14, 1905
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Luarca, Spain
Died: November 1, 1993

Nobel Prize-winning Spanish biochemist Severo Ochoa is remembered for his discovery of the enzyme polynucleotide phosphorylase and his subsequent success in synthesizing RNA. His research took him to top institutes such as the universities of Oxford and Heidelberg. He had also taught at the New York University.

 4 Ibn Tufail

Ibn Tufail.
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: 1105 AD
Birthplace: Guadix, Spain
Died: 1185 AD

Ibn Tufail was a 12th-century Arab polymath from Andalusia and a significant figure of the Islamic Golden Age. Best known for his philosophical romance Ḥayy ibn Yaqẓān, he had also penned medical works in Arab and had been the court physician of Abū Yaʿqūb Yūsuf.

 5 Judah Halevi

Judah Halevi.
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1075 AD
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: 1141 AD

Spanish Jewish poet, physician, and philosopher Judah Halevi is remembered for his significant contributions to the development of Hebrew poetry. Best known for Sefer ha-Kuzari and his poems in Dīwān, he was greatly influenced by Arabian literature. His travels eventually took him to Egypt, where he died.

 6 Juan Negrín

Juan Negrín
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 3, 1892
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
Died: November 12, 1956

 7 José Manuel Rodriguez Delgado

José Manuel Rodriguez Delgado
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Famous As: Teacher, Scientist, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: August 8, 1915
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ronda
Died: September 15, 2011
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 8 Ibn Zuhr

Ibn Zuhr
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1094 AD
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: 1162 AD

 9 Pío Baroja

Pío Baroja
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Famous As: Writer, Physician, Novelist
Birthdate: December 28, 1872
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Donostia / San Sebastián
Died: October 30, 1956

Spanish Basque writer Pío Baroja was a qualified doctor and practiced medicine in northern Spain for a few years before returning to Madrid to manage his family bakery. Part of the Generation of ’98, he penned iconic works such as the series Memoirs of a Man of Action.

 10 Avempace

Avempace
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: 1085 AD
Birthplace: Zaragoza, Spain
Died: 1138 AD

Spanish Arab philosopher and scholar Avempace excelled in a variety of subjects, such as astronomy, music, medicine, and poetry. His treatise on botany Kitāb an-Nabāt described how plant sexes differ. His other works include Tadbīr al-mutawaḥḥid. He was believed to be an atheist by many.

 11 Hasdai ibn Shaprut

Hasdai ibn Shaprut
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Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: 0915 AD
Birthplace: Jaén, Spain
Died: 0970 AD

 12 Ignacio Ponseti

Ignacio Ponseti
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: June 3, 1914
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ciutadella de Menorca, Spain
Died: October 18, 2009

 13 Jonah ibn Janah

Jonah ibn Janah
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Famous As: Rabbi
Birthdate: 0990 AD
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: 1055 AD

One of most significant Hebrew grammarians of the 11th century, Jonah ibn Janah was initially a physician but later became a pioneer in the study of the Hebrew syntax. He is remembered for his works al-Mustalha and Kitāb at-tanqiḥ, and for his exegesis of religious texts.

 14 Diego de Torres Villarroel

Diego de Torres Villarroel
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: June 17, 1693
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Salamanca, Spain
Died: June 19, 1770

 15 Profiat Duran

Profiat Duran
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1350 AD
Birthplace: Perpignan, France
Died: 1415 AD

 16 Luis Martín-Santos

Luis Martín-Santos
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Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: November 11, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Larache, Morocco
Died: January 21, 1964

 17 Mercedes Pascual

Mercedes Pascual
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Famous As: Investigator
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Uruguay

 18 María Jesús Montero

María Jesús Montero
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 4, 1966
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Seville, Spain

 19 Maria Belon

Maria Belon
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 12, 1966
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain

 20 Gregorio Marañón

Gregorio Marañón
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Famous As: Physician, Philosopher
Birthdate: May 19, 1887
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: March 27, 1960