Famous Scottish Architects

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Birthdate: June 7, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Townhead, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Died: December 10, 1928

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a Scottish architect, designer, and artist. He was married to fellow artist Margaret Macdonald, and they both were influential on the European design movements Art Nouveau and Secessionism. Mackintosh is considered one of the most important figures of Modern Style (British Art Nouveau style). In his later years, he worked largely as a watercolorist. 

Thomas Telford
(Civil Engineer)

Thomas Telford
Birthdate: August 9, 1757
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Eskdale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland
Died: September 2, 1834

Scottish civil engineer Thomas Telford had begun his career as a mason at 14, having lost his father in infancy. A self-taught architect, he was responsible for building many structures, including the Caledonian Canal and the Menai Suspension Bridge. Named The Colossus of Roads, he symbolized the Scottish Enlightenment.

James Gibbs

James Gibbs
Birthdate: December 23, 1682
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Aberdeen, Scotland
Died: August 5, 1754

James Gibbs, one of the most significant architects of his time, was trained in Rome and later merged the Italian and English styles of architecture. His best-known work includes the East Anglican St. Martin-in-the-Fields Church in London. While his works had elements of Baroque architecture, he was also influenced by Palladianism.

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Ian McHarg
(Former landscape architect and writer on regional planning using natural systems)

Ian McHarg
Birthdate: November 20, 1920
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Clydebank, Scotland
Died: March 5, 2001


Richard Norman Shaw
Birthdate: May 7, 1831
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: November 17, 1912

One of the greatest British architects of all time, Richard Norman Shaw contributed immensely to the English Domestic Revival movement and is best remembered for his country houses. The Bedford Park in London remains one of his best suburban planning projects. His works reflected Queen Anne Revival, Neo-Baroque, and Gothic Revival elements.


Sir William Chambers
Birthdate: February 23, 1723
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gothenburg, Sweden
Died: March 10, 1796

Born to a Scottish father in Sweden, Sir William Chambers initially traveled to Canton as part of the Swedish East India Company. After studying Chinese architecture, he moved on to Paris and then to Italy. The Georgian-period architect was a major pillar of the Palladian style of architecture.


John Scott Russell
Birthdate: May 9, 1808
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Parkhead, Glasgow, Scotland
Died: June 8, 1882

Glasgow-born civil engineer John Scott Russell is best remembered for his contribution to naval architecture. He was the first to build a naval battleship entirely made of iron, the HMS Warrior. His written works include the 3-volume The Modern System of Naval Architecture. He also discovered Russell's solitary wave.

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John Claudius Loudon
Birthdate: April 8, 1783
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cambuslang, Scotland
Died: December 14, 1843

Scottish gardener and landscape artist John Claudius Loudon was also an influential horticultural journalist who wrote extensively on gardens, parks, and home architecture. Known for introducing the Gardenesque style of décor and popularizing the concept of arboretum, he also penned the widely popular The Suburban Gardener and Villa Companion.

Lesley Lokko

Lesley Lokko
Birthdate: 1964 AD
Birthplace: Dundee, Scotland

Born to a Scottish mother and a Ghanaian father, Lesley Lokko grew up to be not just an architect but also an educator and an author. Her written works deal with themes such as politics, urbanism, and racial identity. After her debut novel, Sundowners, became a bestseller, she penned several other novels.

Jack Coia

Jack Coia
Birthdate: July 17, 1898
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Wolverhampton, England
Died: August 14, 1981

Apart from building Roman Catholic churches, Scottish architect Jack Coia and his firm also built schools and houses. He not only won the RIBA Gold Medal, but also served the RIAS and the Glasgow Institute of Architects as their president. He was also made a CBE.