Famous Russian Short Story Writers

Right IconThis ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Russian Short Story Writers
 1 
Anton Chekhov
(One of the Greatest Writers of All Time)
Anton Chekhov
5
Birthdate: January 29, 1860
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Taganrog, Russia
Died: July 15, 1904

Anton Chekhov was a Russian short-story writer and playwright. Widely regarded as one of the greatest writers of short fiction, Chekhov's works have influenced the progression of the modern short story. As a playwright, Anton Chekhov is credited with influencing the rise of modernism in theatre, along with August Strindberg and Henrik Ibsen.

 2 
Leo Tolstoy
(One of the Greatest Authors of All Time)
Leo Tolstoy
6
Birthdate: September 9, 1828
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Yasnaya Polyana, Russia
Died: November 20, 1910

Russian writer, Leo Tolstoy, is widely considered as one of the greatest authors ever. After experiencing a profound moral crisis in the 1870s, Tolstoy went through a phase of spiritual awakening, which had a great impact on his subsequent works that incorporated ideas on nonviolent resistance. These works influenced personalities like Mahatma Gandhi, thereby effectively changing the course of history.

 3 
Fyodor Dostoevsky
(Best Known for His Novella Notes from The 'Underground')
Fyodor Dostoevsky
6
Birthdate: November 11, 1821
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 9, 1881
Russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky is remembered as one of the pioneers of existentialism. He is best known for psychological and philosophical themes in his works, such as Crime and Punishment and The Idiot. He was arrested for being critical of Tsarist Russia and spent a 4-year prison term in Siberia.
Recommended Lists:
 4 
Nikolai Gogol
(Russian Novelist, Short Story Writer and Playwright)
Nikolai Gogol
5
Birthdate: April 1, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Velyki Sorochyntsi, Ukraine
Died: March 4, 1852

Nikolai Gogol was a Ukrainian author who redefined Russian literature with his novels such as Dead Souls and his short stories such as The Overcoat and Diary of a Madman. Most of his works were influenced by Ukrainian folklore. He was typically fond of the grotesque as a literary element.

 5 
Maxim Gorky
(Russian Writer Best Known for His Works 'The Lower Depths', 'Mother', 'Chelkash' and 'Children of the Sun')
Maxim Gorky
4
Birthdate: March 28, 1868
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Died: June 18, 1936

Maxim Gorky was a writer and political activist. He is best remembered for founding the socialist realism literary method. Gorky, who was nominated for the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature on five occasions, published several novels that were later adapted into plays, films, and operas. In 1938, Valery Zhelobinsky adapted Gorky's novel Mother into an opera.

 6 
Mikhail Bulgakov
(Novelist and Playwright Best Known for His Novel 'The Master and Margarita')
Mikhail Bulgakov
3
Birthdate: May 15, 1891
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: March 10, 1940

Mikhail Bulgakov was a Russian writer, playwright, and medical doctor best remembered for his work The Master and Margarita, a novel which has been acclaimed as one of the 20th century's masterpieces. Over the years, his works have inspired several other personalities, including Salman Rushdie and Mick Jagger.    

 7 
Ivan Turgenev
(Novelist, Short Story Writer, Poet & Popularizer of Russian Literature in the West)
Ivan Turgenev
3
Birthdate: November 9, 1818
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Oryol, Russia
Died: September 3, 1883

It is believed Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev was highly inspired by his dominant mother in his younger days and thus created strong female characters in his novels later. He is remembered for popularizing Russian literature and realism in the West. One of his most notable works was Father and Sons.

 8 
Isaac Babel
(Russian Author and Journalist Who Is Remembered for His Iconic Short Story Collections)
Isaac Babel
4
Birthdate: July 13, 1894
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Odesa, Ukraine
Died: January 27, 1940

Russian author Isaac Babel was a reporter before plunging into full-time writing. He is remembered for his short story collections Red Cavalry and Odessa Stories. One of his most popular stories was The Story of My Dovecote. He was part of the Soviet 1st Cavalry Army as Kiril Lyutov and documented the Polish-Soviet War.

Leo Tolstoy bibliography
4
Birthdate: 1828 AD
Birthplace: Russia
Died: 1910 AD

Legendary Russian author Leo Tolstoy was one of the greatest novelists of the world. Best known for his realistic fiction and cult novels such as War and Peace and Anna Karenina, he had also penned plays such as The Power of Darkness and was nominated for the Nobel Prize multiple times.

 10 
Sergei Dovlatov
(Writer, Journalist)
Sergei Dovlatov
3
Birthdate: September 3, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ufa, Russia
Died: August 24, 1990
 11 
Varlam Shalamov
3
Birthdate: June 18, 1907
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vologda, Russia
Died: January 17, 1982
 12 
Nikolai Leskov
(Writer Known for His Works 'Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk', 'The Cathedral Folk' & 'The Enchanted Wanderer')
Nikolai Leskov
3
Birthdate: February 16, 1831
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Oryol qəzası, Russia
Died: March 5, 1895

Known for works such as Cathedral Folk and Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District, Nikolai Leskov enriched Russian literature with his short stories and novels that mirrored the burning social issues of his time. He had also worked as a journalist. Many of his works bear the pseudonym M. Stebnitsky.

 13 
Sergey Mikhalkov
(Russian Children's Author and the Writer of the Soviet and Russian National Anthems)
Sergey Mikhalkov
3
Birthdate: March 13, 1913
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 27, 2009

Russian children’s author Sergey Mikhalkov is remembered for writing the lyrics of the national anthems of Russia and the Soviet Union. He created the popular children’s character Uncle Styopa. He was also the father of filmmakers Nikita Mikhalkov and Andrei Konchalovsky. A 3-time Stalin Prize winner, he also mastered the satirical fable genre.

 14 
Bulat Okudzhava
3
Birthdate: May 9, 1924
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: June 12, 1997
 15 
Leonid Andreyev
(Playwright)
Leonid Andreyev
3
Birthdate: August 21, 1871
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Oryol, Russia
Died: September 12, 1919
 16 
Lyudmila Ulitskaya
2
Birthdate: February 21, 1943
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Davlekanovo, Russia
 17 
Vasily Aksyonov
(Russian Novelist)
Vasily Aksyonov
2
Birthdate: August 20, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kazan, Russia
Died: July 6, 2009

Vasily Aksyonov was born to parents who had been imprisoned for their connections with Trotskyists. The celebrated author of masterpieces such as The Burn and Generations of Winter, he was also a qualified doctor. His signature elements included fantasy, parody, and satire. He once also taught Russian literature in the US.

 18 
Ilya Tolstoy
(Writer)
Ilya Tolstoy
2
Birthdate: May 22, 1866
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Yasnaya Polyana, Yasnaya Polyana, Russia
Died: December 11, 1933
 19 
Aleksandr Kuprin
2
Birthdate: September 7, 1870
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Narovchat, Russia
Died: August 25, 1938
 20 
Alexander Grin
2
Birthdate: August 23, 1880
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Slobodskoy, Russia
Died: July 8, 1932
 21 
Fazil Iskander
2
Birthdate: March 6, 1929
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sokhumi, Abkhazia
Died: July 31, 2016
 22 
Andrei Sinyavsky
2
Birthdate: October 8, 1925
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 25, 1997
 23 
Nina Berberova
(Russian Writer Best Known for Her Examination of the Plight of Exiles)
Nina Berberova
2
Birthdate: July 26, 1901
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: September 26, 1993

Russian author Nina Berberova was initially part of Maxim Gorky’s entourage. Best known for her short stories and novellas, she had also penned biographies, novels, and poetry. She had also worked with Voice of America and taught at Yale and Princeton. Most of her works spoke of exiles.

 24 
Vsevolod Garshin
2
Birthdate: February 14, 1855
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ekaterinoslav Province, Russia
Died: April 5, 1888
 25 
Vladimir Korolenko
(Ukrainian-Russian Writer and Journalist)
Vladimir Korolenko
1
Birthdate: July 27, 1853
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Zhytomyr, Ukraine
Died: December 25, 1921

Most renowned for his short novel The Blind Musician, Russian author and journalist Vladimir Korolenko was known for his depiction of the plight of the disadvantaged sections of society. In his early days, his revolutionary activities got him expelled from two colleges. Makar’s Dream remains one of his best-known stories.

 26 
Yuli Daniel
(Writer)
Yuli Daniel
2
Birthdate: November 15, 1925
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 30, 1988
 27 
Boris Pilnyak
1
Birthdate: October 11, 1894
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mozhaisk, Russia
Died: April 21, 1938
 28 
Viktor Astafyev
1
Birthdate: May 1, 1924
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ovsyanka, Russia
Died: November 29, 2001
 29 
Vsevolod Ivanov
1
Birthdate: February 24, 1895
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lebyazhye, Russia
Died: August 15, 1963
 30 
Leonid Leonov
1
Birthdate: May 31, 1899
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 8, 1994
 31 
Valentin Katayev
1
Birthdate: January 28, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Odessa, Russian Empire
Died: April 12, 1986
 32 
Aleksey Remizov
1
Birthdate: July 6, 1877
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 26, 1957
 33 
Konstantin Fedin
1
Birthdate: February 24, 1892
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saratov, Russia
Died: July 15, 1977
 34 
Elena Guro
(Painter)
Elena Guro
1
Birthdate: January 10, 1877
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: May 6, 1913

Painter and illustrator Elena Guro, also known as Yelena Guro, introduced new color theories in painting. The only woman in the Cubo-Futurism movement, she also penned books such as The Hurdy-Gurdy. Her artist husband Mikhail Matyushin implemented her theories after her abrupt death due to leukemia at age 36.

 35 
Yury Kazakov
(Author)
Yury Kazakov
0
Birthdate: August 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 29, 1982
 36 
Vladimir Dudintsev
0
Birthdate: July 29, 1918
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kup'yans'k, Ukraine
Died: July 23, 1998
 37 
Nikolai Tikhonov
0
Birthdate: December 1, 1896
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 8, 1979