Famous Russian Artists & Painters

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 1 
Wassily Kandinsky
(Russian Painter, Art Theorist and a Pioneer in Abstract Art)
Wassily Kandinsky
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Birthdate: December 16, 1866
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 13, 1944
Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky is considered the pioneer of abstract art. Known for notable works such as On White II and Study for Improvisation, he was a prominent artist of the Blue Rider Period and experimented with expressionism. He also earned a professorship at the University of Dorpat
 2 
Marc Chagall
(Artist)
Marc Chagall
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Birthdate: July 6, 1887
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lizona, Belarus
Died: March 28, 1985

Russian-French artist Marc Chagall, a key figure of modernism, had explored a wide range of media as an artist, from paintings and drawings to stained glass and ceramics. His major projects included the ceiling of the Paris Opéra, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Jerusalem Windows of Israel.

 3 
Kazimir Malevich
(Russian Avant-Garde Artist and Founder of the ‘Suprematism’ Art Movement)
Kazimir Malevich
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Birthdate: February 23, 1879
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: May 15, 1935

Kazimir Malevich was a Russian artist and art theorist. His pioneering work had a major influence on the development of abstract art in the 20th century. An influential personality, Malevich's art and writing influenced several artists like Lyubov Popova, El Lissitzky, Alexander Rodchenko, and Ad Reinhardt. His works are showcased in many major art museums around the world.

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 4 
Ilya Repin
(Realist painter)
Ilya Repin
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Birthdate: August 5, 1844
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chuhuiv, Ukraine
Died: September 29, 1930

Born amid poverty in Ukraine, Ilya Repin earned himself an art scholarship and later devoted his life to historical painting. A major figure of the realist movement in painting, he had also been the subject of controversies, such as the withdrawal of his painting of Ivan the Terrible murdering his own son.

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 5 
Ivan Aivazovsky
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Birthdate: July 29, 1817
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Feodosia, Russia
Died: May 2, 1900

Remembered for his awe-inspiring marine art, Russian painter Ivan Aivazovsky was the son of an Armenian merchant. His 60-year career had seen him produce around 6,000 works, most of which were seascapes. He had been the Russian navy’s official painter and inspired Anton Chekhov’s phrase worthy of Aivazovsky’s brush.

 6 
Peter Carl Fabergé
(Jeweller best known for the famous Fabergé eggs made in the style of genuine Easter eggs)
Peter Carl Fabergé
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Birthdate: May 30, 1846
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: September 24, 1920

Apart from being the official jeweler of the Russian imperial court, Peter Carl Fabergé also created some of the most innovative jewelry designs, such as the iconic Fabergé eggs. He had also launched workshops in London, Moscow, and Kiev. Later, hounded by the revolutionary government, he fled to Switzerland.

 7 
Nicholas Roerich
(Russian Painter, Archaeologist and Philosopher)
Nicholas Roerich
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Birthdate: October 9, 1874
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 13, 1947

Russian painter, writer, philosopher, theosophist and archaeologist, Nicholas Roerich, counted among the greatest Russian painters, is noted for initiating the modern movement for the defense of cultural objects. One of the greatest feats that he achieved during his lifetime was the Roerich Pact that was signed into law by the US and most nations of the Pan-American Union.

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 8 
El Lissitzky
(An Important Figure of the Russian Avant-garde Who Helped Develop the Art Movement 'Suprematism')
El Lissitzky
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Birthdate: November 23, 1890
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Pochinok, Russia
Died: December 30, 1941

El Lissitzky remains to be one of the greatest figures of the Russian avant-garde movement. Apart from excelling as a painter, an architect, and a photographer, he also pioneered 20th-century nonrepresentational art. He was also part of the De Stijl and had taught at the Bauhaus, too.

 9 
Andrei Rublev
(One of the Greatest Medieval Russian Painters of Orthodox Christian Icons and Frescos)
Andrei Rublev
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Birthdate: 1360 AD
Birthplace: Russia
Died: January 29, 1430

One of the most iconic medieval painters from Russia, Andrei Rublev is best remembered for his work The Old Testament Trinity. Initially an assistant of Theophanes the Greek, he later became a monk. Andrei Tarkovsky’s film Andrei Rublev throws light on the life and times of the artist.

 10 
Vissarion
(Painter)
Vissarion
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Birthdate: January 14, 1961
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Krasnodar

Russian mystic and cult leader Vissarion is best remembered for launching the Church of the Last Testament. Born Sergey (or Sergei) Torop, he was once accused by Russian intelligence agencies of harming his followers physically and psychologically. While he believes to be the reincarnated Christ, he continues to run his Siberia-based cult.   

 11 
Alexander Rodchenko
(Russian Artist and One of the Founders of 'Constructivism' and Russian Design)
Alexander Rodchenko
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Birthdate: December 5, 1891
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 3, 1956

Remembered as one of the founders of the avant-garde movement named Russian constructivism, Alexander Rodchenko has experimented with photography, paintings, posters, photomontage, and sculpture. Most of his works have political overtones. He was a prominent member of the October Group and was geared toward making art for the working classes.

 12 
Edgar Froese
(Artist)
Edgar Froese
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Birthdate: June 6, 1944
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Sovetsk, Russia
Died: January 20, 2015

A pioneer in electronic music and founder of music band Tangerine Dream, Edgar Willmar Froese started playing guitar at the age of 15. At nineteen, he formed his first group, which disbanded within three years. By then, he had started experimenting and eventually formed Tangerine Dream, concurrently continuing to sing solo and release solo albums.

 13 
Ivan Shishkin
(Painter)
Ivan Shishkin
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Birthdate: January 25, 1832
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Yelabuga, Russia
Died: March 20, 1898

Ivan Shishkin was a Russian painter best remembered for his associaton with the Peredvizhniki movement. He achieved popularity for his forest landscapes, such as Morning in a Pine Forest and Rain in an Oak Forest. He was also an excellent printmaker and a draftsman. Shishkin also worked as a professor of painting in several prestigious institutions like the Imperial Academy.

 14 
Natalya Goncharova
(Russian artist)
Natalya Goncharova
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Birthdate: June 3, 1881
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nagayevo, Russia
Died: October 17, 1962

Natalya Goncharova was a Russian avant-garde painter, writer, illustrator, costume designer, and set designer. A member of avant-garde groups like Jack of Diamonds and Donkey's Tail, Goncharova influenced several unconventional artists in Russia and Paris. Goncharova also had a successful career as a costume designer; she designed costumes for the Ballets Russes.

 15 
Viktor Vasnetsov
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Birthdate: May 15, 1848
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kirov, Russia
Died: June 23, 1926

Russian artist and architect Viktor Vasnetsov is best remembered for his work on the façade of Moscow’s State Tretyakov Gallery. He also remains one of the most significant figures of the Peredvizhniki movement, with paintings such as Moving House and A Game of Preference. He later depicted folk tales and legends.

 16 
Isaac Levitan
(One of the Best Classical Russian Landscape Painters of the 19th Century )
Isaac Levitan
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Birthdate: August 30, 1860
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kibartay, Lithuania
Died: August 4, 1900

Isaac Levitan was a Russian landscape painter remembered for his work that popularized the mood landscape genre. One of the most important landscape painters of his generation, Levitan was elected to the Russian Academy of Arts in 1897. The following year, Levitan was chosen as the head of the Landscape Studio at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

 17 
Vladimir Kush
(Painter)
Vladimir Kush
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Birthdate: 1965 AD
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Russian surrealist painter Vladimir Kush now owns his own gallery in Hawaii. Initially a street artist, he now sells his own art prints and calls himself a Metaphorical Realist. He once sued pop star Ariana Grande for using his imagery in her video God Is a Woman.

 18 
Vasily Vereshchagin
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Birthdate: October 26, 1842
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cherepovets, Novgorod Governorate, Russia
Died: April 13, 1904

Vasily Vereshchagin was a Russian war artist who became one of the earliest artists from Russia to be recognized internationally. Vereshchagin is best remembered for his realist war scenes which were not printed or exhibited extensively due to their graphic nature. Vasily Vereshchagin is one of the most popular Russian war artists of all time.

 19 
Ivan Bilibin
(Russian Illustrator and Stage Designer)
Ivan Bilibin
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Birthdate: August 16, 1876
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 7, 1942

Ivan Bilibin was a Russian stage designer and illustrator. Inspired by the culture and art of Ruthenia, Bilibin established himself as an important illustrator. He is remembered for his contribution to Slavic folklore and Russian folk tales. As a stage designer, he contributed to the Ballets Russes. Ivan Bilibin is also credited with co-founding the Union of Russian Artists.     

 20 
Zinaida Serebriakova
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Birthdate: December 10, 1884
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Neskuchne, Ukraine
Died: September 19, 1967

A prominent figure of early-20th-century Russian painting, Zinaida Serebriakova was the daughter of equestrian sculptor Evguni Lanceray. She was also part of the Benois art family. While she experimented with landscapes and peasants, a major part of her art focused on nudes and portraits. Bleaching Cloth remains one of her best works.

 21 
Petr Pavlensky
(Artivist, Political activist, Performance artist, Painter, Artist, Anarchist)
Petr Pavlensky
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Birthdate: March 8, 1984
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Leningrad

Petr Pavlensky is a Russian artist best known for his political art performances. He is generally considered a controversial artist as his work involves self-mutilation and nudity. In 2016, he was honored with the Václav Havel Prize for Creative Dissent, which was later withdrawn when Petr Pavlensky announced that he would dedicate the prize to an insurgent group.

 22 
Vladimir Tatlin
(Painter, Architect)
Vladimir Tatlin
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Birthdate: December 28, 1885
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: May 31, 1953

Vladimir Tatlin was a painter, stage designer, and architect who achieved popularity after designing The Monument to the Third International. Tatlin was one of the most prominent personalities in the Soviet avant-garde movement during the 1920s. Vladimir Tatlin also contributed immensely to the Constructivist movement. He is also credited with teaching future architects and painters like Joseph Karakis.

 23 
Boris Kustodiev
(Painter,Stage designer)
Boris Kustodiev
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Birthdate: March 7, 1878
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Astrakhan, Russia
Died: May 28, 1927

Boris Kustodiev was a stage designer and painter best remembered for his association with the popular artistic group, Mir iskusstva. Kustodiev was elected into the Russian Academy of Arts in 1909. In 1923, he became a part of the famous Association of Artists of the Revolution.

 24 
Valentin Serov
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Birthdate: January 19, 1865
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 5, 1911

Valentin Serov was a Russian painter best remembered as a master of portraiture. Apart from painting the portraits of prominent personalities, Serov also painted several self-portraits. From 1897 to 1909, he taught painting at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture where he taught future painters like Pavel Kuznetsov, Martiros Saryan, N. N. Sapunov, Konstantin Yuon, and Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin.

 25 
Angelina Beloff
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Birthdate: June 23, 1879
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died: December 30, 1969

Angelina Beloff was a Russian-born artist best remembered for her work in Mexico. She also contributed as an art teacher in Mexico. Beloff is also known as the first wife of Mexican painter Diego Rivera; her professional achievements were largely overshadowed by her marriage and subsequent divorce. Her life and career inspired a novel by Elena Poniatowska.

 26 
Léon Bakst
(Painter)
Léon Bakst
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Birthdate: January 27, 1866
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Grodno, Belarus
Died: December 28, 1924

Léon Bakst was a Russian painter, costume designer, and scene designer of Belarusian origin. He worked closely with the Ballets Russes, where he designed richly colored, exotic costumes and sets. His best-known works include productions like Daphnis and Chloe, Spectre de la rose, and The Sleeping Princess. In 1914, he was made a member of the Russian Academy of Arts.  

 27 
Nicolas de Stael
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Birthdate: January 5, 1914
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 16, 1955

Nicolas de Stael was a Russian-born French painter best remembered for his highly abstract landscape painting. He traveled throughout Europe, living and working in places like Paris. Nicolas de Stael suffered from depression, insomnia, and exhaustion throughout his career. He committed suicide by jumping off from his studio terrace at the age of 41.

 28 
Vasily Surikov
(Realist history painter)
Vasily Surikov
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Birthdate: January 24, 1848
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Died: March 19, 1916

Vasily Surikov was a Russian painter best remembered as an exponent of Realist history painting. Many of his paintings have been used as illustrations and that has contributed to his popularity among the general public. His life and career inspired a biographical movie named Vasily Surikov where Surikov was played by Russian-American actor Yevgeni Nikolayevich Lazarev.

 29 
Ivan Kramskoi
(Painter, art critic who was an intellectual leader of the art movement known as the Wanderers between 1860–1880)
Ivan Kramskoi
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Birthdate: June 8, 1837
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ostrogozhsk, Russia
Died: April 6, 1887

Ivan Kramskoi was a Russian art critic and painter. Kramskoi played an important role as an intellectual leader of a popular Russian art movement called The Itinerants between 1860 and 1880. He was also considered an eccentric as he would not charge money for expensive frames while giving his works to his customers.

 30 
Konstantin Makovsky
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Birthdate: June 20, 1839
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: September 17, 1915

Konstantin Makovsky was a Russian painter best remembered for his association with the popular group The Wanderers. Widely regarded as an exponent of Academic art, Makovsky portrayed Russian life in the past centuries through his historical paintings like Beneath the Crown. One of the highest-paid and most respected Russian artists, Konstantin Makovsky is also considered the primogenitor of Russian impressionism.

 31 
Naum Gabo
(Sculptor)
Naum Gabo
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Birthdate: August 5, 1890
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bryansk, Russia
Died: August 23, 1977

Naum Gabo was a Russian sculptor and theorist who played an important role in the development of 20th-century sculpture in Russia. An influential figure, Gabo was a prominent part of many popular avant-garde movements like Cubism, Futurism, the Staatliches Bauhaus, Constructivism, Neoplasticism, and the Abstraction-Création group. Naum Gabo traveled extensively and worked in places like the UK and Netherlands.

 32 
Mikhail Vrubel
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Birthdate: March 17, 1856
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Omsk, Russia
Died: April 14, 1910

Mikhail Vrubel was a Russian painter best remembered for his expertise in all genres of art, such as painting, graphics, theatrical art, and decorative sculpture. At the start of the 20th century, his art became an integral part of Art Nouveau. In 1905, Mikhail Vrubel was honored with the title Academician of Painting.

 33 
Karl Briullov
(Painter)
Karl Briullov
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Birthdate: December 12, 1799
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: June 11, 1852

Karl Briullov was a Russian painter who played an important role in the transition from neoclassicism to romanticism. Nicknamed Karl the Great, Bryullov is best remembered for producing some of the most memorable works like A Dream of a Girl Before a Sunrise, Italian Midday, and The Last Day of Pompeii.

 34 
Alexej von Jawlensky
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Birthdate: March 26, 1864
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Torzhok, Russia
Died: March 15, 1941

Alexej von Jawlensky was a Russian painter best remembered for his work in Germany. An influential figure, Jawlensky was an important member of several popular groups like the New Munich Artist's Association, The Blue Rider, and The Blue Four. The Jawlensky Award was established in his honor in 1991. The award is presented once every five years.

 35 
Zurab Tsereteli
(Russian Painter, Sculptor and Architect Known for Large-Scale and at Times Controversial Monuments)
Zurab Tsereteli
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Birthdate: January 4, 1934
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tbilisi, Georgia

Zurab Tsereteli is a Georgian painter, architect, and sculptor best known for his large-scale and controversial monuments. An influential figure, Tsereteli has been serving as the Russian Academy of Arts' President since 1997. Zurab Tsereteli is the recipient of several prestigious awards and honors, such as the USSR State Prize, Lenin Prize, and Russian Federation State Prize. 

 36 
Arkhip Kuindzhi
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Birthdate: January 27, 1842
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mariupol, Russian
Died: July 24, 1910

Arkhip Kuindzhi was a Russian painter of Greek origin. Best remembered for his landscape paintings, Kuindzhi traveled extensively throughout his life. He then went on to serve as a professor at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts in Russia. He is credited with teaching future painters and artists like Konstantin Bogaevsky, Nicholas Roerich, and Arkady Rylov.

 37 
Marie Bashkirtseff
(Russian Artist and Sculptor)
Marie Bashkirtseff
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Birthdate: November 24, 1858
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Havrontsi, Ukraine
Died: October 31, 1884

Marie Bashkirtseff was a Ukrainian artist who worked and lived in Paris. Bashkirtseff emerged as an intellectual in Paris and produced works like The Meeting and In the Studio before succumbing to tuberculosis in 1884 at age 25. Although many of her works were destroyed by the Nazis, over 60 of her paintings are preserved in places like Musée d'Orsay. 

 38 
Vasily Perov
(Painter, a key figure of the Russian Realist movement and one of the founding members of Peredvizhniki)
Vasily Perov
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Birthdate: January 2, 1834
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tobolsk, Russia
Died: June 10, 1882

Vasily Perov was a Russian painter who played an important role in the Realist movement in Russia. He is credited with co-founding one of the most popular groups of Russian realist artists called Peredvizhniki. Over the course of his career, Vasily Perov received several prestigious awards and honors like the grand gold medal from the Russian Academy of Arts.

 39 
Mikhail Nesterov
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Birthdate: May 31, 1862
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ufa, Russia
Died: October 18, 1942

Mikhail Nesterov was a painter best remembered for his association with The Wanderers and Mir Iskusstva. One of the earliest exponents of Symbolism in Russia, Nesterov went on to produce popular works like The Great Taking of the Veil, The Vision to the Youth Bartholomew, and Three old men with a fox. 

 40 
Lyubov Popova
(Was a Russian avant-garde artist (Cubist, Suprematist and Constructivist), painter and designer)
Lyubov Popova
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Birthdate: April 24, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ivanovskoe, Russia
Died: May 25, 1924

Lyubov Popova was a Russian avant-garde painter and designer best remembered for her association with influential movements like Constructivism, Suprematism, and Cubism. She traveled extensively to learn from various styles of painting. Througout her career, Lyubov Popova also worked with other important painters like Aleksandra Ekster, Nadezhda Udaltsova, Ivan Kliun, Olga Rozanova, and Nina Genke among others.

 41 
Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gerasimov
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Birthdate: September 2, 1907
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 21, 1970

Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gerasimov was a Soviet anthropologist and archaeologist. He is credited with developing the first technique of forensic sculpture and discovering the Mal'ta–Buret' culture. Gerasimov is also credited with reconstructing the faces of over 200 people, ranging from neanderthals to homo sapiens.

 42 
Pavel Tchelitchew
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Birthdate: October 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dubrovka, Russia
Died: July 31, 1957

Pavel Tchelitchew was a Russian-born painter, costume designer, and set designer. As a painter, he was best remembered for his surrealist works. His works are currently preserved at places like the Art Institute of Chicago, the Courtauld Institute of Art, the National Gallery of Art, and the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

 43 
Leonid Pasternak
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Birthdate: April 3, 1862
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Odesa, Ukraine
Died: May 31, 1945

Russian post-impressionist painter Leonid Pasternak had initially studied medicine and law before joining the Munich-based Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Apart from being associated with the Peredvizhniki, he also co-founded the Union of Russian Artists. His best works include family scenes in watercolor. He was the father of poet-novelist Boris Pasternak.

 44 
Nicolai Fechin
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Birthdate: November 26, 1881
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kazan, Russia
Died: October 5, 1955

A significant 20th-century portrait painter, Russian artist Nicolai Fechin was also known as the Tartar painter because of his origins. While he was known for his paintings of Native Americans when in his early days in the US, he later settled in New Mexico, where he focused on landscapes.

 45 
Nikolai Ge
(Painter)
Nikolai Ge
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Birthdate: February 27, 1831
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Voronezh Governorate
Died: June 13, 1894

A prominent Russian painter of the 19th century, Nikolai Ge was not just a realist but also an early symbolist. While he initially studied math and physics, he later joined an art academy and gained a scholarship, too. Specializing in historical subjects, he also used photos as a source of inspiration.

 46 
Viktor Hartmann
(Architect)
Viktor Hartmann
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Birthdate: April 23, 1834
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 23, 1873

Orphaned as a toddler, Viktor Hartmann was raised by her aunt, who was the wife of architect Alexandre Hemilian. While he initially worked as an architect, he later focused on pencil sketching and water-color painting. He died of aneurysm at 39, following which most of his work was lost.

 47 
Alexandre Benois
(Russian Artist Known for His Watercolor Painting)
Alexandre Benois
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Birthdate: May 3, 1870
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 9, 1960

Best remembered as a founder of the Mir iskusstva art movement and magazine, Alexandre Benois was, at the same time, an artist, an art critic, theater art director, and ballet librettist. Some of his best works were for iconic ballets such as The Nutcracker and Sylvia. He contributed immensely to modern ballet.

 48 
Varvara Stepanova
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Birthdate: 1894 AD
Birthplace: Kaunas, Lithuania
Died: May 20, 1958

Russian avant-garde artist Varvara Stepanova was best known for her pioneering contribution to the Constructivist art movement, along with her husband, artist Alexander Rodchenko. Apart from painting, she experimented with a variety of art forms, such as set design, book design, political propaganda, graphics, textile design, and poetry.

 49 
Georgy Guryanov
(Musician, Painter)
Georgy Guryanov
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Birthdate: February 27, 1961
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 20, 2013

Initially known as the drummer and backing singer for the Soviet cult rock band Kino, Georgy Guryanov later also joined Timur Novikov’s non-conformist group The New Artists. He didn’t just create innovative music for Kino but was also known as a style icon, playing the drums almost half-naked.

 50 
Aleksandra Ekster
(Costume designer)
Aleksandra Ekster
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Birthdate: January 18, 1882
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bialystok, Poland
Died: March 17, 1949

Part of the Russian Cubo-futurist and Constructivist movements, Aleksandra Ekster was the daughter of an affluent Belarussian businessman. Trained in fine arts since childhood, she later mastered color, light, and movement equilibrium. She later moved to France with her lawyer husband, where she actively participated in salon exhibitions.

Find out more about the greatest Russian painters & artists, including Wassily Kandinsky, Marc Chagall, Kazimir Malevich, Ivan Aivazovsky and Vladimir Mayakovsky.