Famous Russian Short Story Writers

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Russian Short Story Writers

 1 
Anton Chekhov
(Playwright, Short-story writer)

Anton Chekhov
4
Birthdate: January 29, 1860
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Taganrog, Russia
Died: July 15, 1904

Anton Chekhov was a Russian short-story writer and playwright. Widely regarded as one of the greatest writers of short fiction, Chekhov's works have influenced the progression of the modern short story. As a playwright, Anton Chekhov is credited with influencing the rise of modernism in theatre, along with August Strindberg and Henrik Ibsen.

 2 
Leo Tolstoy
(Author Famous for His Works of Realism are His Epic Novels 'War and Peace' and 'Anna Karenina')

Leo Tolstoy
4
Birthdate: September 9, 1828
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Yasnaya Polyana, Russia
Died: November 20, 1910

Russian writer, Leo Tolstoy, is widely considered as one of the greatest authors ever. After experiencing a profound moral crisis in the 1870s, Tolstoy went through a phase of spiritual awakening, which had a great impact on his subsequent works that incorporated ideas on nonviolent resistance. These works influenced personalities like Mahatma Gandhi, thereby effectively changing the course of history.

 3 
Fyodor Dostoevsky
(Best Known for His Novella Notes from The 'Underground')

Fyodor Dostoevsky
4
Birthdate: November 11, 1821
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 9, 1881
Russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky is remembered as one of the pioneers of existentialism. He is best known for psychological and philosophical themes in his works, such as Crime and Punishment and The Idiot. He was arrested for being critical of Tsarist Russia and spent a 4-year prison term in Siberia.
Recommended Lists:

 4 
Nikolai Gogol
(Playwright)

Nikolai Gogol
4
Birthdate: April 1, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Velyki Sorochyntsi, Ukraine
Died: March 4, 1852

Nikolai Gogol was a Ukrainian author who redefined Russian literature with his novels such as Dead Souls and his short stories such as The Overcoat and Diary of a Madman. Most of his works were influenced by Ukrainian folklore. He was typically fond of the grotesque as a literary element.

 5 

Mikhail Bulgakov
3
Birthdate: May 15, 1891
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: March 10, 1940

Mikhail Bulgakov was a Russian writer, playwright, and medical doctor best remembered for his work The Master and Margarita, a novel which has been acclaimed as one of the 20th century's masterpieces. Over the years, his works have inspired several other personalities, including Salman Rushdie and Mick Jagger.    

 6 
Ivan Turgenev
(Auhtor of Famous Works 'A Sportsman's Sketches' and 'Fathers and Sons')

Ivan Turgenev
3
Birthdate: November 9, 1818
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Oryol, Russia
Died: September 3, 1883

It is believed Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev was highly inspired by his dominant mother in his younger days and thus created strong female characters in his novels later. He is remembered for popularizing Russian literature and realism in the West. One of his most notable works was Father and Sons.

 7 
Isaac Babel
(Journalist, Writer)

Isaac Babel
4
Birthdate: July 13, 1894
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Odesa, Ukraine
Died: January 27, 1940
You May Like

Leo Tolstoy bibliography
3
Birthdate: 1828 AD
Birthplace: Russia
Died: 1910 AD

Legendary Russian author Leo Tolstoy was one of the greatest novelists of the world. Best known for his realistic fiction and cult novels such as War and Peace and Anna Karenina, he had also penned plays such as The Power of Darkness and was nominated for the Nobel Prize multiple times.

 9 

Chinghiz Aitmatov
3
Birthdate: December 12, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sheker village, Kirghiz ASSR, Soviet Union
Died: June 10, 2008

 10 
Sergei Dovlatov
(Writer, Journalist)

Sergei Dovlatov
3
Birthdate: September 3, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ufa, Russia
Died: August 24, 1990

 11 

Victor Pelevin
3
Birthdate: November 22, 1962
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Russian Little Booker Prize-winning author Victor Pelevin is known for his unique style of mingling pop culture and science fiction in his works. A qualified engineer, he worked as a journalist and a copywriter before he began writing. His works such as Omon Ra mirror the despair of the Russian youth.

 12 

Varlam Shalamov
3
Birthdate: June 18, 1907
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vologda, Russia
Died: January 17, 1982

 13 

Nikolai Leskov
3
Birthdate: February 16, 1831
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Oryol qəzası, Russia
Died: March 5, 1895

Known for works such as Cathedral Folk and Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District, Nikolai Leskov enriched Russian literature with his short stories and novels that mirrored the burning social issues of his time. He had also worked as a journalist. Many of his works bear the pseudonym M. Stebnitsky.

 14 

Sergey Mikhalkov
3
Birthdate: March 13, 1913
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 27, 2009

 15 

Bulat Okudzhava
3
Birthdate: May 9, 1924
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: June 12, 1997

 16 
Leonid Andreyev
(Playwright)

Leonid Andreyev
3
Birthdate: August 21, 1871
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Oryol, Russia
Died: September 12, 1919

 17 

Lyudmila Ulitskaya
2
Birthdate: February 21, 1943
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Davlekanovo, Russia

 18 
Ilya Tolstoy
(Writer)

Ilya Tolstoy
2
Birthdate: May 22, 1866
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Yasnaya Polyana, Yasnaya Polyana, Russia
Died: December 11, 1933

 19 

Aleksandr Kuprin
2
Birthdate: September 7, 1870
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Narovchat, Russia
Died: August 25, 1938

 20 

Alexander Grin
2
Birthdate: August 23, 1880
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Slobodskoy, Russia
Died: July 8, 1932

 21 

Fazil Iskander
2
Birthdate: March 6, 1929
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sokhumi, Abkhazia
Died: July 31, 2016

 22 

Andrei Sinyavsky
2
Birthdate: October 8, 1925
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 25, 1997

 23 

Vsevolod Garshin
2
Birthdate: February 14, 1855
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ekaterinoslav Province, Russia
Died: April 5, 1888

 24 

Jerzy Andrzejewski
2
Birthdate: August 19, 1909
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: April 19, 1983

Known for his hard-hitting novels such as Ashes and Diamonds, Polish author Jerzy Andrzejewski wrote about Polish life in a post-war world. Initially part of the Communist Party, he later became one of its critics and formed the Workers’ Defense Committee, which led to the anti-communist Solidarity movement.

 25 

Vladimir Korolenko
1
Birthdate: July 27, 1853
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Zhytomyr, Ukraine
Died: December 25, 1921

Most renowned for his short novel The Blind Musician, Russian author and journalist Vladimir Korolenko was known for his depiction of the plight of the disadvantaged sections of society. In his early days, his revolutionary activities got him expelled from two colleges. Makar’s Dream remains one of his best-known stories.

 26 

Nina Berberova
2
Birthdate: July 26, 1901
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died: September 26, 1993

Russian author Nina Berberova was initially part of Maxim Gorky’s entourage. Best known for her short stories and novellas, she had also penned biographies, novels, and poetry. She had also worked with Voice of America and taught at Yale and Princeton. Most of her works spoke of exiles.

 27 
Yuli Daniel
(Writer)

Yuli Daniel
2
Birthdate: November 15, 1925
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 30, 1988

 28 

Boris Pilnyak
1
Birthdate: October 11, 1894
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mozhaisk, Russia
Died: April 21, 1938

 29 

Viktor Astafyev
1
Birthdate: May 1, 1924
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ovsyanka, Russia
Died: November 29, 2001

 30 

Vsevolod Ivanov
1
Birthdate: February 24, 1895
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lebyazhye, Russia
Died: August 15, 1963

 31 

Leonid Leonov
1
Birthdate: May 31, 1899
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 8, 1994

 32 

Valentin Katayev
1
Birthdate: January 28, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Odessa, Russian Empire
Died: April 12, 1986

 33 

Aleksey Remizov
1
Birthdate: July 6, 1877
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 26, 1957

 34 
Elena Guro
(Painter)

Elena Guro
1
Birthdate: January 10, 1877
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: May 6, 1913

Painter and illustrator Elena Guro, also known as Yelena Guro, introduced new color theories in painting. The only woman in the Cubo-Futurism movement, she also penned books such as The Hurdy-Gurdy. Her artist husband Mikhail Matyushin implemented her theories after her abrupt death due to leukemia at age 36.

 35 

Konstantin Fedin
1
Birthdate: February 24, 1892
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saratov, Russia
Died: July 15, 1977

 36 
Yury Kazakov
(Author)

Yury Kazakov
0
Birthdate: August 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 29, 1982

 37 

Vladimir Dudintsev
0
Birthdate: July 29, 1918
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kup'yans'k, Ukraine
Died: July 23, 1998

 38 

Nikolai Tikhonov
0
Birthdate: December 1, 1896
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 8, 1979